People learn how to domesticate animals and cultivate crops. Stone tools are the most common form of tools used.
Approx. 10,000 BCE.
People settled in one place and began to cultivate crops and raise livestock.
3000 BCE - 1000 BCE
Bronze tools are more commonly used than stone tools.
1000 BCE - Present
Iron tools are more commonly used than bronze or stone tools.
First Voyage of Columbus
Columbus finds a route that opens contact between Europe and the Americas. This begins the Columbian Exchange the movement of animals, plants, culture, peoples, technology religion and ideas between the Americas and Europe and Africa.
1583 - 1918
The British Empire evolved into the largest empire the world has ever seen. After World War I it was renamed The "Commonwealth of Nations".
Middle East and Africa
Middle East (Jericho) mud bricks mass produced.
Wooden frames are used to mass produce mud bricks.
Ancient Mesopotamians establish the city of Ur along the Euphrates River.
Sumerians form the first city-states
Cuneiform in Sumeria
Around 3100 BCE Sumerians begin using written language called cuneiform. The invention of writing begins the historical period. Events that occur before writing are considered prehistoric.
Hieroglyph Writing in Egypt
Egyptian Old Kingdom
2700 BCE - 2200 BCE
2300 BCE - 2100 BCE
Akkadians create the world's first empire.
Egyptian Middle Kingdom
2200 BCE - 1800 BCE
Code of Hammurabi
1792 BCE - 1750 BCE
King Hammurabi creates a code of laws to unify and protect citizens of Babylon.
Egyptian New Knigdom
1600 BCE - 1100 BCE
Egypt: Reign of Ramses II
1290 BCE - 1224 BCE
Ramses II signs world's first peace treaty with Hittites.
900 BCE - 812 BCE
605 BCE - 539 BCE
Life of Jesus
6 BCE - 30 CE
Jesus and his teaching lay the foundation of Christianity.
Life of Muhammad
570 CE - 632 CE
Muhammad's teachings become the foundation of Islam.
East and South Asia
(China) Rice cultivation begins.
Approx. 5000 BCE
China: Shang Dynasty
1700 BCE - 1122 BCE
Early Chinese Writing
1045 BCE - 256 BCE
Life Siddhartha Gautama
563 BCE - 486 BCE
Siddhartha Gautama becomes the first Buddha and establishes Buddhism.
206 BCE - 220 CE
Chinese invent paper
Chinese invent gunpowder
Europe and Russia
509 BCE - 31 CE
Democracy Develops in Athens Greece
Western Roman Empire
31 BCE - 476 CE
Western Roman Empire ends with the fall of Rome.
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire)
330 - 1453
Eastern Roman Empire, often called Byzantine Empire, begins when Constantine moves the capital of Rome to Byzantium (later renamed Constantinople). It ends with the fall of Constantinople.
The Americas and Oceania
Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson
July 4, 1776 - Present
The Declaration of Independence announces to the world that the former colonies of Britain are now free and independent.