Timeline Kaitlyn Rose



1200 - 1420

Dark and detailed art that began in France.

Theme: Art and Literature


1300 - 1600

A peaceful period of growth and pride in art and other cultural artifacts.

Theme: Art and Literature


1304 - 1374

He was considered the father of Humanism because of his humanistic essays and papers.

Theme: Humanism


1313 - 1375

A humanist, who agree very strongly with the ideas of Petrach.

Theme: Humanism

Black Death

1337 - 1453

The rise of Black Death, killed lots of people in Europe, The fast spread of Black Death lead to the first push for new knowledge. The push wasn't very big, and didn't achieve much, but it helped lead to furthering people's knowledge in the future.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Christine de Pisan

1364 - 1430

Considered the first European professional woman author.

Theme: Women


1466 - 1536

Humanist writer who also believed in religious toleration.

Theme: Religious Toleration and Wars and Humanism


1469 - 1527

Italian Humanist

Theme: Humanism

Nicolaus Copernicus

1473 - 1543

The natural philosopher who first introduced the heliocentric solar system.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Posted his 95 Theses on the door of the church to protests indulgences.

Theme: Religions

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

Created a Protestant religion called Calvinism.

Theme: Religions

95 Theses


A list of 95 things Martin Luther thought was wrong with the church.

Theme: Art and Literature

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

The reformation began when Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the church door to protest the selling of indulgences. The reformation was the push for less power from the church and more religious freedom.

Theme: Religious Toleration and Wars

Diet of Worms


A gathering of the Estates of the state called by Charles V.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Scientific Revolution/Enlightenment

1550 - 1800

Large growth in many scientific fields. Philosophers studied and explained many phenomenons that had never been understood. Much of the growth took place in the fields of astronomy and biology, along with other major science fields.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Peace of Augsburg

Approx. 1555

Ends Religious civil war between Lutherans and Roman Catholics in the German states. It also gave the German prince the right to determine the religion of the state. A step towards religious toleration between Roman Catholics and Lutherans.

Theme: Religious Toleration and Wars

Francis Bacon

1561 - 1626

Scientist who used Inductive Reasoning.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

He was an astronomer we contributed to the creation of the telescope.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

Wrote the Leviathan, which was in full support of the Monarchy.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Rene Descartes

1596 - 1650

French mathematician and philosopher, published the Discourse of Method because of his belief in deductive reasoning.

Theme: Enlightenment


1600 - 1750

Originated in Rome, this is a dramatic and mysterious art style that is based on Catholicism.

John Locke

1632 - 1704

He was an English philosopher and wrote The Two Treatsies of Government.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Issac Newton

1642 - 1727

A European scientist who proved gravity.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Revocation of the Edict of Nantes


Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes: closed Protestant churches and exiled Protestant priests.

Theme: Religions

Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

Started when King James II gave the throne to his daughter and Prince William of Orange.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Two Treatises of Government (Locke)


Was written by John Locke to justify the Glorious Revolution.

Theme: Art and Literature


1694 - 1778

Enlightenment thinker in support of freedom of religion and speech.

Theme: Religions

Bank of England


The bank gave out short term loans and credits.

Theme: Enlightenment and New Knowledge

Steam Engine


First built by Thomas Savery and was improved by James Watt.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowlege

Madame de Geoffrin

1699 - 1777

Held the best known salon in France, and supported the Enlightenment.

Theme: Women

Agricultural Revolution

1700 - 1800

This time period lead to more efficiency in agricultural production. New ways of harvesting made for faster and easier harvesting. Easier harvesting meant less hand needed, which allowed farmers to make more money faster, without having to pay as many workers.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Emilie du Chatelet

1708 - 1749

A french author who is credited with translating Newton's Parcipia into French.


1712 - 1778

He believed God made everyone was born good but he couldn't keep them from becoming corrupt in society.

Theme: Religions


1715 - 1800

An art in France and Austria that was centered around the wealth of the nobles.

Theme: Art and Literature

Madame de Pompadour

1721 - 1764

King Louis XV's mistress, and was also a big supporter of the Enlightenment.

Theme: Women

Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

A Scottish professor who help create the idea of a free economy

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Edmund Burke

1729 - 1797

He attacked the principle of the right of man.

Theme: Public vs. Government

Hannah More

1729 - 1796

She wrote on subjects like morals and religious problems.

Theme: Women

Maria Theresa

1740 - 1780

She was the empress of the Habsburg Empire.

Theme: Women

Olympe de Gouges

1748 - 1793

Wrote the Declaration of the Right of Women in 1791.

Theme: Women

Industrial Revolution

1750 - 1850

A very important period in European history. Following the agricultural revolution, the industrial revolution lead to life expectancy increase and over better health.

Inventions included the Spinning Jenny, the Water Frame, and the Steam Engine. Inventions lead to less hands to do one job, allowing factory owners to pay less people but make more money.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge



The first encyclopedia was written to help people gather information about many topics.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge and Art and Literature

Mary Wollstonecraft

1759 - 1797

In 1792, she wrote the Vindications of the Right of Women.

Theme: Women

Madame de Sael

1766 - 1817

She opposed Napoleon and influenced the Romantic movement.

Theme: Women

Pugachev Revolt

1773 - 1774

A revolt in Russia lead by the Russian Peasants.

Themes: Government vs. Public


1780 - 1820

This art relates back the Roman and Greek art, and is very formal. The art's main influence was in France.

Theme: Art and Literature

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

The French citizens started to fight back against the absolute monarchy.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

1789 - 1790

Constitution that gave people the right of free speech, was written by the National Assembly. Many protests took them to this point.

Government vs. Public

March on Versailles

October 5, 1789

A group of women, as a part of the French Revolution, stormed Versailles and demanded bread.

A Vindication of the Rights of Women


Mary Wollstonecraft wrote this to advocate the rights of women.

Execution of Louis XVI


Louis XVI, his wife, and Marie Antoinette, because of their views of monarchical ruling in France.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Mary Shelley

1797 - 1851

She wrote what is considered the first science fiction novel, Frankenstein. Her books were based off of romanticism.

Theme: Women

Flora Tristan

1803 - 1844

French reformer who wrote many books, and is considered the founder of feminism.

Theme: Women

Charles Darwin

1809 - 1882

Created the theory of evolution, of which he wrote On the Origins of Species on.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

This was a meeting by major European powers in order to restore peace after the defeat of Napoleon.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Iron Law of Wages


This was written by Ricardo saying that if wages increase then so will childbirth, and if childbirth decreases then labor would increase.

Theme: Art and Literature

Karl Marx

1818 - 1883

A German philosopher, economist, and revolutionary.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Florence Nightingale

1820 - 1910

She is considered the founder of modern nursing.

Theme: Women


1820 - 1900

Art from France, Spain, and England, this is an art style with dark characteristics that focuses on the emotions of people.

Theme: Art and Literature

Spanish Revolution

1820 - 1823

The revolution took place in the Spanish American colonies.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Greek Revolution

1821 - 1832

Greece gained their independence from the Ottoman Empire with the help of Britain, France, and Russia.

Theme: Government vs. Public

July Revolution


The issuing of the July Ordinances came after the rebellion of Charles X's actions.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Rail Line


These became popular in countries that were involved in the Industrial Revolution, but mainly Great Britain.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

Belgian Revolution


Belgium gained independence in 1839, when the Dutch army was defeated and a constitution was made.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Polish Revolution

1830 - 1831

Nationalists rise up against Nicholas I and defeated him.

Theme: Government vs Public



A group of women who wanted domestic and military equality.

Theme: Women

Friedrich Nietzsche

1844 - 1900

German philosopher: believed nature of beyond reason.

Theme: Enlightenment

Millicent Fawcett

1847 - 1929

She led the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies, she liked non-violent protests.

Theme: Women

Austrian Revolution


Nationalism became very popular, but in the end was defeated.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Italian Unification

1848 - 1870

Giuseppe Mazzini and Giuseppe Garibaldi helped unify Italy into a singular country.

Theme: Government vs. Public

June Days


National workshops were abolished as a result of this revolt.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Rebellion in Italy


Liberals and Nationalists rebel several times in the Italian States.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Bohemian Revolution


Bohemia was defeated by Austria.

Theme: Government vs. Public

German Revolution


Liberal and Romantics, tired but failed to unify Germany.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Hungarian Revolution


Louis Kossuth was defeated after they demanded independence.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Voix des Femmes


Led by conservative women, this was a feminist newspaper.

Theme: Art and Literature

Emmeline Pankhurst

1858 - 1928

The radical leader of the Women's Social and Political Union.

Theme: Women

Marie Curie

1867 - 1934

Professor at the University of Paris. She founded many science institutes and was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize.

Theme: Women

Second Industrial Revolution

1867 - 1914

Mainly took place in Germany, and began mass production.

Theme: Enlightenment and Knowledge

German Unification


Otto von Bismarck helped lead the German states into one unified nation.

Theme: Government vs. Public

Married Women's Property Act


In Great Britain, this law gave women the right to have ownership in property.

Theme: Women

International Women's Suffrage Allience


Spread the word about the support of women's rights.

Themes: Women