APE Period 3 (1815-1914)

Eras

Age of Metternich

1815 - 1848

Age of Realpolitik

1849 - 1871

Age of Mass Politics

1872 - 1914

Events

Congress of Vienna

September 1814 - June 1815

Concert of Europe

1815 - 1848

Crimean War

1853 - 1856

Florence Nightingale

1859

Austrian Empire

Ausgleich Creates Dual Monarchy

1867

Dual Monarchy Established

1867

France

July Revolution

1830

Louis Napoleon elected president

1848

Napoleon III

1852 - 1870

Third Republic of France

1870

Paris Commune

1871

Italy

Giuseppe Mazzini

1805 - 1872

Garibaldi (1807-1882)

1807 - 1882

Camillo Cavour

1810 - 1861

Reign of Victor Emmanuel II

1849 - 1878

Camillo Cavour appointed to be Prime minister of Piedmont.

1852

Garibaldi & the Red Shirts

1860

Kingdom of Italy is established

1861

Annexation of Venetia

1866

Annexation of Rome

1870

Italian Unification Complete

1870

Germany

Danish War

1864

Austro-Prussian war

1866

Franco Prussian War

1870 - 1871

Ems Dispatch

July 1870

Bismarck made chancellor of Germany

1871

Bismarck made chancellor of Germany

1871

German Unification Complete

1871

Great Britain

The Victorian Era

1837 - 1901

Disraeli as Prime Minister

1865 - 1868

Gladstone becomes Prime Minister in Britain

1868

Russia

Catherine the Great

1762 - 1796

Tsar Alexander I

1797 - 1825

Tsar Nicholas I

1826 - 1855

Tsar Alexander II

1856 - 1881

Emancipation of the Serfs

1861

Zemstvos Established

1864

Tsar Alexander III

1882 - 1894

Tsar Nicholas II

1895 - 1917

Art

Romanticism

1800 - 1850

The triumph of imagination and individuality

Caspar David Friedrich, Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog

1818

Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People

1830

JMW Turner, The The Slave Ship

1840

Courbet, The Stonebreakers

1849

Realism

1851 - 1900

Millet, The Gleaners

1857

Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary"

1857

Honore Daumier, The Third-Class Carriage

1862

Manet, Luncheon on the Grass, 1863

1863

impressionism

1865 - 1885

Manet, Olympia

1865

Leo Tolstoy, War and Peace

1869

Claude Monet's Impression Sunrise

1872

Renoir, Le Bal au Moulin de la Galette

1876

Pissarro, Garden at Pontoise

1877

Emile Zola's "Germinal"

1885

Post-Impressionism

1886 - 1910

van Gogh, The Starry Night

1889

Gauguin, Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going?, 1897

1897

Cézanne, Pommes et Oranges

1899

Expressionism

1905 - 1930

Picasso, Les Demoiselles D'Avignon

1907

Braque, Violin and Candlestick

1910

Kandinsky, Composition VIII

1913