Former Prophets Final Nocit

Archaeological Periods

Late Bronze Age

1550 BC - 1200 BC

Iron Age I

1199 BC - 1000 BC

Iron Age II

999 BC - 586 BC

Babylonian/Exilic Period

585 BC - 539 BC

Biblical Periods

480 years between Exodus and temple construction

Approx. 1450 BC - 966 BC

300 years between Israel in Heshbon and Jephtah (Judges 11:26)

Approx. 1378 BC - Approx. 1078 BC

Judges (Early)

1375 BC - 1050 BC

12 Generations between Exodus and Temple

Approx. 1260 BC - 966 BC

United Kingdom

1050 BC - 931 BC

Divided Kingdom (Judah)

931 BC - 586 BC

Divided Kingdom (Israel)

931 BC - 722 BC

Judges

Jericho and Ai conquered

1406 BC

biblehub

Moses dies. Joshua leads. Preparations for Conquest

1406 BC

Merrill 1991:150

Israel enters Canaan

Approx. 1406 BC

Kaiser 2005:253, Unger 1954:145

Sun stands still

1405 BC

biblehub

Amarna letters confirm Israel conquest of Canaan approx 1401

Approx. 1400 BC - 1366 BC

Unger 1954:145

Excavations confirms fall of Jericho in this time-period

Approx. 1400 BC

Unger 1954:146

Land allotted to tribes

1399 BC

biblehub

Joshua dies

1390 BC

Kaiser 2005:302

Oppression by Chushan-Rishathaim (Aram)

1375 BC - 1367 BC

Othniel

1367 BC - 1327 BC

Covenant renewal at Shechem

1360 BC

Merrill 1991:161

Oppression by Eglon (Moab)

1327 BC - 1309 BC

Ehud

1309 BC - 1229 BC

Oppression by Philistia

1229 BC

Shamgar

1229 BC

Oppression by Canaan

1229 BC - 1209 BC

Deborah

1209 BC - 1169 BC

Oppression by Midian

1169 BC - 1162 BC

Gideon

1162 BC - 1122 BC

Naomi, Ruth, and Boaz

Approx. 1140 BC

biblehub

Abimelech rules Shechem

1122 BC - 1119 BC

Tola

1119 BC - 1096 BC

Oppression by Philistia

1115 BC - 1075 BC

Birth of Samuel

Approx. 1105 BC

Kaiser 2005:342

Shiloh destroyed, Ark captured

Approx. 1100 BC

Merrill 1991:183

Jair

1096 BC - 1074 BC

Oppression by Ammon

1096 BC - 1078 BC

Samuel

Approx. 1085 BC - Approx. 1050 BC

Jephtah

1078 BC - 1072 BC

Samson

1075 BC - 1055 BC

Ibzan

1072 BC - 1065 BC

Elon

1065 BC - 1055 BC

Abdon

1055 BC - 1047 BC

United Kingdom

Saul

1050 BC - 1010 BC

Jonathan and his armorbearer attacks a Philistine garisson

Approx. 1042 BC

biblehistory.com, biblehub.com

Saul's disobedience and Samuel's rebuke

Approx. 1028 BC

biblehub.com

David kills goliath

1025 BC

Kaiser 2005:395

David anointed as king

1025 BC

Kaiser 2005:395

David flees from Saul

1014 BC - 1010 BC

biblehub.com

David with Achish

1010 BC

biblehub.com

Saul consults the witch at Endor

1010 BC

biblehub.com

Civil war between Abner and Joab

1010 BC - 1005 BC

biblehub

Ishbosheth

1010 BC - Approx. 1004 BC

David (Judah)

1010 BC - 971 BC

David (Israel)

1003 BC - 971 BC

David fetches ark from Abinadab's house and brings it to Jerusalem

1000 BC

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David plans the Temple

1000 BC

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David defeats the Philistines

998 BC

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David invites Mephibosheth into his house

995 BC

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David and Bathsheba

993 BC

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Nathan rebukes David

991 BC

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Amnon rapes Tamar, Amnon killed by Absalom

990 BC

biblehub.com

The widow of Tekoa speaks to David

988 BC

biblehub.com

David reconciled with Absalom

980 BC

biblehub.com

David takes a census, David makes preparations for the Temple

979 BC

biblehub.com

Absalom's conspiracy

976 BC

biblehub.com

David flees Jerusalem

976 BC - 972 BC

biblehub.com

Joab kills Absalom

972 BC

biblehub.com

Sheba rebels against David

972 BC

biblehub.com

David avenges the Gibeonites

971 BC

Solomon

971 BC - 931 BC

Temple Construction

966 BC - 959 BC

Temple of Solomon erected

966 BC

Unger 1954:281

Hiram inspects Solomon's gifts of cities

946 BC

biblehistory.com, biblehub.com

The Queen of Sheba visits Solomon

Approx. 945 BC

biblehistory.com, biblehub.com

The Kingdom divides

931 BC

Dennis 2008:385, Kaiser 2005:342

Divided Kingdom (Judah)

Rehoboam

931 BC - 913 BC

Shishak attacks and sacks the temple

926 BC

Thiele 1951:56, biblehistory.com

Abijam

913 BC - 911 BC

Asa

911 BC - 870 BC

Jehoshaphat

873 BC - 848 BC

Jehoram

853 BC - 841 BC

Ahaziah

841 BC

Athaliah (Queen)

841 BC - 835 BC

Joash

835 BC - 796 BC

Joash order temple repairs

812 BC

biblehub.com

Amaziah

796 BC - 767 BC

Edom demolished by Amaziah

790 BC

Merrill 1991:250

Uzziah

790 BC - 739 BC

Jotham

750 BC - 731 BC

The ammonites stop paying tribute to Judah

736 BC

Heinisch 1952:244

Edom revolts against Judah

736 BC - 733 BC

Heinisch 1952:244

Philistines start invading Judah

736 BC - 733 BC

Heinisch 1952:244

Ahaz

735 BC - 715 BC

Peka-Rezin coalition against Judah

735 BC - 732 BC

Merrill 1991:262

Ahaz seek aid from Assyria contrary to Isaiah's council

733 BC

Heinisch 1952:244

Judah becomes vassal to Assyria

733 BC

Heinisch 1952:245

Jerusalem under siege by Damascus and Israel

733 BC

Heinisch 1952:245

Hezekiah

715 BC - 686 BC

Sennacherib's 3rd campaign. Attack on Hezekiah and Jerusalem

701 BC

Thiele 1951:158, Heinisch 1952:219

Judah's revolt against Assyria

701 BC

Kaiser 2005

Manasseh

696 BC - 642 BC

Manasseh visits Esarhaddon in Nineveh

678 BC

Unger 1954:280

Amon

642 BC - 640 BC

Josiah

640 BC - 609 BC

Josiah's Reforms

628 BC

Dennis 2011:385, Heinisch 1952:259

Jehoahaz

609 BC

Jehoiakim

609 BC - 597 BC

Egyptian campaign to the Euphrates, Josiah slain by Necho at Megiddo

609 BC

Thiele 1951:156, Thiele 1951:162, Heinisch 1952:219

Jehoiachin prisoner of Nebuchadnezzar

598 BC

Unger 1954:283, Thiele 1951:156

Jehoiakin

597 BC

Zedekiah

597 BC - 586 BC

Jerusalem captured by Nebuchadnezzar

597 BC

Thiele 1951:156

Zedekiah revolts

588 BC

Robinson 1951:429

Fall of Jerusalem

586 BC

Dennis 2014:385, Thiele 1951:171, Kaiser 2005:526, Unger 1954:284, Heinisch 1952:219

Divided Kingdom (Israel)

Jeroboam I

931 BC - 910 BC

Nadab

910 BC - 909 BC

Baasha

909 BC - 886 BC

Jehu's prophecy against Baasha

909 BC

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Elah

886 BC - 885 BC

Zimri

885 BC

Tibni

885 BC - 880 BC

Omri

885 BC - 874 BC

Israel capital moved to Samaria

880 BC

Merrill 1991:235

Ahab

874 BC - 853 BC

3 and half years of drought

869 BC - 866 BC

biblehistory.com, biblehub.com

Jericho City E constructed

860 BC

Unger 1954:148

Skirmish at Aphek between Ahab and Benhadad

857 BC

Heinisch 1952:227

Ahab takes Naboth's vineyard

855 BC

biblehistory.com, biblehub.com

Ahaziah

853 BC - 852 BC

Micaiah prophesies defeat of Ahab

853 BC

biblehistory.com

Battle of Qarqar

853 BC

Heinisch 1952:219, Merrill 1991:238, Robinson 1951:296

Jehoshaphat allies with Ahab

853 BC

Heinisch 1952:233, biblehub.com

Joram

852 BC - 841 BC

Jehu

841 BC - 814 BC

Jehoahaz

814 BC - 798 BC

Jehoash

798 BC - 782 BC

Jeroboam II

793 BC - 753 BC

The Great Earthquake of Amos (750 BC with 30 year error)

Approx. 780 BC - Approx. 720 BC

Austin et al 2010:657

Zachariah

753 BC - 752 BC

Shallum

752 BC

Menahem

752 BC - 742 BC

Pekah

752 BC - 732 BC

Pekahiah

742 BC - 740 BC

Menahem paid tribute to Tiglath-pileser III

738 BC

Robinson 1951:372

Anti-Assyrian league established (Tyre, Sidon, Philistia, Arabia (Samsi), Damascus, Israel, Egypt)

736 BC

Heinisch 1952:244

Hoshea

732 BC - 722 BC

Hoshea confirmed king of Samaria by Tiglath-pileser

732 BC

Heinisch 1952:245

Siege against Samaria

725 BC - 722 BC

Thiele 1951:149, Heinisch 1952:246

Assyria (Sargon II) conquers Israel, Fall of Samaria

722 BC

Kaiser 2005:1051, Dennis 2010:385, Unger 1954:265, Heinisch 1952:219

Complete destruction of Ahab's palace

721 BC

Robinson 1951:310

Prophets

Elijah

875 BC - 848 BC

Israel

Elijah and the widow at Zarephath

Approx. 869 BC - Approx. 866 BC

biblehistory.com, biblehub.com

Elisha at Mt. Horeb and Carmel, Elisha defeats Baal and Asherah worshippers

Approx. 866 BC

biblehistory.com, biblehub.com

Elisha

848 BC - 797 BC

Israel

Elisha and the widow's oil

847 BC

Obadiah

Approx. 840 BC - Approx. 830 BC

Edom

Joel

835 BC - 796 BC

Judah

Naaman healed

830 BC

biblehistory.com

Jonah

785 BC - Approx. 775 BC

Nineveh

Amos

760 BC - 750 BC

Israel

Hosea

755 BC - 715 BC

Israel

Micah

Approx. 742 BC - Approx. 687 BC

Judah and Israel

Isaiah

739 BC - 681 BC

Judah and Israel

Nahum

Approx. 663 BC - Approx. 612 BC

Assyria

Zephaniah

640 BC - 621 BC

Judah

Jeremiah

626 BC - Approx. 575 BC

Judah and Egypt

Habakkuk

Approx. 620 BC - Approx. 588 BC

Judah

Daniel

605 BC - 536 BC

Babylon and the Nations

Ezekiel

593 BC - Approx. 571 BC

Judah and Babylon

Other

Jericho City D constructed

1500 BC

Unger 1954:147

Thutmosis III captures Megiddo

1479 BC

Heinisch 1952:120

Hittites conquer the Mitanni

1400 BC - 1370 BC

Merrill 1991:149

Hittite Empire collapses

1200 BC

Merrill 1991:149

Philistines settle along Mediterranean coast and expand eastward

1200 BC - Approx. 1100 BC

Merrill 1991:149,168,Robinson 1951:158

Aramean expansion

1076 BC - 825 BC

Merrill 1991:229-230

Hittite empire ceases to exist

717 BC

Heinisch 1952:247

Assyria

Asshuruballit

1365 BC - 1330 BC

Merrill 1991:228

Shalmaneser I

1274 BC - 1245 BC

Merrill 1991:228

Tukultininurta I

1244 BC - 1208 BC

Merrill 1991:228

Tiglathpileser I

1114 BC - Approx. 1076 BC

Merrill 1991:228, Unger 1954:191

Asshurnasirpal II

883 BC - 859 BC

Unger 1954:244, Merrill 1991:228,235

Shalmaneser III

859 BC - 825 BC

Merrill 1991:228, Unger 1954:23

Shalmaneser III in 6th year of reign

854 BC

Heinisch 1952:219

Shalmaneser in 18th year of reign

842 BC

Heinisch 1952:219

Shamsi-Adad V

824 BC - 815 BC

Unger 1954:246

Adadnirari III

805 BC - 782 BC

Unger 1954:247, Robinson 1951:358

Shalmaneser IV

782 BC - 773 BC

Unger 1954:253

Ashurdan III

772 BC - 755 BC

Unger 1954:253

Ashurnirari

754 BC - 745 BC

Unger 1954:253

Tiglathpileser III

745 BC - 727 BC

Unger 1954:253, Robinson 1951:336, Heinisch 1952:243, Merrill 1991:228

Tiglathpileser III in 8th year of reign

738 BC

Heinisch 1952:219

Assyria extends territory into Gaza, Damascus, Philistia and Samaria

733 BC - 732 BC

Heinisch 1952:245

Tiglathpileser III in 14th year

732 BC

Heinisch 1952:219

Shalmaneser V king of Assyria

727 BC - 722 BC

Heinisch 1952:246, Thiele 1951:149, Unger 1954:259, Merrill 1991:228

Babylonia revolts against Assyria

722 BC

Merrill 1991:258

Sargon II

722 BC - 705 BC

Unger 1954:17, Merrill 1991:228, Heinisch 1952:246

Sharrukin II

721 BC - 705 BC

Unger 1954:259

Esarhaddon

711 BC - 669 BC

Sennacherib

705 BC - 681 BC

Heinisch 1952:252, Unger 1954:263

Sennacherib invades Babylon

689 BC

Esarhaddon

680 BC - 669 BC

Robinson 1951:400, Heinisch 1952:256, Unger 1954:270, Merrill 1991:261

Esarhaddon invades Egypt

675 BC

Esarhaddon occupies Upper Egypt by conquering Tirhakah and capturing Memphis

671 BC

Merrill 1991:261, Heinisch 1952:256

Ashurbanipal

669 BC - 633 BC

Unger 1954:277, Merrill 1991:261, Heinisch 1952:256 668-626

Shumashshumukin rules Northern Babylon (as second to Ashurbanipal)

668 BC - 648 BC

Heinisch 1952:256

Ashurbanipal defeats Tirhakah and captures Thebes

663 BC

Merrill 1991:261

Shumash-shum-ukin begins revolt against Ashurbanipal

652 BC

Heinisch 1952:256

Ashurbanipal captures Babylon

648 BC

Heinisch 1952:256

Ashuretililani

633 BC - 629 BC

Merrill 1991:267

Sinsharishkun

629 BC - 612 BC

Merrill 1991:267

Ashuruballit II

612 BC - 609 BC

Merrill 1991:267

Assyrian empire ends

612 BC

Unger 1954:277

Babylon

Nabonassar

747 BC - 734 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Nabunadinzir

733 BC - 732 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Pulu

731 BC - 727 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Ululai

726 BC - 722 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Merodach-baladan

722 BC - 711 BC

Merrill 1991:258, Thiele 1951:216

Sargon

709 BC - 705 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Belibni

702 BC - 700 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Assurnadinshum

699 BC - 694 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Ashur-nadin-shum made king of Babylon by Sennacherib

699 BC

Heinisch 1952:254

Nergalushezib

693 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Ashur-nadin-shum captured by the king of Elam

693 BC

Heinisch 1952:254

Mushezub-Marduk

692 BC - 689 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Assurakhiddin

680 BC - 668 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Shamashshumukin

667 BC - 648 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Kandalanu

647 BC - 626 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Nabopolassar

626 BC - 605 BC

Merrill 1991267, Heinisch 1952:258, Thiele 1951:216

Nabopolassar establishes Neo-Babylonian Empire

626 BC

Merrill 1991:257, Heinisch 1952:258

Lunar Eclipse 5th year of Nabopolassar

621 BC

Thiele 1951:162

Skirmish between Egypt and Babylonia

616 BC

Merrill 1991:267

Asshur captured by Medo-Babylonian army

614 BC

Merrill 1991:267

Nineveh captured and destroyed by Medo-Babylonian army

612 BC

Merrill 1991:267, Robinson 1951:411, Unger 1954:282, Heinisch 1952:218

Daniel exiled to Babylon

605 BC - 536 BC

Kaiser 2005

Nebuchadnezzar invades Canaan

605 BC

Merrill 1991:269

Battle of Carchemish, Necho defeated by Nebuchadnezzar

605 BC

Thiele 1951:156, Unger 1954:282, Dennis 2012:385

Nebuchadnezzar

604 BC - 562 BC

Thiele 1951:216, Merrill 1991:249

Jehoiachin in Babylon

595 BC - 570 BC

Unger 1954:17

Lachish destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar

587 BC

Unger 1954:285

Eclipse 37th year of Nebuchadnezzar

568 BC

Thiele 1951:218

Evil-merodach

562 BC - 560 BC

Merrill 1991:270

Joachin released from prison

560 BC

Heinisch 1952:219

Nergalsharusur

559 BC - 556 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Nabonidus

555 BC - 539 BC

Thiele 1951:216

Damascus

Benhadad I

890 BC - 841 BC

Merrill 1991:233

Hazael

841 BC - 801 BC

Merrill 1991:243

Elisha prophecies Hazael will be king of Damascus

841 BC

Merrill 1991:243

Damascus plundered

805 BC

Robinson 1951:334

Benhadad II/III

801 BC - 770 BC

Merrill 1991:245, Chavalas 2006:307

Rezin

750 BC - 732 BC

Unger 1954:254, Merrill 1991:248

Damascus captured by Assyria

732 BC

Robinson 1951:372, Unger 1954:258

Egypt

Akhnaton

1387 BC - 1366 BC

Unger 1954:146

Various letters from Abdi-Hiba (Jerusalem) requesting aid from Akhnaton against the Habiru

1387 BC - 1366 BC

Unger 1954:146

Tutankhamun

1366 BC - 1357 BC

Unger 1954:183

Harmab

1350 BC - 1314 BC

Unger 1954:183

Seti I

1314 BC - 1295 BC

Unger 1954:184

Raamses II

1295 BC - 1223 BC

Unger 1954:184

Stele of victory by Merneptah shows Israel already settled in Canaan

1200 BC

Robinson 1951:75

Raamses III

1198 BC - 1167 BC

Unger 1954:185; Heinisch 1952:119

Siamon

1000 BC - 984 BC

Heinisch 1952:192

Psussenes II

984 BC - 850 BC

Heinisch 1952:192

Siamon reigns in Egypt

976 BC - 958 BC

Heinisch 1952:192

22nd dynasty of Egypt established

940 BC

Merrill 1991:229

Shishak (Sheshonq I)

Approx. 940 BC - Approx. 919 BC

Merrill 1991:229, Unger 1954:237

Osorkon I

919 BC - 883 BC

Merrill 1991:229

Twentyfourth dynasty

725 BC - 709 BC

Merrill 1991:258

Twentyfifth dynasty

715 BC - 656 BC

Merrill 1991:258

Shabako

710 BC - 696 BC

Merrill 1991:259

Psammetich I

663 BC - 609 BC

Heinisch 1952:257, Merrill 1991:266

26th Dynasty in Egypt established by Psammetich I, Egypt independent

645 BC

Heinisch 1952:258

Necho II

609 BC - 594 BC

Merrill 1991:268

Psammetichus

594 BC - 588 BC

Unger 1954:287

Hophra (Apries)

588 BC - 568 BC

Merrill 1991:270, Unger 1954:284

Media

Cyaxares

625 BC - 585 BC

Merrill 1991:267

Tyre

Haram I

969 BC - 936 BC

Unger 1954:195