20th Century

Events

Great Migration

1905 - 1930

New York Shirtwaist Strike

November 22, 1909

Red Scare

1919 - 1920

Palmer Raids

1919 - 1920

Red Summer

May 10, 1919 - October 3, 1919

Fordney-McCumber Tarrif

September 21, 1922

The Great Gatsby

1924

Lindbergh's Transatlantic Flight

May 21, 1927

Hoover Dam constructed

1935

First Levittown

1946

Berlin Wall erected

1961

Woodstock

August 15, 1969

United States recognition for People's Republic of China

January 1, 1979

Fall of the Berlin Wall

November 9, 1989

Collapse of the Soviet Union

December 25, 1991

Presidents

William McKinley

March 4, 1897 - March 4, 1902

William McKinely assassination

September 6, 1901

William McKinley dies

September 14, 1901

Theodore Rossevelt

March 4, 1902 - March 4, 1909

William Howard Taft

March 4, 1909 - March 4, 1913

Woodrow Wilson

March 4, 1913 - March 4, 1921

Warren G. Harding

March 4, 1921 - August 2, 1923

Calvin Coolidge

August 2, 1923 - March 4, 1929

Warren G. Harding dies

August 2, 1923

Herbert Hoover

March 4, 1929 - January 20, 1933

Franklin D. Roosevelt

January 20, 1933 - April 12, 1945

New Deal introduced

March 4, 1933

First Fireside Chat

March 12, 1933

Roosevelt Recession

1937

Executive Order # 9066

February 19, 1942

Harry S. Truman

January 20, 1945 - April 12, 1953

Franklin Roosevelt dies

April 12, 1945

Truman Doctrine

March 12, 1947

To Secure These Rights

October 29, 1947

Fair Deal

January 5, 1949

Dwight D. Eisenhower

January 20, 1953 - January 20, 1961

Eisenhower Doctrine

March 9, 1957

John F. Kennedy

January 20, 1961 - November 22, 1963

Lyndon B. Johnson

November 22, 1963 - January 20, 1969

John F. Kennedy assassinated

November 22, 1963

Lyndon Johnson's "Great Society"

January 4, 1965

Senator Robert Kennedy assassinated

June 5, 1968

Richard Nixon

January 20, 1969 - August 9, 1974

Nixon Doctrine

July 25, 1969

SALT I Treaty

May 26, 1972

Watergate Break-in

June 17, 1972

Watergate Hearings

May 17, 1973

Gerald Ford

August 9, 1974 - January 20, 1977

Resignation of Richard Nixon

August 9, 1974

Brezhnev-Ford Summit

November 23, 1974

Jimmy Carter

January 20, 1977 - January 20, 1981

Panama Canal Treaties

September 7, 1977

SALT II Treaty

June 18, 1979

Ronald Reagan

January 20, 1981 - January 20, 1989

Strategic Defense Initiative

March 23, 1983

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

December 8, 1987

George Bush

January 20, 1989 - January 20, 1993

Bill Clinton

January 20, 1993 - January 20, 2001

North American Free Trade Agreement

December 8, 1993

Health Care Reform defeated

1994

Welfare Reform

August 22, 1996

President Clinton impeached

December 19, 1998

President Clinton acquitted

February 12, 1999

Military Conflicts

World War I

July 28, 1914 - November 11, 1918

US Declaration of neutrality

August 4, 1914

Sinking of the Lusitania

May 7, 1915

Zimmerman Telegram released

March 1, 1917

United States enters World War I

April 6, 1917

American troops enter France

June 26, 1917

United States declares war on Austria-Hungary

December 7, 1917

Battle of Cantigny

May 28, 1918

Battle of Belleau Wood

June 6, 1918

Battle of Chateau-Thierry

July 18, 1918

Saint-Mihiel offensive

September 12, 1918

Meuse-Argonne offensive

September 26, 1918

Armistice in Europe

November 11, 1918

Treaty of Versailles

June 28, 1919

Treaties with Central Powers

October 18, 1921

Nazi blitzkrieg in Europe

1939

World War II

September 1, 1939 - September 2, 1945

Pearl Harbor Attacked

December 7, 1941

United States enters World War II

December 8, 1941

Japanese American internment

1942

Battle of the Coral Sea

May 8, 1942

Battle of Midway

June 4, 1942

Soviet victory at Stalingrad

February 2, 1943

Tehran Conference

November 28, 1943

D-Day

June 6, 1944

Battle of Leyte Gulf

October 23, 1944

Battle of the Bulge

December 16, 1944

George Kennan's "Long Telegram"

February 22, 1946

Berlin Blockade

June 24, 1948

Berlin airlift

June 26, 1948

Communist revolution in China

October 1, 1949

NSC-68

April 14, 1950

Korean War

June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953

Hydrogen bomb test

November 1, 1952

Vietnam War

November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975

Nuclear test moratorium

October 31, 1958

Bay of Pigs

April 17, 1961 - April 19, 1961

Bay of Pigs invasion

April 17, 1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 16, 1962

Limited Test Ban Treaty

1963

Gulf of Tonkin

August 7, 1964

United States air strikes in Vietnam

February 24, 1965

American troops in Vietnam

March 8, 1965

Dominican Republic

April 24, 1965 - September 3, 1965

My Lai Massacre

March 16, 1968

Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated

April 4, 1968

Secret bombing of Cambodia

March 18, 1969

Invasion of Cambodia

April 30, 1970

Vietnam peace settlement

January 27, 1973

End of United States involvement in Vietnam

April 28, 1973

Iranian revolution and hostage crisis

November 4, 1979

Lebanon

1982 - 1984

Vietnam Veterans Memorial opened

November 13, 1982

Grenada

October 25, 1983

Panama

December 20, 1989 - January 31, 1990

Invasion of Panama

December 20, 1989

Gulf War

August 2, 1990 - February 28, 1991

Somalia

1992 - 1994

Bosnia

March 1, 1992 - December 14, 1995

Kosovo

1998 - June 11, 1999

Court Cases

Cherokee v. United States

January 16, 1906

Muller v. Oregon

February 24, 1908

Sacco and Vanzetti convicted

July 14, 1921

Scopes trial

July 10, 1925

Schechter Poultry Corporation v. the United States

May 27, 1935

Agricultural Adjustment Act ruled unconstitutional

January 6, 1936

House Un-American Activities Hollywood Investigation

1947

Army-McCarthy Hearings

1954

Brown v. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

Southern Manifesto

March 12, 1956

Brown v. Board reaffirmed

September 12, 1959

Miranda v. Arizona

June 13, 1966

Roe v. Wade

January 22, 1973

Iran-Contra hearings

1987

Movements/Demonstrations

First meeting of the Niagara Movement

July 11, 1905

The Mexican Revolution brings an influx of immigrants to the United States

1912

Suffrage Parade in New York

October 23, 1915

Rep. Jeannette Rankin becomes first woman elected to Congress

1917

Bonus Army marched on Washington

1932

Ford Hunger March

March 7, 1932

Federal Home Loan Bank Act

July 22, 1932

Jackie Robinson becomes first African American to play major league baseball

1947

Military desegregated

July 26, 1948

No lynches of African Americans, first year in 71 years as reported by the Tuskegee Institute

1952

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 6, 1955

Little Rock Nine integrate Central High

September 25, 1957

First Sit-Ins

February 1, 1960

Start of Freedom Rides

May 4, 1961

March on Washington

August 28, 1963

Report on the Status of Women

October 11, 1963

Freedom Summer

1964

Malcolm X assassinated

February 21, 1965

Selma Freedom March

March 7, 1965

Urban Riots

1967

Stonewall Riot

June 28, 1969

Days of Rage

October 8, 1969

Los Angeles riots

August 29, 1992

Publications/Film

The Jungle

1906

Pittsburgh Survey published

1907

The Sun Also Rises

1926

Grapes of Wrath

1939

Pentagon Papers published

June 13, 1971

Disasters

Hurricane Galveston, Texas

September 8, 1900

San Francisco Earthquake of 1906

April 18, 1906

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

March 25, 1911

Sinking of the Titanic

April 14, 1912

Influenza Epidemic

1918

Tri-State Tornado

March 18, 1925

Hurricane Lake Okeechobee, Flordia

September 16, 1928

Great Depression

September 4, 1929 - Approx. 1939

Wall Street Crash of 1929

October 29, 1929

Dust Bowl

Approx. 1931

Hindenburg Disaster

May 6, 1937

Kent State Massacre

May 4, 1970

Three Mile Island Disaster

March 28, 1979

Mt. St. Helens eruption

May 18, 1980

AIDS reported

June 5, 1981

Space shuttle Challenger disaster

January 28, 1986

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

March 24, 1989

World Trade Center bombing

February 26, 1993

Oklahoma City Bombing

April 19, 1995

Columbine shootings

April 20, 1999

Acts/Bills

Meat Inspection Act

June 30, 1906

Pure Food and Drug Act

June 30, 1906

Mann Act

June 25, 1910

Federal Reserve Act

December 23, 1913

Federal Trade Commission Act

September 26, 1914

Clayton Antitrust Act

October 15, 1914

Emergency Quota Act

May 19, 1921

Indian Citizenship Act

June 2, 1924

Emergency Banking Bill

March 9, 1933

Bank Act of 1933

June 16, 1933

National Industrial Recovery Act

June 16, 1933

Indian Reorganization Act

June 18, 1934

Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act

March 1, 1935

Wagner Act

July 5, 1935

Social Security Act

August 15, 1935

Fair Labor Standards Act

May 25, 1938

Neutrality Act of 1939

November 4, 1939

GI Bill

June 22, 1944

Marshall Plan

April 3, 1948

Internal Security Act of 1950

August 23, 1950

Twenty-second Amendment

February 27, 1951

Federal Highway Act

June 26, 1956

Civil Rights Act of 1957

September 9, 1957

Equal Pay Act

June 10, 1963

Civil Rights Act of 1964

July 2, 1964

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965

Immigration Act of 1965

October 3, 1965

Clean Air Act of 1970

December 31, 1970

Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act

January 4, 1975

Economic Recovery Tax Act

August 13, 1981

Tax Reform Act of 1986

October 22, 1986

Defense of Marriage Act

September 21, 1996

Balanced Budget Act

August 5, 1997

Kyoto Protocol

December 11, 1997

Amendments

Georgia Disfranchisement Amendment

October 7, 1908

Sixteenth Amendment

February 3, 1913

Seventeenth Amendment

April 8, 1913

Nineteenth Amendment

August 18, 1920

Twenty-First Amendment

December 4, 1933

Twenty-Fourth Amendment

January 23, 1964

Twenty-sixth Amendment

July 1, 1971

Equal Rights Amendment approved in Congress

March 22, 1972

Title IX

June 23, 1972

Boland Amendment

December 8, 1982

Organizations

NAACP Founded

February 12, 1909

League of United Latin American Citizens is founed

1928

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare created

April 11, 1953

National Organization for Women is founded

1966

Department of Energy created

August 4, 1977

Speeches

Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points

January 8, 1918

President Hoovers Statement on the Economy

November 15, 1929

"A Date Which Will Live in Infamy", Franklin D. Roosevelt

December 8, 1941

"My Side of the Story", Richard M. Nixon

September 23, 1952

"I Have a Dream Speech"

August 28, 1963

"The Ballot or the Bullet", Malcolm X

April 3, 1964

Address to the Nation on the Challenger Disaster, Ronald Reagan

January 28, 1986

Space Race

Sputnik I

October 4, 1957

Explorer 1 is launched

January 31, 1958

Vanguard 1 Satellite is launched

March 17, 1958

NASA established

July 29, 1958

Pioneer 1 is launched

October 11, 1958

Pioneer 4 is launched

March 3, 1959

Tiros 1, the first successful weather satellite, is launched.

April 1, 1960

Yuri Gagarin orbits the Earth once and becomes the first man in space.

April 12, 1961

Alan B. Shepard becomes the first American in space

May 5, 1961

President Kennedy challenges the nation to go to the Moon before the end of the decade

May 25, 1961

John Glen orbits the earth three times

February 20, 1962

Walter Schirra orbits the Earth six times

October 3, 1962

L. Gordon Cooper, last American to fly in space alone, spends 34 hours in space.

May 15, 1963

Cosmonaut Valentia Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space

June 16, 1963

Alexei Leonov performs first spacewalk.

March 18, 1965

Ed White performs America's first spacewalk

June 3, 1965

Luna 9 soft-lands on the Moon

February 3, 1966

Lunar Orbiter 1 enters the Moon's orbit and takes the first picture of Earth from that distance

August 14, 1966

Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin become the first men to walk on the moon.

July 20, 1969

Moon Landing

July 20, 1969

Prohibition

Women's Christian Temperance Union and Anti-Saloon League march in Washington D.C.

December 10, 1913

The National Prohibition Act (Volstead Act) is passed

October 28, 1919

Lawyer George Remus moves to Cincinnati to set up a drug company to gain legal access to bonded liquor

1920

William McCoy pioneers the "Rum Running" trade by sailing 1500 cases of liquor

Approx. 1920

Roy Olmstead becomes "King of the Puget Sound Bootleggers"

1920

Prohibition

January 16, 1920 - December 5, 1933

Frank Allen Mather signs with the Treasury Department to scour Nelson County, Kentucky for signs of moonshiners

1922

Boston Herald offers $200 to the reader who can come up with a new word for someone who flagrantly ignores the edict and drinks illegal liquor

1924

Al Capone is blamed for the murder of prosecutor, Billy McSwiggin

May 15, 1926

The Purple Gang goes to trial for bootlegging and highjacking

1928

The Valentine's Day Massacre

February 14, 1929

Organization for National Prohibition Reform is formed

May 28, 1929

Al Capone is sent to jail

May 3, 1932

Cullen-Harrison Act legalized the manufacture and sale of certain alcohol.

March 23, 1933

Prohibition is repealed

December 5, 1933

Inventions

Radio, Wireless Signaling invented by Reginald Fessenden

1900

Hershey Bar invented by Milton Hershey

1900

Elihu Thomson invents the Electrostatic Motor

1901

Ransom Olds creates assembly lines

1901

Morris Michtom invents the Teddy Bear

1902

Conrad Hubert invents the Flashlight

1902

Binney & Smith invent crayons

1903

The Wright Brothers invent the first airplane

1903

Ernest Hamwi creates the ice cream cone

1904

Theory of Relativity, Albert Einstein

1905

Arthur Scott invents paper towels

1907

Jacques Brandenberger invents Cellophane

1908

Clarence Crane invents Life Savers Candy

1912

Gideon Sundback invents the zipper

1913

Earle Dickson invents the Band-Aid

1920

Dick Drew invents masking tape

1925

Charles Darrow creates Monopoly

1935

Louis Reard creates the Bikini Swimsuit

1946

Charles Schulz creates the "Peanuts"

1950

George Lerner creates Mr. Potato Head

1952

Robert Adler invents the TV Remote Control

1956

First personal computer

1981

Cabbage Patch Kids are created by Xavier Roberts

1983

World Wide Web goes public, Tim Berners-Lee

January 15, 1991

Beanie Babies are created by H Ty Warner

1993

Sergey Brin & Larry Page launch Google

1998