Timeline of the Old Testament

Books Written

Leviticus

1445 BC - 1400 BC

after buliding tabernacle

Genesis

1444 BC - 1404 BC

While wandering plains

Exodus

1444 BC - 1404 BC

While wandering plains

Numbers

1404 BC

immediately after entering land

Deuteronomy

1404 BC

Joshua

1375 BC

Judges

1050 BC - 1000 BC

Saul or early days David

Ecclesiastes

950 BC - 930 BC

Samuel

930 BC - 722 BC

Somewhere in this time period of the divided kingdom

Kings

586 BC - 550 BC

unknown author

Cyrus of Persia

559 bc - 530 bc

Became king of Babylon in 539 BC

Overview

Time of Judges

1380 BC - 1050 BC

Reign of Kings

1050 BC - 930 BC

Over all of Israel

Kings of Israel

930 BC - 722 BC

Kings of Judah

930 BC - 586 BC

Main Events

Exodus

1446 BC

Conquest

1406 BC

Going into promise land

Saul's Reign

1050 BC - 1010 BC

David's Reign

1010 BC - 970 BC

Solomon's Reign

970 BC - 930 BC

Kingdom Divides

930 BC

Battle of Qarqar

853 BC

Fall of Damascus (Syria)

732 BC

Fall of Samaria (Israel)

722 BC

End of reign of kings of Israel (Judah still independent)

Semacherib invades Judah

701 BC

Fall of Nineveh (Assyria)

612 BC

First Exile

605 BC

small group of aristocrats taken, including Daniel

Battle of Carchemish

605 BC

Second Exile

597 BC

large number of people taken, anyone with skills. Ezekiel taken

Fall of Jerusalem (Judah)

586 BC

everyone taken to babylon. End of the kings of Judah

Fall of Babylon/First Return

538 BC

2nd temple completed

516 BC

Kings of Israel

Jeroboam I

930 BC - 910 BC

Nadab

910 BC - 909 BC

Baasha

909 BC - 886 BC

Elah

886 BC - 885 BC

Zimri

885 BC

Omri

885 BC - 874 BC

Ahab

874 BC - 853 BC

Ahaziah

853 BC - 852 BC

Jehoram

852 BC - 841 BC

Jehu

841 BC - 814 BC

Jehoahaz

814 BC - 798 BC

Jehoash

798 BC - 782 BC

Amaziah

796 BC - 767 BC

Jeroboam II

782 BC - 753 BC

Co-regent from 793-792

Zechariah

753 BC - 752 BC

Shallum

752 BC

Menahem

752 BC - 742 BC

Pekahiah

742 BC - 740 BC

Pekah

740 BC - 732 BC

Hoshea

732 BC - 723 BC

Kings of Judah

Rehoboam

930 BC - 913 BC

Abijam

913 BC - 911 BC

Asa

911 BC - 870 BC

Jehoshaphat

870 BC - 848 BC

Co-regent from 873

Jehoram

848 BC - 841 BC

Ahaziah

841 BC

Athaliah

841 BC - 835 BC

Joash

835 BC - 796 BC

Uzziah

767 BC - 740 BC

Co regent from 791

Jotham

740 BC - 732 BC

Co-regent from 750

Ahaz

732 BC - 716 BC

Co-regent from 744. Senoir partner from 735

Hezekiah

716 BC - 687 BC

Co-regent from 729

Manasseh

687 BC - 642 BC

Co-regent from 696

Amon

642 BC - 640 BC

Josiah

640 BC - 609 BC

Jehoahaz

609 BC

Jehoiakim

609 BC - 597 BC

Jehoiachin

597 BC

Zedekiah

597 BC - 587 BC

World Powers

Wars between Aram and Ahab

874 BC - 853 BC

Under debate among scholars

Shalmaneser III

858 BC - 824 BC

Assyria

Aram and Jehoram (Israel)

852 BC - 842 BC

Hazael

842 BC - 800 BC

King of Aram
Timing is from Wikipedia

Aram and Jehu

841 BC - 814 BC

Aram and Joash (Judah)

835 BC - 796 BC

Adad-Nirari III

810 BC - 783 BC

Assyria

Aram and Jereboam II

793 BC - 753 BC

Decline of Aram

753 BC - Approx. 733 BC

Tiglath Pileser III

744 BC - 727 BC

Assyria

Shalmaneser V

726 BC - 722 BC

Assyria

Sargon II

721 BC - 705 BC

Assyria

Synnacherib

704 BC - 681 BC

Assyria
No mention of Assyria after this

Nabopolassar

625 BC - 605 BC

Babylon

Egyptian influence over Judah

609 BC - 605 BC

Nebuchadnezzar

604 BC - 562 BC

Babylon. He conquered Jerusalem

Evil-Merodach

561 BC - 560 BC

The nation of Babylon weakens

Neriglissar

559 BC - 556 BC

The nation of Babylon weakens

Nabonidus & Belshazzar

556 BC - 539 BC

The nation of Babylon weakens

Labashi Marduk

556 bc

The nation of Babylon weakens

Prophets - approximate

NOT updated from dates in BRI

Jonah

810 BC - 790 BC

Prophet of Israel
2 Kings 13-14
To Jehoash, Jeroboam II (Amaziah)

Hosea

785 BC - 725 BC

Prophet of Israel
2 Kings 15-18
To Jeroboam II to Hoshea (Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz)

Amos

780 BC - 760 BC

Prophet of Israel
2 Kings 14-15
To Jeroboam II (Uzziah)

Isaiah

750 BC - 695 BC

Prophet of Israel
2 Kings 15-20
To Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah

Micah

745 BC - 725 BC

Prophet of Israel
2 Kings 15
To Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah

Nahum

660 BC - 630 BC

Prophet of Judah
2 Kings 15-18
To Manasseh, Amon, Josiah

Zephaniah

640 BC - 621 BC

Prophet of Judah
Isaiah 10
To Josiah

Jeremiah

628 BC - 588 BC

Prophet of Judah
2 Kings 22-25
To Josiah to Zedekiah.
The Captivity

Habakkuk

620 BC - 610 BC

Prophet of Judah
2 Kings 23
To Josiah, Jehoahaz

Joel

610 BC - 586 BC

Prophet of Israel
2 Kings 11-15
Timing very uncertain

Daniel

606 BC - 534 BC

Prophet of the Exile
2 Kings 23-25
The Captivity
(Reign of Nebuchadnezzar to Cyrus)

Ezekiel

596 BC - 574 BC

Prophet of the Exile
2 Kings 24
to the Jews Before and During the Captivity
to the Jews Before and During the Captivity

Obadiah

587 BC

Prophet of the Exile
2 Kings 25
After Jerusalem's Destruction
(Reign of Nebuchadnezzar)

Haggai

520 BC - 518 BC

Prophet of the Return to Jerusalem
Ezra 5-6
Rebuilding the Temple in Jerusalem
(Reign of Darius I)

Zechariah

520 BC - 510 BC

Prophet of the Return to Jerusalem
Ezra 5-6
Rebuilding and Dedication of the Temple
(Reign of Darius I)

Malachi

420 BC - 397 BC

Prophet of the Return to Jerusalem
Nehemiah 13
Second Reformation by Nehemiah
(Reign of Artaxerxes I)