(Some historians say the First Intifada ended in 1991).
Protests began in the Gaza Strip and soon spread to the West Bank and later to Israel, especially Jerusalem. As violence escalated, Israel sought to halt the intifada. This process was overshadowed by the Gulf War.
A conference was held in Madrid in 1991 which involved Israel, Syria, Egypt, Lebanon and Jordan-Palestinian delegations. Bilateral talks continued throughout 1991, 1992, 1993 and 1994.
The First Intifada ended with the Oslo Accords in 1993.