Unit 5: Changes: Western Expansion Lewis (LF HN CH)

Chronology of Western Expansion Layci Hailey Claire

Events

The Indian Removal act, forced largest tribes living east of Mississippi to move west towards Oklahoma territory on the Great Plains

1830

Large numbers of Irish began immigrating to the US

1845

this happened after a potato disease brought famin to Ireland

Settelers move West

1848

1,400 people have made the move to the West

40,000 immigrants headed East from Cali

1849

That same year steamships were boarded with people heading towards San Fransisco

Population in California increases

1850 - 1860

railroads were short lines connecting only cities and towns in only one region

1850

Ore is found in California

1850

Indians roamed freely over the Western half of the United States

1850

Land loses of American Indians

1850 - 1990

raillines extended from the atlantic coast from the mississippi

1860

Trips raided a party of Cheyennes and Arapahos who had camped at Sand Creek, Colorado " more than 150 were killed"

1864

End of the CIivll War solved part of the Union Pacifics Labor PROblem

1865

Major Cattle Drive trails

1866 - 1886

chiholm trail, western trail, goodnight-loving trail, sedalia, and backster spring trail

Blizzards kill crops and cattle thus causing bankrupcy to farmers

1866 - 1867

the Central Pacific was employing chinese

1868

4/5 of the labor was chinese

US army forced the Apache of Arizona and New Mexico onto reservations

1870 - 1879

President Reuter Ford B. Hayes admitted -- "Many, if not most, of our Indian wars have led their origins in broken promises and acts of injustice upon our part."

1877

Chief Geronimo refused to settle down and keep fighting to protect his homeland

1886

The Dawes Act is created

1887

this caused tribes to no longer be able to own reservation lands as a group