Neoclassic and Romantic Art


George Washington, by Jean-Antoine Houdon (1788)

1788 A.D. - 1792 A.D.
  1. (on left) not a column, a "fassi"= collection of rods tied around one thick rod - 13 colonies made into a united nation
  2. (on right) a gentleman's cane; a plow Symbolism of Washington Retiring from his Military career to farm

The French Revolution (1789-99)

1789 A.D. - Approx. 1799 A.D.

The Death of Marat, by Jacques-Louis David (1793)

1793 A.D.

during the Reign of Terror in France
David was a faithful, avid Jacobin (radical)
Jean Paul Marat was the "pen" of the Jacobins, and wrote the names of many people on a paper, sending them to the guillotin.
Killed by a Moderaist woman named Charlotte Corday, who wanted a constituional monarchy

Napoleon Bonaparte's Reign (1799-1821)

1799 A.D. - Approx. 1821 A.D.

Napoleon Crossing the Alps, by Jacques-Louis David (1801)

1801 A.D.

One of the first artistic propaganda Napoleon uses.

Napoleon as Mars, the Peacemaker. By Antonio Canova (1803)

1803 A.D. - 1806 A.D.

left in a storage place for its "uselessness":
1. made Napoleon look ridiculous, since he didn't look like that
2. didn't resonate with people
3. didn't really portray the image of Napoleon

****by an Italian artist

Napoleon at the Plague- house a Jaffa, by Antoine-Jean Gros (1804)

1804 A.D.

Napoleon actually killed all the prisoners and poisoned his men, but there were survivors, who spread rumors and Napoleon had this painting to dispel them.

Spanish War of Independence (1808-14)

1808 A.D. - Approx. 1814 A.D.

Bury Them and Be Quiet, by Goya. (1810-15)

1810 A.D. - 1815 A.D.

from the art collection Disasters of War (ca. 1810-15), first published in 1863.
Goya was afraid that this would implicate him

The Third of May, 1808. by Fransico de Goya (1814)

1814 A.D.

the day after a huge rebellion against the French invaders (Napoleon's)
men being executed by soldiers

Raft of the Medusa by Theodore Gericault (1818)

1818 A.D. - 1819 A.D.

real ship sank (the French frigate Méduse) on 1810.
cannabalistic actions involved. Capitain, rightfully, was blamed.

The Slave Ship, by Joseph Mallord William Turner (1840)

1840 A.D.

really propaganda envoking feelings in the viewer for the abolitionist cause