History of the Internet

Events

The Internet is Born

October 29, 1969 10:30pm

The American agency ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency), in one of their early projects, created ARPANET. This was a system connecting 4 computers in separate cities in California. On October 29, 1969, at 10:30 at night, a message was successfully transmitted from the computer at UCLA to the one at Stanford. Of the entire message (the word "login"), only the first two letters transmitted correctly, so the Internet's first message was "lo."

13 Computers on the Internet

1970

After a year, only thirteen computers were active on the Internet.

23 Computers on the Internet

1971

By 1971, the number had expanded to twenty-three computers.

100 Computers

1977

It took almost eight years for the number of active computers to hit 100.

1,000 Computers

1984

By 1984, one thousand computers were in use.

10,000 Computers

1987

At this point, the growth of the Internet is starting to really speed up.

100,000 Computers

1989

This is the point at which expansion really starts to happen at a rapid pace.

1 Million + Computers on the Internet

1992

10 Million Users

1996

The Internet is seeing exponential growth.

100 Million Computers on the Internet

2001

The value of being on the Internet directly correlated with how many other people were on the Internet, meaning that once the number of users increased, a higher number of people wanted to become users.

1.7 Billion Users of the Internet at Present

2010

Although the expansion of Internet users has slowed down recently, it hasn't stopped. There are now approximately 1.7 Billion users.

Significant Contributions to the Internet

World Wide Web

1989 - 1990

Created by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, the World Wide Web is an application built over the framework of the Internet. Basically, "the web is a series of interlinked hypertext documents. Hypertext is text interlinked to other text. That link may take you to another part of the document, or another document alltogether."

America Online

1990 - 2001

Started as an online gaming software business, America Online (AOL) became a multi-function company, acting as a browser as well as offering their customers games, chat programs, interactive fiction, and more. At its peak in 2001, AOL had an estimated 30 million subscribers.

25,675,581 Websites

1993 - 2000

Between 1993 and 2000, the number of websites skyrocketed from 623 to 25,675,581. In the year 2008 alone, nearly 30 million new websites were added to the Internet.

Pandora

2000 - Present

The idea of personalized radio was initiated by Will Glaser, Jon Kraft and Tim Westergren. By January 2015, songs played on Pandora had received over 50 billion thumbs up from users.

Wikipedia

January 15, 2001

The idea of an online encyclopedia was first considered in 1993, but in December of the year 2000 the concept of a completely free online encyclopedia was breached.

YouTube

February 15, 2005 - Present

YouTube began when PayPal employees started to create a video-sharing website on which users can upload, share, and view content. The Internet domain name www.youtube.com was activated on February 15, 2005.

Hulu

March 2006 - August 2007

Hulu is an online streaming website for TV shows, clips, movies, et cetera. The name Hulu comes from Mandarin Chinese and has two meanings: "gourd" and "interactive recording."