Ryan Stark Timline

Events

Renaissance

1400 - 1600

Symmetrical and biblical artworks and the beginning of movement and motion

Secular Thinking

1450 - 1600

The thought process that is separated from the church, NOT saying there is no god or no church just thoughts that don't connect to the church

Humanism

1450 - 1600

Beliefs that people should learn how to read Greek and Latin and that they were the real bible and that's what you should follow your faith by not the translation of the Catholic Bible, secular thought was encouraged

Ferdinand II and Isabella of Spain

1452 - 1516

King and Queen of Spain, very strong centralized government which kept Spain Catholic

Scientific Revolution

1472 - 1593

A major era where scientists started to go against what the church said by using data and visible proof that the bible isn't 100% correct

Copernicus

1473 - 1543

Priest who confirmed Galileo's theory about orbits not being perfectly circular but ovular

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Protestant Reformation leader who was a former priest and monk, composer of 95 Theses

Ignatius of Loyola

1491 - 1556

Founder of Jesuits, Society of Jesus

Trade with Brazil and West Indies

1492

The trade with Brazil and the West Indies greatly boosted the economy because of the goods they were receiving and trading

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

Protestant reformation leader, started new religion of Calvinism

Gothic

1511 - 1574

Medieval art, scarier statues such as gargoyles

95 Thesis

1517

Paper written by Martin Luther to provide an opinion and ways why Catholicism isn't always true

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

The movement away from the Catholic Church's rule, and creating new religions in the process

Elizabeth I of England

1533 - 1603

Politique- meaning she would change religious preference for a better political standing

Elizabeth I

1533 - 1603

Politique who gave religious toleration to her nation so she would have better political standings

Jesuits

1540

The Society of Jesus, religious congregation of the Catholic Church
Founded by Ignatius of Loyola

King Henry IV of France

1553 - 1610

Writer of the Edict of Nantes; allowing Calvinists substantial rights in France

Bacon

1561 - 1626

User of inductive reasoning and used experiments and data to hypothesize and make theories

Galileo

1564 - 1642

Starry Messenger author, scientist, house arrested for life because of his theory of ovular orbits

Edict of Nantes

1598 - 1685

Written by King Henry IV allowing Calvinists rights in France

Baroque

1600 - 1750

Darker art, selective spot light, biblical stories portrayed in the art

Louis XIV of France

1638 - 1715

Catholic, strong central government, Divine Right of Kings, great king for France, Revoked the edict of Nantes

Isaac Newton

1643 - 1727

Scientist who discovered the laws of gravity

William of Orange

1650 - 1702

Very strong differences with Louis XIV because of the differences in religion, Calvinist vs. Catholic, claimed the English thrown by marrying his mother's fifteen year old niece.

Enlightenment

1650 - 1750

Specific Era where the masses joined together with the intellectuals and coffee houses were made to have a common place to talk about science

French Coffee Houses

1654

Places where the public could interact with the intellectuals and talk about science

Glorious Revolution

1688

A revolution in later 1600s, non-violent, one of the first revolutions

Diderot

1713 - 1784

The co writer and editor of the Encyclopedia

Rococo

1715 - 1774

Very light art and usually found in interior design

Industrial Revolution

1750 - 1850

Europe being revolutionized, the beginning of factories and steam engines for transportation

Louis XVI of France

1754 - 1793

Terrible king of France, the reason why the French Revolution was called upon for change

Steam Engine

1760

The invention of the train for transportation and hauling cargo, running on coal

Inductive Reasoning

1760

Using experiments and data
Bacon used inductive reasoning

Deductive Reasoning

1760

Using thoughts not actual data or anything
I think therefore I am- Descartes

Malthus

1766 - 1834

Species grow exponentially- influenced Charles Darwin

Napoleon Bonaparte of France

1769 - 1821

Self appointed Emperor of France, brought France out of the economic depression they were in

Factories

1769

Workshops where people build steam engines and other things, factories were powered by water and coal

Neo Classical

1770 - 1830

The rebirth of classical architecture and art such as Greek Pillars

French Revolution (I)

1789

Very violent, successful, overthrew Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette

Romantic

1800 - 1850

Very emotionally constructed art work

Child Labor

1800 - 1900

Using children to work to get more things done in less time instead of just using adults

Slaves and Serfs

1807

Owning other humans to do work for owners primarily land work

Darwin

1809 - 1882

Scientist who came up with the theory of evolution, going against the church saying everything is made how it was supposed to be

Tsar Alexander II

1818 - 1881

Emancipated the serfs and was assassinated by "The People's Will" more of a liberal ruler

Tsar Alexander II

1818 - 1881

Emancipation of serfs or slaves simply abolishing slavery in Russia, Austria, and Hungary

Spanish Revolution

1820

Successful revolution in Spain, early revolution before the revolution boom

Two Sicilies Revolution

1820

Concessions with Italy and promised a monarchy

Greece Revolution

1821

Failure by trying to get independence from the Ottoman Empire

Russian Revolution

1825

Russian army officers led about 3,000 soldiers in a protest against Nicholas I's assumption of the throne after his elder brother Constantine removed himself from the line of succession

Hungary Revolution

1830

Successful, gained independence from Austria

Belgian Revolution

1830

Belgian Revolution was the conflict which led to the secession of the southern provinces from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and established an independent Kingdom of Belgium.

Bohemian Revolution

1848

Wanted equality for slaves in slovac states, ended up by divide and conquer methods which ended up smothering czech nationalism

Austria Revolution

1848

Their revolution was to get the emancipation of serfs, which was successful

Prussian Revolution

1848

Wanted a more liberal government, ended up receiving male suffrage

Poland Revolution

1848

Failed while trying to gain it's independence from Russia

German States Revolution

1848

Wanted a German constitution and that's what lead to the revolution

French Revolution (II)

1848

Liberals were fighting to have more say but it ended up with shops shutting down

Realism

1848 - 1900

Artworks that are very realistic and the newest form of art prior the 20th Century

Improved working conditions

1870

Better working conditions inside the workshops, regulating hours and days for kids and adults

Sanitation Act of 1875

1875

A law stating that shops and streets must be up to par for the sake of the public and protecting them from disease