Major Political Events of the 1920s and 1930s


Constitution of Weimar Republic promulgated

August 1919

Kapp Putsch in Berlin


France invades the Ruhr

January 1923

Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch

November 1923

Locarno Agreements


Bruning government begins in Germany

March 1930

Nazis capture 107 seats in German Reichstag

September 1930

Reichstag election

March 5 1932

Hindenburg defeats Hitler for presidency

March 13 1932

Franz von Papen forms German Cabinet

May 31 1932

German Reichstag election

July 1932

Enabling Act consolidates Nazi power

August 1932

German Reichstag election

November 6 1932

Kurt von Schleicher forms German cabinet

December 2 1932

Hitler made German chancellor

January 30 1933

Reichstag fire

february 27 1933

Blood Purge of Nazi Party

June 30 1934

Death of Hindenburg

August 2 1934

Russia/Soviet Union

Kronstadt mutiny leads Lenin to initiate New Economic Policy (NEP)

March 1921

Death of Lenin


First Five-Year Plan launched in USSR


Trotsky expelled from USSR

January 1929

Bukharin expelled from his offices in the Soviet Union; Stalin's central position thus affirmed

April 1929

Stalin calls for modernization in his policy of agricultural collectivization because of "dizziness from success"

March 1930

Assassination of Kirov leads to beginning of Stalin's purges

December 1 1934

Most famous of public purge trials in Russia

July 1936 - August 1936


Fascist march on Rome leads to Mussolini's assumption of power

October 1922

Kellogg-Briand Pact


Lateran Accord between Vatican and Italian state

February 1929

New York stock market crash

October 1929

National Government formed in Britain

August 1931

Popular Front government in france

May 1936