Popes, Old Testament, Imams/Caliphs

Popes

Peter

30 AD - 67 AD

Roman Empire

Linus

67 AD - 76 AD

Roman Empire

Anacletus

79 AD - 92 AD

Roman Empire

Clement I

88 AD - 99 AD

Roman Empire

Evaristus

99 AD - 107 AD

Roman Empire

Alexander I

107 - 115

Roman Empire

Sixtus I

115 - 124

Roman Empire

Telesphorus

126 - 137

Roman Empire

Hyginus

136 - 142

Roman Empire

Pius I

140 - 155

Roman Empire

Anicetus

157 - 168

Roman Empire

Soter

167 - 174

Roman Empire

Eleuterus

174 - 189

Roman Empire

Victor I

189 - 199

Roman Empire

Zephyrinus

199 - 217

Roman Empire

Callixtus I

218 - 222

Roman Empire

Urban I

222 - 230

Roman Empire

Pontian

230 - 235

Roman Empire

Anterus

235 - 236

Roman Empire

Fabian

236 - 250

Roman Empire

Cornealius

251 - 253

Roman Empire

Lucius I

253 - 254

Roman Empire

Stephen I

254 - 257

Roman Empire

Sixtus II

257 - 258

Roman Empire

Diionysius

259 - 268

Roman Empire

Felix I

269 - 274

Roman Empire

Eutychian

275 - 283

Roman Empire

Caius

283 - 296

Roman Empire

Marcellinus

296 - 304

Roman Empire

Marcellus I

308 - 309

Roman Empire

Eusebius

309 - 310

Roman Empire

Mitiades

311 - 314

Roman Empire/Under Constantine

Sylvester I

314 - 335

Roman Empire/Under Constantine

Mark

336 - 337

Roman Empire/Under Constantine

Damasus I

336 - 384

Roman Empire

Julius I

337 - 352

Roman Empire

Liberius

352 - 366

Roman Empire

Siricius

384 - 399

Roman Empire

Anastasius I

399 - 401

Roman Empire

Innocent I

401 - 417

Roman Empire

Zosimus

417 - 418

Roman Empire

Boniface I

418 - 422

Roman Empire

Celestine I

422 - 432

Roman Empire

Sixtus III

432 - 440

Roman Empire

Leo I

440 - 461

Roman Empire

Hilarius

461 - 468

Roman Empire

Simplicius

468 - 483

Roman Empire

Felix III

483 - 492

Roman Empire

Gelasius I

492 - 496

Ostrogothic

Anastasius II

496 - 498

Ostrogothic

Symmachus

498 - 514

Ostrogothic

Hormisdas

514 - 523

Ostrogothic

John I

523 - 526

Ostrogothic

Felix IV

526 - 530

Ostrogothic

Boniface II

530 - 532

Ostrogothic

John II

533 - 535

Ostrogothic

Agapetus I

535 - 536

Ostrogothic

Silverius

536 - 537

Ostrogothic

Vigilius

537 - 555

Byzantine

Pelagius I

556 - 561

Byzantine

John III

561 - 574

Byzantine

Benedict I

575 - 579

Byzantine

Pelagius II

579 - 590

Byzantine

Gregory I

590 - 604

Byzantine

Sabinian

604 - 606

Byzantine

Boniface III

607 - 608

Byzantine

Boniface IV

608 - 615

Byzantine

Adeodatus I

615 - 618

Byzantine

Boniface V

619 - 625

Byzantine

Honorius I

625 - 638

Byzantine

Severinus

640

Byzantine

John IV

640 - 642

Byzantine

Theodore I

642 - 649

Byzantine

Martin I

649 - 655

Byzantine

Eugene I

654 - 657

Byzantine

Vitalian

657 - 672

Byzantine

Adeodatus II

672 - 676

Byzantine

Donus

676 - 678

Byzantine

Agatho

678 - 681

Byzantine

Leo II

682 - 683

Byzantine

Benedict II

684 - 685

Byzantine

John V

685 - 686

Byzantine

Conon

686 - 687

Byzantine

Sergius I

687 - 701

Byzantine

John VI

701 - 705

Byzantine

John VII

705 - 707

Byzantine

Sisinnius

708

Byzantine

Constantine

708 - 715

Byzantine

Gregory II

715 - 731

Byzantine

Gregory III

731 - 741

Byzantine

Zachary

741 - 752

Byzantine

Stephen II

752 - 757

Byzantine

Paul I

757 - 767

Stephen III

768 - 772

Adrian I

772 - 795

Frankish

Leo III

795 - 816

Frankish

Stephen IV

816 - 817

Frankish

Paschal I

817 - 824

Frankish

Eugene II

824 - 827

Frankish

Valentine

827

Frankish

Gregory IV

827 - 844

Frankish

Sergius II

844 - 847

Frankish

Leo IV

847 - 855

Frankish

Benedict III

855 - 858

Frankish

Nicholas I

858 - 867

Frankish

Adrian II

867 - 872

Frankish

John VIII

872 - 882

Marinus I

882 - 884

Adrian III

884 - 885

Stephen V

885 - 891

Formosus

891 - 896

Boniface VI

896

Stephen VI

896 - 897

Romanus

897

Theodore II

897

John IX

898 - 900

Benedict IV

900 - 903

Leo V

903 - 904

Sergius III

904 - 911

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

Amastasius III

911 - 913

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

Lando

913 - 914

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

John X

914 - 928

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

Leo VI

928 - 989

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

Stephen VII

929 - 931

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

John XI

931 - 935

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

Leo VII

936 - 939

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

Stephen VIII

939 - 942

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

Marinus II

942 - 946

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

Agapetus II

946 - 955

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

John XII

955 - 964

Saeculum Obscurum (The Dark Age)

Benedict V

964

Leo VIII

964 - 965

John XIII

965 - 972

Benedict VI

973 - 974

Benedict VII

974 - 983

Crescentii

John XIV

983 - 984

Crescentii

John XV

985 - 996

Crescentii

Gregory V

996 - 999

Crescentii

Sylvester II

999 - 1003

Crescentii

John XVII

1003 - 1004

Crescentii

John XVIII

1004 - 1009

Crescentii

Sergius IV

1009 - 1012

Crescentii

Benedict VIII

1012 - 1024

Tusculan

John XIX

1024 - 1032

Tusculan

Benedict IX

1032 - 1044

Tusculan

Sylvester III

1045

Tusculan

Benedict IX

1045 - 1046

Tusculan

Clement II

1046 - 1047

Tusculan

Benedict IX

1047 - 1048

Tusculan

Damasus II

1048 - 1049

Investiture Controversy

Leo IX

1049 - 1054

Investiture Controversy

Victor II

1055 - 1057

Investiture Controversy

Stephen IX

1057 - 1058

Investiture Controversy

Nicholas II

1059 - 1061

Investiture Controversy

Alexander II

1061 - 1073

Investiture Controversy

Gregory VII

1073 - 1085

Investiture Controversy

Victor III

1086 - 1087

Investiture Controversy

Urban II

1088 - 1099

Investiture Controversy

Paschal II

1099 - 1118

Investiture Controversy

Gelasius II

1118 - 1119

Investiture Controversy

Callixtus II

1119 - 1124

Investiture Controversy

Honorius II

1124 - 1130

Investiture Controversy

Innocent II

1130 - 1143

Investiture Controversy

Celestine II

1143 - 1144

Investiture Controversy

Lucius II

1144 - 1145

Investiture Controversy

Eugene III

1145 - 1153

Investiture Controversy

Anastasius IV

1153 - 1154

Investiture Controversy

Adrian IV

1154 - 1159

Investiture Controversy

Alexander III

1159 - 1181

Investiture Controversy

Lucius III

1181 - 1185

Investiture Controversy

Urban III

1185 - 1187

Investiture Controversy

Gregory VIII

1187

Investiture Controversy

Clement III

1187 - 1191

Investiture Controversy

Celestine III

1191 - 1198

Investiture Controversy

Innocent III

1198 - 1216

Investiture Controversy

Honorius III

1216 - 1227

Investiture Controversy/Perugia

Gregory IX

1227 - 1241

Investiture Controversy

Celestine IV

1241 - 1243

Investiture Controversy

Innocent IV

1243 - 1254

Investiture Controversy

Alexander IV

1254 - 1261

Viterbo

Urban IV

1261 - 1264

Viterbo/Orvieto

Clement IV

1265 - 1268

Viterbo/Perugia

Gregory X

1271 - 1276

Viterbo/Orvieto

Innocent V

1276

Viterbo

Adrian V

1276

Viterbo

John XXI

1276 - 1277

Viterbo

Nicholas III

1277 - 1280

Viterbo

Martin IV

1281 - 1285

Viterbo/Orvieto

Honorius IV

1285 - 1287

Perugia

Nicholas IV

1288 - 1292

Orvieto

Celestine V

1294

Perugia

Boniface VIII

1294 - 1303

Orvieto

Benedict XI

1303 - 1304

Clement V

1305 - 1314

Avignon/Perugia

John XXII

1316 - 1334

Avignon

Benedict XII

1334 - 1342

Avignon

Clement VI

1342 - 1352

Avignon

Innocent VI

1352 - 1362

Avignon

Urban V

1362 - 1370

Avignon

Gregory XI

1370 - 1378

Avignon

Urban VI

1378 - 1389

Papal Schism/Roman

Clement VII

1378 - 1394

Papal Schism/Avignon

Boniface IX

1389 - 1404

Papal Schism/Roman

Benedict XIII

1394

Papal Schism/Avignon

Innocent VII

1404 - 1406

Papal Schism/Roman

Gregory XII

1406 - 1415

Papal Schism/Roman

Alexander V

1409 - 1410

Papal Schism/Pisan

John XXIII

1410 - 1415

Papal Schism/Pisan

Martin V

1417

Renaissance

Clement VIII

1423 - 1429

Papal Schism/Avignon

Eugene IV

1431 - 1447

Renaissance

Nicholas V

1447 - 1455

Renaissance

Callixtus III

1455 - 1458

Renaissance

Pius II

1458 - 1464

Renaissance

Paul II

1464 - 1471

Renaissance

Sixtus IV

1471 - 1484

Renaissance

Innocent VIII

1484 - 1492

Renaissance

Alexander VI

1492 - 1503

Renaissance

Pius III

1503

Renaissance

Julius II

1503 - 1513

Renaissance

Leo X

1513 - 1521

Renaissance/Reformation

Adrian VI

1522 - 1523

Renaissance/Reformation

Clement VII

1523 - 1534

Renaissance/Reformation

Paul III

1534 - 1549

Renaissance/Reformation

Julius III

1550 - 1555

Reformation

Marcellus II

1555

Reformation

Paul IV

1555 - 1559

Reformation

Pius IV

1559 - 1565

Reformation

Pius V

1566 - 1572

Reformation

Gregory XIII

1572 - 1585

Reformation

Sixtus V

1585 - 1590

Baroque

Urban VII

1590

Baroque

Gregory XIV

1590 - 1591

Baroque

Innocent IX

1591

Baroque

Clement VIII

1592 - 1605

Baroque

Leo XI

1605

Baroque

Paul V

1605 - 1621

Baroque

Gregory XV

1621 - 1623

Baroque

Urban VIII

1623 - 1644

Baroque

Innocent X

1644 - 1655

Baroque

Alexander VII

1655 - 1667

Baroque

Clement IX

1667 - 1669

Baroque

Clement X

1670 - 1676

Baroque

Innocent XI

1676 - 1689

Baroque

Alexander VIII

1689 - 1691

Innocent XII

1691 - 1700

Clement XI

1700 - 1721

Innocent XIII

1721 - 1724

Benedict XIII

1724 - 1730

Clement XII

1730 - 1740

Benedict XIV

1740 - 1758

Clement XIII

1758 - 1769

Clement XIV

1769 - 1774

Pius VI

1775 - 1799

Revolutionary

Pius VII

1800 - 1823

Revolutionary

Leo XII

1823 - 1829

Revolutionary

Pius VIII

1829 - 1830

Revolutionary

Gregory XVI

1831 - 1846

Revolutionary

Pius IX

1846 - 1878

Revolutionary/Roman Question

Leo XIII

1878 - 1903

Roman Question

Pius X

1903 - 1914

Roman Question

Benedict XV

1915 - 1922

Roman Question

Pius XI

1922 - 1939

Roman Question/Vatican City

Pius XII

1939 - 1958

Vatican City/World War II

John XXIII

1958 - 1963

Vatican City

Paul VI

1963 - 1978

Vatican City

John Paul I

1978

Vatican City

John Paul II

1978 - 2005

Vatican City

Benedict XVI

2005 - 2013

Vatican City/21st Century

Francis

2013 - 2016

Vatican City/21st Century