Nativism is when a country favors the people who were born there over immigrants
Start of the Chinese Immigration
Thousands of railroad workers were building a railroad track (Central Pacific railroad) through the Sierra Nevada and due to the prospect of finding gold, thousands more went to California thinking they could find work or gold and then return to their families rich.
Portion of Americans who lived in cities went from 25% to 50%
Approx. 1870 - Approx. 1920
the majority of the jobs that the immigrants needed were in the city
Chinese Exclusion Act
prohibited Chinese immigrants from becoming citizens or even entering the country if they were laborers (skilled or unskilled)
This act made it legal for U.S. employers to import people from foreign countries as long as they acted as their contracted workers.
Approx. 1890 - 1915
Immigration in southern and eastern Europe
a settlement house was a center that provided necessary services for the poor or the immigrants in the community. It provided things like health clinics, care for children, education and opportunities for the outside community to help. (1890s)
Total number of immigrants 1890- 1920
1890 - 1920
22,539,572 total immigrants
Ellis Island was built
Port of entry for most European immigrants coming to New York
Angel Island Immigration station was completed
Ellis Island of the West (carried out the exclusion act)
Some things that attracted Mexicans were higher wages, or the opportunity of working in the copper mines or on the railroads.