Political Geography of the Modern Era

(1900-Present)

Timeline

20th Century

1900

21st Century

2000

AD

Principality of Andorra

1900 - Present



Principat d'Andorra
Capital: Andorra la Vella
Official Language: Catalan
Religion:
Demonym: Andorran
Government: Unitary parliamentary diarchy
Current Head of State: The Most Reverend Joan Enric Vives i Sicilia, and President François Hollande
Area: 467.63 km2
Population: 85,470 (2014)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

AE

Protectorates of the Trucial States

1900 - 1 December 1971



Capital:
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym:
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 83,600d km2
Population:
Currency:

United Arab Emirates

2 December 1971 - Present



الإمارات العربية المتحدة
Capital: Abu Dhabi
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Emirati
Government: Constitutional monarchy; Federation of 7 hereditary monarchies
Current Head of State: President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Area: 83,600d km2
Population: 5,779,760 (2015)
Currency: UAE dirham (AED)

AF

Emirate of Afghanistan

1900 - 8 June 1926



د افغانستان امارت
Capital: Kabul
Official Language: Pashto, Persian
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Afghan
Government: Emirate
Head of State: The Emir of Afghanistan
Area: 652,225 km²
Population:
Currency: Afghan Rupee

Kingdom of Afghanistan

9 June 1926 - 16 July 1973



د افغانستان واکمنان
Capital: Kabul
Official Language: Pashto, Persian
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Afghan
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: The King of Afghanistan
Area: 647,500 km²
Population: 11,966,400 (1973)
Currency: Afghan afghani

Republic of Afghanistan

17 July 1973 - 26 April 1978



جمهوری افغانستان
Capital: Kabul
Official Language: Pashto, Persian
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Afghan
Government: One-party presidential republic
Head of State: President Mohammed Daoud Khan
Area: 647,500 km²
Population: 13,199,600 (1978)
Currency: Afghani

Democratic Republic of Afghanistan

27 April 1978 - 23 April 1992



جمهوری دمکراتی افغانستان
Capital: Kabul
Official Language: Pashto, Dari
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Afghani
Government: Socialist Republic
Head of State: General Secretary
Area: 647,500 km²
Population: 13,811,900 (1992)
Currency: Afghani

Islamic State of Afghanistan

24 April 1992 - 26 September 1996



دولت اسلامی افغانستان
Capital: Kabul
Official Language: Pashto, Dari
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Afghani
Government: Islamic republic
Head of State: President Sibghatullah Mojaddedi
Area:
Population:
Currency: Afghani

Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

27 September 1996 - 13 November 2001



د افغانستان اسلامي امارات
Capital: Kabul
Official Language: Pahto, Dari
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Afghani
Government: Islamic theocratic totalitarian dictatorship
Head of State: Leader of the Faithful and Head of the Supreme Council Mohammed Omar
Area: 587,578 km²
Population: 26,813,057 (2001)
Currency: Afghani

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

14 November 2001 - Present



د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
Capital: Kabul
Official Language: Pashto, Dari
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Afghan
Government: Unitary presidential Islamic republic
Current Head of State: President Ashraf Ghani
Area: 652,864 km2
Population: 32,564,342 (2015)
Currency: Afghani (AFN)

AG

British Leeward Islands

1900 - October 31 1981



Capital: St. John's
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 440 km2
Population:
Currency: British Pound Sterling

Antigua and Barbuda

1 November 1981 - Present



Capital: St. John's
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Antiguan/Barbudan
Government: Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 440 km2
Population: 91,295 (2014)
Currency: East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)

AL

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 20 February 1914



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

Principality of Albania

21 February 1914 - 30 January 1925



Principata e Shqipnis`
Capital: Tirana
Official Language: Albanian
Religion:
Demonym: Albanian
Government: Principality
Head of State: Prince of Albania William I
Area: 28,748 km²
Population: 803,959 (1923)
Currency: Albanian Lek

Albanian Republic

31 January 1925 - 31 August 1928



Republika Shqiptare
Capital: Tirana
Official Language: Albanian
Religion:
Demonym: Albanian
Government: One-party parliamentary republic
Head of State: President Ahmet Zogu
Area:
Population: Currency: Albanian Lek

Albanian Kingdom

1 September 1928 - 6 April 1939



Mbretnija Shqiptare
Capital: Tirana
Official Language: Albanian
Religion:
Demonym: Albanian
Government: Absolute monarchy under one-party military dictatorship
Head of State: King of Albania Zog I
Area: 28,748 km²
Population: 1,003,097 (1930)
Currency: Franga

Greater Albania

7 April 1939 - 7 September 1943



Mbretnija Shqiptare
Capital: Tirana
Official Language: Albanian, Italian
Religion:
Demonym: Albanian
Government: Fascist one-party state under constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King of Albania Victor Emmanuel III
Area:
Population:
Currency: Albanian Lek

Albanian Kingdom

8 September 1943 - 28 November 1944



Königreich Albanien
Capital: Tirana
Official Language: Albanian, German
Religion:
Demonym: Albanian
Government: Monarchy
Head of State: Regent Mehdi Frashëri
Area:
Population:
Currency: Franga

People's Republic of Albania

29 November 1944 - 21 March 1992



Republika Popullore e Shqipërisë
Capital: Tirana
Official Language: Albanian
Religion:
Demonym: Albanian
Government: Hoxhaist Marxist-Leninist one-party socialist state
Current Head of State: First Secretary
Area: 28,748 km²
Population: 3,182,417 (1989)
Currency: Albanian Lek

Republic of Albania

22 March 1992 - Present



Republika e Shqipërisë
Capital: Tirana
Official Language: Albanian
Religion:
Demonym: Albanian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Bujar Nishani
Area: 28,748 km2
Population: 2,886,026 (2016)
Currency: Lek (ALL)

AM

Russian Empire

1900 - May 27, 1918



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Republic of Armenia

May 28, 1918 - December 1, 1920



Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Capital: Yerevan
Official Language: Armenian
Religion: Armenian Apostolic Church
Demonym: Armenian
Government: Parliamentary republic
Head of State: Prime Minister of Armenia
Area: 160,000 km²
Population: 1,300,000 (1919)
Currency: Armenian Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

December 2, 1920 - August 22 1990



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Republic of Armenia

23 August 1990 - Present



Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Capital: Yerevan
Official Language: Armenian
Religion: Armenian Apostolic Church
Demonym: Armenian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Serzh Sargsyan
Area: 29,743 km2
Population: 3,018,854 (2011)
Currency: Dram (AMD)

AO

Portuguese West Africa

1900 - November 10, 1975



Província de Angola
Capital: Luanda
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: Angolan
Government: Portuguese Colony
Head of State: King of Portugal
Area: 1,246,700 km²
Population: 5,926,000 (1970)
Currency: Angolan escudo

People's Republic of Angola

11 November 1975 - 24 August 1992



República Popular de Angola
Capital: Luanda
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: Angolan
Government: Marxist-Leninist one-party state
Head of State: President of the People's Republic of Angola
Area: 1,246,700 km2
Population:
Currency: Kwanza (AOA)

Republic of Angola

25 August 1992 - Present



República de Angola
Capital: Luanda
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: Angolan
Government: Unitary presidential republic
Current Head of State: President José Eduardo dos Santos
Area: 1,246,700 km2
Population: 24,383,301 (2014)
Currency: Kwanza (AOA)

AR

Argentine Republic

1900 - Present



República Argentina
Capital: Buenos Aires
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Argentine
Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Mauricio Macri
Area: 2,780,400 km2
Population: 43,417,000 (2015)
Currency: Argentine Peso (ARS)

AT

Austro-Hungarian Empire

1900 - 11 November 1918



Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: German, Hungarian
Religion: Roman Catholic
Demonym: Austro-Hungarian
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor-King of Austria-Hungary
Area: 681,727 km²
Population: 52,800,000 (1914)
Currency: krone

Republic of German-Austria

11 November 1918 - 20 October 1919



Republik Deutsch-Österreich
Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: Austrian German
Religion: Roman Catholic
Demonym: Austrian
Government: Republic
Head of State: President Karl Seitz
Area: 83,879 km2
Population:
Currency: Austrian krone

First Austrian Republic

21 October 1919 - 30 April 1934



Republik Österreich
Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: Austrian German
Religion: Roman Catholic
Demonym: Austrian
Government: Federal Republic
Head of State: President of Austria
Area: 83,879 km2
Population:
Currency: Austrian schilling

Federal State of Austria

1 May 1934 - 12 March 1938



Bundesstaat Österreich
Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: German
Religion: Roman Catholic
Demonym: Austrian
Government: Clerico-fascist authoritarian one-party state
Head of State: President Wilhelm Miklas
Area: 83,879 km2
Population:
Currency: Austrian schilling

German Reich

13 March 1938 - 12 April 1945



Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Total Dictatorship
Head of State: Führer
Area: 633,786 km²
Population: 69,314,000 (1939)
Currency: Reich Mark

Austria

13 April 1945 - 25 October 1955



Österreich
Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: Austrian
Government: Allied Military Occupied State
Head of State: President of Austria
Area: 83,879 km2
Population:
Currency: Austrian schilling

Republic of Austria

26 October 1955 - Present



Republik Österreich
Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: Austrian
Government: Federal semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: Heinz Fischer
Area: 83,879 km2
Population: 8,662,588 (2015)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

AU

British Australia

1900 - December 31, 1900



Capital: Canberra
Official Language: None (English Most Used)
Religion:
Demonym: Australian
Government: British Colony
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 7,692,024 km2
Population:
Currency: British Pound Sterling

Commonwealth of Australia

1 January 1901 - Present



Capital: Canberra
Official Language: None (English Most Used)
Religion:
Demonym: Australian
Government: Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 7,692,024 km2
Population: 24,055,400 (2016)
Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)

AZ

Russian Empire

1900 - 27 May 1918



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic

28 May 1918 - 27 April 1920



Azərbaycan Xalq Cümhuriyyəti
Capital: Baku
Official Language: Azerbaijani
Religion:
Demonym: Azerbaijani
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Current Head of State: Prime Minister of Azerbaijan
Area: 99,908.87 km²
Population: 2,862,000 (1918)
Currency: Manat (AZN)

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

28 April 1920 - 29 August 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Republic of Azerbaijan

30 August 1991 - Present



Azərbaycan Respublikası
Capital: Baku
Official Language: Azerbaijani
Religion:
Demonym: Azerbaijani
Government: Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Ilham Aliyev
Area: 86,600 km2
Population: 9,574,000 (2014)
Currency: Manat (AZN)

BA

Austria-Hungary

1900 - November 30, 1918



Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: German, Hungarian
Religion: Roman Catholic
Demonym: Austro-Hungarian
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor-King of Austria-Hungary
Area: 681,727 km²
Population: 52,800,000 (1914)
Currency: krone

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

1 December 1918 - 2 November 1945



Kraljevina Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croato-Slovene
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: King of Yugoslavia
Area: 247,542 km²
Population: 13,934,038 (1931)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

29 November 1945 - February 28 1992



Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croatian
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Titoist one-party socialist federal republic
Head of State: General Secretary of Yugoslavia
Area: 255,804 km² (1989)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Bosnia and Herzegovina

1 March 1992 - Present



Bosna i Hercegovina
Capital: Sarajevo
Official Language: None
Religion:
Demonym: Bosnian, Herzegovinian
Government: Federal parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: High Representative Valentin Inzko
Area: 51,197 km2
Population: 3,871,643 (2014)
Currency: Convertible mark (BAM)

BB

British Windward Islands

1900 - 29 November 1966



Capital: Bridgetown
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Barbadian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 439 km2

Capital: St. George's
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency:
Population:
Currency: British Pound Sterling

Barbados

30 November 1966 - Present



Capital: Bridgetown
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Barbadian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 439 km2
Population: 277,821 (2010)
Currency: Barbadian Dollar (BBD)

BD

British India

1900 - 13 August 1947



Capital: New Delhi
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Indian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 4,226,734 km²
Population:
Currency: Indian Rupee

Dominion of Pakistan

14 August 1947 - 15 December 1971



مملکتِ پاکستان
Capital: Karachi
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Pakistani
Government: Dominion of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 943,665 km²
Population:
Currency: Pakistani Rupee

People's Republic of Bangladesh

16 December 1971 - Present



গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ
Capital: Dhaka
Official Language: Bengali, English
Religion:
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Abdul Hamid
Area: 147,570 km2
Population: 168,957,745 (2015)
Currency: Taka (BDT)

BE

Kingdom of Belgium

1900 - Present



Koninkrijk België

Capital: Brussels
Official Language: Dutch, French, German
Religion:
Demonym: Belgian
Government: Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Philippe I
Area: 30,528 km2
Population: 11,250,585 (2016)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

BF

French West Africa

1900 - December 10 1958



Afrique occidentale française
Capital: Dakar
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: French Colony
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency: French West African Franc

Republic of Upper Volta

December 11, 1958 - August 3, 1984



République de Haute-Volta
Capital: Ouagadougou
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Voltan
Government: Republic
Head of State: President of Upper Volta
Area:
Population:
Currency: CFA Franc

Burkina Faso

August 4, 1984 - Present



Capital: Ouagadougou
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Burkinabé
Government: Semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré
Area: 274,200 km2
Population: 17,322,796 (2014)
Currency: West African CFA Franc (XOF)

BG

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 21 September 1908



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

Tsardom of Bulgaria

22 September 1908 - 14 September 1946



Република България
Capital: Sofia
Official Language: Bulgarian
Religion: Bulgarian Orthodox
Demonym: Bulgarian
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Tsar of Bulgaria
Area: 186,004 km²
Population: 6,029,349 (1918)
Currency: Lev (BGN)

People's Republic of Bulgaria

September 15, 1946 - November 14, 1990



Народна република България
Capital: Sofia
Official Language: Bulgarian
Religion:
Demonym: Bulgarian
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Peoples Republic of Bulgaria
Area: 110,994 km2
Population:
Currency: Lev (BGN)

Republic of Bulgaria

November 15, 1990 - Present



Република България
Capital: Sofia
Official Language: Bulgarian
Religion:
Demonym: Bulgarian
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Rosen Plevneliev
Area: 110,994 km2
Population: 7,202,198 (2014)
Currency: Lev (BGN)

BH

British Protectorate of Bahrain

1900 - 13 August 1971



مملكة البحرين
Capital: Manama
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Bahraini
Government: Protectorate of the British Crown
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 765 km2
Population:
Currency: British Pound Sterling

Kingdom of Bahrain

14 August 1971 - Present



مملكة البحرين
Capital: Manama
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Bahraini
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
Area: 765 km2
Population: 1,343,000 (2014)
Currency: Bahraini dinar (BHD)

BI

German East Africa

1900 - September 30, 1922



Deutsch-Ostafrika
Capital: Dar-es-Salaam
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the German Empire
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area: 995,000 km²
Population: 7,700,000 (1913)
Currency: Rupie

Ruanda-Urundi

November 1, 1922 - June 30, 1962



Capital: Usumbura
Official Language: French, Dutch
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Demonym:
Government: Belgian Mandate
Head of State: King of Belgium
Area:
Population:
Currency: Dutch Congo Franc

Kingdom of Burundi

July 1, 1962 - November 27, 1966



Royaume du Burundi
Capital: Gitega
Official Language: Kirundi, French
Religion:
Demonym: Burundian
Government: Monarchy
Head of State: Mwami of Burundi
Area: 27,834 km²
Population: 3,275,000
Currency: Rwanda and Burundi Franc

Republic of Burundi

November 28, 1966 - Present



Republika y'Uburundi
Capital: Bujumbura
Official Language: French, Kirundi
Religion:
Demonym: Burundian
Government: Presidential Republic
Current Head of State: President Pierre Nkurunziza
Area: 27,834 km2
Population: 11,178,921 (2015)
Currency: Burundian Franc (BIF)

BJ

Kingdom of Dahomey

1900 - 1903


Capital: Abomey
Official Language: Fon
Religion: Vodun
Demonym:
Government: Monarchy
Head of State: King of Dahomey
Area: 10,000
Population:
Currency:

French West Africa

1904 - 10 December 1958



Afrique occidentale française
Capital: Dakar
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: French Colony
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency: French West African Franc

Republic of Dahomey

11 December 1958 - 25 October 1975



République du Dahomey
Capital: Porto-Novo
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Republic
Head of State: President of Dahomey
Area: 114,763 km2
Population:
Currency: CFA Franc

People's Republic of Benin

26 October 1975 - 28 February 1990



République populaire du Bénin
Capital: Porto-Novo
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Beninese
Government: Marxist-Leninist one-party state
Head of State: President Mathieu Kérékou
Area: 114,763 km2
Population:
Currency: West African CFA Franc (XOF)

Republic of Benin

1 March 1990 - Present



République du Bénin
Capital: Porto-Novo
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Beninese
Government: Presidential Republic
Current Head of State: President Patrice Talon
Area: 114,763 km2
Population: 10,879,829 (2015)
Currency: West African CFA Franc (XOF)

BN

British Protectorate of North Borneo

1900 - 31 December 1983



Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Bruneian
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 5,765 km2
Population:
Currency: British Pound Stirling

Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace

1 January 1984 - Present



Negara Brunei Darussalam
Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
Official Language: Malay
Religion:
Demonym: Bruneian
Government: Unitary Islamic absolute monarchy
Current Head of State: Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Hassanal Bolkiah
Area: 5,765 km2
Population: 415,717 (2013)
Currency: Brunei Dollar (BND)

BO

Plurinational State of Bolivia

1900 - Present



Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Capital: Sucre
Official Language: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Guarani, & 33 others
Religion:
Demonym: Bolivian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President: Evo Morales
Area: 1,098,581 km2
Population: 11,410,651 (2015)
Currency: Boliviano (BOB)

BR

Federative Republic of Brazil

1900 - Present



República Federativa do Brasil
Capital: Brasilia
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: Brazilian
Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Dilma Rousseff
Area: 8,515,767 km2
Population: 205,338,000 (2015)
Currency: Real (BRL)

BS

British Bahamas

1900 - 9 July 1973



Capital: Nassau
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Bahamian
Government: British Colony
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 13,878 km2
Population:
Currency: British Pound Sterling

Commonwealth of the Bahamas

10 July 1973 - Present



Capital: Nassau
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Bahamian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of Head: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 13,878 km2
Population: 321,834 (2014)
Currency: Bahamian Dollar (BSD)

BT

Kingdom of Bhutan

1900 - Present



འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་
Capital: Thimphu
Official Language: Dzongkha
Religion: Vajrayana Buddhism
Demonym: Bhutanese
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Area: 38,394 km2
Population: 742,737 (2012)
Currency: Bhutanese ngultrum (BTN)

BW

British Protectorate of Bechuanaland

1900 - 29 September 1966



Capital: Mafeking
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: British Pound Sterling

Republic of Botswana

30 September 1966 - Present



Lefatshe la Botswana
Capital: Gaborone
Official Language: Setswana, English
Religion: Christianity
Demonym: Batswana
Government: Parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Ian Khama
Area: 581,730 km2
Population: 2,155,784 (2014)
Currency: Pula (BWP)

BY

Russian Empire

1900 - May 27, 1918



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

May 26, 1918 - 26 July 1990



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Republic of Belarus

27 July 1990 - Present



Рэспубліка Беларусь
Capital: Minsk
Official Language: Belarusian
Religion:
Demonym: Belarusian
Government: Unitary presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Alexander Lukashenko
Area: 207,595 km2
Population: 9,498,700 (2016)
Currency: Belarusian Ruble (BYD)

BZ

British Honduras

1900 - September 20 1981



Capital: Belize City
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: British Honduran
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 22,966 km2
Population:
Currency: British Honduran Dollar

Belize

September 21, 1981 - Present



Capital: Belmopan
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Belizean
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 22,966 km2
Population: 347,369 (2015)
Currency: Belize Dollar (BZD)

CA

Canada

1900 - Present



Capital: Ottawa
Official Language: English, French
Religion:
Demonym: Canadian
Government: Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 9,984,670 km2
Population: 36,048,521 (2016)
Currency: Canadian Dollar (CAD)

CD

Congo Free State

1900 - November 14, 1908



État indépendant du Congo
Capital: Léopoldville
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Congolese
Government: Colony of the Kingdom of Belgium
Head of State: King of Belgium
Area: 2,344,858 km²
Population:
Currency: Congolese franc (CDF)

Belgian Congo

15 November 1908 - 29 June 1960



Congo Belge
Capital: Léopoldville
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Congolese
Government: Colony of the Kingdom of Belgium
Head of State: King of Belgium
Area: 2,344,858 km²
Population: 16,610,000 (1960)
Currency: Congolese franc (CDF)

Republic of the Congo

30 June 1960 - 24 November 1965



Capital: Léopoldville
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Congolese
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Head of State: President of the Congo
Area: 2,345,410 km²
Population:
Currency: Congolese franc (CDF)

Republic of Zaire

25 November 1965 - 15 May 1997



Capital: Kinshasa
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Congolese
Government: Mobutist one-party state
Head of State: President Mobutu Sese Seko
Area: 2,345,410 km²
Population: 46,498,539 (1996)
Currency: Zaïre

Democratic Republic of the Congo

16 May 1997 - Present



Republíki ya Kongó Demokratíki
Capital: Kinshasa
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Congolese
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Joseph Kabila
Area: 2,345,409 km2
Population: 81,680,000 (2015)
Currency: Congolese franc (CDF)

CF

French Equatorial Africa

1900 - 12 August 1960



Afrique équatoriale française
Capital: Brazzaville
Official Language: Sango, French
Religion:
Demonym: Central African
Government: Colony of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 622,984 km2
Population:
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Central African Republic

13 August 1960 - 4 December 1976



Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Capital: Bangui
Official Language: Sango, French
Religion:
Demonym: Central African
Government: Provisional republic
Head of State: President of Central Africa
Area: 622,984 km2
Population: 4,709,000 (2014)
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Central African Empire

4 December 1976 - 20 September 1979



Empire centrafricain
Capital: Bangui
Official Language: Sango, French
Religion: Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Sunni Islam
Demonym: Central African
Government: Absolute monarchy under one-party military dictatorship
Head of State: Emperor Bokassa I
Area: 622,984 km2
Population:
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Central African Republic

21 September 1979 - Present



Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Capital: Bangui
Official Language: Sango, French
Religion:
Demonym: Central African
Government: Provisional republic
Current Head of State: Faustin-Archange Touadéra
Area: 622,984 km2
Population: 4,709,000 (2014)
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

CG

French Equatorial Africa

1900 - 15 August 1960



Afrique équatoriale française
Capital: Brazzaville
Official Language: Sango, French
Religion:
Demonym: Central African
Government: Colony of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 622,984 km2
Population:
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Republic of the Congo

14 August 1960 - 31 December 1968



République du Congo
Capital: Brazzaville
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Congolese
Government: Presidential republic
Head of State: President of the Congo
Area: 342,000 km2
Population: 4,662,446 (2014)
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

People's Republic of the Congo

January 1 1969 - 30 August 1992



République Populaire du Congo
Capital: Brazzaville
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Congolese
Government: Marxist-Leninist one-party state
Head of State: Congolese Head of State
Area: 342,000 km2
Population:
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Republic of the Congo

31 August 1992 - Present



République du Congo
Capital: Brazzaville
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Congolese
Government: Presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Denis Sassou Nguesso
Area: 342,000 km2
Population: 4,662,446 (2014)
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

CH

Swiss Confederation

1900 - Present



Eidgenossenschaft

Capital: Bern
Official Language: German, French, Italian, Romansh
Religion:
Demonym: Swiss
Government: Federal multi-party directorial republic with thorough elements of direct democracy
Head of State: President of the Federal Council Johann Schneider-Ammann
Area: 41,285 km2
Population: 8,211,700 (2014)
Currency: Swiss franc (CHF)

CI

French West Africa

1900 - 6 August 1960



Afrique occidentale française
Capital: Dakar
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: French Colony
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency: French West African Franc

Republic of Côte d'Ivoire

7 August 1960 - Present



République de Côte d'Ivoire
Capital: Yamoussoukro
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Ivorian
Government: Unitary presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Alassane Ouattara
Area: 322,463 km2
Population: 23,919,000
Currency: West African CFA franc (XOF)

CL

Republic of Chile

1900 - Present



República de Chile
Capital: Santiago
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Chilean
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Michelle Bachelet
Area: 756,096.3 km2
Population: 18,006,407 (2015)
Currency: Peso (CLP)

CM

German Colony of Cameroon

1900 - July 19, 1922



Kamerun
Capital: Duala
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the German Empire
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: German Gold Mark

British West Africa

July 20, 1922 - December 31 1959



Capital: Buea
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the United Kingdom
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: British West Africa pound

Republic of Cameroon

1 January 1960 - Present



République du Cameroun
Capital: Yaoundé
Official Language: French, English
Religion: Christianity
Demonym: Cameroonian
Government: Dominant-party presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Paul Biya
Area: 475,442 km2
Population: 22,534,532 (2013)
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

CN

Empire of the Great Qing

1900 - 12 February 1912



清朝
Capital: Beijing
Official Language: Mandarin
Religion:
Demonym: Chinese
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of China
Area: 13,150,000 km² (1760)
Population: 301,000,000 (1790)
Currency: Chinese Cash

Republic of China

1 January 1912 - 1 October 1949



中華民國
Capital: Nanking
Official Language: Standard Chinese
Religion:
Demonym: Chinese
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Head of State: President of China
Area: 11,077,380 km²
Population: 541,670,000 (1949)
Currency: Chinese Yuan

People's Republic of China

1 October 1949 - Present



中华人民共和国
Capital: Beijing
Official Language: Standard Chinese
Religion:
Demonym: Chinese
Government: Socialist one-party state
Current Head of State: President Xi Jinping
Area: 9,596,961 km2
Population: 1,376,049,000 (2015)
Currency: Renminbi (CNY)

CO

Republic of Columbia

1900 - Present



República de Colombia
Capital: Bogotá
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Columbian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Juan Manuel Santos
Area: 1,141,748 km2
Population: 48,400,388 (2015)
Currency: Peso (COP)

CR

Republic of Costa Rica

1900 - Present



República de Costa Rica
Capital: San José
Official Language: Spanish
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Demonym: Costa Rican
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: Luis Guillermo Solís
Area: 51,100 km2
Population: 4,586,353 (2011)
Currency: Costa Rican colón (CRC)

CU

American Protectorate of Cuba

1900 - 19 May 1902



Gobierno militar estadounidense en Cuba
Capital: Havana
Official Language: Spanish
Religon:
Demonym: Cuban
Government: Administered Territory of the United States of America
Head of State: President of the United States
Area: 110,860 km2
Population:
Currency: United States Dollar (USD)

Republic of Cuba

20 May 1902 - Present



República de Cuba
Capital: Havana
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Cuban
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party republic
Current Head of State: President Raúl Castro
Area: 110,860 km2
Population: 11,238,317 (2014)
Currency: Peso (CUP)

CV

Portuguese Colony of Cabo Verde

1900 - 4 July 1975



Capital: Praia
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the Portuguese Empire
Head of State: King of the Portuguese Empire
Area: 4,033 km2
Population:
Currency:

Republic of Cabo Verde

5 July 1975 - Present



República de Cabo Verde
Capital: Praia
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: Cabo Verdean
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Jorge Carlos Fonseca
Area: 4,033 km2
Population: 525,000 (2015)
Currency: Cape Verdean escudo (CVE)

CY

Crown Colony of Cyprus

1900 - 15 August 1960



Capital: Nicosia
Official Langauge: English
Religion:
Demonym: Cypriot
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Emprie
Area: 9,251 km2
Population:
Currency: Pound Sterling

Republic of Cyprus

16 August 1960 - Present



Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
Capital: Nicosia
Official Langauge: Greek, Turkish
Religion:
Demonym: Cypriot
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Nicos Anastasiades
Area: 9,251 km2
Population: 1,141,166 (2013)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

CZ

Austria-Hungary

1900 - 27 October 1918



Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: German, Hungarian
Religion: Roman Catholic
Demonym: Austro-Hungarian
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor-King of Austria-Hungary
Area: 681,727 km²
Population: 52,800,000 (1914)
Currency: krone

Czechoslovak Republic

28 October 1918 - 30 September 1938



Československá republika
Capital: Prague
Official Language: Czech, Slovak
Religion:
Demonym: Czechoslovak
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Head of State: President of Czechoslovakia
Area: 127,900 km²
Population:
Currency: Czeckoslovak Koruna

German Reich

October 1 1938 - 23 May 1945



Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Total Dictatorship
Head of State: Führer
Area: 633,786 km²
Population: 69,314,000 (1939)
Currency: Reich Mark

Czechoslovak Republic

24 May 1945 - 25 February 1948



Československá republika
Capital: Prague
Official Language: Czech, Slovak
Religion:
Demonym: Czechoslovak
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Head of State: President of Czechoslovakia
Area: 127,900 km²
Population:
Currency: Czeckoslovak Koruna

Czechoslovak Socialist Republic

22 February 1948 - 23 April 1990



Československá socialistická republika
Capital: Prague
Official Language: Czech, Slovak
Religion:
Demonym: Czechoslovak
Government: Marxist-Leninist one-party state
Head of State: President of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
Area: 127,900 km²
Population: 15,600,000 (1992)
Currency: Czeckoslovak Koruna

Czech and Slovak Federal Republic

24 April 1990 - 31 December 1992



Česká a Slovenská Federativní / Federatívna Republika
Capital: Prague
Official Langauge: Czech, Slovak
Religion:
Demonym: Czechoslovak
Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic
Head of State: President of Czechoslovakia
Area: 127,900 km²
Population: 15,600,000 (1992)
Currency: Czechoslovak Koruna

Czech Republic

January 1 1993 - Present



Česká republika
Capital: Prague
Official Langauge: Czech
Religion:
Demonym: Czech
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Miloš Zeman
Area: 78,866 km2
Population: 10,553,443 (2015)
Currency: Czech koruna (CZK)

DE

German Empire

1900 - 8 November 1919



Deutsches Reich
Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Federal constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area: 540,857.54 km²
Population: 64,565,000 (1918)
Currency: German Mark

Weimar Republic

9 November 1919 - 29 January 1933



Deutsches Reich
Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Semi-presidential representative federal republic
Head of State: Chancellor of Germany
Area: 468,787 km²
Population: 62,411,000 (1925)
Currency: Reich Mark

German Reich

30 January 1933 - May 8, 1945



Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Total Dictatorship
Head of State: Führer
Area: 633,786 km²
Population: 69,314,000 (1939)
Currency: Reich Mark

Allied Germany

May 9 1945 - May 22 1949



Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Military Occupied State
Head of State: Governors of the Four Zones
Area:
Population:
Currency: German mark

Federal Republic of West Germany

23 May 1949 - 2 October 1990



Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Capital: Bonn
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: West German
Government: Federal parliamentary constitutional republic
Head of State: Chancellor of West Germany
Area: 248,577 km²
Population: 63,254,000 (1990)
Currency: German Mark

German Democratic Republic

7 October 1949 - 2 October 1990



Capital: East Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: East German
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of East Germany
Area: 108,333 km²
Population: 16,111,000 (1990)
Currency: German Mark

Federal Republic of Germany

3 October 1990 - Present



Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Federal parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: Chancellor Angela Merkel
Area: 357,168 km2
Population: 81,459,000
Currency: Euro (EUR)

DJ

French Somaliland

1900 - July 4, 1967



Côte Française des Somalis
Capital: Djibouti
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 23,200 km²
Population: 165,000 (1963)
Currency: French franc

French Territory of the Afars and the Issas

July 5, 1967 - June 26, 1977



Territoire français des Afars et des Issas
Capital: Djibouti
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 23,200 km²
Population: 367,210 (1971)
Currency: French Afars and Issas franc

Republic of Djibouti

June 27, 1977 - Present



République de Djibouti
Capital: Djibouti City
Official Language: French, Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Djiboutian
Government: Dominant-party semi-presidential republic
Head of State: President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh
Area: 23,200 km2
Population: 810,178 (2014)
Currency: Djiboutian franc (DJF)

DK

Kingdom of Denmark

1900 - Present



Kongeriget Danmark
Capital: Copenhagen
Official Language: Danish
Religion: Church of Denmark
Demonym: Danish
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Margrethe II
Area: 42,923.53 km2
Population: 5,707,251 (2016)
Currency: Danish krone (DKK)

DM

British Leeward Islands

1900 - 1940



Capital: St. John's
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 440 km2
Population:
Currency: British Pound Sterling

British Windward Islands

1941 - February 28 1967



Capital: St. George's
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Commonwealth of Dominica

1 March 1967 - Present



Capital: Roseau
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Dominican
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Charles Savoring
Area: 750 km2
Population: 72,324 (2016)
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

DO

Dominican Republic

1900 - Present



República Dominicana
Capital: Santo Domingo
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Dominican
Government: Unitary presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Danilo Medina
Area: 48,442 km2
Population: 9,980,243 (2015)
Currency: Peso (DOP)

DZ

French Algeria

1900 - July 3, 1962



Algérie
Capital: Algiers
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Algerian
Government: French Colony
Head of State: President of France
Area:
Population:
Currency: French Franc

People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

5 July 1962 - Present



الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
Capital: Algiers
Official Language: Arabic, Berber
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Algerian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential people's republic
Current Head of State: President Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Area: 2,381,741 km2
Population: 40,400,000 (2016)
Currency: Dinar (DZD)

EC

Republic of Ecuador

1900 - Present



República del Ecuador
Capital: Quito
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Ecuadorian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Rafael Correa
Area: 283,560a km2
Population: 16,144,000 (2015)
Currency: United States Dollar (USD)

EE

Russian Empire

1900 - 23 February 1918



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Republic of Estonia

24 February 1918 - June 15 1940



Eesti Vabariik
Capital: Tallinn
Official Language: Estonian
Religion:
Demonym: Estonian
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Head of State: President of Estonia
Area: 45,339 km2
Population:
Currency: Estonian Kroon (EEK)

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

June 16 1940 - 1940



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

German Reich

1941 - 1944



Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Total Dictatorship
Head of State: Führer
Area: 633,786 km²
Population: 69,314,000 (1939)
Currency: Reich Mark

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

1945 - 19 August 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Republic of Estonia

20 August 1991 - Present



Eesti Vabariik
Capital: Tallinn
Official Language: Estonian
Religion:
Demonym: Estonian
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Current Head of State: Toomas Hendrik Ilves
Area: 45,339 km2
Population: 1,311,759 (2016)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

EG

Khedivate of Egypt

1900 - 19 December 1914



الخديوية المصرية
Capital: Cairo
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Egyptian
Government: British Protected Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Khedive of Egypt
Area: 34,184 km²
Population: 11,287,000 (1907)
Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)

Sultanate of Egypt

19 December 1914 - 15 March 1922



السلطنة المصرية
Capital: Cairo
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Egyptian
Government: British Protected Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Sultan of Egypt
Area: 3,418,400 km²
Population: 12,751,000 (1917)
Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)

Kingdom of Egypt

28 February 1922 - 17 June 1953



المملكة المصرية
Capital: Cairo
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Egyptian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King of Egypt
Area: 3,418,400 km²
Population: 19,090,447 (1947)
Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)

Republic of Egypt

18 June 1953 - 22 February 1958



جمهورية مصر
Capital: Cairo
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Egyptian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Head of State: President of Egypt
Area:
Population:
Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)

United Arab Republic

22 February 1958 - 27 September 1961



الجمهورية العربية المتحدة
Capital: Cairo
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Unitary socialist state
Head of State: President Gamal Abdel Nasser
Area: 1,166,049 km²
Population: 32,203,000 (1961)
Currency: Egyptian Pound

Arab Republic of Egypt

28 September 1961 - Present



جمهورية مصر العربية
Capital: Cairo
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Egyptian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Area: 1,010,407.87 km2
Population: 90,803,000 (2016)
Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)

ER

Ethiopian Empire

1900 - 2 October 1935



የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official Language: Ge'ez
Religion: Ethiopian Orthodox
Demonym: Ethiopian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Ethiopia
Area:
Population:
Currency: Ethiopian Birr

Italian East Africa

3 October 1935 - 26 November 1941



Africa Orientale Italiana
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official Language: Italian
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the Kingdom of Italy
Head of State: Emperor of Italy
Area: 1,725,000 km²
Population: 12,100,000 (1939)
Currency: Italian East African lira

Ethiopian Empire

5 May 1941 - 11 September 1974



የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official Language: Ge'ez
Religion: Ethiopian Orthodox
Demonym: Ethiopian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Ethiopia
Area:
Population:
Currency: Ethiopian Birr

People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

12 September 1974 - 23 May 1993



የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝባዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official Language: Amharic
Religion:
Demonym: Ethiopian
Government: Marxist-Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of Ethiopia
Area: 1,221,900 km²
Population: 51,666,622 (1990)
Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)

State of Eritrea

24 May 1993 - Present



Capital: Asmara
Official Language: Tigrinya
Religion:
Demonym: Eritrean
Government: One-party presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Isaias Afwerki
Area: 117,600 km2
Population: 6,380,803 (2014)
Currency: Nakfa (ERN)

ES

Kingdom of Spain

1900 - 13 April 1931



Reino de España
Capital: Madrid
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Spanish
Government: Constitutional monarchy One-party state
Head of State: Monarch of the Spanish Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Spanish Peseta

Spanish Republic

14 April 1931 - 31 March 1939



República Española
Capital: Madrid
Official Langauge: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Spanish
Government: Multi-party semi-presidential republic
Head of State: President of Spain
Currency: Spanish Peseta

Spanish State

1 April 1939 - 19 November 1975



Estado Español
Capital: Madrid
Official Langauge: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Spanish
Government: Francoist-Falangist Single-Party State Totalitarian dictatorship
Head of State: Caudillo Generalissimo Francisco Franco
Area: 796,030 km²
Population: 35,563,535 (1975)
Currency: Spanish peseta

Kingdom of Spain

20 November 1975 - Present



Reino de España
Capital: Madrid
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Spanish
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Felipe VI
Area: 505,990 km2
Population: 46,423,064
Currency: Euro (EUR)

ET

Ethiopian Empire

1900 - 3 October 1935



የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official Language: Ge'ez
Religion: Ethiopian Orthodox
Demonym: Ethiopian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Ethiopia
Area:
Population:
Currency: Ethiopian Birr

Italian East Africa

4 October 1935 - 4 May 1941



Africa Orientale Italiana
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official Language: Italian
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the Kingdom of Italy
Head of State: Emperor of Italy
Area: 1,725,000 km²
Population: 12,100,000 (1939)
Currency: Italian East African lira

Ethiopian Empire

5 May 1941 - 11 September 1974



የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official Language: Ge'ez
Religion: Ethiopian Orthodox
Demonym: Ethiopian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Ethiopia
Area:
Population:
Currency: Ethiopian Birr

People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

12 September 1974 - 28 May 1991



የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝባዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official Language: Amharic
Religion:
Demonym: Ethiopian
Government: Marxist-Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of Ethiopia
Area: 1,221,900 km²
Population: 51,666,622 (1990)
Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

28 May 1991 - Present



የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊሪፐብሊክ
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official Language: Amharic
Religion: Ethiopian Orthodox
Demonym: Ethiopian
Government: Federal parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Mulatu Teshome
Area: 1,104,300 km2
Population: 99,465,819 (2015)
Currency: Birr (ETB)

FI

Russian Empire

1900 - 5 December 1917



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Republic of Finland

6 December 1917 - Present



Suomen tasavalta

Capital: Helsinki
Official Language: Finnish, Swedish
Religion: Lutheran, Eastern Orthodox
Demonym: Finnish
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Sauli Niinistö
Area: 338,424 km2
Population: 5,486,125 (2015)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

FJ

British Fiji

1900 - 9 October 1970



Capital: Suva
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Fijian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 18,274 km2
Population:
Currency: Fijian pound

Dominion of Fiji

10 October 1970 - 5 October 1987



Capital: Suva
Official Language: English, Fijian, Hindi
Religion:
Demonym: Fijian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 18,274 km2
Population:
Currency: Fijian dollar (FJD)

Republic of Fiji

6 October 1987 - Present



Matanitu Tugalala o Viti

Capital: Suva
Official Language: English, Fijian, Hindi
Religion:
Demonym: Fijian
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President George Konrote
Area: 18,274 km2
Population: 858,038 (2012)
Currency: Fijian dollar (FJD)

FM

German New Guinea

1900 - 27 June 1919



Deutsch-Neuguinea
Capital: Simpsonhafen
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the German Empire
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Goldmark

Empire of Japan

June 28, 1919 - July 17, 1947



大日本帝國
Capital: Tokyo
Official Language: Japanese
Religion: Shintoism
Demonym: Japanese
Government: One-party state Military dictatorship
Head of State: Emperor of Japan
Area: 7,400,000 km²
Population: 105,200,000 (1940)
Currency: Japanese yen

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

July 18, 1947 - November 3, 1986



Capital: Saipan
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Trust Territory of the United Nations
Head of State: President of the United States
Area: 1,779 km²
Population: 132,929
Currency: United States Dollar (USD)

Federated States of Micronesia

November 3, 1986 - Present



Capital: Palikir
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Micronesian
Government: Federal parliamentary republic Under a Non-partisan democracy
Current Head of State: President Peter Christian
Area: 702 km2
Population: 106,104 (2013)
Currency: Unit4ed States Dollar (USD)

FR

French Republic

1900 - June 21 1940



République française
Capital: Paris
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: French
Government: Unitary semi‑presidential constitutional republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 643,801 km2
Population:
Currency: French Franc

German Reich

22 June 1940 - 25 August 1944



Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Total Dictatorship
Head of State: Führer
Area: 633,786 km²
Population: 69,314,000 (1939)
Currency: Reich Mark

French Republic

26 August 1944 - Present



République française
Capital: Paris
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: French
Government: Unitary semi‑presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President François Hollande
Area: 643,801 km2
Population: 64,543,000 (2016)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

GA

French Equatorial Africa

1900 - August 16 1960



Afrique équatoriale française
Capital: Brazzaville
Official Language: Sango, French
Religion:
Demonym: Central African
Government: Colony of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 622,984 km2
Population:
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Gabonese Republic

August 17, 1960 - Present



République gabonaise
Capital: Libreville
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Gabonese
Government: Dominant-party presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Ali Bongo Ondimba
Area: 267,667 km2
Population: 1,475,000 (2009)
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

GB

United Kingdom

1900 - Present



Capital: London
Official Langauge: English
Religion:
Demonym: British
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 242,495 km2
Population: 64,716,000 (2015)
Currency: Pound Sterling (GBP)

GD

British Windward Islands

1900 - February 6 1974



Capital: St. George's
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Grenada

February 7, 1974 - Present



Capital: St. George's
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Grenadian
Government: Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 348.5 km2
Population: 109,590 (2012)
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

GE

Russian Empire

1900 - 25 May 1918



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Democratic Republic of Georgia

May 26, 1918 - 10 February 1921



საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა
Capital: Tbilisi
Official Language: Georgian
Religion:
Demonym: Georgian
Government: Republic
Head of State: Chairman of The Democratic Republic of Georgia
Area: 107,600 km²
Population: 2,500,000 (1919)
Currency: Georgian maneti

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

11 February 1921 - 8 April 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Georgia

9 April 1991 - Present



საქართველო
Capital: Tbilisi
Official Language: Georgian
Religion:
Demonym: Georgian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Giorgi Margvelashvili
Area: 69,420 km2
Population: 3,729,500 (2015)
Currency: Georgian Lari (GEL)

GH

British Gold Coast

1900 - 5 March 1957



Capital: Accra
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: British West African pound

Commonwealth of Ghana

6 March 1957 - June 30 1960



Capital: Accra
Official Langage: English
Religion:
Demonym: Ghanaian
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Monarch of the United Kingdom
Area:
Population:
Currency: Ghanaian Pound

Republic of Ghana

1 July 1960 - Present



Capital: Accra
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Ghanaian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President John Dramani Mahama
Area: 238,535 km2
Population: 27,000,000 (2014)
Currency: Ghana cedi (GHS)

GM

Gambia Colony and Protectorate

1900 - 17 February 1965



Capital: Bathurst
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 11,295 km²
Population: 315,486 (1965)
Currency: British West African Pound

Islamic Republic of The Gambia

18 February 1965 - Present



Capital: Banjul
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Gambian
Government: Dominant-party presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Yahya Jammeh
Area: 10,689 km2
Population: 1,882,450 (2013)
Currency: Dalasi (GMD)

GN

French West Africa

1900 - 1 October 1958



Afrique occidentale française
Capital: Dakar
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: French Colony
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency: French West African Franc

Republic of Guinea

2 October 1958 - Present



République de Guinée
Capital: Conakry
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Guinean
Government: Presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Alpha Condé
Area: 245,836 km2
Population: 11,628,972 (2014)
Currency: Guinean franc (GNF)

GQ

Spanish Guinea

1900 - 11 October 1968



Territorios Españoles del Golfo de Guinea
Capital: Santa isabel
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the Kingdom of Spain
Head of State: King of Spain
Area:
Population:
Currency: Spanish Guinea Peseta

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

12 October 1968 - Present



República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Capital: Malabo
Official Language: Spanish, French, Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: Equatorial Guinean
Government: Dominant-party presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
Area: 28,050 km2
Population: 1,222,442 (2015)
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

GR

Kingdom of Greece

1900 - 24 March 1924



Βασίλειον της Ελλάδος
Capital: Athens
Official Language: Greek
Religion: Greek Orthodoxy
Demonym: Greek
Government: Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King of Greece
Area: 131,990 km²
Population:
Currency: Greek Drachma

Hellenic Republic

25 March 1924 - 2 November 1935



Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Capital: Athens
Official Language: Greek
Religion: Eastern Orthodoxy
Demonym: Greek
Government: Parliamentary republic
Head of State: President of Greece
Area: 131,957 km2
Population:
Currency: Greek Drachma

Kingdom of Greece

3 November 1935 - 5 April 1941



Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος
Capital: Athens
Official Language: Greek
Religion:
Demonym; Greek
Government: Metaxist authoritarian dictatorship
Head of State: King George II of Greece
Area:
Population:
Currency: Greek Drachma

Hellenic State

6 April 1941 - 12 October 1944



Ελληνική Πολιτεία
Capital: Athens
Official Language: Greek
Religion:
Demonym: Greek
Government: Client State of the German Reich
Head of State: Prime Minister of Greece
Area:
Population;
Currency: Greek Drachma

Kingdom of Greece

13 October 1944 - 31 May 1973



Βασίλειον της Ελλάδος
Capital: Athens
Official Language: Greek
Religion:
Demonym: Greek
Government: Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King of Greece
Area: 131,990 km²
Population: 8,768,372 (1971)
Currency: Greek Drachma

Hellenic Republic

1 June 1973 - Present



Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Capital: Athens
Official Language: Greek
Religion: Eastern Orthodoxy
Demonym: Greek
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Prokopis Pavlopoulos
Area: 131,957 km2
Population: 10,955,000 (2015)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

GT

Republic of Guatemala

1900 - Present



República de Guatemala
Capital: Guatemala City
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Guatemalan
Government: Unitary presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Jimmy Morales
Area: 108,889 km2
Population: 15,806,675 (2014)
Currency: Quetzal (GTQ)

GW

Portuguese Guinea

1900 - 23 September 1973



Guiné Portuguesa
Capital: Bissau
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the Portuguese Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the Portuguese Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Portuguese Guinean escudo

Republic of Guinea-Bissau

24 September 1973 - Present



República da Guiné-Bissau
Capital: Bissau
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: Bissau-Guinean
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President José Mário Vaz
Area: 36,125 km2
Population: 1,693,398 (2014)
Currency: West African CFA franc (XOF)

GY

British Guiana

1900 - 25 May 1966



Capital: Georgetown
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 214,970 km2
Population:
Currency: Guyanese dollar (GYD)

Commonwealth of Guyana

26 May 1966 - 22 February 1970



Capital: Georgetown
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Guyanese
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 214,970 km2
Population:
Currency: Guyanese dollar (GYD)

Co-operative Republic of Guyana

23 February 1970 - Present



Capital: Georgetown
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Guyanese
Government: Unitary Semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President David Granger
Area: 214,970 km2
Population: 747,884 (2012)
Currency: Guyanese dollar (GYD)

HN

Republic of Honduras

1900 - Present



República de Honduras
Capital: Tegucigalpa
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Honduran
Government: Presidential republic
Current Head of State: Juan Orlando Hernández
Area: 112,492 km2
Population: 8,249,574 (2010)
Currency: Lempira (HNL)

HR

Austria-Hungary

1900 - November 30 1918



Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: German, Hungarian
Religion: Roman Catholic
Demonym: Austro-Hungarian
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor-King of Austria-Hungary
Area: 681,727 km²
Population: 52,800,000 (1914)
Currency: krone

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

1 December 1918 - 28 November 1945



Kraljevina Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croato-Slovene
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: King of Yugoslavia
Area: 247,542 km²
Population: 13,934,038 (1931)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

29 November 1945 - 24 June 1991



Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croatian
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Titoist one-party socialist federal republic
Head of State: General Secretary of Yugoslavia
Area: 255,804 km² (1989)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Republic of Croatia

25 June 1991 - Present



Republika Hrvatska
Capital: Zagreb
Official Language: Croatian
Religion:
Demonym: Croatian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
Area: 56,594 km2
Population: 4,284,889 (2011)
Currency: Kuna (HRK)

HT

Republic of Haiti

1900 - Present



République d'Haïti
Capital: Port-au-Prince
Official Language: French, Haitian Creole
Religion:
Demonym: Haitian Creole
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: Acting President Jocelerme Privert
Area: 27,750 km2
Population: 10,604,000 (2015)
Currency: Haitian gourde (HTG)

HU

Austria-Hungary

1900 - 28 February 1920

Kingdom of Hungary

29 February 1920 - January 31 1946



Magyar Királyság
Capital: Budapest
Official Language: Hungarian
Religion:
Demonym: Hungarian
Government: Authoritarian regency
Head of State: Regent of Hungary
Area: 172,149 km²
Population: 14,669,100 1941
Currency: Hungarian pengő

Hungarian Republic

1 February 1946 - 20 August 1949



Magyar Köztársaság
Capital: Budapest
Official Language: Hungarian
Religion:
Demonym: Hungarian
Government: Parliamentary republic
Head of State: President of Hungary
Area: 93,030 km2
Population:
Currency: Forint (HUF)

Hungarian People's Republic

20 August 1949 - 22 October 1989



Magyar Népköztársaság
Capital: Budapest
Official Language: Hungarian
Religion:
Demonym: Hungarian
Government: Marxist-Leninist one-party socialist state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Hungarian People's Republic
Area: 93,030 km2
Population: 10,375,323 (1990)
Currency: Forint (HUF)

Hungary

23 October 1989 - Present



Magyarország
Capital: Budapest
Official Language: Hungarian
Religion:
Demonym: Hungarian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President János Áder
Area: 93,030 km2
Population: 9,855,571 (2015)
Currency: Forint (HUF)

ID

Dutch East Indies

1900 - 16 August 1945



Nederlands-Indië
Capital: Batavia
Official Language: Dutch
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Head of State: Monarch of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Area:
Population: 60,727,233 (1930)
Currency: Dutch East Indies gulden

Republic of Indonesia

17 August 1945 - Present



Republik Indonesia
Capital: Jakarta
Official Language: Indonesian
Religion:
Demonym: Indonesian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of State: President Joko Widodo
Area: 1,904,569 km2
Population: 255,461,700 (2015)
Currency: Indonesian rupiah (IDR)

IE

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

1900 - 5 December 1921



Capital: London
Official Language: English
Religion: Church of England
Demonym:
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 315,093 km²
Population: 45,370,530 (1920)
Currency: Pound sterling

Irish Free State

6 December 1921 - 28 December 1937



Saorstát Éireann
Capital: Dublin
Official Language: Irish, English
Religion:
Demonym: Irish
Government: Dominion of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 70,273 km2
Population:
Currency: Saorstát pound

Republic of Ireland

29 December 1937 - Present



Poblacht na hÉireann
Capital: Dublin
Official Language: Irish, English
Religion:
Demonym: Irish
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Michael D. Higgins
Area: 70,273 km2
Population: 4,635,400 (2015)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

IL

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 24 April 1920



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

Mandatory Palestine

25 April 1920 - 13 May 1948



Capital: Jerusalem
Official Language: English, Arabic, Hebrew
Religion:
Government: Mandate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Palestine Pound

State of Israel

14 May 1948 - Present



מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל
Capital: Jerusalem
Official Language: Hebrew, Arabic
Religion: Judaism
Demonym: Israeli
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Reuven Rivlin
Area: 22,072 km2
Population: 8,476,600 (2016)
Currency: Israeli New Shekel (ILS)

IN

British India

1900 - 14 August 1947



Capital: New Delhi
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Indian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 4,226,734 km²
Population:
Currency: Indian Rupee

Dominion of India

15 August 1947 - 25 January 1950



Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Capital: New Delhi
Official Language: Hindi
Religion: Hinduism
Demonym: Indian
Government: Dominion of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 3,287,263
Population:
Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)

Republic of India

26 January 1950 - Present



Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Capital: New Delhi
Official Language: Hindi
Religion: Hinduism
Demonym: Indian
Government: Federal parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Pranab Mukherjee
Area: 3,287,263
Population: 1,276,267,000 (2015)
Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)

IQ

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 25 April 1920



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

Mandatory Iraq

26 April 1920 - 2 October 1932



المملكة العراقية
Capital: Baghdad
Official Language: Arabic, Assyrian, Kurdish
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Iraqi
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 438,317 km²
Population: 6,488,000 (1958)
Currency:

Kingdom of Iraq

3 October 1932 - 14 February 1958



المملكة العراقية
Capital: Baghdad
Official Language: Arabic, Assyrian, Kurdish
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Iraqi
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King of Iraq
Area: 438,317 km²
Population: 6,488,000 (1958)
Currency:

Iraqi Republic

14 July 1958 - April 20, 2003



جمهورية العـراق
Capital: Baghdad
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Iraqi
Government: Ba'athist one-party state
Head of State: President of Iraq
Area: 437,072 km2
Population: 25,175,000 (2003)
Currency: Iraqi dinar (IQD)

Republic of Iraq

April 21, 2003 - Present



جمهورية العـراق
Capital: Baghdad
Official Language: Arabic, Kurdish
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Iraqi
Government: Federal parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Fuad Masum
Area: 437,072 km2
Population: 37,056,169 (2015)
Currency: Iraqi dinar (IQD)

IR

Sublime State of Iran

1900 - 14 December 1925



قاجاریه
Capital: Tehran
Official Language: Persian
Religion: Shia Islam
Demonym: Iranian
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: Shah of Iran
Area:
Population:
Currency: Iranian qiran

Imperial State of Iran

15 December 1925 - 10 February 1979



دودمان پهلوی
Capital: Tehran
Official Language: Persian
Religion: Shia Islam
Demonym: Iranian
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: Shah of Iran
Area:
Population:
Currency: Iranian Rial

Islamic Republic of Iran

11 February 1979 - Present



جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Capital: Tehran
Official Language: Persian
Religion: Shia Islam
Demonym: Iranian
Government: unitary presidential republic subject to a Supreme Leader
Current Head of State: Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
Area: 1,648,195 km2
Population: 79,115,000 (2016)
Currency: Rial (IRR)

IS

Kingdom of Denmark

1900 - November 30 1918



Kongeriget Danmark
Capital: Copenhagen
Official Language: Danish
Religion: Church of Denmark
Demonym: Danish
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Monarch of the Kingdom of Denmark
Area: 42,923.53 km2
Population:
Currency: Danish krone (DKK)

Kingdom of Iceland

1 December 1918 - 16 June 1944



Ísland
Capital: Reykjavík
Official Language: Icelandic
Religion: Church of Iceland
Demonym: Icelander
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King of Iceland
Area: 102,775 km2
Population:
Currency: Icelandic króna (ISK)

Republic of Iceland

17 June 1944 - Present



Ísland
Capital: Reykjavík
Official Language: Icelandic
Religion: Church of Iceland
Demonym: Icelander
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson
Area: 102,775 km2
Population: 329,100 (2015)
Currency: Icelandic króna (ISK)

IT

Kingdom of Italy

1900 - 1 June 1946



Regno d'Italia
Capital: Rome
Official Language: Italian
Religion:
Demonym: Italian
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Monarch of Italy
Area:
Population:
Currency: Italian Lira

Italian Republic

2 June 1946 - Present



Repubblica Italiana
Capital: Rome
Official Language: Italian
Religion:
Demonym: Italian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Sergio Mattarella
Area: 301,338 km2
Population: 60,795,612 (2014)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

JM

Jamaica and Dependencies

1900 - 5 August 1962



Capital: Kingston
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 12,114 km²
Population: 1,577,410 (1956
Currency: Jamaican pound

Jamaica

6 August 1962 - Present



Capital: Kingston
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Jamaican
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 10,991 km2
Population: 2,950,210 (2015)
Currency: Jamaican dollar (JMD)

JO

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 10 April 1921



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

Emirate of Transjordan

11 April 1921 - 24 May 1946



إمارة شرق الأردن
Capital: Amman
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Transjordanian
Government: Monarchy
Head of State: Emir of Jordan
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

25 May 1946 - Present



المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية
Capital: Amman
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Jordanian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Abdullah II
Area: 89,341 km2
Population: 9,531,712 (2015)
Currency: Jordanian dinar (JOD)

JP

Empire of Japan

1900 - April 27, 1952



大日本帝國
Capital: Tokyo
Official Language: Japanese
Religion: Shintoism
Demonym: Japanese
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Japan
Area: 7,400,000 km²
Population: 105,200,000 (1940)
Currency: Japanese Yen

Japan

April 28, 1952 - Present



日本国
Capital: Tokyo
Official Language:
Religion:
Demonym: Japanese
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Emperor Akihito
Area: 377,944 km2
Population: 126,919,659 (2015)
Currency: Yen (JPY)

KE

British East Africa

1900 - 10 June 1920



Capital: Nairobi
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 696,447 km²
Population: 4,000,000 (1904)
Currency: Rupee

British Kenya

11 June 1920 - 11 December 1963


Capital: Nairobi
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Kenyan
Government: Colony and Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: East African shilling

Commonwealth of Kenya

12 December 1963 - 11 December 1964



Capital: Nairobi
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Kenyan
Government: Commonwealth of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 581,309 km2
Population:
Currency: Kenyan shilling (KES)

Republic of Kenya

12 December 1964 - Present



Jamhuri ya Kenya
Capital: Nairobi
Official Language: English, Kiswahili
Religion:
Demonym: Kenyan
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Uhuru Kenyatta
Area: 581,309 km2
Population: 45,010,056 (2014)
Currency: Kenyan shilling (KES)

KG

Russian Empire

1900 - 29 December 1922



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

30 December 1922 - 30 August 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Kyrgyz Republic

31 August 1991 - Present



Кыргыз Республикасы
Capital: Bishkek
Official Language: Russian
Religion:
Demonym: Kyrgyz
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Almazbek Atambayev
Area: 199,951 km2
Population: 6,000,000 (2015)
Currency: Som (KGS)

KH

French Indo-China

1900 - 8 November 1953



Fédération indochinoise
Capital: Hanoi
Official Language: French
Religion: Various
Government: Colony of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 737,000 km²
Population: 21,599,582 (1935)
Currency: French Indochinese piastre

Kingdom of Cambodia

9 November 1953 - 17 March 1970



ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា
Capital: Phnom Penh
Official Language: Khmer
Religion: Buddhism
Demonym: Khmer
Government: Dominant-party constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King of Cambodia
Area: 181,035 km2
Population: 5,728,771 (1962)
Currency: Riel (KHR)

Khmer Republic

18 March 1970 - 17 April 1975



សាធារណរដ្ឋខ្មែរ
Capital: Phnom Penh
Official Language: Khmer
Religion: Buddhism
Demonym: Khmer
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic with military dictatorship
Head of State: President of the Khmer Republic
Area: 181,035 km2
Population:
Currency: Riel (KHR)

Democratic Kampuchea

17 April 1975 - 6 January 1979



កម្ពុជាប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ
Capital: Phnom Penh
Official Language: Khmer
Religion:
Demonym: Kampuchean
Government: Agrarian socialist one-party state under totalitarian dictatorship
Head of State: General Secretary Pol Pot
Area: 181,035 km2
Population:
Currency: Riel (KHR)

People's Republic of Kampuchea

7 January 1979 - 30 April 1989



សាធារណរដ្ឋប្រជាមានិតុកម្ពុជា
Capital: Phnom Penh
Official Language: Khmer
Religion:
Demonym: Kampuchean
Government: One-party socialist republic
Head of State: General Secretary of Kampuchea
Area: 181,035 km2
Population:
Currency: Riel (KHR)

State of Cambodia

1 May 1989 - 23 September 1993



រដ្ឋកម្ពុជា
Capital: Phnom Penh
Official Language: Khmer
Religion:
Demonym: Cambodian
Government: One-party socialist republic
Head of State: General Secretary Heng Samrin
Area: 181,035 km2
Population:
Currency: Riel (KHR)

Kingdom of Cambodia

24 September 1993 - Present



ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា
Capital: Phnom Penh
Official Language: Khmer
Religion: Theravada Buddhism
Demonym: Cambodian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Norodom Sihamoni
Area: 181,035 km2
Population: 15,458,332 (2014)
Currency: Riel (KHR)

KI

British Colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands

1900 - 11 July 1979



Capital: Tarawa
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Pound Sterling (GBP)

Republic of Kiribati

12 July 1979 - Present



Ribaberiki Kiribati
Capital: Tarawa
Official Language: English, Gilbertese
Religion:
Demonym: I-Kiribati
Government: Parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Taneti Mamau
Area: 811 km2
Currency: Kiribati dollar, Australian Dollar (AUD)

KM

French Colony of Comoros

1900 - 5 July 1975

!

Comores
Capital: Moroni
Official Language: Comorian, French, Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Comorian
Government: Colony of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 2,034 km2
Population:
Currency:

Union of the Comoros

6 July 1975 - Present



Udzima wa Komori
Capital: Moroni
Official Language: Comorian, French, Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Comorian
Government: Federal presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Ikililou Dhoinine
Area: 2,034 km2
Population: 798,000 (2010)
Currency: Comorian franc (KMF)

KN

British Leeward Islands

1900 - 27 February 1967



Capital: St. John's
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 440 km2
Population:
Currency: British Pound Sterling

Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis

28 February 1967 - Present



Capital: Basseterre
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Kittitian/Nevisian
Government: Parliamentary democracy under federal constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 261 km2
Population: 54,961 (2015)
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

KP

Great Korean Empire

1900 - August 28, 1910



대한제국
Capital: Hanseong
Official Language: Korean
Religion:
Demonym: Korean
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Korea
Area:
Population: 13,000,000 (1904)
Currency: Korean Won

Empire of Japan

29 August 1910 - 15 August 1945



大日本帝國
Capital: Tokyo
Official Language: Japanese
Religion: Shintoism
Demonym: Japanese
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Japan
Area: 7,400,000 km²
Population: 105,200,000 (1940)
Currency: Japanese Yen

People's Republic of Korea

September 6, 1945 - 8 September 1948



조선인민공화국
Capital: Seoul
Official Language: Korean
Religion:
Demonym: Korean
Government: Provisional Government (Became US and Soviet Military Run Governments)
Head of State:
Area:
Population:
Currency: Won

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

8 September 1948 - Present



조선민주주의인민공화국
Capital: Pyongyang
Official Language: Korean
Religion:
Demonym: North Korean
Government: Unitary Juche one-party totalitarian state
Current Head of State: Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un
Area: 120,540 km2
Population: 24,895,000 (2013)
Currency: North Korean won (KPW)

KR

Great Korean Empire

1900 - 28 August 1910



대한제국
Capital: Hanseong
Official Language: Korean
Religion:
Demonym: Korean
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Korea
Area:
Population: 13,000,000 (1904)
Currency: Korean Won

Empire of Japan

29 August 1910 - 15 August 1945



大日本帝國
Capital: Tokyo
Official Language: Japanese
Religion: Shintoism
Demonym: Japanese
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Japan
Area: 7,400,000 km²
Population: 105,200,000 (1940)
Currency: Japanese Yen

People's Republic of Korea

September 6, 1945 - 14 August 1948



조선인민공화국
Capital: Seoul
Official Language: Korean
Religion:
Demonym: Korean
Government: Provisional Government (Became US and Soviet Military Run Governments)
Head of State:
Area:
Population:
Currency: Won

Republic of Korea

15 August 1948 - Present



대한민국
Capital: Seoul
Official Language: Korean
Religion:
Demonym: South Korean
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Park Geun-hye
Area: 100,210 km2
Population: 51,529,338 (2015)
Currency: South Korean Won (KRW)

KW

Sheikdom of Kuwait

1900 - 18 June 1961



مشيخة الكويت
Capital: Kuwait City
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Kuwaiti
Government: British Protectorate
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 17,820 km²
Population: 321,600 (1961)
Currency: Kuwaiti dinar

State of Kuwait

19 June 1961 - Present



دولة الكويت
Capital: Kuwait City
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Kuwaiti
Government: Unitary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Emir Sabah Ahmad al-Sabah
Area: 17,820 km2
Population: 4,187,161 (2015)
Currency: Kuwaiti dinar (KWD)

KZ

Russian Empire

1900 - 29 December 1922



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

30 December 1922 - 15 December 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Republic of Kazakhstan

16 December 1991 - Present



Қазақстан Республикасы
Capital: Astana
Official Language: Kazak, Russian
Religion:
Demonym: Kazakhstani
Government: Unitary dominant-party presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Nursultan Nazarbayev
Area: 2,724,900 km2
Population: 17,693,500 (2016)
Currency: Tenge (KZT)

LA

French Indochina

1900 - 21 October 1953



Fédération indochinoise
Capital: Hanoi
Official Language: French
Religion: Various
Government: Colony of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 737,000 km²
Population: 21,599,582 (1935)
Currency: French Indochinese piastre

Kingdom of Laos

22 October 1953 - 1 December 1975



ພຣະຣາຊອານາຈັກລາວ
Capital: Luang Phabang
Official Language: Lao
Religion: Buddhism
Demonym: Laotian
Government: French Protectorate
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 236,800 km²
Population: 3,100,000
Currency: Kip

Lao People's Democratic Republic

2 December 1975 - Present



ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ
Capital: Vientiane
Official Language: Lao
Religion: Buddhism
Demonym: Laotian
Government: Marxist-Leninist one-party state
Current Head of State: General Secretary Bounnhang Vorachith
Area: 236,800 km2
Population: 6,803,699 (2014)
Currency: Kip (LAK)

LB

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 31 August 1920



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

State of Greater Lebanon

1 September 1920 - 21 November 1943



État du Grand Liban
Capital: Beirut
Official Language: French, Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Lebanese
Government: Mandate of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Lebanese Republic

22 November 1943 - Present



الجمهورية اللبنانية
Capital: Beirut
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Lebanese
Government: Unitary parliamentary multi-confessionalist republic
Current Head of State: Acting President Tammam Salam
Area: 10,452 km2
Population: 5,851,000
Currency: Lebanese pound (LBP)

LC

British Windward Islands

1900 - 21 February 1979



Capital: St. George's
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Saint Lucia

22 February 1979 - Present



Capital: Castries
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Saint Lucian
Government: Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 617 km2
Population: 183,600 (2014)
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

LI

Principality of Lichtenstein

1900 - Present



Fürstentum Liechtenstein
Capital: Vaduz
Official Language: German
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Demonym: Liechtensteiner
Government: Unitary parliamentary Constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Prince Hans-Adam II
Area: 160 km2
Population: 37,340
Currency: Swiss franc (CHF)

LK

Colony of Ceylon

1900 - 3 February 1948



Capital: Colombo
Official Langauge: English
Religion:
Demonym: Ceylonese
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Currency: Ceylonese Rupee

Dominion of Ceylon

4 February 1948 - 21 May 1972



Capital: Colombo
Official Language: Sinhala, Tamil, English
Religion:
Demonym: Ceylonese
Government: Dominion of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 65,610 km²
Population: 12,800,000 (1971)
Currency: Ceylon Rupee

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

22 May 1972 - Present



ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය
Capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Official Language: Sinhalese, Tamil
Religion:
Demonym: Sri Lankan
Government: Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Maithripala Sirisena
Area: 65,610 km2
Population: 20,277,597 (2012)
Currency: Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)

LR

Republic of Liberia

1900 - Present



Capital: Monrovia
Official Language: English
Religion: Christianity
Demonym: Liberian
Government: Unitary presidential republic
Current Head of State: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
Area: 111,369 km2
Population: 4,503,000 (2015)
Currency: Liberian dollar (LRD)

LS

British Colony of Basutoland

1900 - 3 October 1966



Capital: Maseru
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 30,355 km²
Population: 348,848 (1904)
Currency: Pound Sterling

Kingdom of Lesotho

4 October 1966 - Present



'Muso oa Lesotho
Capital: Maseru
Official Language: English, Sesotho
Religion:
Demonym: Basotho
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Letsie III
Area: 30,355 km2
Population: 2,067,000 (2009)
Currency: Lesotho loti (LSL)

LT

Russian Empire

1900 - 15 February 1918



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Republic of Lithuania

16 February 1918 - 14 June 1940



Lietuvos Respublika
Capital: Vilnius
Official Language: Lithuanian
Religion:
Demonym: Lithuanian
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Head of State: President of Lithuania
Area: 65,300 km2
Population:
Currency: Lithuanian litas (LTL)

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

15 June 1940 - 21 June 1941



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

German Reich

22 June 1941 - June 1944



Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Total Dictatorship
Head of State: Führer
Area: 633,786 km²
Population: 69,314,000 (1939)
Currency: Reich Mark

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

July 1944 - 10 March 1990



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Republic of Lithuania

11 March 1990 - Present



Lietuvos Respublika
Capital: Vilnius
Official Language: Lithuanian
Religion:
Demonym: Lithuanian
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Dalia Grybauskaitė
Area: 65,300 km2
Population: 2,878,696 (2015)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

LU

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

1900 - Present



Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg
Capital: Luxembourg City
Official Langauge: Luxembourgish, German, French
Religion:
Demonym: Luxembourger
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Grand Duke Henri
Area: 2,586.4 km2
Population: 562,958 (2015)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

LV

Russian Empire

1900 - 17 November 1918



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Republic of Latvia

18 November 1918 - 4 August 1940



Latvijas Republika
Capital: Riga
Official Language: Latvian
Religion:
Demonym: Latvian
Government: Parliamentary republic
Head of State: President of Latvia
Area: 64,589 km2
Population:
Currency: Latvian Lats (LVL)

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

5 August 1940 - 9 July 1941



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

German Reich

10 July 1941 - 12 October 1944



Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Total Dictatorship
Head of State: Führer
Area: 633,786 km²
Population: 69,314,000 (1939)
Currency: Reich Mark

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

13 October 1944 - 3 May 1990



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Republic of Latvia

4 May 1990 - Present



Latvijas Republika
Capital: Riga
Official Language: Latvian
Religion:
Demonym: Latvian
Government: Parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Raimonds Vējonis
Area: 64,589 km2
Population: 1,973,70 (2014)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

LY

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 28 September 1911



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

Italian Libya

29 September 1911 - 23 December 1951



Libia Italiana
Capital: Tripoli
Official Language: Italian
Religion:
Demonym: Libyan
Government: Colony of the Kingdom of Italy
Head of State: King of Italy
Area: 1,759,541 km²
Population: 893,774 (1939)
Currency: Libyan Lira

Kingdom of Libya

24 December 1951 - 31 August 1969



المملكة الليبية
Capital: Tripoli/Benghazi
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Libyan
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King Idris I
Area: 1,759,530 km²
Population: 1,091,830 (1954)
Currency: Libyan pound

Libyan Arab Republic

1 September 1969 - 1 March 1977



الجمهورية العربية الليبية
Capital: Tripoli
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Libyan
Government: One-party state under military dictatorship
Head of State: Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council Mummer Gaddafi
Area:
Population: 2,681,900 (1977)
Currency: Libyan Dinar (LYD)

Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

2 March 1977 - 27 August 2011



الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى
Capital: Tripoli
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Libyan
Government: Jamahiriya
Head of State: Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution Mummer Gaddafi
Area:
Population: 6,355,100 (2010)
Currency: Libyan Dinar (LYD)

Libya

28 August 2011 - Present



ليبيا
Capital: Tripoli
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Libyan
Government: Provisional government
Current Head of State: Chairman of the Presidential Council Fayez al-Sarraj
Area: 1,759,541 km2
Population: 6,411,776 (2015)
Currency: Libyan dinar (LYD)

MA

Kingdom of Morocco

1900 - 29 March 1912



المملكة المغربية
Capital: Rabat
Official Language: Arabic, Berber
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Moroccan
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King of Morocco
Area: 710,850 km2
Population:
Currency: Moroccan dirham (MAD)

French Morocco

March 30, 1912 - March 2, 1956



Protectorat français au Maroc
Capital: Rabat
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Moroccan
Government: Protectorate of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency: Moroccan franc

Spanish Morocco

27 November 1912 - 6 April 1956



Capital: Tetuán
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Moroccan
Government: Protectorate of the Kingdom of Spain
Head of State: Monarch of the Spanish Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Spanish peseta

Kingdom of Morocco

7 April 1956 - Present



المملكة المغربية
Capital: Rabat
Official Language: Arabic, Berber
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Moroccan
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Mohammed VI
Area: 710,850 km2
Population: 33,848,242 (2014)
Currency: Moroccan dirham (MAD)

MC

Principality of Monaco

1900 - Present



Capital: Monaco
Official Language: French
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Demonym: Monégasque
Government: Unitary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Prince Albert II
Area: 2.02 km2
Population: 37,800 (2014)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

MD

Russian Empire

1900 - 29 December 1922



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

30 December 1922 - 22 June 1990



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Republic of Moldova

23 June 1990 - Present



Republica Moldova

Capital: Chișinău
Official Language: Romanian
Religion:
Demonym: Moldovan
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Nicolae Timofti
Area: 33,846 km2
Population: 2,913,281 (2014)
Currency: Leu (MDL)

ME

Austria-Hungary

1900 - 11 November 1918



Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: German, Hungarian
Religion: Roman Catholic
Demonym: Austro-Hungarian
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor-King of Austria-Hungary
Area: 681,727 km²
Population: 52,800,000 (1914)
Currency: krone

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

1 December 1918 - 28 November 1945



Kraljevina Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croato-Slovene
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: King of Yugoslavia
Area: 247,542 km²
Population: 13,934,038 (1931)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

29 November 1945 - 26 April 1992



Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croatian
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Titoist one-party socialist federal republic
Head of State: General Secretary of Yugoslavia
Area: 255,804 km² (1989)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

State Union of Serbia and Montenegro

27 April 1992 - 3 June 2006



Државна заједница Србија и Црна Гора
Capital: Belgrade
Official Langauge: Serbian
Religion:
Demonym: Serbian, Montenegrin
Government: Federal Republic
Head of State: President of Serbia and Montenegro
Area: 102,350 km²
Population: 10,832,545 (2006)
Currency: Yugoslav Dinar

Montenegro

3 June 2006 - Present



Capital: Podgorica
Official Language: Montenegrin
Religon:
Demonym: Montenegrin
Government: Parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Filip Vujanović
Area: 13,812 km2
Population: 676,872 (2011)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

MG

French Madagascar

1900 - 25 June 1960



Colonie de Madagascar et dépendances
Capital: Tananarive
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Malagasy
Government: Colony of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 594,890 km²
Population: 4,182,000 (1950)
Currency: Malagasy Franc

Republic of Madagascar

26 June 1960 - Present



Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
Capital: Antananarivo
Official Language: Malagasy, French
Religion:
Demonym: Malagasy
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Hery Rajaonarimampianina
Area: 587,041 km2
Population: 22,434,363 (2014)
Currency: Malagasy ariary (MGA)

MH

German New Guinea

1900 - 27 June 1919



Deutsch-Neuguinea
Capital: Simpsonhafen
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the German Empire
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Goldmark

Empire of Japan

June 28, 1919 - July 17, 1947



大日本帝國
Capital: Tokyo
Official Language: Japanese
Religion: Shintoism
Demonym: Japanese
Government: One-party state Military dictatorship
Head of State: Emperor of Japan
Area: 7,400,000 km²
Population: 105,200,000 (1940)
Currency: Japanese yen

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

July 18, 1947 - October 20, 1986



Capital: Saipan
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Trust Territory of the United Nations
Head of State: President of the United States
Area: 1,779 km²
Population: 132,929
Currency: United States Dollar (USD)

Republic of the Marshall Islands

October 21, 1986 - Present



Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ
Capital: Majuro
Official Language: Marshallese, English
Religion:
Demonym: Marshallese
Government: Unitary Parliamentary Republic
Current Head of State: President Hilda Heine
Area: 181.43 km2
Population: 53,158 (2011)
Currency: United States Dollar (USD)

MK

Kingdom of Serbia

1900 - 30 November 1918



Краљевина Србија
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbian
Religion:
Demonym: Serbian
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King of Serbia
Area:
Population:
Currency: Serbian Dinar

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

1 December 1918 - 28 November 1945



Kraljevina Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croato-Slovene
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: King of Yugoslavia
Area: 247,542 km²
Population: 13,934,038 (1931)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

29 November 1945 - 7 September 1991



Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croatian
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Titoist one-party socialist federal republic
Head of State: General Secretary of Yugoslavia
Area: 255,804 km² (1989)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Republic of Macedonia

8 September 1991 - Present



Република Македонија
Capital: Skopje
Official Language: Macedonian
Religion:
Demonym: Macedonian
Government: Parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Gjorge Ivanov
Area: 25,713 km2
Population: 2,069,162 (2014)
Currency: Macedonian denar (MKD)

ML

French West Africa

1900 - 21 September 1960



Afrique occidentale française
Capital: Dakar
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: French Colony
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency: French West African Franc

Republic of Mali

22 September 1960 - Present



République du Mali
Capital: Bamako
Religon:
Official Language: French
Demonym: Malian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
Area: 1,240,192 km2
Population: 14,517,176 (2009)
Currency: West African CFA franc (XOF)

MM

British Burma

1900 - 31 July 1943



Capital: Rangoon
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Burmese
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Burmese Rupee

State of Burma

1 August 1943 - 27 March 1945



Capital: Rangoon
Official Language: Japanese
Religion:
Demonym: Burmese
Government: Protectorate of the Empire of Japan
Head of State: Emperor of Japan
Area: 678,500 km²
Population:
Currency:

British Burma

26 March 1945 - 3 January 1948



Capital: Rangoon
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Burmese
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Burmese Rupee

Union of Burma

4 January 1948 - 3 March 1962



ပြည်ထောင်စု မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌
Capital: Rangoon
Official Language: Burmese
Religion: Buddhism
Demonym: Burmese
Government: Parliamentary republic
Head of State: President of Burma
Area: 676,578 km²
Population:
Currency: Kyat

Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma

4 March 1962 - 18 September 1988



ပြည်ထောင်စု ဆိုရှယ်လစ်သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်
Capital: Rangoon
Official Language: Burmese
Religion: Buddhism
Demonym: Burmese
Government: One-party socialist republic
Head of State: President of Burma
Area: 676,578 km²
Population:
Currency: Kyat

Union of Myanmar

18 September 1988 - 29 March 2011



ပြည်ထောင်စု မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌
Capital: Rangoon
Official Language: Burmese
Religion: Buddhism
Demonym: Myanma
Government: Military Junta
Head of State: Chairman of the Union of Myanmar
Area: 676,578 km²
Population:
Currency: Kyat

Republic of the Union of Myanmar

30 March 2011 - Present



ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌
Capital: Naypyidaw
Official Language: Burmese
Religion: Theravāda Buddhism
Demonym: Myanma
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Htin Kyaw
Area: 676,578 km
Population: 51,486,253 (2014)
Currency: Kyat (MMK)

MN

Empire of the Great Qing

1900 - 28 December 1911



清朝
Capital: Beijing
Official Language: Mandarin
Religion:
Demonym: Chinese
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of China
Area: 13,150,000 km² (1760)
Population: 301,000,000 (1790)
Currency: Chinese Cash

Mongolia

29 December 1911 - 25 November 1924



Capital: Niislel Khüree
Official Langauge: Mongolian
Religion: Tibetan Buddhism
Demonym: Mongol
Government: Theocratic absolute monarchy
Head of State: Bogd Khaan of Mongolia
Area:
Population:
Currency: Mongolian Tugrik

Mongolian People's Republic

November 26, 1924 - February 12, 1992



Бүгд Найрамдах Монгол Аре Улс
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
Official Language: Mongolian
Religon:
Demonym: Mongol
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: President of the Mongolian People's Republic
Area: 1,566,000 km2
Population: 2,318,000 (1992)
Currency: Tögrög (MNT)

Mongolia

February 13, 1992 - Present



Монгол Улс
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
Official Language: Mongolian
Religon: Buddhism
Demonym: Mongol
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
Area: 1,566,000 km2
Population: 3,042,511 (2015)
Currency: Tögrög (MNT)

MR

French West Africa

1900 - 27 November 1960



Afrique occidentale française
Capital: Dakar
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: French Colony
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency: French West African Franc

Islamic Republic of Mauritania

28 November 1960 - Present



الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية
Capital: Nouakchott
Official Langauge: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Mauritanian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current head of State: Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Area: 1,030,000 km2
Population: 4,067,564 (2015)
Currency: Ouguiya (MRO)

MT

Colony of the Island of Malta and its Dependencies

1900 - 20 September 1964



Kolonja tal-Gżira ta' Malta u d-Dipendenzi tagħha
Capital: Valletta
Official Language: Maltese, English
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Demonym: Maltese
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 316 km2
Population: 319,620 (1957)
Currency: Pound Sterling

State of Malta

21 September 1964 - 12 December 1974



Stat ta’ Malta
Capital: Valletta
Official Language: Maltese, English
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Demonym: Maltese
Government: Commonwealth of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 316 km2
Population: 314,216 (1967)
Currency: Pound Sterling

Republic of Malta

13 December 1974 - Present



Repubblika ta' Malta
Capital: Valletta
Official Language: Maltese, English
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Demonym: Maltese
Government: Parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Marie Louise Coleiro Preca
Area: 316 km2
Population: 445,426 (2014)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

MU

British Mauritius

1900 - 11 March 1968



Capital: Port Louis
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Mauritian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 2,040 km2
Population: 701,016 (1962)
Currency: Mauritian rupee (MUR)

Republic of Mauritius

12 March 1968 - Present



République de Maurice
Capital: Port Louis
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Mauritian
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Current Head of State: President Ameenah Gurib
Area: 2,040 km2
Population: 1,261,208 (2014)
Currency: Mauritian rupee (MUR)

MV

British Protectorate of the Maldives

1900 - 25 July 1965

Republic of Maldives

26 July 1965 - Present



Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyya
Capital: Malé
Official Language: Dhivehi
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Maldivian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Abdullah Yameen
Area: 298 km2
Population: 341,356
Currency: Maldivian rufiyaa (MVR)

MW

British Central Africa

1900 - 5 July 1907


Capital: Zomba
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Area: 109,342 km²
Population:
Currency: Rhodesian Pound

Nyasaland Protectorate

6 July 1907 - 31 July 1953



Capital: Zomba
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Southern Rhodesian Pound

Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

1 August 1953 - 5 July 1964



Capital: Salisbury
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Currency: Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound

Republic of Malawi

6 July 1964 - Present



Dziko la Malaŵi
Capital: Lilongwe
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Malawian
Government: Unitary presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Peter Mutharika
Area: 118,484 km2
Population: 16,407,000 (2013)
Currency: Kwacha (MWK)

MX

United Mexican States

1900 - Present



Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Capital: Mexico City
Official Langauge: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Mexican
Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Enrique Peña Nieto
Area: 1,972,550 km2
Population: 119,530,753 (2015)
Currency: Mexican Peso (MXP)

MY

Federated Malay States

1900 - 31 March 1946



Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Malaysian
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 132,364 km²
Currency: Malaya Dollar

British Straits Settlements

1900 - 1 April 1946



Capital: Singapore
Official Language: English
Religon:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Straits Dollar

Colony of North Borneo

1900 - 15 September 1963



Capital: Jesselton
Official Language: English
Religon:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: British Borneo Dollar

Kingdom of Sarawak

1900 - 29 June 1946



Capital: Kuching
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Emprie
Area:
Population:
Currency: Sarawak Dollar

British Malayan Union

1 April 1946 - 30 January 1948



Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Malaysian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 132,364 km²
Currency: Malaya Dollar

Colony of Sarawak

30 June 1946 - 15 September 1963



Capital: Kuching
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Emprie
Area:
Population:
Currency: Sarawak Dollar

Federation of Malaya

1 February 1948 - 15 September 1963



Persekutuan Tanah Melayu
Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Official Language: Malay, English
Religion:
Demonym: Malaysian
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaya
Area: 132,364 km²
Currency: Malaya Dollar

Malaysia

16 September 1963 - Present



Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Official Language: Bahasa Malaysia
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Malaysian
Government: Federal parliamentary democracy under an elective constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Yang di-Pertuan Agong Abdul Halim
Area: 330,803 km2
Population: 31,015,000 (2016)
Currency: Ringgit (MYR)

MZ

Portuguese East Africa

1900 - 24 June 1975



África Oriental Portuguesa
Capital: Lourenço Marques
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the Portuguese Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the Portuguese Empire
Area: 784,955 km²
Population: 7,300,000 (1967)
Currency: Mozambican escudo

Republic of Mozambique

25 June 1975 - Present



República de Moçambique
Capital: Maputo
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: Mozambican
Government: Unitary presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Filipe Nyusi
Area: 801,590 km2
Population: 24,692,144 (2014)
Currency: Mozambican metical (MZN)

NA

German South-West Africa

1900 - 9 July 1915



Deutsch-Südwestafrika
Capital: Windhoek
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the German Empire
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: German South West African mark

Union of South Africa

10 July 1915 - 31 May 1961



Capital: Cape Town
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: South African
Government: Mandate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 2,045,320 km²
Population: 18,216,000 (1961)
Currency: South African Pound

Republic of South Africa

31 May 1961 - 8 February 1990



Capital: Pretoria
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: South African
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Head of State: President of South Africa
Area: 1,221,037 km2
Population: 54,956,900 (2015)
Currency: South African rand (ZAR)

Republic of Namibia

9 February 1990 - Present



Capital: Windhoek
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Namibian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Hage Geingob
Area: 825,615 km2
Population: 2,113,077 (2011)
Currency: Namibian dollar (NAD)

NE

French West Africa

1900 - 2 August 1960



Afrique occidentale française
Capital: Dakar
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: French Colony
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency: French West African Franc

Republic of Niger

3 August 1960 - Present



République du Niger
Capital: Niamey
Official Langauge: French
Religion:
Demonym: Nigerian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Mahamadou Issoufou
Area: 1,267,000 km2
Population: 17,138,707 (2012)
Currency: West African CFA franc (XOF)

NG

Southern Nigeria Protectorate

January 1 1900 - December 31 1913



Capital: Lagos
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: South Nigerian
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Pound Sterling

Northern Nigeria Protectorate

January 1 1900 - December 31 1913



Capital: Zungeru
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: North Nigerian
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Pound Sterling

Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria

January 1 1914 - September 30 1960



Capital: Lagos
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Nigerian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 923,768 km2
Population:
Currency: British West African pound

Federal Republic of Nigeria

1 October 1960 - Present



Capital: Abuja
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Nigerian
Government: Federal presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Muhammadu Buhari
Area: 923,768 km2
Population: 182,202,000 (2015)
Currency: Naira (NGN)

NI

Republic of Nicaragua

1900 - Present



República de Nicaragua
Capital: Managua
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Nicaraguan
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Daniel Ortega
Area: 130,375 km2
Population: 6,071,045 (2012)
Currency: Córdoba (NIO)

NL

Kingdom of the Netherlands

1900 - Present



Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
Capital: Amsterdam
Official Language: Dutch
Religion:
Demonym: Dutch
Government: Democratic parliamentary constitutional monarchy with federal elements
Current Head of State: King Willem-Alexander
Area: 42,508 km2
Population: 17,100,715 (2013)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

NO

United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway

1900 - 25 October 1905



Capital: Stockholm/Christiania
Official Language: Swedish, Norwegian
Religion:
Demonym: Swedish, Norwegian
Government: Constitutional monarchies
Head of State: Monarch of Sweden and Norway
Area: 774,184 km²
Population: 7,560,000 (1905)
Currency: Krone/Krona

Kingdom of Norway

26 October 1905 - Present



Kongeriket Norge/Noreg
Capital: Oslo
Official Language: Norwegian
Religion:
Demonym: Norwegian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Harald V
Area: 385,178 km2
Population: 5,214,900 (2016)
Currency: Norwegian krone (NOK)

NP

Kingdom of Nepal

1900 - 27 May 2008



Capital: Kathmandu
Official Language: Nepali
Religion: Hindu
Demonym: Nepalese
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Mahārājdhirāja of Nepal
Area:
Population:
Currency: Nepalese Rupee

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

28 May 2008 - Present



सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल
Capital: Kathmandu
Official Language: Nepali
Religion: Hindu
Demonym: Nepalese
Government: Federal parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Area: 147,181 km2
Population: 26,494,504 (2011)
Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)

NR

German New Guinea

1900 - December 16 1920



Deutsch-Neuguinea
Capital: Simpsonhafen
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the German Empire
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Goldmark

Mandate of Nauru

December 17 1920 - 30 September 1947



Capital: Yaren
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Nauruan
Government: League of Nations Mandate
Head of State:
Area: 21 km2
Population:
Currency: Pound Sterling

Trust Territory of Nauru

1 November 1947 - 30 January 1968



Capital: Yaren
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Nauruan
Government: De Facto Territory of Australia
Head of State:
Area: 21 km2
Population:
Currency: Australian Dollar

Republic of Nauru

31 January 1968 - Present



Repubrikin Naoero
Capital: Yaren
Official Language: English, Nauruan
Religion:
Demonym: Nauruan
Government: Non-partisan democracy Parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Baron Waqa
Area: 21 km2
Population: 10,084 (2015)
Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)

NZ

Colony of New Zealand

1900 - 25 September 1907



Aotearoa
Capital: Wellington
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: New Zealander
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 268,021 km2
Population:
Currency: New Zealand Pound

Dominion of New Zealand

26 September 1907 - 24 November 1947



Aotearoa
Capital: Wellington
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: New Zealander
Government: Dominion of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 268,021 km2
Population:
Currency: New Zealand Pound

New Zealand

25 November 1947 - Present



Aotearoa
Capital: Wellington
Official Language: English, Maori
Religion:
Demonym: New Zealander
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 268,021 km2
Population: 4,685,230 (2013)
Currency: New Zealand Dollar (NZD)

OM

Sultanate of Oman

1900 - Present



سلطنة عُمان
Capital: Muscat
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: islam
Demonym: Omani
Government: Unitary parliamentary absolute monarchy
Current Head of State: Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said
Area: 309,500 km2
Population: 3,286,936 (2015)
Currency: Rial (OMR)

PA

Republic of Columbia

1900 - 2 November 1903



Capital: Bogotá
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Columbian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Juan Manuel Santos
Area: 1,141,748 km2
Population: 48,663,285 (2016)
Currency: Peso (COP)

Republic of Panama

3 November 1903 - Present



República de Panamá
Capital: Panama City
Official Langauge: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Panamanian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Juan Carlos Varela
Area: 74,177.3 km2
Population: 3,929,141 (2014)
Currency: Balboa (PAB), United States Dollar (USD)

PE

Republic of Peru

1900 - Present



Republica del Perú
Capital: Lima
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Peruvian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Ollanta Humala
Area: 1,285,216 km2
Population: 31,151,643 (2015)
Currency: Nuevo sol (PEN)

PG

Territory of Papua

1900 - 30 June 1949



Capital: Port Moresby
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Papuan
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Australian Pound

German New Guinea

1900 - 27 June 1919



Deutsch-Neuguinea
Capital: Simpsonhafen
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the German Empire
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Goldmark

Trust Territory of New Guinea

28 June 1919 - 30 June 1949



Capital: Rabaul
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: New Guinean
Government: Trust Territory of the Commonwealth of Australia
Area:
Population:
Currency: Australian Pound

Territory of Papua and New Guinea

1 July 1949 - 15 September 1975



Capital: Port Moresby
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Papua New Guinean
Government: Territory of the Commonwealth of Australia
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: New Guinean Pound

Independent State of Papua New Guinea

16 September 1975 - Present



Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini Papua Niu Gini
Capital: Port Moresby
Official Language: Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin, English
Religion:
Demonym: Papua New Guinean
Area: 462,840 km2
Population: 7,059,653 (2011)
Currency: Papua New Guinean kina (PGK)

PH

Territory of the Philippine Islands

1900 - 14 November 1935



Capital: Manila
Official Language: Spanish, English
Religion:
Demonym: Filipino
Government: Territory of the United States
Head of State: President of the United States
Area: 300,000 km²
Population: 10,350,640 (1918)
Currency: Philippine Peso

Commonwealth of the The Philippines

15 November 1935 - 3 July 1946



Mancomunidad de Filipinas
Capital: Manila
Official Language: Spanish, English, Filipino
Religion:
Demonym: Filipino
Government: Multi-party Republic Protectorate of the United States
Head of State: President of the Philippines
Area: 300,000 km²
Population: 16,000,303 (1939)
Currency: Philippine Peso

Republic of the Philippines

July 4, 1946 - Present



Republika ng Pilipinas
Capital: Manilla
Official Language: Filipino, English
Religion:
Demonym: Filipino
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Benigno S. Aquino III
Area: 300,000 km2
Population: 103,226,600 (2016)
Currency: Philippine Piso (PHP)

PK

British India

1900 - 14 August 1947



Capital: New Delhi
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Indian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 4,226,734 km²
Population:
Currency: Indian Rupee

Dominion of Pakistan

14 August 1947 - 22 March 1956



مملکتِ پاکستان
Capital: Karachi
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Pakistani
Government: Dominion of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 943,665 km²
Population:
Currency: Pakistani Rupee

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

23 March 1956 - Present



اسلامی جمہوریہ پاكستان
Capital: Islamabad
Official Language: Urdu
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Pakistani
Government: Federal parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Mamnoon Hussain
Area: 881,913 km2
Population: 199,085,847 (2015)
Currency: Pakistani rupee (PKR)

PL

Russian Empire

1900 - 4 November 1916



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Kingdom of Poland

5 November 1916 - 10 November 1918



Rzeczpospolita Polska
Capital: Warsaw
Official Language: Polish
Religion:
Demonym: Polish
Government: Regency of Poland
Head of State: Head of Sate of Poland
Area: 389,720 km²
Population: 34,849,000 (1938)
Currency: Złoty (PLN)

Republic of Poland

11 November 1918 - 6 October 1939



Rzeczpospolita Polska
Capital: Warsaw
Official Language: Polish
Religion:
Demonym: Polish
Government: Republic
Head of State: President of Poland
Area: 389,720 km²
Population: 34,849,000 (1938)
Currency: Złoty (PLN)

German Reich

6 October 1939 - 22 May 1945



Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Total Dictatorship
Head of State: Führer
Area: 633,786 km²
Population: 69,314,000 (1939)
Currency: Reich Mark

Polish People's Republic

23 May 1945 - 12 September 1989



Rzeczpospolita Polska
Capital: Warsaw
Official Language: Polish
Religion:
Demonym: Polish
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: President of the Polish People's Republic
Area: 312,685 km²
Population: 23,930,000 (1946)
Currency: Złoty (PLN)

Republic of Poland

13 September 1989 - Present



Rzeczpospolita Polska
Capital: Warsaw
Official Language: Polish
Religion:
Demonym: Polish
Government: Parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Andrzej Duda
Area: 312,679 km2
Population: 38,483,957 (2014)
Currency: Złoty (PLN)

PS

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 24 April 1920



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

Mandatory Palestine

25 April 1920 - 13 May 1948



Capital: Jerusalem
Official Language: English, Arabic, Hebrew
Religion:
Government: Mandate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Palestine Pound

State of Israel

14 May 1948 - 14 November 1988



מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל
Capital: Jerusalem
Official Language: Hebrew, Arabic
Religion: Judaism
Demonym: Israeli
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Reuven Rivlin
Area: 22,072 km2
Population: 8,476,600 (2016)
Currency: Israeli New Shekel (ILS)

State of Palestine

15 November 1988 - Present



دولة فلسطين
Capital: Jerusalem
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Palestinian
Government: semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Mahmoud Abbas
Area: 6,220 km2
Population: 4,550,368 (2014)
Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP), Israeli new shekel (ILS), Jordanian dinar (JOD)

PT

Kingdom of Portugal

1900 - 4 October 1910



Reino de Portugal
Capital: Lisbon
Official Language: Portuguese, Latin
Religion: Roman Catholic
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: Monarch of the Kingdom of Portugal
Area: 92,391 km²
Population: 5,969,056 (1910)
Currency: Portuguese real

Portuguese Republic

October 5, 1910 - Present



República Portuguesa
Capital: Lisbon
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: Portuguese
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Area: 92,212 km2
Population: 10,427,301 (2014)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

PW

German New Guinea

1900 - 27 June 1919



Deutsch-Neuguinea
Capital: Simpsonhafen
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the German Empire
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Goldmark

Empire of Japan

June 28, 1919 - July 17, 1947



大日本帝國
Capital: Tokyo
Official Language: Japanese
Religion: Shintoism
Demonym: Japanese
Government: One-party state Military dictatorship
Head of State: Emperor of Japan
Area: 7,400,000 km²
Population: 105,200,000 (1940)
Currency: Japanese yen

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

July 18, 1947 - September 30, 1994



Capital: Saipan
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Trust Territory of the United Nations
Head of State: President of the United States
Area: 1,779 km²
Population: 132,929
Currency: United States Dollar (USD)

Republic of Palau

October 1, 1994 - Present



Beluu er a Belau
Capital: Ngerulmud
Official Language: Palauan, English
Religion:
Demonym: Palauan
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic under a non-partisan democracy
Current Head of State: President Tommy Remengesau
Area: 465.55 km2
Population: 17,948 (2015)
Currency: United States dollar (USD)

PY

Republic of Paraguay

1900 - Present



República del Paraguay
Capital: Asunción
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Paraguayan
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Horacio Cartes
Area: 406,752 km2
Population: 7,012,433 (2015)
Currency: Guaraní (PYG)

QA

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 2 November 1916



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

British Protectorate of Qatar

3 November 1916 - 31 August 1971

!

State of Qatar

1 September 1971 - Present



دولة قطر
Capital: Doha
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Qatari
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
Area: 11,586 km2
Population: 2,545,603 (2016)
Currency: Riyal (QAR)

RO

Kingdom of Romania

1900 - 29 December 1947



Regatul României
Capital: Bucharest
Official Langauge: Romanian
Religion:
Demonym: Romanian
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: Monarch of Romania
Area: 295,049 km²
Population: 20,058,378 (1940)
Currency: Romanian Leu

Socialist Republic of Romania

30 December 1947 - 21 December 1989



Republica Socialistă România
Capital: Bucharest
Official Language: Romanian
Religion:
Demonym: Romanian
Government: Marxist-Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of Romania
Area: 238,391 km2
Population: 23,102,000 (1987)
Currency: Romanian leu (RON)

Romania

22 December 1989 - Present



România
Capital: Bucharest
Official Language: Romanian
Religion:
Demonym: Romanian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Klaus Iohannis
Area: 238,391 km2
Population: 19,511,000 (2015)
Currency: Romanian leu (RON)

RS

Kingdom of Serbia

1900 - 30 November 1918



Краљевина Србија
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbian
Religion:
Demonym: Serbian
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King of Serbia
Area:
Population:
Currency: Serbian Dinar

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

1 December 1918 - 28 November 1945



Kraljevina Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croato-Slovene
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: King of Yugoslavia
Area: 247,542 km²
Population: 13,934,038 (1931)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

29 November 1945 - 26 April 1992



Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croatian
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Titoist one-party socialist federal republic
Head of State: General Secretary of Yugoslavia
Area: 255,804 km² (1989)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

State Union of Serbia and Montenegro

27 April 1992 - 2 June 2006



Државна заједница Србија и Црна Гора
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbian
Religion:
Demonym: Serbian/Montenegrin
Government: Federal Republic
Head of State: President of Serbia and Montenegro
Area: 102,350 km²
Population: 10,832,545 (2006)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Republic of Serbia

3 June 2006 - Present



Република Србија
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbian
Religion:
Demonym: Serbian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Tomislav Nikolić
Area: 77,474 km2
Population: 7,041,599 (2016)
Currency: Serbian dinar (RSD)

RU

Russian Empire

1900 - 6 November 1917



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

7 November 1917 - 25 December 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Russian Federation

26 December 1991 - Present



Российская Федерация
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion:
Demonym: Russian
Government: Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Vladimir Putin
Area: 17,098,242 km2
Population: 144,192,450 (2015)
Currency: Russian Ruble (RUB)

RW

German East Africa

1900 - September 30, 1922



Deutsch-Ostafrika
Capital: Dar-es-Salaam
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the German Empire
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area: 995,000 km²
Population: 7,700,000 (1913)
Currency: Rupie

Ruanda-Urundi

November 1, 1922 - June 30, 1962



Capital: Usumbura
Official Language: French, Dutch
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Demonym:
Government: Belgian Mandate
Head of State: King of Belgium
Area:
Population:
Currency: Dutch Congo Franc

Republic of Rwanda

1 July 1962 - Present



Repubulika y'u Rwanda
Capital: Kigali
Official Language: Kinyarwanda, French, English
Religion:
Demonym: Rwandan
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Paul Kagame
Area: 26,338 km2
Population: 11,262,564 (2015)
Currency: Rwandan franc (RWF)

SA

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 1916



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

Emirate of Al-Rashīd

1900 - 2 November 1921



دولة آل رشيد
Capital: Ha'il
Official Langauge: Arabic
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym:
Government: Monarchy
Head of State: Emir of Al-Rashīd
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Emirate of Nejd and Hasa

13 January 1902 - 1920


Capital: Riyadh
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Nejdi/Hasanian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emir Abdul Aziz ibn Saud
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Kingdom of Hejaz

10 June 1916 - 8 January 1926



مملكة الحجاز
Capital: Mecca
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Hejazi
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: King of Hejaz
Area:
Population: 850,000 (1920)
Currency:

Sultanate of Nejd

1921 - 8 January 1926


سلطنة نجد
Capital: Riyadh
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Nejdi
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Sultan Ibn Saud
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd

9 January 1926 - 22 September 1932



مملكة الحجاز ونجد
Capital: Mecca/Riyadh
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Saudi Arabian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: King Abdul Aziz ibn Saud
Area: 2,149,690 km²
Population: 2,439,000 (1932)
Currency:

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

23 September 1932 - Present



المملكة العربية السعودية
Capital: Riyadh
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Saudi Arabian
Government: Unitary Islamic absolute monarchy
Current Head of State: King Salman bin Abdulaziz
Area: 2,149,690 km2
Population: 30,770,375 (2014)
Currency: Saudi riyal (SAR)

SB

British Solomon Islands Protectorate

1900 - 6 July 1978



Capital: Tulagi
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Solomon Islander
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 28,400 km2
Population: 196,823 (1976)
Currency: Solomon Islands pound

Solomon Islands

7 July 1978 - Present



Capital: Honiara
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Solomon Islander
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 28,400 km2
Population: 523,000 (2009)
Currency: Solomon Islands dollar (SBD)

SC

British Seychelles

1900 - 28 June 1976



Capital: Victoria
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Seychellois
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 459 km2
Population:
Currency:

Republic of Seychelles

29 June 1976 - Present



République des Seychelles
Capital: Victoria
Official Language: French, English, Seychelles Creole
Religion:
Demonym: Seychellois
Government: Presidential republic
Current Head of State: President James Michel
Area: 459 km2
Population: 92,000 (2012)
Currency: Seychellois rupee (SCR)

SD

Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

1900 - 31 December 1955



السودان اﻹنجليزي المصري
Capital: Khartoum
Official Langauge: Arabic, English
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Sudanese
Government: Condominium of the United Kingdom and Kingdom of Egypt
Head of State:
Area: 2,505,800 km²
Population: 8,079,800 (1951)
Currency: Egyptian pound/gineih

Republic of the Sudan

1 January 1956 - 24 May 1969



جمهورية السودان
Capital: Khartoum
Official Language: English, Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Sudanese
Government: Republic
Head of State: President of the Sudan
Area: 2,505,813 km²
Population: 10,262,536 (1956)
Currency: Sudanese pound

Democratic Republic of the Sudan

25 May 1969 - October 9 1985



جمهورية السودان الديمُقراطية
Capital: Khartoum
Official Language: Arabic, English
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Sudanese
Government: One-party state
Head of State: President Gaafar Nimeiry
Area: 2,505,813 km²
Population: 20,594,197 (1983)
Currency: Sudanese pound

Republic of the Sudan

11 October 1985 - Present



جمهورية السودان
Capital: Khartoum
Official Language: Arabic, English
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Sudanese
Government: Dominant-party federal presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Omar al-Bashir
Area: 1,886,068 km2
Population: 40,235,000 (2015)
Currency: Sudanese pound (SDG)

SE

United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway

1900 - 25 October 1905



Capital: Stockholm/Christiania
Official Language: Swedish, Norwegian
Religion:
Demonym: Swedish, Norwegian
Government: Constitutional monarchies
Head of State: Monarch of Sweden and Norway
Area: 774,184 km²
Population: 7,560,000 (1905)
Currency: Krone/Krona

Kingdom of Sweden

October 26 1905 - Present



Konungariket Sverige
Capital: Stockholm
Official Language: Swedish
Religion:
Demonym: Swedish
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Carl XVI Gustaf
Area: 450,295 km2
Population: 9,875,378 (2016)
Currency: Swedish krona (SEK)

SG

British Straits Settlements

1900 - 31 March 1946



Capital: Singapore
Official Language: English
Religon:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Straits Dollar

Colony of Singapore

1 April 1946 - 15 September 1963



Capital: Singapore
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Singaporean
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Malaya and British Borneo Dollar

Malaysia

16 September 1963 - 8 August 1965



Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Official Language: Bahasa Malaysia
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Malaysian
Government: Federal parliamentary democracy under an elective constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
Area: 330,803 km2
Population: 31,015,000 (2016)
Currency: Ringgit (MYR)

Republic of Singapore

9 August 1965 - Present



Republik Singapura
Capital: Singapore
Official Language: English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil
Religion:
Demonym: Singaporean
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Tony Tan
Area: 719.1 km2
Population: 5,535,000 (2015)
Currency: Singapore dollar (SGD)

SI

Austria-Hungary

1900 - 30 November 1918



Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: German, Hungarian
Religion: Roman Catholic
Demonym: Austro-Hungarian
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor-King of Austria-Hungary
Area: 681,727 km²
Population: 52,800,000 (1914)
Currency: krone

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

1 December 1918 - 28 November 1945



Kraljevina Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croato-Slovene
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: King of Yugoslavia
Area: 247,542 km²
Population: 13,934,038 (1931)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

29 November 1945 - 24 June 1991



Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croatian
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Titoist one-party socialist federal republic
Head of State: General Secretary of Yugoslavia
Area: 255,804 km² (1989)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Republic of Slovenia

25 June 1991 - Present



Republika Slovenija
Capital: Ljubljana
Official Language: Slovene
Religion:
Demonym: Slovene
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Borut Pahor
Area: 20,273 km2
Population: 2,063,077 (2015)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

SK

Austria-Hungary

1900 - 27 October 1918



Capital City: Vienna
Official Language: German, Hungarian
Religion: Roman Catholic
Demonym: Austro-Hungarian
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor-King of Austria-Hungary
Area: 681,727 km²
Population: 52,800,000 (1914)
Currency: krone

Czechoslovak Republic

28 October 1918 - 29 September 1938



Československá republika
Capital: Prague
Official Language: Czech, Slovak
Religion:
Demonym: Czechoslovak
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Head of State: President of Czechoslovakia
Area: 127,900 km²
Population:
Currency: Czeckoslovak Koruna

German Reich

30 September 1938 - 23 May 1945



Capital: Berlin
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym: German
Government: Total Dictatorship
Head of State: Führer
Area: 633,786 km²
Population: 69,314,000 (1939)
Currency: Reich Mark

Czechoslovak Republic

24 May 1945 - 24 February 1948



Československá republika
Capital: Prague
Official Language: Czech, Slovak
Religion:
Demonym: Czechoslovak
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Head of State: President of Czechoslovakia
Area: 127,900 km²
Population:
Currency: Czeckoslovak Koruna

Czechoslovak Socialist Republic

21 February 1948 - 22 April 1990



Československá socialistická republika
Capital: Prague
Official Language: Czech, Slovak
Religion:
Demonym: Czechoslovak
Government: Marxist-Leninist one-party state
Head of State: President of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
Area: 127,900 km²
Population: 15,600,000 (1992)
Currency: Czeckoslovak Koruna

Czech and Slovak Federal Republic

23 April 1990 - 31 December 1992



Česká a Slovenská Federativní / Federatívna Republika
Capital: Prague
Official Langauge: Czech, Slovak
Religion:
Demonym: Czechoslovak
Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic
Head of State: President of Czechoslovakia
Area: 127,900 km²
Population: 15,600,000 (1992)
Currency: Czechoslovak Koruna

Slovak Republic

1 January 1993 - Present



Slovenská republika
Capital: Bratislava
Official Langauge: Slovak
Religion:
Demonym: Slovak
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Current Head of State: President Andrej Kiska
Area: 49,035 km2
Population: 5,415,949(2013)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

SL

British Sierra Leone

1900 - 26 April 1961



Capital: Freetown
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Sierra Leonean
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Republic of Sierra Leone

27 April 1961 - Present



Capital: Freetown
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Sierra Leonean
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Ernest Bai Koroma
Area: 71,740 km2
Population: 7,075,641 (2015)
Currency: Leone (SLL)

SM

Republic of San Marino

1900 - Present



Repubblica di San Marino
Capital: City of San Marino
Official Language: Italian
Religion:
Demonym: Sammarinese
Government: Unitary parliamentary directorial republic
Current Head of State: Captains Regent Massimo Andrea Ugolini
Gian Nicola Berti
Area: 61.2 km2
Population: 32,576 (2012)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

SN

French West Africa

1900 - 3 April 1959



Afrique occidentale française
Capital: Dakar
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: French Colony
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency: French West African Franc

Mali Federation

4 April 1959 - 19 August 1960



Fédération du Mali
Capital: Dakar
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Malian
Government: Republic
Head of State: Premier of Mali
Area: 1,401,282 km²
Population: 6,480,000 (1960)
Currency: CFA franc

Republic of Senegal

20 August 1960 - Present



République du Sénégal
Capital: Dakar
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Senegalese
Government: Semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Macky Sall
Area: 196,712 km2
Population: 13,508,715 (2013)
Currency: CFA franc (XOF)

SO

Dervish State

1900 - 9 February 1920



Dawlada Daraawiish
Capital: Taleh
Official Language: Somali, Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Dervish
Government: Monarchy
Head of State: King Mohammed Abdullah Hassan
Area:
Population:
Currency: Maria Theresa thaler, Italian Somaliland rupia

British Somaliland Protectorate

1900 - 30 June 1960



Capital: Berbera
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Somalilander
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 155,399 km²
Population: 153,018 (1904)
Currency: Somaliland Rupee

Italian East Africa

1900 - 27 November 1941



Africa Orientale Italiana
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official Language: Italian
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the Kingdom of Italy
Head of State: Emperor of Italy
Area: 1,725,000 km²
Population: 12,100,000 (1939)
Currency: Italian East African lira

Somali Republic

July 1, 1960 - October 20 1969



Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya
Capital: Mogadishu
Official Language: Somali, Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Somali
Government: Republic
Head of State: President of Somalia
Area: 637,657 km2
Population:
Currency: Somali shilling (SOS)

Somali Democratic Republic

21 October 1969 - 26 January 1991



Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya
Capital: Mogadishu
Official Language: Somali, Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Somali
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: President Siad Barre
Area: 637,657 km2
Population:
Currency: Somali shilling (SOS)

Republic of Somalia

27 January 1991 - 5 April 2004



Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya
Capital: Mogadishu
Official Language: Somali, Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Somali
Government: Transitional Government
Head of State: President Abdiqasim Salad Hassan
Area: 637,657 km2
Population:
Currency: Somali shilling (SOS)

Federal Republic of Somalia

6 April 2004 - Present



Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya
Capital: Mogadishu
Official Language: Somali, Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Somali
Government: Federal parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
Area: 637,657 km2
Population: 10,816,143 (2014)
Currency: Somali shilling (SOS)

SR

Dutch Surinam

1900 - 14 December 1954



Kolonie Suriname
Capital: Fort Zeelandia
Official Language: Dutch
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Head of State: Monarch of the Kingdom of the Netherlands:
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Kingdom of the Netherlands

15 December 1954 - 24 November 1975



Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
Capital: Amsterdam
Official Language: Dutch
Religion:
Demonym: Dutch
Government: Democratic parliamentary constitutional monarchy with federal elements
Current Head of State: King Willem-Alexander
Area: 42,508 km2
Population: 17,100,715 (2013)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

Republic of Suriname

25 November 1975 - Present



Republiek Suriname
Capital: Paramaribo
Official Language: Dutch
Religion:
Demonym: Surinamese
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Dési Bouterse
Area: 163,821 km2
Population: 573,311 (2014)
Currency: Surinamese dollar (SRD)

SS

Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

1900 - 31 December 1955



السودان اﻹنجليزي المصري
Capital: Khartoum
Official Langauge: Arabic, English
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Sudanese
Government: Condominium of the United Kingdom and Kingdom of Egypt
Head of State:
Area: 2,505,800 km²
Population: 8,079,800 (1951)
Currency: Egyptian pound/gineih

Republic of the Sudan

1 January 1956 - 24 May 1969



جمهورية السودان
Capital: Khartoum
Official Language: English, Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Sudanese
Government: Republic
Head of State: President of the Sudan
Area: 2,505,813 km²
Population: 10,262,536 (1956)
Currency: Sudanese pound

Democratic Republic of the Sudan

25 May 1969 - 10 October 1985



جمهورية السودان الديمُقراطية
Capital: Khartoum
Official Language: Arabic, English
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Sudanese
Government: One-party state
Head of State: President Gaafar Nimeiry
Area: 2,505,813 km²
Population: 20,594,197 (1983)
Currency: Sudanese pound

Republic of the Sudan

10 October 1985 - 14 January 2011



جمهورية السودان
Capital: Khartoum
Official Language: Arabic, English
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Sudanese
Government: Dominant-party federal presidential republic
Head of State: President of the Sudan
Area: 1,886,068 km2
Population: 40,235,000 (2015)
Currency: Sudanese pound (SDG)

Republic of South Sudan

15 January 2011 - Present



Capital: Juba
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: South Sudanese
Government: Federal presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Salva Kiir Mayardit
Area: 619,745 km2
Population: 12,340,000 (2015)
Currency: South Sudanese pound (SSP)

ST

Colony of São Tomé and Príncipe

1900 - 11 July 1975



São Tomé e Príncipe
Capital: São Tomé
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: São Toméan
Government: Colony of the Portuguese Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the Portuguese Empire
Area: 964 km2
Population:
Currency: Portuguese Real

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

12 July 1975 - Present



República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
Capital: São Tomé
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: São Toméan
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Manuel Pinto da Costa
Area: 964 km2
Population: 190,428 (2014)
Currency: Dobra (STD)

SV

Republic of El Salvador

1900 - Present



República de El Salvador
Capital: San Salvador
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Salvadorian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: Salvador Sánchez Cerén
Area: 21,041 km2
Population: 6,377,195 (2015)
Currency: United States Dollar (USD)

SY

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 24 July 1920



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

State of Aleppo

1 September 1920 - 30 November 1924



دولة حلب
Capital: Aleppo
Official Language: Arabic, French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: League of Nations Mandate
Head of State:
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Alawite State

2 September 1920 - 3 December 1936



Alaouites
Capital: Latakia
Official Language: Arabic, French
Religion:
Demonym: Alawite
Government: Mandate of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency:

State of Damascus

3 September 1920 - 30 November 1924



دولة دمشق
Capital: Damascus
Official Langauge: Arabic, French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Legue of Nations Mandate
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Jabal al-Druze State

1921 - 1936



جبل الدروز
Capital: As-Suwayda
Official Langauge: Arabic, French
Religion:
Demonym: Druze
Government: League of Nations Mandate
Head of State:
Area:
Population:
Currency:

State of Syria

1 December 1924 - 13 May 1930


État de Syrie
Capital: Damascus
Official Langauge: French
Religion:
Demonym: Syrian
Government: Mandate of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency: Syrian pound

Syrian Republic

14 May 1930 - January 31 1958



الجمهورية السورية
Capital: Damascus
Official Langauge: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Syrian
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Head of State: High Commissioner of Syria
Area: 185,180 km²
Population: 4,307,000 (1958)
Currency: Syrian Pound

United Arab Republic

22 February 1958 - 27 September 1961



الجمهورية العربية المتحدة
Capital: Cairo
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Unitary socialist state
Head of State: President Gamal Abdel Nasser
Area: 1,166,049 km²
Population: 32,203,000 (1961)
Currency: Egyptian Pound

Syrian Arab Republic

28 September 1961 - Present



الجمهورية العربية السورية
Capital: Damascus
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Syrian
Government: Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Bashar al-Assad
Area: 185,180 km2
Population: 17,064,854 (2014)
Currency: Syrian pound (SYP)

SZ

South African Protectorate of Swaziland

1900 - 30 May 1902

British Protectorate of Swaziland

31 May 1902 - 5 September 1968

Kingdom of Swaziland

6 September 1968 - Present



Umbuso weSwatini
Capital: Lobamba
Official Language: Swazi
Religion:
Demonym: Swazi
Government: Unitary parliamentary absolute monarchy
Current Head of State: King Mswati III
Area: 17,364 km2
Population: 1,119,000 (2015)
Currency: South African rand, Swazi lilangeni (SZL)

TD

French Equatorial Africa

1900 - 10 August 1960



Afrique équatoriale française
Capital: Brazzaville
Official Language: Sango, French
Religion:
Demonym: Central African
Government: Colony of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 622,984 km2
Population:
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Republic of Chad

11 August 1960 - Present



جمهورية تشاد
Capital: N'Djamena
Official Language: Arabic, French
Religion:
Demonym: Chadian
Government: Dominant-party presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Idriss Déby
Area: 1,284,000 km2
Population: 13,670,084 (2015)
Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

TG

Togoland Protectorate

1900 - 26 December 1916



Schutzgebiet Togo
Capital: Lomé
Official Langauge: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Protectorate of the German Empire
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency:

French Togoland

27 August 1914 - 26 April 1960



Capital: Lomé
Official Langauge: French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Mandate of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Togolese Republic

27 April 1960 - Present



République togolaise
Capital: Lomé
Official Language: French
Religion:
Demonym: Togolese
Government: Presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Faure Gnassingbé
Area: 56,785 km2
Population: 7,552,318 (2015)
Currency: CFA franc (XOF)

TH

Kingdom of Thailand

1900 - Present



ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Capital: Bangkok
Official Language: Thai
Religion: Buddhism
Demonym: Thai
Government: Constitutional monarchy under military junta
Current Head of State: King Bhumibol Adulyadej
Area: 513,120 km2
Population: 67,959,000 (2015)
Currency: Baht (THB)

TJ

Russian Empire

1900 - 29 April 1918



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

30 April 1918 - 8 September 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Republic of Tajikistan

9 September 1991 - Present



جمهورى تاجيكستان
Capital: Dushanbe
Official Langauge: Persian, Tajik
Religion:
Demonym: Tajikistani
Government: Dominant-party presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Emomali Rahmon
Area: 143,100 km2
Population: 8,610,000 (2015)
Currency: Somoni (TJS)

TL

Portuguese Timor

1900 - 16 July 1976



Capital: Dili
Official Language: Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: Timorese
Government: Colony of the Portuguese Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the Portuguese Empire
Area: 15,410 km2
Population:
Currency: Timorese Escudo

Republic of Indonesia

17 July 1976 - 24 October 1999



Republik Indonesia
Capital: Jakarta
Official Language: Indonesian
Religion:
Demonym: Indonesian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of State: President of Indonesia
Area: 1,904,569 km2
Population: 255,461,700 (2015)
Currency: Indonesian rupiah (IDR)

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

25 October 1999 - Present



Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste
Capital: Dili
Official Language: Tetum, Portuguese
Religion:
Demonym: East Timorese
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Taur Matan Ruak
Area: 15,410 km2
Population: 1,201,542 (2014)
Currency: United States Dollar (USD)

TM

Russian Empire

1900 - 19 April 1918



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

30 April 1918 - 26 October 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Turkmenistan

27 October 1991 - Present



Turkmenistan
Capital: Ashgabat
Official Langauge: Turkmen
Religion:
Demonym: Turkmen
Government: Unitary presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
Area: 491,210 km2
Population: 5,171,943 (2014)
Currency: Turkmen new manat (TMT)

TN

French Tunisia

1900 - 24 July 1957



Protectorat français de Tunisie
Capital: Tunis
Official Language: French, Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Tunisian
Government: Protectorate of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 163,610 km2
Population:
Currency:

Tunisian Republic

25 July 1957 - Present



الجمهورية التونسية
Capital: Tunis
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Tunisian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Beji Caid Essebsi
Area: 163,610 km2
Population: 10,982,754 (2014)
Currency: Tunisian dinar (TND)

TO

British Protectorate of Tonga

18 May 1900 - 3 June 1970

Kingdom of Tonga

4 June 1970 - Present



Capital: Nukuʻalofa
Official Language: Tongan, English
Religion:
Demonym: Tongan
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Tupou VI
Area: 748 km2
Population: 103,036 (2011)
Currency: Paʻanga (TOP)

TR

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 2 March 1924



دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Capital: Constantinople
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Ottoman
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
Area: 1,800,000 km²
Population: 24,000,000 (1912)
Currency: Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira

Republic of Turkey

3 March 1924 - Present



Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
Capital: Ankara
Official Language: Turkish
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Turkish
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Area: 814,578 km2
Population: 79,463,663 (2016)
Currency: Turkish lira (TRY)

TT

British Colony of Trinidad

1900 - 30 August 1962



Capital: Port-of-Spain
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Trinidadian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 5,131 km2
Population:
Currency:

Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

31 August 1962 - Present



Capital: Port-of-Spain
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Trinidadian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Anthony Carmona
Area: 5,131 km2
Population: 1,943,223 (2014)
Currency: Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)

TV

British Protectorate of the Ellice Islands

1900 - 30 September 1978

Tuvalu

1 October 1978 - Present



Capital: Funafuti
Official Langauge: English
Religion: Christianity
Demonym: Tuvaluan
Government: Non-partisan parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 26 km2
Population: 10,640
Currency: Tuvaluan dollar, Australian dollar (AUD)

TZ

Sultanate of Zanzibar

1900 - 11 January 1964


سلطنة زنزبار
Capital: Stone Town
Official Language: Swahili, Arabic, English
Religion: Islam
Demonym:
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Sultan of Zanzibar
Area:
Population:
Currency:

German East Africa

1900 - 19 July 1922



Deutsch-Ostafrika
Capital: Dar-es-Salaam
Official Language: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the German Empire
Head of State: Emperor of the German Empire
Area: 995,000 km²
Population: 7,700,000 (1913)
Currency: Rupie

Territory of Tanganyika

20 July 1922 - 8 December 1961


Capital: Dar es Salaam
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: League of Nations Mandate
Head of State: Monarch of the British Emprie
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Republic of Tanganyika

9 December 1961 - 25 April 1964



Capital: Dar es Salaam
Official Langauge: Swahili, English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Parliamentary Monarchy
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency:

People's Republic of Zanzibar

January 12, 1964 - April 25, 1964



Capital: Zanzibar City
Official Langauge: Swahili, English
Religion: Islam
Demonym:
Government: Military-led republic
Head of State: President Abeid Karume
Area:
Population:
Currency:

United Republic of Tanzania

26 April 1964 - Present



Jamhuri Ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Capital: Dodoma
Official Langauge: Swahili
Religion:
Demonym: Tanzanian
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President John Pombe Magufuli
Area: 947,303 km2
Population: 51,820,000 (2014)
Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS)

UA

Russian Empire

1900 - 9 March 1919



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

10 March 1919 - 23 August 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Ukraine

24 August 1991 - Present



Україна
Capital: Kiev
Official Langauge: Ukrainian, Russian
Religion:
Demonym: Ukrainian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Petro Poroshenko
Area: 603,500 km2
Population: 44,429,471 (2015)
Currency: Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH)

UG

British Protectorate of Uganda

1900 - 8 October 1962



Capital: Entebbe
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Ugandan
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Emprie
Area: 241,038 km2
Population:
Currency: East African Shilling

Republic of Uganda

9 October 1962 - Present



Jamhuri ya Uganda
Capital: Kampala
Official Language: Swahili, English
Religion:
Demonym: Ugandan
Government: Dominant-party semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Yoweri Museveni
Area: 241,038 km2
Population: 34,634,650 (2014)
Currency: Ugandan shilling (UGX)

US

United States of America

1900 - Present



Capital: Washington D.C.
Official Langauge:
Religion:
Demonym: American
Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Barack Obama
Area: 9,857,306 km2
Population: 322,369,319 (2016)
Currency: United States Dollar (USD)

UY

Eastern Republic of Uruguay

1900 - Present



República Oriental del Uruguay
Capital: Montevideo
Official Langauge: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Uruguayan
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Tabaré Vázquez
Area: 176,215 km2
Population: 3,324,460 (2013)
Currency: Uruguayan peso (UYU)

UZ

Emirate of Bukhara

1900 - September 1 1920



امارت بخار
Capital: Bukhara
Official Langauge: Persian
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emir of Bukhara
Area:
Population: 1,200,000 (1908)
Currency:

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

September 2, 1920 - 30 August 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Republic of Uzbekistan

31 August 1991 - Present



Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi
Capital: Tashkent
Official Langauge: Uzbek
Religion:
Demonym: Uzbekistani
Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic
Current Head of State: President Islam Karimov
Area: 448,978 km2
Population: 31,576,400 (2016)
Currency: Uzbekistan som (UZS)

VA

Kingdom of Italy

1900 - 10 February 1929



Regno d'Italia
Capital: Rome
Official Language: Italian
Religion:
Demonym: Italian
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: Monarch of Italy
Area:
Population:
Currency: Italian Lira

Vatican City State

11 February 1929 - Present



Stato della Città del Vaticano
Capital: Vatican City
Official Language: Italian
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Demonym:
Government: Absolute monarchy ecclesiastical and elective theocracy
Current Head of State: Pope Francis I
Area: 0.44 km2
Population: 690 (2014)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

VC

British Windward Islands

1900 - 26 October 1979



Capital: St. George's
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

27 October 1979 - Present



Capital: Kingstown
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Vincentian
Government: Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 389 km2
Population: 103,000 (2013)
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

VE

Bolivian Republic of Venezuela

1900 - Present



República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Capital: Caracas
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym: Venezuelan
Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic without Separation of powers. Constitutional rights suspended in fact with Organization of American States studying to apply the Inter-American Democratic Charter
Current Head of State: President Nicolás Maduro
Area: 916,445 km2
Population: 30,933,000 (2015)
Currency: Bolívar fuerte (VEF)

VN

French Indo-China

1900 - 20 July 1954



Fédération indochinoise
Capital: Hanoi
Official Language: French
Religion: Various
Government: Colony of the French Republic
Head of State: President of the French Republic
Area: 737,000 km²
Population: 21,599,582 (1935)
Currency: French Indochinese piastre

Democratic Republic of Vietnam

September 2, 1945 - July 1 1976

Republic of Vietnam

21 July 1954 - 30 April 1975



Việt Nam Cộng Hòa
Capital: Saigon
Official Language: Vietnamese
Religion:
Demonym: Vietnamese
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Head of State: President of Vietnam
Area: 173,809 km²
Population: 19,582,000 (1974)
Currency: đồng

Socialist Republic of Vietnam

2 July 1976 - Present



Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
Capital: Hanoi
Official Langauge: Vietnamese
Religion:
Demonym: Vietnamese
Government: Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Current Head of State: General Secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng
Area: 332,698 km2
Population: 91,700,000 (2015)
Currency: đồng (VND)

VU

Anglo-French Joint Naval Commission

1900 - 1905



Capital: Port Vila
Official Langauge: English, French
Religion:
Demonym:
Government:
Head of State:
Area:
Population:
Currency:

New Hebrides Condominium

1906 - 29 July 1980



Capital: Port Vila
Official Langauge: English, French, Bislama
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Special Joint Territory of the United Kingdom and the French Republic
Head of State:
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Republic of Vanuatu

30 July 1980 - Present



Ripablik blong Vanuatu
Capital: Port Vila
Official Langauge: Bislama, French, English
Religion:
Demonym: Ni-Vanuatu
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Baldwin Lonsdale
Area: 12,190 km2
Population: 272,264 (2015)
Currency: Vanuatu vatu (VUV)

WS

German Samoa

1900 - 29 August 1914



Deutsch-Samoa
Capital: Apia
Official Langauge: German
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the German Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Goldmark

Western Samoa Trust Territory

30 August 1914 - 31 December 1961



Capital: Apia
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Western Samoan
Government: Trust Territory of New Zealand
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency: Western Samoan pound

Independent State of Samoa

1 January 1962 - Present



Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa
Capital: Apia
Official Language: Samoan, English
Religion:
Demonym: Samoan
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: O le Ao o le Malo Tufuga Efi
Area: 2,842 km2
Population: 194,320 (2012)
Currency: Tala (WST)

YE

Ottoman Empire

1900 - 29 October 1918

British Colony of Aden

1900 - 17 January 1963


Capital: Aden
Official Language: English Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: South Arabian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Hashemite Mutawakkilite Kingdom

30 October 1918 - 25 September 1962



المملكة المتوكلية الهاشمية
Capital: Sana'a
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Shia Islam
Demonym:
Government: Absolute monarchy, theocracy
Head of State: Imam of the Hashemite Mutawakkillite Kingdom
Area: 195,000 km²
Population:
Currency: North Yemeni rial

Federation of South Arabia

April 4, 1962 - November 29, 1967



Capital: Aden
Official Language: English Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: South Arabian
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population:
Currency:

Yemen Arab Republic

27 September 1962 - 21 May 1990



الجمهورية العربية اليمنية
Capital: Sana'a
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: North Yemeni
Government: Single-party Republic under Military Junta rule
Head of State: President of Yemen
Area: 195,000 km²
Population: 7,160,981 (1990)
Currency: North Yemeni rial

People's Democratic Republic of Yemen

30 November 1967 - 21 May 1990



جمهورية اليمن الديمقراطية الشعبية
Capital: Aden
Official Language: Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: South Yemeni
Government: Marxist Leninist Single-party State
Head of State: General Secretary of Yemen
Area: 360,133 km²
Population: 2,585,484 (1990)
Currency: South Yemeni dinar

Republic of Yemen

22 May 1990 - Present



الجمهورية اليمنية
Capital: Sana'a
Official Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Yemeni
Government: Provisional Republic
Current Head of State: President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi
Area: 528,076 km2
Population: 25,408,000 (2013)
Currency: Yemeni rial (YER)

ZA

Colony of Natal

1900 - 30 May 1910



Capital: Pietermaritzburg
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 91,610 km²
Population: 1,108,754 (1904)
Currency: Pound Sterling

Cape Colony

1900 - 30 May 1910



Capital: Cape Town
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 569,020 km²
Population: 2,564,965 (1910)
Currency: Pound Sterling

Orange Free State

1900 - 30 May 1902



Oranje-Vrijstaat
Capital: Bloemfontein
Official Language: Dutch
Religion: Dutch Reformed African religions
Demonym:
Government: Republic
Head of State: State President of Orange
Area: 181,299 km²
Population:
Currency: Orange Free State pound

South African Republic

1900 - 31 May 1902



Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
Capital: Pretoria
Official Langauge: Dutch
Religion:
Demonym: South African
Government: Republic
Head of State: President of the South African Republic
Area: 191,789 km²
Population: 120,000 (1870)
Currency: South African Pound

Transvaal Colony

30 May 1902 - 30 May 1910



Capital: Pretoria
Official Language: English, Afrikaans, Dutch
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population: 1,268,716 (1904)
Currency:

Orange River Colony

31 May 1902 - 30 May 1910



Capital: Bloemfontein
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area:
Population: 387,315 (1904)
Currency: Pound Sterling

Union of South Africa

31 May 1910 - 30 May 1961



Capital: Cape Town
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: South African
Government: Mandate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 2,045,320 km²
Population: 18,216,000 (1961)
Currency: South African Pound

Republic of South Africa

31 May 1961 - Present



Capital: Pretoria
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: South African
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Jacob Zuma
Area: 1,221,037 km2
Population: 54,956,900 (2015)
Currency: South African rand (ZAR)

ZM

British Colony of Rhodesia

1900 - March 31 1924

Protectorate of Northern Rhodesia

1 April 1924 - 31 July 1953



Capital: Lusaka
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Rhodesian
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Currency: Northern Rhodesian pound

Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

1 August 1953 - 23 October 1964



Capital: Salisbury
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Currency: Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound

Republic of Zambia

24 October 1964 - Present



Capital: Lusaka
Official Language: English
Religion: Christianity
Demonym: Zambian
Government: Unitary Presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Edgar Chagwa Lungu
Area: 752,618 km2
Population: 16,212,000 (2015)
Currency: Zambian kwacha (ZMW)

ZW

British Colony of Rhodesia

1900 - 11 September 1923

Colony of Southern Rhodesia

12 September 1923 - 31 July 1953



Capital: Salisbury
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Rhodesian
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Currency: Southern Rhodesian pound

Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

1 August 1953 - 10 November 1965



Capital: Salisbury
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Currency: Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound

Republic of Zimbabwe

11 November 1965 - Present



Nyika yeZimbabwe
Capital: Harare
Official Language: Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, "Koisan", (presumably Tsoa), Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, "sign language", Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa
Religion:
Demonym: Zimbabwean
Government: Dominant-party presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Robert Mugabe
Area: 390,757 km2
Population: 12,973,808 (2012)
Currency: United States dollar (official for government), Chinese yuan and many unofficial currenciesa, e.g. Indian rupee, South African rand, and Zimbabwe Bond coins etc.

ab

Russian Empire

1900 - 29 December 1922



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

30 December 1922 - 8 April 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Georgia

April 9 1991 - 11 October 1999



საქართველო
Capital: Tbilisi
Official Language: Georgian
Religion:
Demonym: Georgian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Giorgi Margvelashvili
Area: 69,420 km2
Population: 3,729,500 (2015)
Currency: Georgian Lari (GEL)

Republic of Abkhazia

12 October 1999 - Present



Аҧсны Аҳәынҭқарра
Capital: Sukhumi
Official Language: Abkhaz, Russian
Religion:
Demonym: Abkhazian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Raul Khajimba
Area: 8,660 km2
Population: 242,862 (2012)
Currency: Abkhazian apsara, Russian Ruble (RUB)

ck

British Protectorate of the Cook Islands

1900 - December 31 1948



Capital: Avarua
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Cook Islander
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 240 km2
Population:
Currency:

Territory of the Cook Islands

1 January 1949 - 3 August 1965



Capital: Avarua
Official Language: English, Cook Islands Māori
Religion:
Demonym: Cook Islander
Government: Territory of New Zealand
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 240 km2
Population:
Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZD)

Cook Islands

4 August 1965 - Present



Capital: Avarua
Official Language: English, Cook Islands Māori
Religion:
Demonym: Cook Islander
Government: Free Association with New Zealand; Constitutional Monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 240 km2
Population: 14,974 (2011)
Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZD), Cook Islands dollar

ko

Kingdom of Serbia

1900 - 30 November 1918



Краљевина Србија
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbian
Religion:
Demonym: Serbian
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: King of Serbia
Area:
Population:
Currency: Serbian Dinar

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

1 December 1918 - 28 November 1943



Kraljevina Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croato-Slovene
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: King of Yugoslavia
Area: 247,542 km²
Population: 13,934,038 (1931)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

29 November 1943 - September 21, 1992



Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbo-Croatian
Religion:
Demonym: Yugoslav
Government: Titoist one-party socialist federal republic
Head of State: General Secretary of Yugoslavia
Area: 255,804 km² (1989)
Currency: Yugoslav dinar

Republic of Kosova

September 22, 1992 - February 1, 1999



Capital: Pristina
Official Language: Albanian
Religion:
Demonym: Kosovan
Government: Republic
Head of State: President of Kosova
Area:
Population: 2,000,000
Currency:

State Union of Serbia and Montenegro

February 2 1999 - June 1 2006



Државна заједница Србија и Црна Гора
Capital: Belgrade
Official Langauge: Serbian
Religion:
Demonym: Serbian, Montenegrin
Government: Federal Republic
Head of State: President of Serbia and Montenegro
Area: 102,350 km²
Population: 10,832,545 (2006)
Currency: Yugoslav Dinar

Republic of Serbia

June 2 2006 - 16 February 2008



Република Србија
Capital: Belgrade
Official Language: Serbian
Religion:
Demonym: Serbian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Tomislav Nikolić
Area: 77,474 km2
Population: 7,041,599 (2016)
Currency: Serbian dinar (RSD)

Republic of Kosovo

17 February 2008 - Present



Republika e Kosovës
Capital: Pristina
Official Language: Albanian, Serbian
Religion:
Demonym: Kosovar
Government: Parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Hashim Thaçi
Area: 10,908 km2
Population: 1,859,203 (2014)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

nc

Crown Colony of Cyprus

1900 - 15 August 1960



Capital: Nicosia
Official Langauge: English
Religion:
Demonym: Cypriot
Government: Colony of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Emprie
Area: 9,251 km2
Population:
Currency: Pound Sterling

Republic of Cyprus

16 August 1960 - 14 November 1983



Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
Capital: Nicosia
Official Langauge: Greek, Turkish
Religion:
Demonym: Cypriot
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Nicos Anastasiades
Area: 9,251 km2
Population: 1,141,166 (2013)
Currency: Euro (EUR)

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

15 November 1983 - Present



Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
Capital: North Nicosia
Official Language: Turkish
Religion:
Demonym: Turkish Cypriot
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Mustafa Akıncı
Area: 3,355 km2
Population: 313,626 (2014)
Currency: Turkish lira (TRY)

nk

Russian Empire

1900 - 29 December 1922



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

30 December 1922 - 1 September 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

2 September 1991 - Present



Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Հանրապետություն
Capital: Stepanakert
Official Language: Armenian
Religion:
Demonym: Nagorno-Karabakhian
Government: Presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Bako Sahakyan
Area: 11,458 km2
Population: 150,932 (2015)
Currency: Armenian dram (AMD)

nu

British Protectorate of Niue

1900 - 10 June 1901



Capital: Alofi
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Niuean
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 260 km2
Population:
Currency:

Territory of Niue

11 June 1901 - 18 October 1974



Capital: Alofi
Official Language: English, Niuean
Religion:
Demonym: Nieuan
Government: Territory of New Zealand
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 260 km2
Population:
Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZD)

Niue

19 October 1974 - Present



Niuē
Capital: Alofi
Official Language: Niuean, English
Religion:
Demonym: Niuean
Government: Free Association with New Zealand; Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Area: 260 km2
Population: 1,190 (2014)
Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZD)

os

Russian Empire

1900 - 29 December 1920



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

30 December 1920 - 8 April 1991



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Georgia

9 April 1991 - 20 December 1991



საქართველო
Capital: Tbilisi
Official Language: Georgian
Religion:
Demonym: Georgian
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Giorgi Margvelashvili
Area: 69,420 km2
Population: 3,729,500 (2015)
Currency: Georgian Lari (GEL)

Republic of South Ossetia

21 December 1991 - Present



Республикӕ Хуссар Ирыстон
Capital: Tskhinvali
Official Language: Ossetic, Russian
Religion:
Demonym: South Ossetian
Government: Semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Leonid Tibilov
Area: 3,900 km2
Population: 53,559 (2015)
Currency: Russian Ruble (RUB)

so

British Somaliland Protectorate

1900 - 30 June 1960



Capital: Berbera
Official Language: English
Religion:
Demonym: Somalilander
Government: Protectorate of the British Empire
Head of State: Monarch of the British Empire
Area: 155,399 km²
Population: 153,018 (1904)
Currency: Somaliland Rupee

Somali Republic

July 1 1960 - 20 October 1969



Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya
Capital: Mogadishu
Official Language: Somali, Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Somali
Government: Republic
Head of State: President of Somalia
Area: 637,657 km2
Population:
Currency: Somali shilling (SOS)

Somali Democratic Republic

21 October 1969 - May 17 1991



Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya
Capital: Mogadishu
Official Language: Somali, Arabic
Religion: Islam
Demonym: Somali
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: President Siad Barre
Area: 637,657 km2
Population:
Currency: Somali shilling (SOS)

Republic of Somaliland

May 18, 1991 - Present



Jamhuriyadda Somaliland
Capital: Hargeisa
Official Language: Somali, Arabic, English
Religion:
Demonym: Somali
Government: Presidential constitutional republic
Current Head of State: President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud
Area: 137,600 km2
Population: 4,500,000 (2013)
Currency: Somaliland shillinga (SLSH)

ts

Russian Emprie

1900 - 19 December 1918



Российская империя
Capital: St. Petersburg
Official Language: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox Church
Demonym: Russian
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of Russia
Area: 22,800,000 km²
Population: 181,537,800
Currency: Ruble

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

20 December 1918 - 22 June 1990



Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Capital: Moscow
Official Language: Russian
Religion: State Atheism
Demonym: Soviet
Government: Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State: General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Area: 22,402,200 km²
Population: 293,047,571 (1991)
Currency: Soviet Ruble (SUR)

Republic of Moldova

23 June 1990 - 1 September 1990



Republica Moldova

Capital: Chișinău
Official Language: Romanian
Religion:
Demonym: Moldovan
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Current Head of State: President Nicolae Timofti
Area: 33,846 km2
Population: 2,913,281 (2014)
Currency: Leu (MDL)

Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic

2 September 1990 - Present



Приднестрóвская Молдáвская Респýблика
Capital: Tiraspol
Official Language: Russian, Romanian, Ukrainian
Religion:
Demonym: Transnistrian
Government: Semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Yevgeny Shevchuk
Area: 4,163 km2
Population: 505,153 (2014)
Currency: Transnistrian ruble (PRB)

tw

Empire of the Great Qing

1900 - December 31 1911



清朝
Capital: Beijing
Official Language: Mandarin
Religion:
Demonym: Chinese
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Head of State: Emperor of China
Area: 13,150,000 km² (1760)
Population: 301,000,000 (1790)
Currency: Chinese Cash

Republic of China

1 January 1912 - Present



中華民國
Capital: Taipei
Official Language: Mandarin
Religion:
Demonym: Taiwaense
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Tsai Ing-wen
Area: 36,193 km2
Population: 23,476,640 (2015)
Currency: New Taiwan dollar (TWD)

ws

Overseas Province of Spanish Sahara

1900 - 14 November 1975



Provincia Ultramarina del Sáhara Español
Capital: El Aaiún
Official Language: Spanish
Religion:
Demonym:
Government: Territory of the Kingdom of Spain
Head of State: Monarch of Spain
Area:
Population:
Currency: Spanish Peseta

Kingdom of Morocco

13 November 1975 - 26 February 1976



المملكة المغربية
Capital: Rabat
Official Language: Arabic, Berber
Religion: Sunni Islam
Demonym: Moroccan
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Current Head of State: King Mohammed VI
Area: 710,850 km2
Population: 33,848,242 (2014)
Currency: Moroccan dirham (MAD)

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

February 27, 1976 - Present



الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية
Capital: Laayoune
Official Language: Spanish, Arabic
Religion:
Demonym: Sahrawi
Government: One-party semi-presidential republic
Current Head of State: President Mohamed Abdelaziz
Area: 266,000 km2
Population: 502,585
Currency: Sahrawi peseta, Moroccan dirham, Algerian dinar, Mauritanian ouguiya