Lactantius equivocates the Judeo-Christian tradition of angels with the pagan. This fallacy of equivocation was used with great effect: rather than clarifying terms between his audience and himself, Lactantius simply argued for the Christian perspective:
For Lactantius, angels were created before eternity to serve God and prevent Him from being lonely. Innumerable and winged, they lived mainly in heaven, and existed in a state of holiness. They worshipped God with fear and trembling, and were ministers of divine providence. For example, they opened the Red Sea for Moses and the Israelites. Their actions revealed that they had personality, and indeed, they originated from God's breath. Lactantius' Christology is closely related to his angelology. According to him, Christ, like the angels, came from God's breath, but was also God's spoken Word. Lactantius believed in a form of Subordinationism, but clearly distinguished between angels and Christ.
Angels were also ministers and guardians of humankind. They helped men against evil and bettered their condition. They were endowed with vast knowledge, which came from God, but could not be examples or fully teach men. Lactantius was careful to deny any cultus of the angels. However, because they were friends of God and guardians of men, they should be treated with respect and even some reverence.