Social Function of Colonial Unversities

Events

College of New Jersey Founded

1746

College that aimed to promote virtue and connections for the privileged.

The College of Philadelphia founded

1754

College that aimed to promote virtue and connections for the privileged.

King's College Founded

1755

College that aimed to promote virtue and connections for the privileged.

Concept Layer

College Founders and their Concerns

1746

Aaron Burr and William Livingston create these institutions in order to "foster public order."

Change in Social Function of Colonial Colleges

1750

Moral crisis occurs as educators blame families for bringing up their boys poorly. Educators hope to train privileged youth and help stabilize the crisis.

Parents Unfit

1751

The Reverend Richard Peters of the College of Philadelphia argues that parents are unfit to be trusted with their children's education.

No Families on Campus

1763

Kings College abolishes the practice of having faculty family living on campus. Specifically, no women are allowed.

Removal from Family

1770

John Witherspoon of The College of New Jersey / Princeton argues that boys should be removed from their homes entirely while attending university

New Hires = Unmarried Men

1789

The College of New Jersey forces a mathematics professor to leave once he gets married. When announcing the posting, they explain that they are looking for an 'unmarried' man.

Student Social Layer

Case Study - Benjamin Rush

1766

Rush found a mentor in the President of Princeton, President Davies, and Davies recommended him for an apprenticeship with a Dr. with whom he studied with for almost 6 years.

Case Study - James Francis Armstrong

1770 - 1777

Armstrong attended the College of New Jersey, where he was graduated in 1733. He made a social connection with the President, John Witherspoon, studying with him to become a minister until 1777. He married his classmate William Smith Livingston's sister.