World War I

Events

Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was assasinated

June 28, 1914

Kaiser William II promised German support for Austria against Serbia

July 5, 1914

Serbia proposes arbitrations, but also begins to mobilize troops

July 23, 1914

Austria-Hungary delivered an ultimatum to Serbia

July 23, 1914

Austria-Hungary severs diplomatic ties to Serbia, and begins to mobilze troops

July 25, 1914

Britain attempts to organize a political conference among major European powers

July 26, 1914

World War I

July 28, 1914 - November 11,1918

Britain calls for international mediation

July 29, 1914

Russia reacts by mobilizing troops, defying Germany's demands

July 31, 1914

France and Belgium begin full mobilization

August 1, 1914

Schlieffen Plan implemented

August 3, 1914

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) led by Field Marshall John French land in France

August 7, 1914

Britain enacts teh Defence of the Realm Act (DORA)

August 8, 1914

The British Pacific Communications Cable is severed by German Naval Squadron

September 7, 1914

France enacts the nationwide State of War regulations

September 8, 1914

The Turks begin forcing the deportation of Armenians

Approx. February 1915

British Navy imposes a total sea blockade on Germany

Approx. March 1915

Conscription introduced in Britain

January 1, 1916

Zimmerman Telegram

January 19, 1917

Battles

Austrian warships bombard Belgrade, the capital of Serbia

July 29, 1914

Germany invades Belgium

August 3, 1914

The Siege of Liege

August 4, 1914 - August 16, 1914

French and British troops invade Togo, a German colony in West Africa

August 6, 1914 - August 26, 1914

French Army invades Alsace and Lorraine

August 7, 1914 - August 24, 1914

Austria invades Serbia

August 12, 1914

Russia invades Germany, attacking into East Prussia

August 17, 1914

German troops occupy Brussels

August 20, 1914

Battle of Tannenberg

August 26, 1914

Battle of Marne

September 5, 1914 - September 12, 1914

Germany begins helping Austria by sending troops to fight against Russia in Southern Poland

September 17, 1914

First British air-raid against Germany

September 22, 1914

First Battle of Ypres

October 18, 1914 - November 22, 1914

Trench warfare dominates the Western Front

October 29, 1914

Austria invades Serbia

November 1, 1914

Worst defeat for Britain as the Monmouth and Good Hope are sunk by Germany

November 1, 1914

6th Indian Division invades Mesopotamia

November 6, 1914

Japan captures the German naval base of Tsingtao in the Far East

November 7, 1914

Battle of Falkland Islands

December 8, 1914

German navy bombards coastal towns of Whitby, Hartlepool and Scarborough

December 16, 1914

First and only Christmas Truce between Germany and Britain

December 25, 1914

The first Zeppelin raid on Britain takes place

January 19, 1915

Poison Gas used for the first time by the Germans on the Eastern Front against Russia

January 31, 1915

The first German U-Boat campaign begins against merchant and passenger ships

February 18, 1915

Britain bombards the Turkish forts in Dardanelles

February 19, 1915

Russians capture 120,000 Austrians at Przemysl in Galicia securing Carpathian Mountain Passes

March 22, 1915

Second Battle of Ypres

April 22, 1915 - May 25, 1915

Poison gas used by Germany for the first time on the Western Front

April 22, 1915

Allied troops land in Gallipoli

April 25, 1915

German U-Boats sink first American merchant ship, Lusitania

May 1, 1915

Germans capture Warsaw from Russia

August 5, 1915

Start of the Battle of Loos

September 25, 1915

Allies start the evacuation of Gallipoli

December 16, 1915

Start of the Battle of Verdun

February 21, 1916

British forces surrendered to Turkish forces at Kut in Mesopotamia

April 29, 1916

Battle of Jutland

May 31, 1916 - August 10, 1916

Start of the Brusilov Offensive

June 4, 1916

Start of the Battle of Somme

July 1, 1916

First use en masse of tanks at the Somme

September 15, 1916

Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare campaign starts

February 1, 1917

France launches unsuccessfuly offensive on the Western Front

April 16, 1917

Third Battle of Ypres

July 31, 1917

Battle of Caporetto

October 24, 1917

Britain launches a major offensive on the Western Front

November 6, 1917

British tanks win at Cambrai

November 20, 1917

British capture Jerusalem from the Turks

December 9, 1917

Germany launches the Spring Offensive

March 21, 1918

Germany begins offensive in Flanders

April 9, 1918

"Red Baron" is shot down

April 21, 1918

Second Battle of Marne

July 15, 1918

Turkish forces collapsed at Megiddo

September 19, 1918

Germany's navy mutinied

October 29, 1918

Declarations of War

Austria declares war on Serbia

July 26, 1914

Germany declares war on Russia

August 1, 1914

Germany declares war on France

August 3, 1914

United States declares its neutrality

August 4, 1914

Britain declares war on Germany

August 4, 1914

Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia

August 6, 1914

Great Britain and France declare war on Austria-Hungary

August 12, 1914

Japan declares war on Germany

August 23, 1914

Turkey enters war on Germany's side

October 29, 1914

France and Britain declare war on Ottoman (Turkish) Empire

November 5, 1914

Germany declares the waters surrounding the British Isles to be in the war zone

February 4, 1915

Italy declares war on Germany and Austria

May 23, 1915

United States declares war on Germany

April 6, 1917

Command Changes

Erich von Falkenhayn is appointed the new Chief of the German General Staff

November 1, 1914

Tsar Nicholas II takes control over Russian armies

September 5, 1915

Lloyd George becomes Britain’s new Prime Minister

December 7, 1916

Russian Revolution

March 8, 1917 - November 8, 1917

Russian Tsar Nicholas II abdicates.

March 15, 1917

Marshall Foch is appointed Allied Commander on the Western Front

March 29, 1918

Kaiser William II abdicted and flees to Germany

November 9, 1918

Steps to Peace

Armistice between Germany and Russia signed

December 5, 1917

"Fourteen Points to Peace" Woodrow Wilson

January 8, 1918

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed between Russia and Germany

March 3, 1918

Germany asks the Allies for armistice

October 4, 1918

Turkey makes peace

October 30, 1918

Austria makes peace

November 3, 1918

Germany signs an armistice with the Allies, official last day of war

November 11, 1918

Peace Conference in Paris

January 4, 1919

Treat of Versailles signed by Germans

June 28, 1919