Special Education Law

Events

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973

1973

Section 504 became the first civil rights law to protect students with disabilities. Rehabilitation Act of 1973 - Disability.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.disability.gov/rehabilitation-act-1973/

FAPE

1973

Free and Appropriate Public Education Act covers every student in a given school district the school district is required to educate the student no matter how severe their disability is. Free Appropriate Public Education under Section 504. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/edlite-FAPE504.html

FERPA

1974

FERPA makes it legal for family and students of a certain age to have access to all the information that is identifiable, gathered, and used by the school. Federal Laws Governing Special Education. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ritalindeath.com/Education-Law.htm

Education of All Handicapped Children Act

1975

This act required all school districts to educate students who were handicapped. Denying students passed on their handicap was now against the law which was not always the case. Professional Resources. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://college.cengage.com/education/resources/res_prof/students/spec_ed/legislation/pl_94-142.htmlProfessional Resources. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://college.cengage.com/education/resources/res_prof/students/spec_ed/legislation/pl_94-142.html

IDEA enacted in 1975

1975

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: is a law that gives every student with a disability the opportunity to engage in an education process that is equal to the other students. IDEA the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act | Center for Parent Information and Resources. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.parentcenterhub.org/repository/idea/

Florence County School District v. Shannon Carter

1985 - 1993

This case dealt with inadequate schooling being offered to a student with a disability. The parents wanted the student to be able to attend private school for no cost on account of the public schooling being below appropriate. Florence County School District IV v Shannon Carter - Background, Decisions, Articles, Legal Resources - Wrightslaw. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.wrightslaw.com/law/caselaw/Carter_Links_Page.html

Burlington School Committee v. Department of Education

April 29, 1985

This case deals with Free and Appropriate Education for all students. The case was taken to supreme court and is a pivotal case in Special Education. Burlington School Committee v. Massachusetts Department Of Education, 471 U.S. 359 (1985) | Special Education & IEP Advisor. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.specialeducationadvisor.com/burlington-school-committee-massachusetts-department-of-education-471-us-359-1985/

Board of Education Westside Community v Mergens

1990

Westside School Board denied a students request to start an after school religious group. Ms. Mergens argued that the Equals Access Act gives her the ability to start a club that is self started by a student. First Amendment Schools: The Five Freedoms - Court Case. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.firstamendmentschools.org/freedoms/case.aspx?id=497

VA v Collingswood

June 1999 - July 2000

A students was expelled from school for changing a message on the school computer. The student was never given a preliminary hearing. The expulsion was lifted and the student entered back in school for his senior year. "VA v Collingswood." Education Law Center (200): 34-99. Education Law Center. Education Law Center. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.

Williams v California 2004

2000 - 2004

This particular case claimed that the state of California was not providing an adequate amount school materials to the children. The schools were not healthy, had under qualified teachers, and were operating without textbooks. Williams v. California | Public Advocates Inc. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.publicadvocates.org/williams-v-california

No Child Left Behind Act

2002

Covers all public schools in the country. NCLB was supposed to put emphasize accountability on the teachers through work. The main focus was on reading. Federal Laws Governing Special Education. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ritalindeath.com/Education-Law.htm

Arlington Central School District Board of Education

January 2006 - June 2006

Joseph Murray's parents wanted to Arlington Central School District to pay for their son's private education. After the Murray's won this portion of the case they continued on and asked the School District to pay for things such as attorney fees and things of that nature. The Supreme Court ruled that the school district did not have to refund the money for the lawyer.
"Arlington Central School District Board of Education".https://www.oyez.org/cases/2005/05-18