Neolithic Revolution Begins

5,000 B.C.

Unit 1 #1 Beginning of the spread of agriculuture. People started farming and keeping animals. It changed the way people lived.

Early River Valley Civilizations

3500 B.C. - 450 B.C.

Unit 1 #2 Early civilization and the first city-states begin to develop in Mesopotamia
Cuneiform system of writing developed in 3000 B.C.
Social classes of people began with civilization


3500 B.C. - 1600 B.C.

Unit 1 #3 First city-states began to develop.
Cuneiform writing developed for record keeping in 3000 B.C.

Ancient Egypt

3000 B.C. - 2000 B.C.

Unit 1 #4 Called the gift of the Nile because the flooding of the river made the soil good for crops to grow.
Pharoahs were like gods and ruled religion in Egypt. Pyramids were built. People were mummified when they died. Egypt was strong in technology and science.

Indus Valley

2500 B.C. - 1500 B.C.

Unit 1 #5 The first Indian civilization built on the Indus River. Climate of monsoons. The Indus people built modern looking plumbing. Almost every house had a bathroom and toilet ahead of other civilizations.

Babylonian Empire created

2000 B.C.

Unit 1 #6 Hammurabi reigned 1792-1750 B.C. and developed a Code of Laws

Ancient China

2000 B.C. - 1000 B.C.

Unit 1 #7 Chinese culture had strong belief in family, social classes and religious beliefs. Mandate of Heaven was divine approval believed by the government.
Technology and trade by the Zhou Dynasty

The Trojan War

1200 B.C.

Unit 2 #1 War between the Greeks and the people of Troy that lasted for 10 years.

Founding of Rome

753 BCE

Unit 2 #2 Stories of legend and myths of twin brothers Romulus and Remus.
Rome began as a Republic.


527 BCE

Became emperor of the Byzantine Empire for 38 years

The Persian Wars

492 BCE - 449 BCE

Unit 2 #3 Between Greece and Persia for almost half a century. Greece won.

Greece's Golden Age

477 BCE - 431 BCE

Unit 2 #4 Athens had growth in intellectual and artistic learning. Democracy strengthened.

Peloponnesian Wars

431 BCE - 404 BCE

Unit 2 #5 Sparta declared war on Athens was becoming powerful and wealthy. Both sides signed a truce in the end.

Alexander the Great

356 B.C. - 323 B.C.

Unit 2 #6 Conquered Persia and Egypt
He was the king of Macedonia from 336 B.C. to 323 BCE

Punic Wars

264 BCE - 146 BCE

Unit 2 #7 Three wars that led to the destruction of Carthage.

Silk Road

114 B.C.

Unit 1 #8 Trade routes from China and India to the Mediterranean Sea

The Byzantine Empire

450 AD

Unit 3 #1 Was what remained of the eastern Roman Empire.

Fall of Roman Empire

476 C.E.

Unit 2 #8 Rome was overthrown by Germanic leader, Odoacer. He became the first Barbarian to rule in Rome.



Unit 3 #2 Religious sect believing in the teachings of Buddha.
Has influenced Asian society for over 2,500 years.


570 - 632

Unit 3 #4 Referred to my Muslims as the last prophet sent by God to mankind. The founder of Islam. Born in Mecca



Unit 3 #3 Religion begun by Muhammad. Followers are called Muslims. Holy book is the Qur'an.

Crisis Creates Split


Unit 3 #5 Sunni Muslims and Shi'a Muslims split due to a fundamental division in the Muslim community.

Muslim Empire expands


Unit 3 #6 The Muslim Empire had expanded 6,000 miles from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indus River, including the Byzantine Empire.



Unit 3 #7 Were active in slave trade in the Middle East and Europe.
Spent time farming.

Indian Ocean Trade

800 A.D.

Unit 3 #8 Trading of gold, ivory and iron between the city-states in Africa