This movement or period in the history of rhetoric was named the Second Sophistic by Philostratus in his book, Lives of the Sophists (c. 230 CE). Associated figures included Nicetas of Smyrna, Aelius Aristides of Smyrna, Dio Chrysostom, Herodes Atticus of Smyrna, Philostratus, Lucian, and Polemon of Laodicea. The movement's emphases initially developed from the influence of the so-called Asianist teachers of rhetoric hailing from Greece, Turkey, and the eastern Mediterranean, though by Philostratus’s time the emphasis was more on the so-called Atticist figures, which he argues is exemplified by Aelius Aristides. Figures of the Second Sophistic expressed great interest in etymologies, grammar, stylistic abundance and were also characterized by a fascination with ancient Greek culture. In general, their focus was more literary than political (students were encouraged to study literature). Additionally, there was strong pedagogical emphasis on the creation and performance of declamations, highly stylized ceremonial speeches delivered as private entertainment in which the orator portrays a participant in a fantastic historical event (a “suasoria”) or a complicated crime (a “controversia”) or extravagantly praises someone or something. The subject matter of such speeches tended to reinforce traditional values, and much stylistic embellishment was considered to be the mark of a good declamation.