Modern Europe: Margaret Stuart

Slavic Countries/Nations Under Soviet Control

Josip Broz Tito as PM/President of Yugoslavia

1944 - 1980

Allied Occupation in Austria

1945 - 1955

The Iron Curtain

1946 - 1991

Klement Gottwald as President of Czechoslovakia

1948 - 1953

COMECON Formed

1949

Imry Nagy in Office (Hungary)

July 1953 - November 1956

The Warsaw Pact

1955

Nagy Declares Hungary a Free Nation

November 1, 1956

János Kádár as Chairman of Hungary

November 1956 - January 1958

Red Army Invades Budapest

November 4, 1956

Ceausescu in Office in Romania

1965 - 1989

Prague Spring

1968

Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia

1968

Nationalistic Movements Throughout

1988 - 1990

Vaclav Havel Eleceted President of Czechoslovakia

December 1989

New Coalition Government in Hungary

March 1990

Slovenia and Croatia Declare Independence

June 1991

France

First Vietnam War

1946 - 1954

The Marshall Plan

June 1947

Berlin Airlift

February 1948 - May 1949

NATO Formed

1949

European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Created

1951

SEATO Formed

September 1954

Geneva Summit

1955

Morocco and Tunisia Gain Independence

1956

EURATOM and the Common Market Created

1957

Charles de Gaulle in Office

January 1959 - April 1969

Algeria Gains Independence

1962

Anti-War Demonstrations at Universities

1968

Student Protests

May 1968

François Mitterrand in Office

May 1981 - May 1995

Germany

Allied Occupation

1945 - 1955

The Iron Curtain

1946 - 1991

The Marshall Plan (West)

June 1947

Berlin Airlift

February 1948 - May 1949

West German Unification

February 1948

Konrad Adenauer Chancellor of West Germany

September 1949 - October 1963

West Germany Becomes German Democratic Republic

October 1949

Walter Ulbricht in Office (East)

July 1950 - May 1971

European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Created (West)

1951

The Warsaw Pact (East)

1955

West Germany Joins NATO

1955

EURATOM and the Common Market Created (West)

1957

Berlin Crisis (East)

1958

Berlin Wall is Built

1961

Ludwig Erhard as Chancellor of West Germany

October 1963 - November 1966

Willy Brandt in Office (West)

October 1969 - May 1974

Honecker in Office (East)

May 1971 - October 1989

Berlin Wall Falls

November 9, 1989

Reunification of East and West

October 3, 1990

United Kingdom

Winston Churchill in Office

1940 - 1945

Yalta Conference

February 1945

Potsdam Conference

July 1945

Welfare State Emerges

1946

Withdrawal from the Mediterranean

1947

The Marshall Plan

June 1947

Berlin Airlift

February 1948 - May 1949

NATO Formed

1949

Winston Churchill in Office Again

1951 - 1955

SEATO Formed

September 1954

CENTO Formed

1955

Geneva Summit

1955

Anti-War Demonstrations at Universities

1968

Join European Community

1973

Margaret Thatcher in Office

May 1979 - November 1990

U.S.S.R.

Josef Stalin in Office (From 1922)

1945 - October 1952

Yalta Conference

February 1945

Potsdam Conference

July 1945

Korea Divided at 38th Parallel

August 1945

Drop Their First Atom Bomb

1949

COMECON Formed

1949

Nikita Khrushchev in Office

September 1953 - October 1964

The Warsaw Pact

1955

Geneva Summit

1955

Nikolai Bulganin in Office

February 1955 - March 1958

Hungarian Revolt is Crushed

November 1956

Launch First ICBM and First Space Satellite (Sputnik I)

1957

Berlin Crisis

1958

Vienna Summit

1961

Berlin Walk is Built

1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Communication System from Moscow to D.C.

1963

Leonid Brezhnev in Office

October 1964 - November 1982

Gorbachev in Office

March 1985 - 1991

Boris Yeltsin in Office

July 1991 - December 1999

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

December 1991

U.S.A.

FDR in Office

March 1933 - April 1945

Yalta Conference

February 1945

Truman in Office

April 1945 - January 1953

Potsdam Conference

July 1945

Korea Divided at 38th Parallel

August 1945

Truman Doctrine

1947

Berlin Airlift

February 1948 - May 1949

NATO Formed

1949

Armistice Aigned With China

1953

Eisenhower in Office

1953 - 1961

Civil Rights Movement

1954 - 1964

SEATO Formed

September 1954

Geneva Summit

1955

Join CENTO

1958

Berlin Crisis

1958

Bay of Pigs

1961

JFK

January 1961 - November 1963

Vienna Summit

1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Communication System from Moscow to D.C.

1963

Johnson

November 1963 - January 1969

Race Riots

1965 - 1968

Second Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Nixon in Office

January 1969 - August 1974

First Moon Landing

1969

Carter in Office

January 1977 - January 1981

Reagan in Office

January 1981 - January 1989

Poland

The Iron Curtain

1946 - 1991

COMECON Formed

1949

The Warsaw Pact

1955

Wladyslaw Gomulka in Office

October 1956 - December 1970

Emergence of Solidarity

1980

Military Rule Imposed

December 1981

Lech Walesa Elected President

December 1990

Italy/Spain

Italian Monarchy Abolished

June 1946

NATO Formed

April 1949

European Coal and Steel Community (EECSC) Created (Italy)

1951

EURATOM and the Common Market Created

1957

Anti-War Demonstrations at Universities

1968

Spain Joins European Community

1986