The Roman Empire


Rome is founded

753 BCE

According to legend, Romulus and Remus finds the city of Rome.

Rome under Etruscan dominance

616 BCE - 510 BCE

Roman Republic is established

509 BCE - 27 BCE

The Roman Republic continues until 27 BCE.

Law of the Twelve Tables built

450 BCE

Due to the struggle between the patricians and plebeians, a code of law called the Law of the Twelve tables were built.

First Samnite War

343 BC - 341 BC

The Samnite Wars were fought between the Roman Republic and the Samnites.

Second Samnite War

326 BCE - 304 BCE

Third Samnite War

298 BC - 290 BC

The Romans mop up last pockets of Samnite resistance, ending the war.

Romans control all of Italy.

270 BC

First punic war between Rome and Carthage

264 BCE

The first punic war gives Rome control of Sicily.

Hannibal invades Italy

218 BCE

Hannibal, a Carthaginian commander invades Italy, and prepares to control northern Italy.

Hannibal retreats and is recalled to Carthage

203 BC

After nearly 15 years of fighting, Hannibal was recalled to Carthage.

Romans control all Greek city states

146 BCE

The Romans defeat the Carthage and gain control of the Mediterranean.

Julius Caesar takes control of the Roman government

60 BCE

Julius Caesar assassinated

44 BCE

Pax Romana

27 BCE - 180 CE

The Pax Romana, or "Roman Peace" is the period of law and stability.

Caesar Augustus takes over as emperor

27 BCE

Caesar Augustus (Octavian) becomes first Roman Emperor and rules
until 14 CE.

Fire destroys much of Rome - Christians blamed

64 CE

Fire destroys much of Rome and Nero accuses Christians of starting the fire.

Colosseum is built

80 CE

Reign of the Five good emperors

96 CE - 180 CE

Pantheon is built

118 CE - 126 CE

Free men declared citizens

212 CE

All free men living in the Roman Empire is declared citizens.

Emperor Constantine makes Christianity legal

313 CE

Gauls attack Rome

390 CE

Roman Empire officially split

395 CE

The Roman Empire is officially split into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern or Byzantine Roman Empire.

Visigoths sacks Rome

410 CE

King Alaric I of the Visigoths sacks Rome, marking a decisive event in the decline of the Roman Empire.

End of the Western Roman Empire - Byzantine Empire continues

476 CE

Roman Emperor Romulus Augustus is defeated by the German Goth Odoacer, defeating Rome and the Western Roman Empire ends.

The Byzantine Empire continues and ends in 1453 CE, marking the end of the Roman Empire.