Events occurring from 1914 to the present
Apartheid was a system of social divided that occurred in South Africa. It took place when the all white National Party took power of legislation in 1948. What apartheid did was segregate whites about 87% of the population from the blacks. This was very similar to segregation in the U.S. With the rise of Nelson Mandela, apartheid awareness became much larger and ultimately brought a stop to it. For that it receives 6.3 for in 1948 the National Party bringing this new concept of racial divide in South Africa.
The assassination of Francis Ferdinand was headed by the Black Hand, which was a Serbian Nationalist group. The outcome of the assassination was much larger than predicted and lead to the start of WWI. The reason for the assassination was due to the Slavs' being tired of Austro-Hungarian rule and wanted their own land. For that it receives 6.2 for causing the first somewhat global war and 6.3 for the Slavs' wanting that sense of their own nationalism.
The Bolshevik Revolution followed the March Revolution which took Tsar Nicholas II from power. The November Revolution aka Bolshevik Revolution was the ousted of the provisional government by the Bolsheviks, a small minority and in affect creating the Soviet Union. At their helm was Vladimir Lenin. The Bolsheviks used nationalism, power to the individual and the mistakes of previous governments to win power. Therefore it receives 6.3 for a new government in Russia.
Following the end of WWI, Benito Mussolini, a once socialist launched a new form of governance called fascist. This type of government rung ideas of extreme nationalism, removal of almost all human rights and the removal of all other political parties. This led Mussolini to power, anyone who stood in his opposition, in particular the socialist, were met by the Blackshirts, Benito's personal army. Through this Mussolini gained rapid power and quickly aligned himself with Hitler to form the Rome-Berlin Axis. Due to this fascist allow spread to Germany. For these reasons, it receives concepts 6.3 for a new formation of government control.
Following WWI, the Ottoman Empire was quickly disbanded with the Treaty of Sevres in 1920. This affectively gave the places under the Ottoman rule freedom and put occupation forces in. However this wasn't cool with Ataturk, a nationalist and he quickly rid the foreign occupation, abolished the sultan and set up the Republic of Turkey. Once in power Ataturk began a rapid push for modernization, something the Ottomans never did. Therefore this event receives 6.2 for WWI causing the end of the Ottoman Empire and 6.3 for Ataturk bring Turkish people together.
The Five-Year plan was an economic plan enacted by Joseph Stalin. It was to transform the Soviet Union from an agriculture style to an industrial economy, that could compete with the bigger European powers. The main place of concern was in machinery and steel production. This giant change in economy was at the expense of consumer goods. As the rest of the world was on an economic panic, the Soviets central economy offered a alternative to the market capitalism that was hurting the other economies. For these reasons, it receives 6.3 for new economic plan brought to the Soviets.
As Germany faced economic troubles, Hitler and his Nazi party grew popular due to their appeal of the masses. Once in power, Hitler changed German, firstly making it a fascist states with close ties to Italy. By removing all other political powers, Germany was at Hitlers disposal. He began with the idea of a perfect race, which involved the removal of Jews, then he began to attack surrounding countries, which led to WWII. Overall, Hitler was a horrible man who's legacy is one of the worst. For that he receives 6.2 for causing WWII by invading Poland and 6.3 for changing the political landscape in Germany with fascism.
Following his failure of the Five-Year Plan, Stalin held the 17th Congress. He had a plan to bing back more pluralism into leadership. To do this he began to suspected Bolshevik elites of treason, which resulted in the removal of 2/3 of the delegation. He also began to remove all opposition of his views in Russia, which was a large amount about 8 million were sent to labor camps while another 3 million were killed. For this it receives 6.2 for making Stalin look insane and 6.3 for his new plan to revive Russia.
Following a period of de- Stalinization, due to its failures, Hungary began to push away towards a communist, but less aligned with Russian government. The people of Hungary weren't pleased with this and because of that they pushed for a democracy. However their views were heard and soon following Soviet tanks came to Budapest and took down the uprising due to it being a threat. Due to this it receives 6.2 for de-Stalinization become a common feature in East Europe and the consequences they faced for it. It also shows 6.3 for the people wanting a new government.
The Berlin Wall was set up by the German Democratic Republic, which in essence was a puppet of the USSR. What the wall did was divided East Berlin from West Berlin and resulted in Germany splitting into east and west, with the west having control from western nations. The wall lasted until 1987 and caused a lot of annoyance during its standing due to allied forces having to constantly drop off goods. Because of this it receives 6.2 for the Cold War causing the wall and 6.3 for the East Germans breaking away from the rest of Germany.
The fall of the Soviet Union was huge. It was brought together with Mikhail Gorbachev, who was the most sane of Russian leaders. With that he brought back a free market to Russia, with freedom of speak and election. Due to these of other radical reforms the USSR began to break apart and smaller countries formed. Because of this, it receives 6.2 because of the Cold War bringing the USSR together and 6.3 for radical reform bringing it to an end.
The 21 demands were a list of wants that the Japanese wanted from the Chinese during WWI. Most of the demands were extremely ridiculous like the Chinese's would hire Japanese advisors for their police and finance. Due to this almost all the demands weren't accepted and this made Japan look utterly lame in international eyes. Because of this, it receives 6.3 for a society in Japan that was heavily with military and would led to their rampage of Asia in WWII.
This action of satyagraha or civil disobedience was led by Gandhi. Its propose was to boycott the consumption of British collected salt, something that was heavily important to an Indian diet. Also due to the Salt Act, a hefty tax was put on Indians. Due to this Gandhi led a march to the coast of India with 10's of thousands of fellow Indians in order to produce their own salt, which would in affect be peacefully breaking British law. For this, the event receives 6.3 for the Indians going against British rule and pushing for independence.
Following the Mukden Incident where the Japanese blamed the Chinese for blowing up their rail roads, the Japanese used this as an excuse to further fight against the Chinese and invade further. After being told by the League of Nations to stop the invasion, the Japanese didn't and continued to fight. The reasons for this were due to the Japanese needing living space and the economical benefits that Manchuria had. This invasion was a stepping stone of Japanese relentless push for land that will continue until WWII. For that, it receives 6.2 for being a predecessor for the cause of WWI and 6.3 for Japan's push for a better economy.
After blaming the Chinese in the Mukden Incident, the Japanese set up a puppet state called Manchukuo, which basically took Manchuria into Japanese hands. After being told to back down from the League, the Japanese dropped out of the League and continued to fight. This sense of militarism is what brought the expansion of Japanese forces throughout East Asia in WWII. Because of this, it receives 6.2 for causing Japans rampage throughout Asia.
The Long March, was a 6,215 mile march that the Red Army or communist party made to evade from the Guomindang forces. Once done with the march, Mao Zedong prevailed as the new leader of the Chinese communist movement and used peasants as the key to China's success. This gained huge success for Mao, and launched him into power were he would create the People's Republic of China. For this it receives, 6.3 for it the march to help communism in China gain support.
With the world wars, rapid weapon development was also brought. This couldn't be seen more clearly than with the atomic bomb. It was dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki to bring WWII to its wrapping stages. The two bombs killed about 129,000 people and left both cities destroyed. It also threw a bunch of harsh chemicals into each city. Because of this it receives 6.1 for a scientific innovation and environment destruction and 6.2 WWII and its effects it had on the world.
Quickly after the independence India gained from the British Empire, their own problems began to arise as well. It was between the Hindus and Muslims, a pressing issue that couldn't be confronted till the independence. Although not liked by Gandhi, the split of India and Pakistan was necessary due to the religious tension. This partition led to the largest human migration in history, where some 10 million Hindus and Muslims relocated to fit their religious preference. For these reasons, it deserves 6.3 for the development of new cultures and societies due to the creation of three countries.
After failed promises from the British, the United Nations took control of the situation in Palestine. The Jews in the area were looking for a self ruled state after having been heavily disliked in Europe. As it settled the area was split up into two states. However this didn't settle well and war broke out, after the Jews won they proclaimed Israel in 1948. To this day there is constant fighting. For these reasons this receives 6.2 for Zionist hatred in Europe causing Jews to return to the homeland and 6.3 for the creation of Israel.
After thousands of years of changing dynasties and non unification of China as a whole due to disagreeing sides and warfare, in 1949 China became unified under Mao Zedong. After successful victories against the socialist, Mao was able to gain power. With the birth of the new China, the Soviets instantly gained more power due to them forming an alliance. For these reasons it receives 6.3 for bringing a whole new government to China along with a different economic plan.
Korean was split at the 38th parallel during the Cold War. The north was controlled by China, which was pro Soviet Union and therefore communist. In the south was pro U.S and had a republic. When the north tried to take out the south, American forces along with UN soldiers began to fight off north forces. In all the war started where it had begun, therefore receiving the name the Forgotten War. The war receives 6.2 for the Cold War being the reason for the war.
After a long time as being a French colony or being under the rule of French power, the victory at Dien Bien Phu made the French leave. As Ho Chi Minh pushed for a unified communist Vietnam, he had to defeat the French along the way. For these reasons, it receives 6.3 for the end of French rule, and the unification of Vietnam as a whole.
The Great Leap was an economic plan set in place by Mao. The goal of it was to bring China up to par with other nations industrial economies and also collect all land and throughly monitor businesses. However this plan throughly failed hence receiving the name Great Step Backwards due to horrible famine, which Mao blamed the Sparrows for, in all 20 million people died because of it. Due to this it receives 6.1 for horrible crop production which led to mass death and 6.3 for a new economic plan.
The PLO was set up in hopes to be a representative of the Palestinian people who lived in or around Israel. They used weapons to get their messages and needs across, and due to that faced terrorist accusations from Israel. There goal is to liberate Palestine. Because of this they receive 6.3.
Due to having their government being controlled by the U.S for their own economic benefit, the Iranians became increasingly upset. In the 1970's they began to revolt against the shah (U.S backed) government. In 1979 the government was then seized by the Islamist Movement, which in 1979 captured 69 ambassadors from the U.S and Canada, to show their seriousness. This government quickly began pushing terrorist attacks on the West and helped to build an anti-U.S background. For this, it has 6.2 for Iranians standing up to global powers and wanting their own government and 6.3 for a Iran following the revolution.
Although following the first war the economy was well, there were still hints of a slowdown. However no one was prepared for Black Thursday when a wave of selling of millions of stocks took place, which allowed for a huge drop in its value. When people went to get the savings they found it not to be there due to it being involved in the crash and only allowing them to receive a small % of what they had. This was one of the big caused for the Great Depression. For that it receives 6.2 for it leading to the Great Depression which was a global event with horrible consequences.
After being tired of being stripped of their own natural resources by foreign powers, the president of Mexico decided to nationalize the oil industry. Although the oil production did begin to increase, many countries began to boycott Mexican products. However the new revenue contributed by PEMEX, helped to fund the Mexican economy. For this it receives 6.3 for the taking control of foreign power and making their own resources theirs.
After having a good relationship with the U.S under Batista, as Castro came to power that radically changed. When coming to power, the Cold War was starting to build up, but instead of joining the U.S, Castro turned Cuba to the Soviet side. In doing this Cuba received massive economical help from the Soviets in return for their support. This lead to the U.S having touchy relationships with Cuba and even placing an embargo on them. For these reasons Castro's coming to power has 6.2 for him allowing Soviet missiles, which almost led to nuclear war and 6.3 for taking out the pro U.S government and replacing it with Soviet alliance.
Not one specific region was involved, but the world as a whole.
Following the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, WWI was bound to happen. Its biggest reason power for nationalism. Leading up to the war Germany and the U.K fought for economic success as well as the Balkan states wanting independence from the Austro-Hungrian. This boiled to war where almost every nation wanted to be involved to show off their strength. However quickly after being realized the harshness of war. After the war, the Central Powers lost, which caused Germany serious penalties. For these reasons WWI has 6.1 for the development of new scientific thought and weapons, 6.2 for it being a global conflict with severe consequences and 6.3 for the creation of new nations after the war.
After paying the price for WWI, a determined Hitler came to the world stage to show that Germany is unstoppable and won't listen to others. He did this by invading Poland and this got the Allies involved. The U.S tried to remain out of the conflict until 1941, when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. This was it the first truly global world war. In the East was Japan and in the West Germany. After years of fighting Hitler became weak and committed suicide putting an end to the European side of things. Whereas in 1945, the U.S dropped two atomic bombs on Japan to put them at mercy. Because of this, they deserve 6.1 for the creation of harsh bombs and the trouble they cause, 6.2 for it being a global conflict with wicked consequences.
Following the failure of the League of Nations and just after WWII, the UN was formed to bring the world peace and security. Unlike the League, the UN created a Security Council that was sure to bring peace. However shortly after the UN faced heavy issues with the Soviets due to them going throughout Eastern Europe and placing communist governments about the land. Yet, the UN remains a strong player in international politics to this day. For these reasons it receives, 6.3 for establishing a new global society of nations with the same plan.
As Cold War tension grew, NATO was created by the United States to back anyone who was in harm of the Soviets. Its original members were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, England, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the U.S. However in 1955 when NATO brought West Germany under its wing, allowing them weapons, the Soviets formed the Warsaw Pact, which was a countermeasure to NATO. To this day, NATO is still in effect. For these reasons, it receives 6.3 for a forming of pro U.S and free world societies.