Revolution in Georgia

Events

French and Indian War ( Seven Years War)

1754 - 1763

The was between the French and the British (primarly), while Britain won the war, it was in big dept. To pay for the expenses of the war, and the dept that it was in, Britain began taxing the colonies. This upset the colonist. It lead to the Revolutianry war.

Proclamation of 1763

October 7, 1763

A legal document proclaiming the victory over France, and gaining more land. Document also forbi colonist to settle or to move back, before the appalachian mountains. Georgia grew to the St. John's river, but stopped at the appalachian mt. for it belong to the natives.

Sugar Act

April 5, 1764

The Act set a tax on sugar and molasses imported into the colonies. This impacted alcohol in Britain.

Stamp Act

March 22, 1765

This act put a tax on newspapers, legal documents, and licenses. Many colonies refused to pay this tax, increasing tension between the colonies and the motherland. Out of all colonies Georgia was the only one who sold stamps.

Townshend Act

June 15, 1767 - July 2, 1767

A new set of import taxes on British goods including paint, paper, lead, glass and tea. Not a direct tax, but one on imports.

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

A street fight between patriots throwing rocks and snowballs at British soldiers. 5 colonist who were unarmed, got killed in this event.

Boston Tea Party

December 16, 1773

Protest by "The Sons of Liberty" where they dressed up as indians, got on a ship and dumped all tea in to the ocean.

Intolerable Acts

March 24, 1774

The intolerable acts were a series of 4 decreeds that were meant to punished Massachusetts for throwing tea into the sea. These included:
Boston Port Act- the act of closing the port until the tea was completely paid back to the company.
Massachusetts Government Act - colonist could not hold meeting unless governer was present or called one
Administration of Justice Act - British soldiers who had comited capital crimes had to have justice charged in Britain
Quartering Act - under mandate all colonies had to feed and house British soliders in their homes at their expense if soldiers requested
Georgia at this time was still very dependent on Britain and therefore did not react as much because our econimy was not based on agriculture products, we did not need ships to trade since trade could be done within colonies, the king was still paying the colony, and they didn't want to hinder the lives of relatives back home. It was because of this georgia did not send anymore to the First Continetal Congress.

Continental Congress

September 5, 1774

Georgia did not take part of this meeting for its close ties to Britain. The congress was formed to discuss and take action agaisnt the intorable acts. The congress sent a document to the king telling to stop unfriendly steps towards the colonies. In response, the king sent troops to stop rebellion.

Provincial Congress

January 18, 1775

A meeting to decide which degelates were going to be present at the Second Continental Congress

Battles of Lexington and Concord

April 19, 1775

One long-term cause of the Revolutionary War. Sparked a fire to the patriots.

Second Continental Congress

May 10, 1775

During the congress, it was asked that the militia be provided with food and supplies, asked France for help, established Continental Army and appointed George Washington as commander-in-cheif, and made one last attempt to get the king to change his course of actions.

Declaration of Independence

1776

By now, all hope of joining Britain once again, had vanished. Congress approved the Declaration of Independence, which caused us to formaly declare war against Britain. Georgia shows up late due to difficulty deciding whether to stay or leave with the rest of the colonies.
The three delegates from Georgia to sing the document were Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton.

The Georgia Constituition of 1777

1777

Adopting the constitution made some changes to Georgia. The 8 parishes turned into counties. Unicameral congress system changed to bicameral, alllowing there to have more voice for Georgians. It also limited the power the governer had.

Articles of Confederation

November 15, 1777 - 1789

First official constitution of the U.S. Later, it was realized that the confederation did not work as a stable goverment.

Battle of Kettle Creek

February 14, 1779

Georgia's mititia had been unsuccesful due to the fact that we were poorly armed and understaffed, and therefore had lost every battle of Georgia soil. This battle was important because it was the first battle to be won which helped Georgian's morale, and futher success for Georgia. The battle led by Colonel Eliyah Clarke. One of them men that alongside with Clarke was Austin Dabney. Austin was a black man. If you were wealthy enough, you would send a slave to fight for you. This is important because Georgia and South Carolina had strcit laws about not letting blacks fight in the revolution.

The Siege of Savannah

September 16, 1779 - October 18, 1779

Savannah had been captured by the British. In the siege, Georgians recieved help from the French. However, the attempt to win back the city, which was of great importance, backfired and left many French and Americans dead. Savannah was not retrived back until the end of the war.

Nancy Hart

1780

Nancy Hart is remember for her patriotic acts towards the British. A mother, whom did not want serve British soldiers, when they can in and demanded to be taken care of. Cleverly, she endulged them, distracted them and to took their weapons. She sent her daughter to get help when they were distracted. When the soldiers realized what was going on, they went to her. Some accounts say that she shot one two, that she killed one and wounded another, that she killed both, and some say she killed all 5. For her courage, and strenght she is remembered, and has a county named after her.

Battle of Yorktown

September 28, 1781

This was the final battle before the end of the War. The British had surrendered.

The Treaty of Paris

September 3, 1783

This treaty formaly ended the war. The treaty was signed in Paris.

Constitutional Convention of 1787

1787 - 1789

The gathering where delegates came togther to write the constitution that we know we all follow. The U.S. constitution. It completely changed the goverment, having a strong central goverment. It also gave Georgia a more strong centrel goverment. The delegates that signed the constitution were Abraham Baldwin and William Few.