Revolutionary War

Events

The French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The Albany Congress

June 19, 1754 - July 11, 1754

Proclamation of 1763

October 7, 1763

Sons of Liberty begin forming

July 1765

Leaders included Sam Adams and James Otis

Boston Non-Importation Agreement

August 1, 1768

The Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

The Gaspee Affair

June 9, 1772

Buring of the Gaspee

June 10, 1772

The revenue schooner Gaspee ran aground near Providence, Rhode Island and was burned by locals angered by the enforcement of trade legislation.

The Boston Tea Party

December 16, 1773

First Continental Congress

September 5, 1774 - October 26, 1774

Declaration and Resolves

October 14, 1774

The Association

October 20, 1774

Prohibition of trade with Great Britain

Galloway's Plan is rejected

October 24, 1774

The Rides of Paul Revere & William Dawes

April 18, 1775

Revolutionary War

April 19, 1775 - September 3, 1783

The Second Continental Congress

May 10, 1775

Declaration on the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms

July 6, 1775

Congress explains why Americans are fighting, including their objection to the Intolerable Acts and taxation without representation.

Georgia joins the United Colonies

July 20, 1775

The Betsy is captured

August 1775

A British vessel is surprised by Carolina privateer off St. Augustine bar and 111 barrels of powder are captured by the colonists.

Proclamation of Rebellion

August 23, 1775

The King proclaims that the colonies are in "open and avowed rebellion." He orders Britain to put down the rebellion.

British form an alliance with Patriots' slaves

Approx. November 1775

Lord Dunmore, British governor of Virginia issues a proclamation offering freedom to any slaves of rebellious Americans who are able to enter British lines. During the war, many would support the British in order to gain their freedom.

Daniel Morgan Captured

January 1, 1776

Daniel Morgan taken prisoner in attempt to take Quebec City

George Washington unfurls the first Union Flag of thirteen stripes at Cambridge, Mass.

January 1, 1776

Silas Deane appointed political agent to the French Court

March 2, 1776

Congress authorizes privateering

March 23, 1776

The Virginia Declaration of Rights

June 12, 1776

The First Virginia Constitution

June 29, 1776

Nathan Hale executed in New York

September 22, 1776

Treaty of DeWitt's Corner

May 20, 1777

Cherokees lose much of their land east of the mountains

Flag Resolution

June 14, 1777

Miss Jane McCrea caputred

July 27, 1777

Captured by Indians in British employ at Fort Edward, New York, was shot and scalped

General Charles Lee released in exchange for General Prescott

December 1777

French Alliance signed

February 6, 1778

Signed by the United States and France

"Molly Pitcher" commissioned sergeant by Washington for bravery at Monmouth

June 29, 1778

General Charles Lee suspended from command for one year

August 12, 1778

By court-martial for disobedience, misbehavior, and disrespect

Spain declares war on Great Britian

June 21, 1779

General Charles Lee dismissed from the army

January 10, 1780

French Troops arrive to aid Americans, Newport RI

July 11, 1780

John Andre arrested

September 23, 1780

Leads to the exposure of Benedict Arnold's plans to cede West Point to the British

Articles of Confederation adopted

March 2, 1781

General Wadsworth captured and imprisoned at Castine, Me.

June 18, 1781

Congress requires Vermont to relinquish territory

August 20, 1781

Territory is east of the Connecticut and west of the present New York line. Must be done before admission as a state.

Henry Laurens released from imprisonment in the Tower of London

December 31, 1781

Loyalists leave America

January 1782

Lord North resigns as British Prime Minister

March 20, 1782

Preliminary Articles of Peace signed by British and Americans

July 11, 1782

British leave Charleston, SC

December 14, 1782

Congress ratifies preliminary peace treaty

April 19, 1783

Treaty of Paris

September 3, 1783

Signed by the United States and Great Britian

Washington issues his "Farewell Address to the Army" from Rocky Hill, near Princeton NJ

November 2, 1783

British troops leave New York City

November 25, 1783

Washington resigns as Commander

December 23, 1783

Congress ratifies The Treaty of Paris

January 14, 1784

Treaty of Fort Stanwix

October 1784

Shays' Rebellion

August 1786 - June 1787

The United States Constituion is approved by unanimous vote

September 15, 1787

U.S. Constitution signed

September 17, 1787

Battles

Battle of Point Pleasant, Virginia

October 10, 1774

Disputed as to whether it was a battle of the American Revolution or the culmination of the Lord Dunmore's War

The Battles of Lexington and Concord

April 19, 1775

Fort Ticonderoga Seized

May 10, 1775

Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys

The Battle of Chelsea Creek

May 27, 1775

Battle of Bunker Hill

June 17, 1775

The British drive the Americans from Breed's Hill

Siegeg of Fort St. Jean

September 17, 1775 - November 3, 1775

Falmouth, Me., burned by the British

October 18, 1775

St. John, Canada surrenders to Americans

November 2, 1775

Battle of Kemp's Landing

November 4, 1775

Congress orders a battalion to protect Georgia

November 4, 1775

Patriots occupy Montreal, Canada

November 13, 1775

Under the command of Montgomery

Battle of Great Bridge

December 9, 1775

American forces fail to seize Quebec

December 30, 1775 - December 31, 1775

Under Benedict Arnold

Battle of Moores Creek

February 27, 1776

A group of Scot descent loyalists are defeated by patriot army.

New Providence Island captured

March 3, 1776

The Continental Fleet captures island in the Bahamas

British evacutate Boston

March 17, 1776

British Navy moves to Halifax, Canada

Battle of the Cedars

May 15, 1776 - May 16, 1776

Battle of Sullivan's Island

June 28, 1776

Fort Moultrie, South Carolina

June 28, 1776

The Patriots defeat the British Navy

Lyndley's Fort, South Carolina

July 15, 1776

Patriots fend off attack by Indians and Tories dressed as Indians

Tugaloo River, South Carolina

August 10, 1776

Andrew Pickens defeats the Cherokees

Ring Fight

Approx. August 12, 1776

Andrew Pickens' detachment is surrounded by 185 Cherokee Indians, forms a ring and fires outward.

Tamassy Defeated

August 12, 1776

Col. Williamson and Andrew Pickens defeat Cherokee Indians and burn Tamassy, an Indian town.

Battle of Long Island

August 27, 1776

Redcoats defeat George Washington's army. Washington's army escapes at night.

Battle of Harlem Heights

September 16, 1776

Generals George Washington, Nathanael Greene, and Israel Putnam triumphantly hold their ground

Battle of Valcour Island

October 11, 1776

Benedict Arnold is defeated, but delays the British advance

The Battle of White Plains

October 28, 1776

The Battle of Fort Washington

November 16, 1776

The Battle of Trenton

December 26, 1776

Battle of Princeton

January 3, 1777

Battle of Thomas Creek

May 17, 1777

Fort Ticonderoga surrendered to British

July 5, 1777

St. Clair surrenders

Battle of Oriskany

August 6, 1777

Battle of Bennington, VT

August 16, 1777

General Stark victorious.
Battle actually fought in Walloomsac, New York

Battle of Brandywine, Pennsylvania

September 11, 1777

British win

Battle of Saratoga

September 19, 1777

Paili Massacre, PA

September 21, 1777

Battle of Germantown

October 4, 1777

Battle of Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery

October 6, 1777

Battle of Saratoga

October 7, 1777

Burgoyne Surrenders

October 17, 1777

Burgoyne surrenders to American General Gates at Saratoga, NY

Battle of the Kegs

January 5, 1778

Battle of Barren Hill

May 20, 1778

Lafayette with 500 men and around 50 Oneida Indians successfully evade British onslaught

Battle of Monmouth

June 27, 1778 - June 28, 1778

Wyoming Valley Massacre

July 3, 1778

Kaskaskia captured

July 4, 1778

A French village south of St. Louis is captured by George Rogers Clark

Battle of Rhode Island

August 29, 1778

Cherry Valley Massacre

November 11, 1778

The Capture of Savannah

December 29, 1778

Port Royal Island, SC

February 3, 1779

Maj. Gen Moultrie defeats British detachment

Kettle Creek, GA

February 14, 1779

Patriots Andrew Pickens and Elijah Clarke beat Loyalists

Vincennes Captured

February 23, 1779 - February 24, 1779

American George Rodgers Clark captures Vincennes on the Wabash in the Western campaign

Brier Creek, GA

March 3, 1779

British Lt. Col. Jacques Marcus Prevost defeats Americans under Gen. John Ashe

Stono River, SC

June 20, 1779

Maj. Gen. Lincoln inflicts extensive British casualties in indecisive battle

Stony Point, NY

July 15, 1779 - July 16, 1779

American "Mad" Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point

Siege of Savannah

September 16, 1779 - October 18, 1779

The Tappan Massacre

September 28, 1779

"No Flint" Grey kills 30 Americans by bayonet

The Siege of Charleston

March 29, 1780

British capture Charleston, SC

May 12, 1780

Waxhaw Creek, SC

May 29, 1780

British crush Americans

Battle of Ramour's Mills, NC

June 20, 1780

Battle of Springfield, NJ

June 23, 1780

General Clinton burns the town.

Battle of Rocky Mount, SC

July 30, 1780

Hanging Rock, SC

August 6, 1780

Patriots defeat Tories

The Battle of Camden

August 16, 1780

Battle of Fishing Creek, SC

August 18, 1780

Battle of Musgrove Mills, SC

August 18, 1780

King's Mountain, SC

October 7, 1780

Battle lasts for 65 minutes. American troops led by Isaac Shelby and John Sevier defeat Maj. Patrick Ferguson and one-third of General Cornwallis's army.

Battle of Jersey

January 6, 1781

Cowpens, SC

January 17, 1781

Patriot Morgan defeats British Col. Tarleton

The Battle of Cowan's Ford, Huntersville NC

February 1, 1781

Battle of Guilford Courthouse, NC

March 15, 1781

British win

Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, SC

April 25, 1781

Greene defeated

Longest seiege of the war at Ninety Six

May 1781 - June 18, 1781

The events at Ninety Six underline the fact that Britain has too few troops to hold the southern hinterlands.

Frot Granby, SC

May 15, 1781

British Major Andrew Maxwell cedes Fort Granby to patriot Lieutenant Colonel Henry Lee

"Mad" Anthony Wayne repulsed at Green Springs Farm, VA

July 6, 1781

Battle of the Capes

September 5, 1781

The Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 8, 1781

The Battle of Yorktown

October 9, 1781

Surrender of York Town

October 19, 1781

New Hampshire becomes 9th state to approve US Constitution

July 2, 1788

Acts

The Sugar Act

April 5, 1764

The Currency Act

September 1, 1764

The Stamp Act

March 22, 1765

The Quartering Act of 1765

March 24, 1765

The Virginia Stamp Act Resolutions

May 30, 1765

The Stamp Act Congress

October 7, 1765 - October 25, 1765

Stamp Act repealed

March 18, 1766

The Declaratory Act

March 18, 1766

The Townshend Revenue Act

June 29, 1767

Repeal of the Townshend Revenue Act

April 12, 1770

The Tea Act

May 10, 1773

Boston Port Act

March 31, 1774

One of the Intolerable Acts

Adminstration of Justice Act

May 20, 1774

One of the Intolerable Acts

Massachusetts Government Act

May 20, 1774

One of the Intolerable Acts

Quartering Act of 1774

June 2, 1774

One of the Intolerable Acts

Quebec Act

June 22, 1774

One of the Intolerable Acts

New England Restraining Act

March 30, 1775

King George approves this act, which orders New England colonies to trade with Britain only.

American Prohibitory Act

December 22, 1775

Parliament orders a trade embargo and tells the British navy to seize any ships trading with the colonies.

Independence Declarations/Acknowledgements

North Carolina declares for independence

April 22, 1776

Rhode Island declares for independence

May 4, 1776

Massachusetts delcares for independence

May 10, 1776

Virginia declares for independence

May 14, 1776

Declaration of Independence is adopted

July 4, 1776

Declaration of Independence is read publicly

July 8, 1776

First Independence Day celebration

July 4, 1777

Philadelphia celebrates the first anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. It features 13-gun salutes, speeches, parades and fireworks.

Holland recognizes the independence of the United States

April 19, 1782

Sweden recognizes the independence of the United States

February 5, 1783

Denmark recognizes the independence of the United States

February 25, 1783

Spain recognizes the independence of the United States

March 24, 1783

Russia recognizes the independence of the United States

July 1783

Publications/Speeches

Patrick Henry's speech "If this be treason, make the most of it"

May 29, 1765

Circular Letter

February 1768

Sam Adams writes against taxation without representation and calls for the resistance to the Townshend Act.

Publication of Thomas Hutchinson Letters

July 1773

In these letters, Hutchinson, the Massachusetts governor, advocated a 'great restraint of natural liberty', convincing many colonists of a planned British clampdown on their freedoms.

Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death" speech

March 23, 1775

"Common Sense" published

January 15, 1776

By Thomas Paine

Appointments

George Washington named Commander in Chief

June 15, 1775

Washington assumes command of the Continental Army

July 3, 1775

Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane and Arthur Lee appointed ambassadors to the Court of France

September 22, 1776

Thaddeus Kosciuszko appointed colonel of engineers by Congress

October 18, 1776

Recommended to Washington by Dr. Franklin

Congress creates a new board of war, General Gates presiding

October 1777

M. Gerard succeeded by the Chevalier de la Luzerne as minister from France to the United States

November 17, 1779

Washington names Nathanael Greene commander of the Southern Army

October 14, 1780

Colonel John Laurens appointed a special minister to France to secure a loan.

December 1780

Robert R Livingston appointed secretary of foreign affairs by Congress

January 1781

Jonas Fay, Ira Allen, and Bazaleed Woodward appointed to represent the cause of Vermont in the Continental Congress.

June 22, 1781