Famously uttering the single word 'non' into the television cameras at the critical moment, a statement used to sum up French opposition and belligerence towards Britain for many years afterwards.
Paris recalled its representative in Brussels stating it would not take its seat in the Council until it had its way. This "empty chair crisis" was the first time that the operation of the EEC had failed because of a member state and it exposed failures in the Council's workings.
An agreement reached in January 1966 which resolved the "empty chair crisis" within the European Economic Community.
Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Spain and Portugal.
Introduced the Single Market and European Political Cooperation.
EEC became European Community pillar of EU. Intergovernmental pillars of CFSP and JHA established.
Austria, Finland and Sweden.
Introduced the High Representative, transferred powers from JHA pillar to EC and integrated the Schengen Agreement.
Prepared the EU to cope with enlargement.
Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia and Slovakia.
Following a period of reflection, the Treaty of Lisbon (2007 - 2009) was created to replace the Constitutional Treaty.
Bulgaria and Romania.
Created European Council President, enhanced foreign policy, abolished pillar system, expanded Parliament's powers and QMV, made Rights charter binding.