Rise of the Maya civilization
Beginning dates and terminal dates are approximations based on historical best estimates. The terminal date is sometimes given as 1000 AD.
Emergence dates are uncertain. Some historians put it as early as 300 BC. The city was razed by 750 BC
Rise of the Maya Civilization.
After the Classic Period, many of the major cities were abandoned, but a large Maya civilization persisted.
The terminal date references Cortes' defeat of the Aztecs at Tenochtitlán
The Incas constituted the largest empire in pre-Columbian American. The Inca Empire was primarily situated in modern-day Peru, but extended to large parts of Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina, and Chile.
Columbus departs in 1492, making first landfall on October 12, 1492. During the first voyages, Columbus made landfalls on what would become the Bahamas, Cuba, and Hispaniola. Columbus believed he had discovered East Asia.
The second voyage was a significantly large logistical endeavor.
Spain established a permanent colony in what would become Havana.
Spanish survivors from a wrecked caravel reached the coast of Yucatan in 1511. This marked the first contact in Mesoamerica. Contact period ends in 1697 with the fall of Nojpeten, the last of the independent Maya cities.
Cortes arrives on the Yucatan Peninsula and makes his way to Tenochtitlán, arriving on November 8, 1519.
Fray Bartolome de las Casas established the first Catholic Mission in Venzuela in 1520
Pedro de Alvarado arrived in Guatamala in 1524. The conquest was protracted but eventually took place in 1530 when the Kaqchikel Maya surrendered.
Beginning with Francisco Pizarro and ending with Francisco Toledo, the Inca Empire was eventually conquered over decades of fighting.
Widely regarded as a "proto-anthropologist," de Vaca came to learn Native American languages, customs, and practices during his long travels in what would become the U.S.
de Soto, after his campaigns in Central America, engages in exploration and exploitation in what would become the United States. He dies near the Mississippi River in 1542.