Holocaust

Events

Anne Frank's Birth

June 12, 1928

Anne was born on June 12, 1928 in Frankfurt, Germany.

Hitler comes to power

January, 1933

Hitler's rise to power cannot be attributed to one event, but a mixture of factors including events happening outside Germany, the strengths of the Nazi party, and the weaknesses of other parties within Germany. Hitler used these factors to his advantage and in 1933 he legitimately gained power to become chancellor.

Kristallnacht

November 9, 1938

A massive, coordinated attack on Jews throughout the German Reich on the night of November 9, 1938, into the next day, has come to be known as Kristallnacht or The Night of Broken Glass.

Germany Invades Poland

September 1, 1939

On this day in 1939, German forces bombard Poland on land and from the air, as Adolf Hitler seeks to regain lost territory and ultimately rule Poland. World War II had begun.

Japan Bombs Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

President Franklin Roosevelt called December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy." On that day, Japanese planes attacked the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory.

The Franks go into hiding

July, 1942

In early July 1942, after Margot Frank received a letter ordering her to report to a work camp in Germany, Anne Frank's family went into hiding in an attic apartment behind Otto Frank's business.

The Danish Navy sinks ships

August 29, 1943

The Danish Navy sinks their own ships so the German’s couldn’t take them and use them.

Nazi Soilders

September 25, 1943

Annemarie and her Jewish friend, Ellen are playing and running in the streets. Annemarie bumps into a Nazi Soldier. Both girls are scared because they’ve been told to blend in and not get noticed.

Relocation

September 29, 1943

The Jewish people were told about the planned round up and relocation of their people. Many went into hiding including the Rosen’s. Ellen hid with Annemarie’s family.

Star of David

September 30, 1943

Annemarie saved Ellen’s life by breaking her Star of David necklace off her neck when the Nazis showed up to search the house.

Great Aunt Birte

October 15, 1943

The family and friends fake the death Great Aunt Birte (an imaginary aunt). This was a way to get the Jews together and hide them from the soldiers. They would then hide on a boat to travel across to Sweden where they would be safe.

The Package

October 16, 1943

Annemarie finds a package that was dropped by Mr. Rosen. Inside the package is a handkerchief that had a chemical that causes the dogs to lose their sense of smell. She saves them all because when the Nazi soldiers search the ship, the dogs can’t pick up the scent of the hidden Jewish people.

D-Day

June 6, 1944

Was the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.

The Franks are found

August 4, 1944

On August 4, 1944, everyone in the Secret Annex is arrested.

Anne's Death

March, 1945

Anne dies from typhus in March, 1945

Hitler Commits Suicide

April 30, 1945

Adolf Hitler killed himself by gunshot on April 30, 1945 in his Führerbunker in Berlin.

The Surrender

May 4, 1945

Germany surrendered in Denmark. Jewish people started to return home from Sweden. Annemarie waits for Ellen to return.

The War in Europe End (Ve Day)

May 8,1945