by Brianna DeHerrera
The North and the South started fighting about slavery/if it should be abolished or not.
In 1831, Nat Turner and 60 other slaves on the Virginia plantation rebelled against their masters and over 50 whites were killed. Blacks were starting to show/stand up for themselves and show that they were not going down without a fight.
In 1849, Harriet finally was able to reach freedom from slavery when she arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This was Harriet's second attempt at trying to escape, being the first time she tried to leave, she left with three of her brothers and they decided it was too dangerous to risk so they turned back and they made Harriet turn back with them. When Harriet was freed, she had went on the journey alone.
During the late 1850s, Harriet Tubman was asked to speak at an antislave society meeting.
Tubman was named a legend in 1850 for her ability to mysteriously maneuver through plantations very well and easily.
During the time of Harriet Tubman and slavery, Presidential Elections were going on and in 1860, President Abraham Lincoln was elected. Lincoln was the first Republican president, and he believed that people should not be allowed to own other people as slaves. Abraham Lincoln stayed President until 1865 when he was assassinated.
In 1861, large numbers of Blacks left plantations to go an join the Northern soldiers. These Blacks that were going to help were no longer slaves, but they were not yet concidered free either. President Lincoln would eventually sign his Emancipation Proclamation, liberating slaves of the South until January 1st, 1863.
All slaves were eventually freed in 1863. All slaves in the South at this time were let go and not concidered slaves anymore, but they weren't legally free yet either.
Throughout all of the years she had gone through a lot of trouble for people of her kind and as a nurse for the wounded in war, Harriet Tubman was never credited or paid for her work. However, in 1897, Queen Victoria sent Tubman a silver medal, simply because she was impressed and inspired by Tubman's bravery and hard work through out her whole life. This made a huge impact on her life, simply because she had never recieved credit before, so this was a huge thing for Tubman.
During the mid-19th century, the Abolitionist Movement in Fugitive Slave Act were passed.
During the time frame that Harriet Tubman was secretly taking and helping slaves get to freedom, the Civil War started in 1861. This is when large groups of Blacks left the plantations to join the North. In April of this year, Harriet headed South to help care for escaped slaves.
During this time frame, famous authors and books that were coming out were about the Underground Railroad, (The Underground Railroad by William Still), and Blacks and Whites getting along, (Uncle Tom's Cabin by J.C. Furnas).
During the Civil War and trying to end/abolish slavery, the culture was changing and was booming into a Industrial Revolution.
Along with industrial revolution, the culture was also changing with technology during the Civil War era.
Railroads had a huge impact on the economy of the United States during the mid 1850s until the early 1870s.