Civil Rights Timeline

Events

Missouri v. ex. rel. Gaines

1939

required the University of Missouri Law School either to admit AA or build another fully equal law school

Executive Order 8802

1941

President Roosevelt forbids racial discrimination in defense industries and government

Presidents Committee on Civil Rights

1946

Est. by Truman

Morgan v. Virginia

1946

US supreme Court rules that segregation on interstate buses is unconstitutional

Morgan v. Virginia

1946

Ruled that segregation on interstate buses violated federal law and created an "undue burden" on interstate commerce

Jakie Robinson first AA on major league baseball team

1947

Sweatt v. Painter

1950

Ruled that an inferior law school was created by the University of Texas to serve AA's violated their right to equal protection and ordered Herman Sweatt to be admitted to Uni. of Texas Law School

McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents

1950

Ruled that forcing AA student to sit, eat and study in segregated facilities was unconstitutional because it created a "badge of inferiority"

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka I

1954

Declared "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal" thus overturning Plessy v. Furgeson (1896) and the "seperate but equal" doctine as it applied to public schools

Supreme Court orders school desegregation

1955

"must proceed with all deliberate speed"

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 20, 1956

Ends in victory as the Supreme court affirms a district court ruling that segregation on buses is unconstitutional

Eisenhower sends troops to protect AA children in integrating school

1957

High School in Little Rock, Arkansas

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka II

1957

Ordered school desegregation to begin with "all deliberate speed" but offered no timetable

SCLC is founded

1957

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

Civil Rights Act of 1957

1957

Created Civil Rights Division within the Justice Department

Sit-in movement begins

1960

Four college students sit at a lunch counter in Greensboro, NC and ask to be served

SNCC is founded

1960

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

Freedom Rides begin

1961

University of Mississippi integrated

1962

by James Meredith

Albany Movement fails

1962

Fails to end segregation in Albany, Georgia

SCLC campaigns to desegregate Birmingham

1963

March on Washington/I Have a Dream

1963

MLK Jr. gives speech

Medgar Evers Assassinated

June 12, 1963

Leader of the Mississippi NAACP

JFK Civil Rights Speech

June 12, 1963

JFK Killed

November 11, 1963

3 Civil Rights workers buried in Philadelphia Mississippi

1964

Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman are found buried

Mississippi Freedom Summer

1964

Project brings students to mississippi to teach and register voters

MFDP is denied seats

1964

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party is denied seats at the 1964 Democratic Presidential Convention

Civil Rights Act of 1964

1964

Signed by President Johnson. Prohibited discrimination in employment and most places of public accommodation on basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin; outlawed bias in federally assisted programs; created Equal Employment Oppertunity Commission

Immigration and Nationality Act

1965

Voting Rights Act of 1965

1965

Authorized federal supervision of voter registration in states and counties where fewer than half of voting age residents were registered; outlawed literacy and other discriminatory tests in voter registration

SCLC and SNCC begin voter registration campaign

1965

Selma, Alabama

Malcolm X Assassination

February 21, 1965

March from Selma to Montgomery

March 25, 1965

Watts Riots

August 11, 1965

MLK Assassinated

April 4, 1968

RFK Assassinated

June 6, 1968