American Presidency

Events

Political Parties

1800

Political Parties Started Developing

Stand for Office

1800 - 1935

President candidates expected to stand for office

Revolution of 1800

1800

Jefferson's revolution to get rid of Federalist monarchy principles

12th Amendment

1804

Creates separate ballot for Pres and VP

King Cauceses

1808 - 1824

secretaries are family

1817 - 1860

Every president selected a secretary based on relation

President party leaders but not

1820 - 1840

Presidents were expected to be party leaders but also remain nonpartisan

Public Participation

1828

Huge increase in public participation in politics

Jackson = party leader

1828

Andrew Jackson was the first to embrace party leader

Perverted Presidency

1830

Whig party brought to light the idea of perverted presidency

National Nominating Conventions

1831 - 1968

Congress gives salary for secretary

1857

Congress authorizes a specific salary for the President's secretary

Assistant secratary funding

1867

Congress creates funding for an assistant Presidential secretary

Front Porch Campaign

1880

President's were being bombarded by different expectations, so James Garfield used the Front Porch Campaign

Executive able to handle routine tasks

1893

Grover Cleavend stated the the Presidency was now able to effectively manage routine tasks

McKinley uses press

1898

McKinley uses the press to pressure congress into action on one of his speaking tours

Progressive Presidency

1900

Progressive era used progressive presidency to justify president expanding powers

McCkinley vs Bryan

1900

norms for challenges changed a lot more than for incumbents

Traveling campaigns

1908

First time both parties cross the country to campaign

press becomes developed

Approx. 1910

National press club in 1908 and white house corespondents association in 1914 made it so presidents couldn't use the press like Teddy Roosevelt had

Primaries start playing a role

1912

Primaries start playing a role in elections

BOB

1921

Creation of Bureau of Budget signed by Harding to help manage executive department spending

Perverted Presidency

1930

Republican's opposed FDR through the view of perverted presidency

Run for Office

1936 - 2015

Candidates expected to Run for office

Reorganization Act of 1939

1939

Reorganization Act of 1939 gave the President six new assistants and gave the President the power to reorganize the Executive branch

EOP created

1939

Executive office of the President created

PAC

1940

political Action committees came into existence

National Democratic Convention in Chicago

1968

Ended the old system and marks when primaries became important

Primaries

1968 - 2015

Primaries become the main way to nominate candidates

Chief of Staff

Approx. 1970 - 2015

Chief of staff is first used by Nixon

FEC regulations

1972

FEC begins regulating campaign finance

Swelling Presidency

1974

After watergate, the public was alarmed with the swelling presidency

Super Delegates

1980

Super Delegates appeared

Congressional Review Act

1996

Requires Presidents to submit any major regulatory changes to Congress

McCain

2008

McCain is first presidential nominated despite dissent within his own party