French Revolution

Events

Seven Years War

1754 - 1763

it split Europe into 2 coalitions led by France and Britain because Britain wanted to expand west into french territory to help its trade industry.

Coronation of Louis xvi

1774

Louis was crowned after his father died. when he was crowned he tried to rule the kingdom through Enlightened ideals, but the nobility shot him down because they didn't like enlightened ideals. Louis then deregulated the grain market causing bread prices to increase leading to massive revolts. this event likely is what triggered the whole french revolution since it made it harder for the starving people to get food which was a majority of France at the time combined with the fact that Louis was inexperienced and could not please the people.

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

The American Revolution was a political revolution during which colonists in the Thirteen American Colonies didn't the British monarchy and aristocracy, overthrew the authority of Great Britain in America, and founded the United States of America. France secretly funded America in their revolution giving them weapons and money. this also planted a seed of revolution in the french people's minds

What is the Third Estate?

1789

"What is the Third Estate?" was a pamphlet that said that the Third Estate was a nation on its own and did not need the other 2 estates to hold them back. the pamphlet directly influenced an invitation for writers to explain how they think the Estates General should be organized.

Cahier De Doleances

March, 1789 - April, 1789

they were lists of problems written by each of the three Estates in France outlining what they thought should be changed or how the country should be run. these Cahiers show how the situation was in France and the fact that people from all 3 estates were writing these shows that there was bound to be a revolution soo.

Estates General Meeting

May 5, 1789 - july 1789

it was the first meeting of the estates General since 1614 summoned by King Louis XVI to propose solutions to his government's financial problems however they came to an impasse at the first thing on the agenda because they couldn't figure out how to vote on the matter. the meeting was ended when the third estate left to form the National assembly against the kings wishes. common people defied the king shows that the revolution is close at hand.

tennis court oath

june 20, 1789

the third estate was lock out of the Estates General meeting so they moved to a nearby tennis court and they took a solemn collective oath "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established". this pretty much showed that the power of the country lies wit its people and not with the king.

storming bastille

July 14, 1789

revolutionaries stormed the Bastille, a prison, and released the prisoners showing the freedom that the revolution would bring. they also gathered weapons from the fortress as well aiding in the revolution.

The Great Fear

july 17, 1789 - august 3, 1789

there was rumors of a famine caused by aristocrat "famine plot" to starve or burn out the population in combination with grain shortages causing panic in the people. the people began to attack manors for food. this event caused more people (particularly in the third estate) that there needed to be a change and joined the revolution.

October Days

october, 1789

The harvest of 1789 had been poor, and France was in debt. so crowds of women met at City Hall and demanded bread, they were refused, so they marched 12 miles to Versailles to confront the king. After making their demands Louis, he promised the women that he would send grain to Paris but that wasn't enough for them and demanded he return to Paris and live there. this was important because it showed the king could be persuaded by the people.

Abolition of Feudal Rights

1790

This abolished both the seigneurial rights of the Second Estate and the tithes gathered by the First Estate. both were reluctant to agree but it led to equal taxation which was a fair cause.

Abolition of Titles of the Nobility

june, 1790

this took all the titles away from the nobility and pretty much made it so people born into a family could not start off with great esteem. this even is showing how the third estate is basically dictating how the country is run by the people.

war with Austria

April 20, 1792 - oct, 1797

France declared war on Austria because they threatened to invade if any harm came to the royal family, however the noble commanders left France because their titles were taken away leaving the french with inexperienced and poorly organized troops. this war ultimately brings about an end to the french revolution because the french are beaten back by Austria.

Jacobins Take Louis xvi into custody

august, 1792

the Jacobins debate on what to do with the king and a vote proves that they want him dead so they storm the Tuileries Palace and capture him after killing the royal guard. this event leads to the Austrians to invade France being the downfall of the revolution.

Abolition of the Monarchy

September 21, 1792

king Louis was caught trying to leave France and was put on trial for being a counterrevolutionary and after a vote he was to be executed. he went to the guillotine with his dignity before he was executed.

Execution of Louis XVI

January 21, 1793

Creation of the Committee of public safety

march, 1793

the committee was made to protect the newly formed republic and was given power over the government and the military to keep order from counterrevolutionaries. It became stronger which helped keep France out of despotism.

The Terror

september, 1793 - july, 1794

The Terror was a period of violence started between the Jacobins and Girondins which ended up with thousands of executions of "enemies of the revolution". This led to Robespierre's execution because he was responsible for writing lists of enemies of the revolution and starting the terror.

Execution of Marie Antoinette

october, 1793

Marie Antoinette was executed 9 months after king Louis for the same reason as the king, being a counterrevolutionary. this made Austrian even more angry with the french because she was part of the royal family in Austria. this caused Austria to have a brutal revenge on France.

Danton Executed

April 6, 1794

Danton was a supported of the revolution who was the first President of the Committee of Public Safety and a driving force at the start of the revolution. he was executed during the terror because he was accused of taking bribes and having leniency towards enemies of the revolution. this event shows the decline of the people as they start executing strong supporters of the revolution because they are scared they will lose their freedom.

Robespierre Executed

july 28, 1794

Robespierre was a strong supporter of the revolution and convinced many people to take action, but he started getting paranoid that people were out to get him so he started writing lists of people who were enemies of the revolution. Robespierre's lists started The Terror because the people were scared they would end up on the list so they decided to capture Robespierre and have him executed

The Directory

november, 1795 - november, 1799

The Directory was the government France had near the end of the revolution and was led by 5 directors. The Directory gained foreign power because of Napoleons conquests in Italy, however it repressed the people of France by killing thousands and silencing newspapers during a time of depression leading to Napoleon overthrowing it. this led to the end of the French revolution and to Napoleon being king of France.

18 Brumaire

november, 1799

this event brought Napoleon to power as the First Consul of France by overthrowing the Directory that was repressing its citizens anyways. this eventually led to Napoleon declaring himself emperor of France.