Bone Grafts


Ancient Egypt

664 BC - 525 BC

Mummy of 26th dynasty priest revelas 23-cum prosthesis around the knee made of pure iron and cemented with resin. It was inserted during a complicated surgical procedure while the priest was still alive

Middle Ages

500 CE - 1500 CE

Pictorial evidence of surgical procedures in manuscripts

First Recorded Bone Graft

1668 CE

Bone Structure First Described


Discoveries about mechanisms of bone growth and bone healing; bone grafts largely autologous

1700 - 1860

Exploration of homologous bone grafts

1860 - 1912

Calcium sulfate (plaster of Paris) medicated with 5% phenol solution to treat tuberculous osteomyelitis in long bones