Franz Ferdinand, Austria-Hungary's Archduke, was traveling with his wife, Sophie, to inspect the imperial armed forces in Bosnia and Herzezovina (two countries that Austria-Hungary ruled). On June 28, 1914, Gavilo Princey's, a Bosnian nationalist, shot the Archduke and his wife. The driver of the car sped to get them medical attention, but unfortunately the Archduke and his wife died.
Austria - Hungary declared war on Serbia because Serbia helped Bosnia murder the Archduke, Franz Ferdinand. Franz Ferdinand was Emperor Franz Joseph's nephew. When the Archduke was assassinated, Austria - Hungary issued multiple demands on Serbia. When the responses fell of the demands, Austria declared war on Serbia.
Germany and Russia had a war called the Battle of Tannenberg. There was about 166,000 soldiers for Germany and 206,000 soldiers for Russia. Germany won the war which gave Germany more power when they defeated a larger Russian army.
The western front in France was fought using trench warfare. Both sides built a series of trenches that went from the North Sea and through Belgium and France. Neither side gained much ground for three and a half years from October 1914 to March of 1918.
German soldiers started lighting candles and singing Christmas carols. British soldiers on the other side joined in and sang their own songs. Brave troops on both sides came into the "No Man's Land" and exchanged souvenirs and gifts. The generals and leaders did not like the unofficial truce and it officially ended in 1917.
The ship was spotted by a German U-Boat during the day. The U-Boat torpedoed the Lusitania. Because of the torpedo, 198 people on the ship were killed.
The British and the French allies fought the German empire together in a war called Battle of the Somme. The allies planned to attack at Verdum, but the Germans moved in a land close to the Somme River. The battle was one of the bloodiest ever, especially for the allies who lost 20,623 men.
The working class people of Russia revolted against the government of Tsar Nicholas II. Their leader was Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks. The new communist government created the country of the Soviet Union.
The United States wanted to be neutral. But when Germany blew up a United States ship, the U.S. officially declared war on Germany. The Allies won and Germany was punished.
President Woodrow Wilson gave a speech to Congress that outlined Fourteen Points as a strategy for peace and to end the war. Wilson wanted World War I to be the end of all wars. He was the only leader to outline his war strategies for the public.
The Armistice was an agreement that ended the fighting on the Western Front. It marked a victory for the Allies and a complete defeat for Germany. The Armistice ended the fighting but it still took six months for the countries to sign a peace treaty.
The Treaty of Versailles was signed between the Allies and the Germans. The Allies gave Germany a punishment. Germany had to disarm, give land to France, and pay billions of dollars in reparations.