Divided into two distinct periods.
First period (1933-1935) Roosevelt administration experimented with a host of emergency programs. Designed to salvage a collapsing economy.
FERA (federal emergency relief administration, 1933-1935) to supplement local relief efforts that paid unemployed young men $30 a month to conserve forests, control floods, and develop state parks.
WPA (works progress administration, 1935-1942) employed people to construct buildings, roads, and airports.
TVA (Tennessee valley authority) brought dams, cheap electricity and economic development to the Deep South.
12% of all WPA workers were female because between 1932 and 1937 the federal economy act allowed more than 1 family member to be employed.
WPA was reluctant to hire African American women. Only 2% held jobs.
Also discriminated against latinos.
The second deal extended from 1935-1937.
Social security act, Wagner act, and the 1937 housing act authorized the federal government to construct public housing.
1938, fair labor standard act established a minimum wage but just for industrial workers.
GI bill which was officially intended to provide scholarships and loans for all veterans, was racially biased.
1943, Lanham Act, more women were able to work in factories - "Rosie the Riveter"
When war ended, congress cut funds so women lost jobs.