Father of Humanism and interpreter of Greko-Roman Texts.
1309 - 1377
Papacy took up occupation in France, and this not only was cause for questions of papal loyalty but stirred frictions between church and state, with one pope threatening to excommunicate the king. 8 successive popes.
1313 - 1375
1320 - 1384
Scriptures are the only source of knowledge/Transubstantiation?/Lollards
Hundred Years War
1337 - 1453
House of Plantagenet (England) v. House of Valois (France). New sense of nationalism that leads to the dominance of the state.
1346 - 1353
Sickness in Europe decreases power of Church as people begin to lose faith in the churches ability to interpret the will of God.
1369 - 1415
Church Lies and Priests are Fake/Wine and Bread for all
He gets executed by the Church.
1377 - 1446
Duomo - Largest dome in Europe based on Greko-Roman Architecture.
1378 - 1417
3 Popes cause conflict, dividing territories into those loyal to the East and the Avignon.
1386 - 1466
1452 - 1519
Writer, Scientist, Inventor "Vitruvian Man" depicting the nature of humanity and "The Last Supper" which uses geometry and linear/atmosphere technique in the situation of Jesus's final hours.
Fall of Constantinople
Fall of the Byzantine Empire - the end of the Western Roman Empire. Sends thousands of Christian scholars to Italy. While a blow to Christianity, the fall helped promote new trade as Italy was the primary intermediary between Europe and the Ottoman Empire.
War of the Roses
1455 - 1487
Houses of Lancaster and Houses of York fighting each other. Brings Henry VII to power under the Tudor Dynasty and he unites the kingdoms.
1475 - 1564
Painter of Sistine Chapel Ceiling. Famous artist and sculptor.