islam and europe

Islam

prophet muhammad was born

570 AD

Muhammad start journey

622 AD

Prophet Muhammad and his followers start their journey from Mecca to Medina

Muhammad returns to Mecca

630 AD

Muhammad returns to Mecca

Muhammad the prophet dies

631 AD

the arab conquests

634 - 751 AD

Foundation of Baghdad

762 AD

Decline of Abbasids

861 AD

Shi’ite Buyid dynasty occupies Baghdad

945 AD

Muslims destroy the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

1009 AD

Muslims destroy the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Fragmentation of Muslim

1031 AD

Fragmentation of Muslim Spain, beginning of Christian Reconquista

Selchuqid Turks occupy Baghdad

1055 AD

Battle of Manzikert

1071 AD

Europe

Gregory the Great becomes the pope

590 AD

Beginning of the conversions of the Anglo-Saxons

597 AD

Battle of Tours

732 AD

Leo III withdraws Byzantine provinces

733 AD

Leo III withdraws Byzantine provinces of southern Italy from papal jurisdiction.

Charlemagne

782 AD

Charlemagne summons the monk/scholar Saint Alcuin from York to head the palace school of Aachen, leading to a revival of learning in Europe.

Charlemagne crowned emperor by pope leo III

800 AD

Louis the Pious

814 - 840

Louis the Pious (Charlemagne's son) becomes Holy Roman Emperor and king of the Franks. He rules until 840.

Alfred the Great

871 - 899 AD

Magyar raids in Europe

896 - 955 AD

Pope John XII crowns Otto as Holy Roman Emperor.

962 AD

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV takes the throne as an adult.

1065 AD - 1106 AD

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV takes the throne as an adult. Henry IV's mother Agnes steps down. Henry rules the Empire until 1106.

Henry IV submits to Gregory VII

1077 AD