The first Olympic Games is held in Athens, Greece. It was to honor the Olympian Gods. The 200m run was the only event.
The Ancient Olympics
776 BC - 394 AD
The Olympic begin in 776 AD. The Ancient Olympics were held every four years for twelve centuries until Emperor Theodosius banned them for being a pagan cult in 394 AD.
The Olympic Games
776 BC - Present
The Original Olympic Site Is Discovered
The original Olympic site in Olympia, Greece is discovered by Richard Chandler in 1766.
The Olympics Returns
1894 - Present
Baron Pierre de Coubertin founds the International Olympic Committee in 1894. The Olympic Games are re-established as an international athletic competition to be held every four years.
The Olympics is Televised for the First Time
The Olympics is televised for the first time. The 1936 Olympics were held in Berlin, Germany. American track star, Jesse Owen's wins 4 Olympic Gold Medals.
The Olympics Returns to Athens, Greece
The Olympic Games returns to the place of its founding for the 2004 summer Olympics.
The Olympics Inspires Athletes
The Olympics have inspired countless children and adults to be involved in sports and physical fitness.
History Of Organized Sports in America
Organized Sports In America
1700 - Present
Organized Sports in Colonial America
Colonial America did not emphasize physical fitness. Most people were farmers and hard manual labor was part of their every day life. However, it was recommended to get daily physical activity. Thomas Jefferson said, "Not less than two hours a day should be devoted to exercise."
*Sports were played but not formally.
First Organized Sport In America
The New York Knickerbockers Baseball team began playing organized baseball games in the 1840's.
America's First College Sports Events
*In 1852 Yale and Harvard held the first intercollegiate rowing contest.
*in 1859 Amherst and Williams held the first intercollegiate baseball game.
*In 1869 Rutgers and Princeton held the first intercollegiate football game.
America's First Professional Sports Teams
*In 1867 the Cincinnati Red Stockings baseball team was the first all professional paid team in America.
*1871- The NABBP was formed- The first National Association of Professional Base Ball Players.
*1898- The first professional basketball league formed The National Basketball League (NBL).
*1920- The first professional football league formed The American Professional Football Association (APFA).
*1926- The first professional Tennis Tour.
Current Number of Organized Sports in America
There are too many youth, recreational, club, amateur, and professional teams and organizations to count.
Organized Sports Inspire Physical Fitness
Organized sports encourage and inspire physical fitness at all levels.
First Ballet is Performed
In 1661 the first professional ballet is performed in France. King Louis XIV establishes the Acad,mie Royale de Danse. All of the ballet dancers were male.
First Female Ballet Dancer
In France 1681- the first female ballet dancer performed in Le Triomphe de l'Amour.
Pointe Shoes First Worn
In 1832, Marie Taglioni was the first female ballet dancer to dance a full ballet wearing pointe shoes.
Romantic Ballet Style
In 1832 the Romantic Ballet style first appeared in Paris. It was a light ballet movement with subjects that were usually otherworldly.
Father of Modern Ballet
Marius Petipa choreographs for the Imperial Russian Ballet. He is known as the father of modern ballet. Some of his famous ballets are The Sleeping Beauty- 1890, Cinderella- 1893, Swan Lake- 1895, Raymonda- 1898.
Two Ballet Companies Open in America
American Ballet Theater and New York City Ballet (School of American Ballet) both open in 1940 in New York City.
Ballet has evolved and inspired many different forms of dance including modern, contemporary, jazz, tap, hip-hop, neo-classical, and many more.
Ballet is still a very popular form of classical dance.
Ballet and Physical Fitness
Ballet encourages and inspires physical fitness.
Physical Education in America
The First School in America has Physical Education in its Curriculum
In 1823- The Round Hill School in Northampton, Massachusetts has Physical Education as part of its curriculum.
Aerobics First Appears in America
In 1823- Catherine Beecher starts a form of calisthenics similar to aerobics.
Harvard Opens College Gym
1826- Charles Follen opens the first college gym at Harvard. Introduces gymnastics to Harvard.
Public School Physical Education
1855- Physical Education is part of public school curriculum in Cincinnati, Ohio
President's Council on Physical Education Established
1955- The Kraus- Weber report results in the establishment of the President's Council on Physical Fitness to help American youth be physically fit.
American Guidelines for Physical Activity Enacted
2008- Guidelines developed to help American youth gain physical fitness.
Let's Move Kickstarts
Michelle Obama kickstarts the Let's Move campaign to help get kids to exercise in an effort to reduce childhood obesity.