Timeline 5


American Revolution

1775 - 1783

The American Revolution was a result of many enlightened ideas that inspired the English people living in America to separate from England. The revolution was also a result of the peoples unhappiness with the lack of representation they were getting from England. The people were being put under laws and being taxed, when they were not being represented in the decision making. This was the biggest piece that explains why this took place. This relates to key concept 5.3.

James watt perfects the steam engine


James Watt was a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer. He came up with the idea that the steam could be put in a vessel separate from the cylinder so that the condensing vessel could be cool and the cylinder hot at the same time. The invented the "Modern" steam engine. This was also a very common trend for the time because people were always searching for a way to be more efficient and make more products or spend less time and money shipping those products to their various places in order to make a larger profit. As a result many new technologies similar to this one, were invented. This relates to key concept 5.1.

Simon Bolivar

1783 - 1830

Simon Bolivar was a Major leader in Latin Americas Fight for independence from Spain. They fought for equality among all the people and for Europeans who had lost many rights because they had been born in America. Simon, was the person who helped to organize and unify the countries together under that one cause and they ended up defeating the Spanish. However they were not able to stay unified and become a large country like America, they split themselves up into the different places separated by cultures. This relates to key concept 5.4 and 5.2.

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

The French Revolution took place because of a major separation between the upper and lower classes. It was to the point were the rulers did not see any of the lower class people because they lived far away in lavish houses. Also, france had financial problems that led to the government instating a tax reform, this angered the people and gave birth to many modern enlighten ideas. This then led to the people rebelling and seeking reform. Not all of them wanted to completely overthrow the government but they did seek substantial change. However the outcome was that the government that consisted of the wealthiest people would be over through by the majority and eventually replaced with a democratic form of government. This relates to key concept 5.3. separation

Haitian Revolution

1791 - 1804

The Haitian revolution took a lot of influence from the French and American revolutions and it also became the first successful slave rebellion in history. They wanted a fair government and the correct amount of representation for the various races. Also, they fought for equality between the races above all else and wanted to end slavery. They ended the horrible conditions that they were forced under and sent the people that were overseeing them away. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Cotton Gin Developed


The Cotton Gin is a machine used for separating cotton from its seeds and increasing the speed of that process. This machine was used to increase the time needed to produce cotton goods. It is similar to many other machines invented or improved upon at this time and helped to make profits grow as soon as demand grew. This machine is very important because of its relation to cotton, which is a very valuable good because it can be used to make cloth, and then clothes blankets and other items. This relates to key concept 5.1.

Napoleonic wars

1803 - 1815

The Napoleonic Wars were a series of wars that had France in control of a large portion of Europe for a short amount of time. After these wars Europe actually had to reorganize themselves because the French had taken over some many different areas. This meant that orders had to be established and other conflicts settled in order for the continent to remain peaceful for a time. This relates to Key concept 5.3.

Reign of Napoleon

1804 - 1815

The Reign of Napoleon was a very eventful time in European history. Most of his reign was spent starting wars and invading almost all of the European countries surrounding france. He won a lot of those battles and used that as leverage to name himself emperor. However, once he began to lose some of those battles the French exiled him by handing him over to the British. He also did some good things during his reign. for example, he made a fair judiciary system and law code and also started the banking system for France. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Wars of independence in Latin America

1808 - 1826

The Wars of Independence in Latin America was a time when most of the countries in South America came together to gain independence from Spain. They fought for better rights for the natives and all Americans in general. Under the leadership of Simon Bolivar, the people were able to push the Spanish out of their areas. Though many people, including Simon Bolivar wanted the countries to remain unified, they were too diverse to stay together and they eventually split. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Congress of Vienna

1815 - 1820

The congress of Vienna was an assembly that was held in 1815. The purpose of this meeting was to reorganize Europe after the Napoleonic wars. The Goal of this assembly was also to balance out power in Europe in order to maintain peace between the various ''great powers.'' Also, they wanted to prevent any more revolutions from occurring so that it would be as damaging. This relates to key concept 5.2.

Opium war

1839 - 1842

The Opium wars happened when China did not want Britain trading opium with their people anymore. This trade was causing people to become addicted and also it was sucking a lot of money out of the country and into Europe. However, when they asked Britain to stop and insulted them in doing so, it resulted in a very easy win for Britain. After that, the British sucked even more money out of China to repair the economic and physical damages the war had caused. Also, they took over most of Chinas Economy. This relates to key concept 5.2.

Communist Manifesto Published


The communist manifesto was a german pamphlet that was published by the two german philosophers Karl marx and Friedrich Engels. The goal of this pamphlet was to get the communist dream across to the people. It was another example of enlightened thinking and new ideas arising from situations that were less than ideal. This pamphlet was the start to a major revolution that will later grow into many major communist countries. This relates to key concept 5.2 and 5.3. crossed

Womens Rights Convention


This was the first women's rights convention to take place in history and it happened in Seneca Falls, New York. I was advertised as a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious rights of women. This meeting attracted a lot of attention from people everywhere and was the beginning of many conventions that would take place to help the cause for woman's rights. This is one of the many positive enlightened ideas that were spreading during this time. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

This rebellion began under the leader ship of Hong Xiuquan, who thought he was the son of god and was sent to reform China. Then he and his friend called Feng created a group called the god worshippers society and attracted many of the impoverished peasants. They then later led them to rebel against the foreign rulers of China. They were a very large force and they did do a lot of damage, but they later fell due to disorganization and split alliances between certain people. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Sepoy Rebellion

1857 - 1858

The Sepoy Rebellion was a rebellion that took place in India. It was a rebellion that was directly against the British rule in India. As an act of disobedience the indians did not do what they were asked and refused to use Enfield cartridges when they were necessary. Many of these indians shot their officers and committed major acts of violence that hey later paid for in an unfair trial. However they were on the right track as they would later gain complete independence from Britain. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Unification of Italy

1859 - 1870

After the Revolutions of 1848 people in Italy to unite under the Idea of being Italian again. They began to have a more nationalist mindset. The northern Italian states voted to join the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. Soon after that Lombardy was added to the group. This made all of Italy much more substantial and powerful in every sense. This relates to key concept 5.2 and 5.3.

Origin of the species published


The Origin of the Species was a book published by Charles Darwin. This book was considered the foundation to modern Biology and the beginning of the theory of evolution. By the time of Darwin's Death in 1882 his theories would be widely accepted throughout the world, even though they did go against many peoples religious beliefs. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Emancipation of Russian Serfs


The emancipation of the Russian surfs was triggered by the signing of the "Emancipation manifesto" by Alexander the second. This was followed with many other acts that accompanied the cause of the first. These acts freed all of the Russian surfs and gave them some better rights and more equality. Though it may not have worked out as planned, it is a good example of an attempt at government reform which is a very big trend at this time. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Meiji Restoration


The Meiji restoration was a transitioning time, where Japan began to industrialize itself in order to compete with other countries and not end up like other countries and be crushed by the powers in Europe. During this time Japan smoothly when through many social, technical, and economic changes. They began to make things in factories and they opened up to trade with the rest of the world due to Americas prying. However, in the long run this helped them greatly. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Suez Canal


The Suez Canal is an artificial waterway connecting the Mediterranean sea to the Red sea. At first it was a rather small canal, but it quickly grew into one of the worlds most important passages. In 1875, Great Britain became the largest shareholder in the Suez Canal Company about seven years later Britain invaded Egypt and occupied it for a long time. After England granted Egypt independence the only power they still wanted their was control over the canal. This relates to key concept 5.2.

Unification of Germany


After Italy had unified itself and man called Otto von Bismarck encouraged people to push for German unification as well so they could compete with the newly unified Italy. Finally after some struggle's Germany was unified and made into one very powerful country which would be the start to many major conflicts later on in history. This relates to key concept 5.2.

Berlin Conference

1884 - 1885

The Berlin Conference was a meeting were all the different countries discussed how they would split up Africa fairly, and as equally as they could in every sense. Most European countries participated and tried their best to get as much as they could. They did successfully split the continent and come up with rules that every country had to follow, including the rights that every colony had to free trade. This conference would be very important in the future because of rules that certain countries began to break. This relates to key concept 5.3 and 5.2.

Indian National Congress Founded


This group played a major part when India began seeking their independence from Great Britain. They played a major part in actually helping that process by helping to organize certain "Acts of Disobedience" It also helped to form the new government it needed when Great Britain left the country. It also had a very strong presence in many state governments. This relates to key concept 5.2.

Boxer Rebellion

1899 - 1901

This rebellion was an anti-Christian and anti-foreign rebellion that took place in China toward the end of the Qing dynasty. These people killed Christians, foreigners, and destroyed foreign property. China later paid many of the countries who had lost things in the rebellion to try and make up for it. The government in China had also almost completely lost control of the foreign relations regarding their economy, which was mostly controlled by other countries and not by themselves. This relates to key concept 5.2.

Boer War

1899 - 1902

The conflict that caused the Boer war began when the British took Cape colony away from the Dutch. At the time there were many Dutch settlers who were living there, they were called the Boers, and they refused to accept the authority of the British. For a while they just ignored them and their was violence but it was not a major problem until the British passed the law that took away slavery. This angered the Boers so they began to move away from that area, until the British allowed them specific rights. However their was much tension in various ways so eventually there was civil war. This relates to key concept 5.4 and 5.2.

Russo Japanese War

1904 - 1905

The Russo Japanese war began with the Conflict of which country would have control in Korea and Manchuria. Japan ended up winning this war because of their new money and industrialization. This was the perfect opportunity for Japan to show their real power to the rest of the worlds and get some real attention from Europe. They had won a war against China, but once they won against Russia the other countries finally began to notice them and treat them as a force to be reckoned with and not just another country that they could exploit. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Mexican Revolution

1910 - 1920

The Mexican Revolution began when the middle classed people began to protest against the long time ruling dictator called Porfirio Diaz, who had come to power through a military coup. Though Diaz had done some good, he was over thrown in 1910 and in the transition from a dictatorship to a government government was a time of violence and struggle. But after the struggle ended they began to build up their government again and form it into the government that Mexico still has in place today. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Fall of the Qing dynasty


The fall of the Qing Dynasty was caused by many of the normal factors that usually lead to the fall of Chinese dynasties. First, they had some external pressures from other countries that were forcefully controlling it and exploiting it. Also, they were not open to the new ideas people had to offer that were similar to the enlightened ideas in Japan. They also failed to completely modernize with the rest of the world due to the choices they made about changing. This relates to key concept 5.3.

Henry Ford and Assembly Line


Henry Ford was a very important man when talking about industrialization. Ford actually invented the concept of the "Assembly Line" where people stand in a line and have one job that they continue to do as the products they are working in move down a line. Each person is in charge of a specific part of the product and does their part in a matter of minutes or longer depending on the job. This relates to key concept 5.1.

Panama Canal


The Panama Canal was considered an engineering feat at they time it was built because of the technology at the time. Also, The United States built the canal so they could expand their power over the Caribbean and influence the countries in that area. They also wanted to link themselves to the islands in the pacific, like the Philippines and Australia. It was an opportunity for the US to gain control of both oceans. This relates to key concept 5.1.