In the 1980s, a body was found in a peat bog. The archaeologists, who studied the body, could tell that it was a sacrifice, but for what we do not know. The man who was killed was about 25 years old and was in good fiscal condition.
The Byzantium empirer, lost most of their provinces, but only for a century. In 555 AD the new Byzantine armies had ruthlessly conquered some of them back.
King Clovis (time as king 466-511), was the first person to unite all of the Frankish people.
Today people think that "The Dark Ages" where a time in history that was awful, some times it was but other not as much. The Middle ages (Dark ages) where vital groundwork for the modern time period. Historians separate the Middle ages into three sections, early middle ages (5- 1000), the high middle ages (1000-1300), and finally the late middle ages (1300-15th century)
The firsts double monasteries would have been from 5th century - 6th century. Double monasteries are where Monks and Nuns live and work in the same buildings, but lived in separate quarters.
Manuscripts were written in a scriptorium (a place for writing), and was also the place that the books were illuminated (panted).
Medieval manuscripts were youly holy books. These books are extremely beautiful! These books took a very long time to make, and sadly a good bit of these holy texts are destroyed.
The only medieval houses that survive to this day, are rich peoples house's because they where made out of sturdier materials. The rich peoples houses where made out of stones, but they could also be made out of brick but it was very expensive so it was a combination of wood and bricks. Pesants houses where made out of basically anything that they could find, but mainly sticks, straw, and mud. these also people lived with there animals and other live stock.
The Catholic Church, was the only church in the middle ages.
Stowa is a Anglo-Saxon community. This community did not need any help from the outside world. These people believed in the old Norse goods, and had never heard of christianity. Each family lived in the community but families had little groups (like little villages).
The Anglo-Saxon's art changed many times. The first type was blocky and jagged, the second type is much more fluid and beautiful.
In the 5th century C.E., the Saxons left their homeland of north europe and whent to find a new home. They settled in Britain, the native britons tried to fight. The Saxons finley won, and, they ruled for over 500 years.
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial, is from the 6th and early 7th century. The ship was found in a farm in 1939. It had a very rich man inside with many artifacts, but sadly the man's bones have dissolved and other artifacts have rotted away.
Bead was a monk, he was a very smart man. He loved books and he wrote some history books. Bede lived in a double monastery, he come to the monastery when he was 7 years old.
The life of a peasant farmer was very hard, and almost all of the people had been a farmer at one point in their life, and the majority of people were farmers. These people had a very simple life. They had almost no live stock, and lots of crops.
Ethelbert wrote his law-code which has 90 laws, and is the oldest document in english.
Ramadan is the ninth month in the year, but they have a lunar calendar which only has 354 days a year. During the month of Ramadan you are forbidden to eat or drink when the sun is up, the only exception is if you are sick, old, very young, or if you are pregnant. The family gets up before dawn and eats a special meal together called the Suhoor. When the sun has set the family eats a meal called Iftar. during this time the people give lots of things to charities. At the end of Ramadan they have a festival that lasts for three days it is called the Eid Ul-Fitr
The five pillars of Islam are:
Shahada: resisting the profession of faith
Salat: ritual prayers five times a day
Zakat: paying alms
Sawm: fasting in the month of Ramadan
Hajj: traveling to Mecca
29 Feb- 6 Mar
Alcuin of York (735-804) was a femis scholar, which was recognized by King Charlemagne (768-814). King Charlemagne needed help reforming his church, so he put Alcuin on the rule cort and became one of the King's chef advisers. He was made head of the school at Aachen, and in 696 he become the Abbot at St. Martan's monastery .
After the Vikings had conquered a land that they wanted to settle other people from Scandinavia would come jone them. They lived in tents for a few months before they got their houses built and ready to like in. These people had many occupations but the most common one was to be a farmer.
Facts About The Vikings:
They did not have horns on their helmets
They were from Scandinavia (Sweden, Norway, and Denmark)
They were also known as the Northmen or Norsemen
They attacked mostly monasteries
800-1100 was sometimes known as the Viking age
They were intelligent and had very good technology
The Vikings found Canada 500 years before Christopher Columbus
Women had most of the same rights as men
King Cloves the 1st was famous for his combat. He conquered most of the frankish land, many little kingdoms, defeated the Visigoths, and most of what is now France. The capital of his kingdom was Paris. In 406 he converted to christianity mainly because of his wife, Clotilde, because of this, his kingdom became a catholic state. After he died his land was split up into four pieces, one for each of his sons to control. Which did not work out very well!
Facts about the Franks:
Were a germanic tribe
Lived in what in now France
They were thought to be war like and pirestes by the people who were living there at the time
Were allied with Rome
Charles Martel or Charles the Hammer, formed an alliance with the church which helped christianity expand into Germany. The battle of Poitiers in the south of France, Charles Martel's victory stopped the expansion of Islam.
The Vikings raided and then settled northern England and France.
It was very hard to be a Norman in those times. So I am glad that I did not live back then.
The battle of Hastings was England vs. the Normans. the fighting began at about 9:00 AM. After Herld King of England was shot in the eye with an arrow. the normans had won... at last.
The bayeux tapestry, shows the battle of hastings and many other things that happened before and after the battle.
At first it was very easy to get to the Holy Lands, but as time went on it got harder and harder. The pilgrims who traveled to the Holy Land went to chapels and other places holy relics were being shown. It was customary for the pilgrims to bringing gifts of great value to shrines they were going to.
The Crusades where very long! The only reason they happened was that the Pope did not want the knights to fight each other any more, so he made them go off and fight a war against the Muslims, so they could get the Holy Land back.
The weapons of the crusades were very painful. The islamic people could inflict more pain than the english.
I think that this description from the British Library describes King John better than I ever could.
"When Magna Carta was created, England had endured 16 years of John’s kingship – a rule based largely on extortion, legal chicanery, blackmail and violence."
Robin Hood was first mentioned in medieval ballads. Many outlaws were nicknamed Robin Hood, 1200 to late 1300 there were 8 different "Robin Hoods." We will never know if the real Robin Hood ever existed.
The Magna Carta (MC), puts limits on Kings and Queens, and makes them obey the law. The MC was signed by King John in 1215. As the MC was updated, the common people were addressed more in it.
The most popular law in the Magna Carta (MC), is that no man shall be imprisoned without the judgment of their equals and by the law of the land.
The Silk Road, carried many rare and valuable things. The Silk Road was very important because it carried ideas and goods from places that were across the content.
The plauege had been in asha but then it went to africa and europe. Most strains of the plague died out, but the mongols still had it. when the mongols started attacking the mediterranean the disease came with them.
Before the plague started there was not enough food to go around. Because there was not enough food poorer people's immune systems were not working very well, so they were more likely to get the plage.
Modern doctors, think that "The Black Death" was bubonic plague, but other people think that it was a combination of viruses that may include the bubonic plague.
The French and English armies both thought that they would win this battle. They thought that they would win because they thought that had better weapons than the other army. The French ended up losing : ( because they were using crossbows which came just too short to hit the English.
King Henry the fifth was a very different in real life then he was in Shakespeare's plays.
In 1452 the last war took place at Bordeaux.
When the Louvre was building its new pyramid entrance, they had to dig. Underneath the sidewalk there was an ancient dungeon and a disused well filled with junk. Inside the well there was a golden helmet that was broken up into 155 pieces. After the helmet was put back together it had a floda lee and the words "For the good," those words were the saying of Charles the mad. It is believed that Charles himself brock this helmet and then put it in the well.
the war of Chloggia was the last of the Genoese wars which were against Venus.
The battle of Kosovo Polji was fought by the Sultan Murad and Serbian Prince Lazar.
The Ottoman Army was very organized. They got their soldiers by kidnapping small christian boys and basically turning them into slaves. Years after firearms were invented the Ottoman army still used bows and arrows.
Margaret was described as:
She was described as beautiful, and furthermore 'already a woman: passionate and proud and strong-willed'.
Source: Philippa Gregory
King Richard the III, died at the age of 32 and was buried in the choir of a church, that was latter found in a parking lot.
The first battle in the War of the Roses was fought in 1455, with the Yorkists winning. The last battle was won by King Henry VII who was a tudor.
William Shakespeare wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets. He got married in 1582 at 16, and then moved to england, after he this little is know about him until 1595 and was very popular. H is most known for his tragedies, like hamlet. William Shakespeare died in 1616 at the age of 52.
The Gutenberg Bible was the first big book that was printed with moveable metal type.
Martin Luther believed in:
The Priesthood of all believers
Elizabeth I, was the daughter of King Henry VIII. She had many other sisters so she was not guaranteed the throne. Many people did not want her to be Queen, because she was protestant. After she did become Queen, she was very popular. She was known as the Virgin Queen, Gloriana, and Good Queen Bess. People refer to her time as queen as the golden age.
Christopher Columbus was born in 1451, near Genoa. He started working at a very young age, as a sailer. Christopher and his brother, who was a mapmaker, decided that they would try to find a shorter way to Asia.
Leonardo da Vinci was an apprentice to a famous sculptor and painter, Verrocchio. In his latter life da Vinci became a very famous painter, sculptor, inventor...