Prehistoric Mesopotamia used small marked clay tokens/tablets as a method for accounting.
Papyrus scrolls were used for writing. Ancient Egyptians used inside of the papyrus reed was cut into strips and layered the first vertically then horizontally and then pressed and allowed to dry. The natural gum from the reed allowed the strips to stick together forming a sheet.
The use of codices (manuscripts bound together by a cover), developed by the Romans, replaces the use of the scrolls
Developed in Turkey.
Parchment (made from animal skins) replaces papyrus as the main writing surface in the western world.
The Diamon Sutra published in China is the first dated book made by block printing
The German Prufening dedicatory inscription was possibly the first use of the typographic principle in Europe which was made stamping individual wooden roman capitals into clay
Watermarked paper introduced in Tuscany Italy
The production of books moved from monastic scriptoria to civilian professional scribes in cities
Gutenberg uses a lead-based moveable type to print indulgences (a type of receipt used by Catholics to seek forgiveness for their sins)
Cicero’s De oratore is believed to be the first printed book and was published in Subiaco Italy
The IL Monte Sancto di Dio is the first book with intaglio illustrations published in Florence.
William Stanhope build the first cast-iron press which replaces wood presses
Friedrich Koenig develops the first steam-powered cylinder press 1802-1818
Henry and Sealy Fourdrinier buy patent for Robert paper-making machine the basis for the Fourdrinier machine
Daguerreotype the earliest photographic process is invented by Louis Jacques-Mande Daguerre.
The first commercially successful typewriter is invented in Milwaukee
The first successful electronic typewriter, the Electromatic is marketed by IBM
Chester F. Carlson invents Xerography
Laszlo Biro invents the ball point pen
ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Intergrator and Computer) was the first general purpose computer
ARPANET, the precursor to the internet was developed in South California
The World Wide Web invented by Tim Berners-Lee is publicly launched
PDF (Portable Document Format) was launched by Adobe Systems
XML (Extensible Markup Language) is developed
3D Printing machines (the process of making three dimensional objects from a digital file) begin to be used and sold
Sony Libre, the first modern e-reader is released