Unit 5: Changes: Labor Movement Lewis (CD SP NG)

Chronology of the Labor Movement Coco, Sydney, Naya


Child Labor

Approx. 1800 - Approx. 1900

Throughout the 1800s, cities voiced concerns about child labor. Some states enacted laws setting a minimum age for workers, often 14 or 15 years. 6 years olds worked in Georgia’s cotton mills, and boys as young as 8 worked in coal mines in Pennsylvania.

Knights of Labor


Leader: Terence Powderly
Goals- - shorter work days (8-hour workdays)
- make child labor illegal
- regulation of trusts
- men and women get equal pay
- working class get an education

Economic depression

Approx. 1870 - 1879

1870s were a hard time for people because of the Economic Depression

Strike outbreak

Approx. 1877 - Approx. 1920

Between 1877 and the turn of the 20th century, a series of strikes brought out which illustrated the conflict between workers and business owners.

Railroad Strike of 1877


The Railroad strike of 1877 was a strike thrown by the railroad workers, because of the depression the owners of the railroads started to cut down the workers wages and because of that the workers went on strike. This strike was the country's(West Virginia) first major rail strike. The strike started to spread across the country and the strikers were able to shut down at least half of the nation’s rail lines. By doing this striked this showed people that it wasn't ok to work the same hours and get paid even less so instead of taking the lower wages they fought against it and fought for what they thought was right.

American Federation of Labor


Leader-Samuel Gompers
-higher wages
- better conditions for working place
- shorter work hours
- recognition: people would acknowledge and know AFL

Haymarket Affair of 1886


The Haymarket Affair of 1886 took place in Chicago and started when
strikers began to fight with the “scabs”. Which were people who came to replace the strikers while they were on strike. The strikers weren't happy with this so this cause a conflict between the scabs and the strikers. Because of the conflict got violence it was brought to a meeting with the police, mayor, and protesters. While in the meeting a fight broke out and a bomb was thrown and killed at least 4 protesters and several policemen and the bomber was never found.

Wages and Work Hours were improved

1890 - 1915

From 1890 to 1915, average work hours per week for union
employees fell from 54 to 49. At the same time weekly pay rose from 17.60 to 21.30.

Work hours

1890 - 1915

From 1890 to 1915, average work hours per week for union
employees fell from 54 to 49.

Homestead Strike of 1892


The homestead strike of 1892 was a strike in Homestead, Pennsylvania between the iron and steel workers at Carnegie Steel plant. The strikers came armed and took control of the town. The governor then called in the state militia and the strikers soon began to scatter.

Pullman Strike of 1894


The Pullman Strike of 1894 was a strike in Pullman, Chicago. The workers of Pullman Car Company went on strike because during another depression Pullman cut wages by 25%. The Pullman strike was supported by The American Railway Union. The members of The American Railway Union shut down most rail traffic in the Midwest by refusing to handle trains with Pullman cars on them. By them doing this the mail system was being interfered with and that was a federal offense So the president had to get involved and send in the federal troop to break the strike in Chicago. This ended in violence and the strike collapsed and the troops withdrew.

Industrial Workers of the World


Leaders- William Haywood, Eugene V. Debs, Daniel De Leon
Goals- - all workers from the IWW into an organized, single union