Unit 5: Changes: Immigration Clark (LD AM EF)

Chronology of Immigration Lilly, Annie, Elise

Events

Old Immigration

Approx. 1840 - Approx. 1890

immigration from Northern and Western Europe

Start of the Chinese Immigration

1850

Thousands of railroad workers were building a railroad track (Central Pacific railroad) through the Sierra Nevada and due to the prospect of finding gold, thousands more went to California thinking they could find work or gold and then return to their families rich.

Nativism starts

1850

Nativism is when a country favors the people who were born there over immigrants

Portion of Americans who lived in cities went from 25% to 50%

Approx. 1870 - Approx. 1920

the majority of the jobs that the immigrants needed were in the city

Chinese Exclusion Act

Approx. 1882

prohibited Chinese immigrants from becoming citizens or even entering the country if they were laborers (skilled or unskilled)

Foran Act

1885

This act made it legal for U.S. employers to import people from foreign countries as long as they acted as their contracted workers.

settlement houses

1890

a settlement house was a center that provided necessary services for the poor or the immigrants in the community. It provided things like health clinics, care for children, education and opportunities for the outside community to help. (1890s)

New Immigration

Approx. 1890 - 1915

Immigration in southern and eastern Europe

Total number of immigrants 1890- 1920

1890 - 1920

22,539,572 total immigrants

Ellis Island was built

Approx. 1892

Port of entry for most European immigrants coming to New York

Angel Island Immigration station was completed

Approx. 1910

Ellis Island of the West (carried out the exclusion act)

Mexican Immigration

Approx. 1950

Some things that attracted Mexicans were higher wages, or the opportunity of working in the copper mines or on the railroads.