Charlemagne reunited most of Rome through his conquests. He also pushed the idea of a Christian Revival greatly.
King Edward 1 dies, sparking the Battle of Hastings.
During the late Middle Ages, Europe suffered from both war and plague. The ones who survived wanted to celebrate life and the human spirit.
Because of the plague, sixty percent of the population was wiped out. Only few laborers survived and there were few opportunities to expand business, leading merchants to explore interests such as art.
The Renaissance ideas spread out of Italy. They mingled with northern traditions and as a result, developed its own character.