Europe Part 5 (Copy)


Est. of Spanish Inquisition


by Ferdinand and Isabela

King Henry VIII's Reign

1509 - 1547

couldn't get permission from Pope to divorce his wife, left Roman and English churches and took wealth

95 Theses


published by Martin Luther, denounced indulgences, spread because of printing press

Reign of Charles V

1519 - 1556

tried to get Martin Luther to recant, inherited Habsburgs' Austrian land, duchy of Burgundy, and Spain

Martin Luther excommunicated


by Pope Leo X

Institutions of the Christian Religion


published by John Calvin, French Lawyer, who went to Switzerland and converted to Protestantism

Society of Jesus formed


by St. Ignatius Loyala, wanted to spread the reformed Roman Catholicism

Copernicus publishes treatise


On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres, broke from Ptolemaic model
said Earth revolved around sun, Renaissance

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

group of church officials who met to reform Catholicism, inspired by St. Thomas Aquinas

Reign of Philip II

1556 - 1598

inherited Spain from his dad, Charles V
tried to suppress Calvinism in Netherlands, failed

Philip II makes Madrid capital



1564 - 1642

showed heavens weren't perfect, broke from Ptolemy and Aristotle


1571 - 1630

planets are eliptical

United Provinces formed


from Dutch provinces against Spanish

Phillip II v Elizabeth


sent Spanish Armada, England sent burning ships into their fleet

Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

mainly took place in Germany, religious war

John Locke

1632 - 1704

published An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690)
tried to understand natural law
thought people were the product of their environment


1642 - 1727

Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (1687)
astronomy, laws of gravity

Louis XIV reign

1643 - 1715

The Sun King, had palace at Versailles where he entertained nobles so that he could rule in peace, was an absolute monarch
"l'etat, c'est moi"

Europe (Worldwide)

Ceuta, Spain conquered


by Henry the Navigator

Columbus goes to "India"


landed in Guanahani/San Salvador, native Tainos

Vasco De Gama's 1st trip to India

1497 - 1499

landed in Calicut, first European to go to India by sea


1519 - 1522

Ferdinand Magellan

Conquest of the Philippines

1565 - 1575

under Miguel Lopez de Legazpi

English East India Co. est.


VOC est.


Batavia est. on Java


Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

took place in Europe, India, the Caribbean, and North America
British and Prussia vs France, Austria, and Russia
coincided with French and Indian War

James Cook in the Pacific

1768 - 1780