World History

The World

World: Neolithic Age

10,000 BCE - 3000 BCE

People learn how to domesticate animals and cultivate crops. Stone tools are the most common form of tools used.

Agricultural Revolution

Approx. 10,000 BCE.

People settled in one place and began to cultivate crops and raise livestock.

Bronze Age

3000 BCE - 1000 BCE

Bronze tools are more commonly used than stone tools.

Iron Age

1000 BCE - Present

Iron tools are more commonly used than bronze or stone tools.

First Voyage of Columbus

1492 CE

Columbus finds a route that opens contact between Europe and the Americas. This begins the Columbian Exchange the movement of animals, plants, culture, peoples, technology religion and ideas between the Americas and Europe and Africa.

British Empire

1583 - 1918

The British Empire evolved into the largest empire the world has ever seen. After World War I it was renamed The "Commonwealth of Nations".

Middle East and Africa

Middle East (Jericho) mud bricks mass produced.

8000 BCE

Wooden frames are used to mass produce mud bricks.

First cities

4000 BCE

Ancient Mesopotamians establish the city of Ur along the Euphrates River.

First City-States

3500 BCE

Sumerians form the first city-states

Cuneiform in Sumeria

3100 BCE

Around 3100 BCE Sumerians begin using written language called cuneiform. The invention of writing begins the historical period. Events that occur before writing are considered prehistoric.

Hieroglyph Writing in Egypt

3000 BCE

Egyptian Old Kingdom

2700 BCE - 2200 BCE

Akkadian Empire

2300 BCE - 2100 BCE

Akkadians create the world's first empire.

Egyptian Middle Kingdom

2200 BCE - 1800 BCE

Code of Hammurabi

1792 BCE - 1750 BCE

King Hammurabi creates a code of laws to unify and protect citizens of Babylon.

Egyptian New Knigdom

1600 BCE - 1100 BCE

Egypt: Reign of Ramses II

1290 BCE - 1224 BCE

Ramses II signs world's first peace treaty with Hittites.

Assyrian Empire

900 BCE - 812 BCE

Neo-Babylonian Empire

605 BCE - 539 BCE

Life of Jesus

6 BCE - 30 CE

Jesus and his teaching lay the foundation of Christianity.

Life of Muhammad

570 CE - 632 CE

Muhammad's teachings become the foundation of Islam.

East and South Asia

(China) Rice cultivation begins.

Approx. 5000 BCE

China: Shang Dynasty

1700 BCE - 1122 BCE

Early Chinese Writing

1400 BCE

Zhou Dynasty

1045 BCE - 256 BCE

Life Siddhartha Gautama

563 BCE - 486 BCE

Siddhartha Gautama becomes the first Buddha and establishes Buddhism.

Han Dynasty

206 BCE - 220 CE

Chinese invent paper

105 CE

Chinese invent gunpowder

850

Europe and Russia

Roman Republic

509 BCE - 31 CE

Democracy Develops in Athens Greece

500 BCE

Western Roman Empire

31 BCE - 476 CE

Western Roman Empire ends with the fall of Rome.

Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire)

330 - 1453

Eastern Roman Empire, often called Byzantine Empire, begins when Constantine moves the capital of Rome to Byzantium (later renamed Constantinople). It ends with the fall of Constantinople.

The Americas and Oceania

Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson

July 4, 1776 - Present

The Declaration of Independence announces to the world that the former colonies of Britain are now free and independent.

Constitution of the United States is Approved.

June 21, 1788 - Present