Creation, Expansion and interaction of economic systems
This was the only economic system in the world until Darius I in 522 B.C.E
Sheep were domesticated as a source of food in about 9000 BCE, which indicates the change from nomadic life to settled farming.
Under the emperor Wudi in the Han dynasty this exchange was from east Asia to Mesopotamia.
Landlord System of China
100 B.C.E. - 8 C.E.
Peasants were required to work on the landlords land, pay taxes, and enlist in the army by state authorities.
The first recorded selling of African slaves of a significant number in the America's occurred in Hispañola.
1503 - 1720
The Encomienda system legally ended in 1720, however it came to an end long before then. Under this system, Native Americans were forced to perform labor and pay tribute to the Europeans.
The tulip mania in Holland caused people to make and lost fortunes. Tulip prices abruptly rose then they crashed.
Sugar Production in Caribbean
Sugar cane was the major crop in the caribbean where entire plantations and islands were devoted to its production. These plantations produced 80-90 percent of the sugar used in Western Europe.
In Barbados, the median plantation size in 1680 had about 60 slaves working to produce sugar.
Industrialization in India
India was a big producer of textiles. Industrialization in India is tied with its independence. Exploited and disregarded factory workers revolted against their employees and the British colonists who were one and the same.
Industrialization in Latin America
After independence, Latin America tried to become like European societies, with industrialization. Though they did not really industrialize, certain areas like Mexico and Brazil did try to produce manufactured goods such as textiles.
Development and Interaction of Cultures
Tombs built to preserve bodies of ancient rulers in Egypt
Founded by Kong Fuzi in China. Five Relationships
Founded by Siddhartha Gautama in India. Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path
Ming Dynasty Maritime Technology
1405 - 1433
Led by Admiral Zheng He in China
1526 - 1707
Religious Conflict evident between Muslims and Hindus. Akbar accommodated it with policies of religious toleration. Aurangzeb reversed policies in favor of Muslims
Japanese woodblock print that signified the shift into a more secular focus in art and culture in Japan
Movement that supported African unity and the end of colonialism. Kwame Nkrumah was an influential figure
Yellow Fever Vaccine
Max Theiler invented the Yellow Fever Vaccine in South Africa
Development and transformation of social structures
The Practice of Sati
400 - 1829
started in the Gupta Empire, and was banned by the British in 1829.
Formation of the idea of ethnic nationalism
In ancient Greece Herodotus listed kinship, language, cults, and customs as the definition of Greek identify, this led to social structure with “hereditary” citizens at the top and other races below them.
Roman social and economic class distinction
Plebians and Patricians
960 - 1279
Started in the Song dynasty and in the early 20th century the practice began dying out
Korean Family Life
Korea began to model their family life after the chinese, and as a result enforced Confucian Orthodoxy.
Hindu Caste System
Japanese slowed population growth
Japanese family size began to shrink as steps were taken to reduce the number of children in each household
Russian Serfdom and Emancipation of the Serfs
Women's suffrage established
began in the early 20th century
Apartheid, a system of racial segregation between the white minority and nonwhite majority, was officially name in South Africa in 1948
State Building, Expansion, and Conflict
Islam as a unifying trans-regional structure
Arabs conquered the Byzantine and Persian empires by the late 7th century and swept east and south from Europe down to North Africa and Southern Asia.
Ming Dynasty Tributary System/ Zheng He's Maritime Exploration
1405 - 1433
Le Loi Revolt
1418 - 1427
Songhay empire conquers Mema and Timbuktu
Conquest of Aztec Empire
The Haitian Revolution
1791 - 1804
Brazilian War of Independence
Global Structures: United Nations Formed
Rise of Communism in China (Revolution of 1949)
Interaction Between Humans and the Environment
Early Settlement Near Water Sources
4000 BCE - 1200 BCE
Settled in river valleys and near water sources because agriculturally based societies that needed water to agriculturally thrive.
Irrigation Systems in Egypt Created
Created to regulate natural flow of Nile river.
1600 BCE - 700 CE
Expansion of Bantu tribes of Central and Southern Africa.
Population Growth in the Song Dynasty
960 CE - 1279 CE
Resulted from the dynasty reestablishing centralized control over China, economic developments, etc.
The Great Dying
1492 - 1650
Death of many Native Americans as a result of increased contact with Europeans.
Sought to control local economies because wanted increased influence in thriving Asian economy.
Migration into Pakistan
Resulted from Partition of India - seeking to escape from being religious minority.
Trans-Siberian Railway Created
Created by Russian Tsar Nicholas II. Used in Russo-Japanese war, as well as for trade purposes. Still used for exports today.