Ancient Rome


600 BC Etruscans take control of Rome

Founding of Rome by Romulus.

753 BC

The last Etruscan king is driven out of Rome. Rome becomes a republic

510 BC - 509 BC

Monarchy ended

509 BC

The list of laws known as the Twelve Tablets is published

450 BC

Rome is attacked by an army of Gauls, and most of its buildings are destroyed

390 BC

The first Plebeian consul is elected

366 BC

Rome defeats the Latin League and takes control of Latium

338 BC

A law passed stating that all decisions of the Plebeian Council must become law

287 BC

The Pyrrhic Wars, between the Romans and Pyrrhus, king of Epirus in Greece

280 BC - 275 BC

The Romans dominate all of Italy

264 BC

The first Punic War between Rome and Carthage

264 BC - 241 BC

The second Punic War

218 BC - 201 BC

The Romans are defeated by the Carthaginians at the Battle of Cannae

216 BC

The first Macedonian War between the Macedonians and the Romans

215 BC - 205 BC

The Roman general Scipio defeats Hannibal at Zama

202 BC

The second Macedonian War. Philip V is defeated by the Romans and gives up control of Greece

200 BC - 197 BC

The third Punic War, which ends with the complete destruction of Carthage

149 BC - 146 BC

Rome controls all of Greece

146 BC

The Social War between Rome and the rest of Italy. All Italians are given Roman citizenship

91 BC - 88 BC

The gladiator Spartacus leads a revolts of 90,000 slaves

73 BC - 71 BC

Julius Caesar forms an alliance with Pompey and Crassus

60 BC

Caesar is consul

59 BC

Caesar conquers Gaul

58 BC - 51 BC

Caesar becomes leader of the Roman world

45 BC

Caesar is killed by a group of senators, led by Brutus and Cassius

44 BC

Mark Antony and Octavian agree to divide up the Empire. Antony takes the east and Octavian rules the west

42 BC

Egypt becomes a Roman province

30 BC

Octavian becomes the first Roman emperor, and is given the name Augustus

27 BC

Jesus is born in Bethlehem, in Judea

5 BC

The Great Fire of Rome. Nero blames Christians for the fire, and starts persecuting them

64 AD

The people of Judea rebel against Roman rule

66 AD - 73 AD

The Colosseum in Rome - one of the Empire's largest arenas - is opened. Completed by Emperor Titus. Mount Vesuvius erupts, destroying the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum on the west coast of Italy

79 AD

The Empire reaches the largest extent, after Trajan's conquests of Dacia and Parthia

117 AD

The Romans put down a revolt in Judea. The Jewish nation comes to an end, and Jews spread out around Europe(Diaspora)

132 Ad - 135 AD

The Anarchy - short reigns of many emperors. Barbarians attack from the north and east. Plagues and famine sweep Europe

235 AD - 284 AD

The Romans are defeated by the Persians, and the Emperor Valerian is taken prisoner

260 AD

Diocletian splits the Empire into East and West

284 AD

Diocletian begins his campaign to persecute Christians

303 AD

Constantine issues the Edict of Milan, allowing Christians to worship freely

313 AD

Constantine moves the Empire's capitol to Byzantium, which is renamed Constantinople

330 AD

Christianity becomes the official state religion

394 AD

Theodius reunites the Empire

394 - 395

Vandals invade Italy from Africa, and destroy Rome

455 AD

Fall of Roman Empire. Last Roman Emperor in the west, Romulus Augustulus, is defeated by Odacer, a barbarian general. Byzantine empire in the East continues.

476 AD