Period 3 Timeline

Events

Kingdom of Ghana

300 - 1235

The Kingdom of Ghana was one of the wealthiest kingdoms of its time. It was located in an area that was very high in gold and salt which were two of the most valuable goods of the time. Because of this people travelled through the sahara desert and across Africa from Arabia to trade with them. This deeply effected their regions culture because of the different kinds of people coming and going. This relates to key concept 3.3.

Silla Dynasty

514 - 540

The Silla Dynasty was first dynasties to pop up in Korea after T'ang forces had been expelled. This Dynasty was one of the first Dynasties to unify the Korean peninsula and become more organized in its government. The government was organized bureaucraticly into nine provinces. This relates to key concept 3.2.

Muhhamad

570 - 632

Muhhamad was the founder of the Muslim religion, that is still one of the largest religions in the world today. He began by uniting the Arabian peninsula under one idea. He conquered a large area and created a very powerful empire that would later become one of the most advanced empires in the world. Muhhamad would also offer ideas that will promote the idea of trade and the sharing of different ideas. This relates to key concept 3.1.

Sui Dynasty

581 - 618

The Sui Dynasty was a time were China flourished. They made many technical advancement in agriculture that allowed for a bigger croup yield and then an improving economy. They also tried to distribute land fairly equally among the people and the emperor also built a grand canal that also improved trade. People were able to get places easier and traveling by water was much more safe and convenient than trading on land. Also, the grand canal would last until modern days and continue to be useful in the following Chinese dynasties. This relates to key concept 3.1.

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

The Tang Dynasty was another very successful Chinese dynasty. Compared to others, the Tang Dynasty was very good about their relations with other countries. This allowed them to let in other cultures and increase trading from other regions. At the same time the Chinese culture was also doing very well. They brought Confucianism back after its long absence and a new religion called Neo-Confucianism was founded. Since their economic situation was so good, their culture was allowed to flourish. This relates to key concept 3.3.

Umayyad Dynasty

661 - 750

The Umayyad dynasty was the first great muslim empire. They used the religion of Islam to unite the people all under the same idea and promoted trade in the places they ruled. Because of their good economy they were able to expand their empire, they invaded and held Spain as well as india for a short time. The unification of this Dynasty allowed them to expand until the beginning of the end when they lost a battle against the Byzantines. This relates to key concept 3.1.

Nara period

710 - 794

The Nara period was a period in Japanese history when Japan tried to Copy the government of China. They mostly modeled it after the Tang dynasty. They had better law codes, government structure, and they even mixed their language with the Chinese character writing. However, this declined quickly due to its lack of support from the middle and lower classes. This relates to key concept 3.2.

Abbasid dynasty

750 - 1258

The Abbasid dynasty was another great dynasty that followed the collapse of the Umayyad dynasty in 750. They went against the social structure that the Umayyads had promoted and made Arabs and non-Arab muslims more equal. They also moved their capital to Bagdad which also helped improve their economy because of it's convenient location. The economy was also improved overall due to their new expansion and lack of stress between the different races of people. This relates to key concept 3.1.

Reign of Charlemagne

768 - 814

Charlemagne was a king of the Franks who put himself on a mission to unite all the germanic tribes as one. He also wanted to convert all of the places he conquered to christianity. At one point he was crowned emperor of the Romans by pope Leo in 800. He was really the person who helped christianity become permanent in western Europe and is still called "the father of Europe" in modern times. This relates to key concept 3.2.

Heian period

794 - 1185

The Heian period was in Japan that took place after the Nara period. During this time their was a growth in the amount of estates of land that were privately owned and a certain families would completely dominate the Japanese court. During this time the organization of the government improved and many people were getting involved in Buddhism. Their were many buddhist temples that were built as a result of this. This relates to key concept 3.2.

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

During the time of the Song dynasty China was the most technologically advanced place in the world. They had large amounts of food which then allowed their population to grow. Many of these people also lived in cities. The government was also very advanced compared to the rest of the world. All of the officials were highly educated individuals with a very advanced system they followed. This happened through the confucianism that allowed people to take written exams to become government officials. Only the best people got to be part of their government. This relates to key concept 3.2.

Kingdom of Angkor

1010 - 1220

The kingdom of Angkor was a very powerful kingdom located in modern day Cambodia. During their time they seemed to have very good and strong relations with Java and Srivijaya. Their separation from the Mongol world let them have their own government and an isolated culture. There culture was a mix of Buddhist and Hindu values. This relates to key concept 3.2.

Schism between Eastern and Western Christian Churches

1054

This event was the separation of the two different christian churches: the Catholic and Orthodox churches. The reason for the separation between the churches was because of many very big conflicting ideas. Ideas like, wether Jesus should be seen as a person, or if their should be idol worshipping and that everyone could read the bible. Their were many conflicts that contributed to the split between the churches. This relates to key concept 3.3.

Norman invasion of England

1066

In 1066, William of normandy led the Normans in England with the promises of new lands and power for those who fought alongside him. By 1072 the normans were securely on the throne of England. The Normans then proceeded to eliminate slavery in England and they also greatly impacted the english language, even as we know it today. This relates to key concept 3.1.

First crusade

1096 - 1099

This crusade was the only crusade that the Europeans ever won. During this time they took Jerusalem with only the element of surprise against muslims. This would start a chain reaction of crusades that would last until around 1271. Though this crusade started a bad pattern it also gave the europeans a temporary expansion and and increase in trade. It also helped to unify them and give them more power in the future. This relates to key concept 3.1.

Fourth crusade

1202 - 1204

During this crusade the Europeans united and then proceeded to sack Constantinople. The pope felt that the Byzantine empire held to much power and needed to be kept in check. This crusade also played a role in the decline of the Byzantine empire that would happen later on. This relates to key concept 3.2.

Sultanate of Delhi

1206 - 1526

The sultanate of Delhi was a muslim kingdom located in india. Though it was only one kingdom it did go through many dynasties and deeply impact its region. This kingdom cause the destruction of many temples and religious items in india. These were the results of the ever lasting Hindu verses Muslim wars. Though they did have many rough patches in order to do this, they did end up uniting all of Central India. However they did not end up uniting all of india. This relates to key concept 3.2.

Reign of Genghis Khan

1206 - 1227

Genghis Khan's biggest feat was uniting such a large amount of land under the mongols control. Also, he actually did it well. For the most part, the places he conquered benefited from his ruling. He also encouraged trade by protecting trade routes and being tolerant of other cultures. Also since he ruled so much land the trade was easier anyway. This allowed many places economies to get much better and it allowed places to get new idea's and technology. This relates to key concept 3.1.

Mongol Conquest of all of China

1207 - 1279

The Mongols invaded China in 1207 and by 1279 they had control over al of China and had set up the Yuan dynasty. In doing this they brought over Persian and Muslim people to take control over the government to make sure they did a good job and prevented uprisings. However, though the officials were not Chinese there were still uprisings that took place. Also since the mongols liked trading so much they greatly increased the amount of trade going on in China at the time. The Mongols really helped the Chinese economy with the new profits that came from the connections that the Mongols promoted. This relates to key concept 3.3.

Kingdom of great Zimbabwe

1220 - 1450

Great Zimbabwe was a great area for trading. Because of its connections to the indian ocean trade routes it had a lot of business from countries that were very far away and also east and west african countries that came down to trade with them. People have recovered Chinese porcelain, Arabian glass, and also Persian faience. They mostly traded pottery and crops. This relates to key concept 3.3.

Mali empire

1230 - 1600

The Mali empire is located around the area of modern day Nigeria. During its time, it was known for its trade in gold an salt. It was also considered one of the wealthiest empires of its time because it controlled all of the gold trade in its region through taxes put on merchants. The Mali emperors promoted trade and even converted to and promoted islam to attract muslim merchants. This relates to key concept 3.3.

Reign of Kublai Khan

1260 - 1294

Kublai Khans biggest achievement was probably the unification of China and the establishment of the Yuan dynasty. This time was when the Mongols had reached the limit of the land that they would ever control. He mostly just kept trying to expand even after that but they were all failed attempts to do so. The most important part of his reign was definitely securing China and allowing for their influence to help its economy grow due to their already established connection. This relates to key concept 3.3.

Marco Polo's trip to China

1271 - 1368

The explorer Marco Polo spent years traveling into Asia and visiting new lands. As he went he recorded what he saw. When he finally got to China he joined the Mongolian court and stayed their for 17 years and during that time he learned Mongolian, Chinese, and had a personal relationship with the grand khan. This was all able to happen due to the Mongolian roads and the promotion of trade in the area's they conquered. It made Marco's travels possible. This relates to key concept 3.1.

Ming Dynasty

1271 - 1368

The Ming dynasty is known for how tightly controlled and centralized the government was. The emperors were known for being very paranoid about uprisings and questioned loyalty. The Ming dynasty is also the time that the forbidden city was constructed and when the grand canal was fixed. Since the first emperor of the Ming was a lower class person the government treated peasants very well during this time. They improved the economy, agriculture, and the military. This relates to key concept 3.2.

Yuan Dynasty

1271 - 1368

This dynasty was established by the Mongol leader Kublai Khan. When the Mongols took over China they also opened it up to many new cultures and connections. The Mongols promoted trade and improved China's foreign relations and economy because of the new connections. The trade routes were protected and travelers were able to sleep in different types of monasteries. Overall the yuan dynasty offered China a lot of new opportunities to improve. This relates to key concept 3.1.

Reign of Mansa Musa

1307 - 1337

Mansa Musa was the most well known ruler of the Mali empire. He is most famous for his pilgrimage to mecca, which was used as a way to advertise Mali to people on the other side of the world. He did this by giving out gold to people on his journey and taking many lavish things with him in his travels. He later paid scholars to come back with him to Mali so they could write about it and make it known throughout the world. This relates to key concept 3.3.

Ibn Battuta's Journey

1325 - 1354

Ibn Battuta was traveller that when across the world. This started when Ibn had gone through the schools that were offered to him but their were no libraries or collages for him to attend. As a result he dreamt of going to the places with the finest books and scholars for him to learn it was said that that lit the spark that inspired him to travel. While he traveled he also wrote down what he saw and experienced. This was able to happen because of the connections to different countries through routes and the ocean. This relates to key concept 3.1.

Tamerlane

1336 - 1405

Tamerlane was one of the best conquers in history second only to Alexander the Great. He was said to have many disabilities that he obviously overcame through his life. He invaded Russia, and led three conquests into Syria, India, and Turkey. Many people say that he was the last "great" nomadic ruler that there was. This relates to key concept 3.2.

Hundred years war

1337 - 1453

This war was caused by a arrangement of different royal marriages that ended up giving William of Normandy the right to a lot of land in France. This was settled through was, which eventually led to a french victory. This war was 116 years long and caused many deaths. However in the long run England was still better off losing the war because it allowed them to refocus themselves and become a much more unified country. This relates to key concept 3.2.

First bubonic plague outbreak

1347

The first breakout of the bubonic plague happened in China. At that time in china, many people were living in cities in close proximity so it was very easy for the plague to spread. Because of this people living in urban areas were much more likely to get the disease. This did slow the inflection from traveling long distances but also made it much more powerful when it hit highly populated areas. This relates to key concept 3.3.

Zheng He's Expeditions

1405 - 1433

Zheng He went all over the known world trying to learn of new places and show off the power of China. Where ever they traveled they brought their very large and impressive fleet with them. There goal was to eventually gain complete power over the indian ocean trade. As he went Zheng He received and sold goods to people and gave and got lavish gifts from local rulers. All of this travel was possible because of the trade routes that were formed in the ocean and the promotion of trade by the Mongols. This relates to key concept 3.1.

Inca empire

1438 - 1533

The Incan empire was a much less advanced empire when compared to the places in the already developed world. However, they did have a trading class and a good form of government. They had a set of laws and had administration for the government. Their government was political but also very religious. They also had advancements in math, calendars, and measures and similar to the rest of the world, they had very unique art. This relates to key concept 3.2.