As Cold War tension grew, NATO was created by the United States to back anyone who was in harm of the Soviets. Its original members were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, England, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the U.S. However in 1955 when NATO brought West Germany under its wing, allowing them weapons, the Soviets formed the Warsaw Pact, which was a countermeasure to NATO. To this day, NATO is still in effect. For these reasons, it receives 6.3 for a forming of pro U.S and free world societies.