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Europe from 1600-1900 Timeline
Protestantism was practically eradicated in Italy.
William Gilbert published his book, Concerning the Magnet.
Most all Protestant Countries had high growth rates.
The Poor Law was passed
Matteo Ricci created the first Chinese map to show the Americas.
Queen Elizabeth died.
James I became king of England.
A plague began.
Giovanni Diodati of Lucca published the first Italian translation of the Bible
Guy Fawkes’ gunpowder plot was uncovered.
Britains first colony, Jamestown, was successfully founded in America.
John Milton, a poet was born.
Emperor Rudolf II promised toleration to protestants.
Galileo demonstrated his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.
Henry IV was assassinated.
The King James Bible was published.
Giovanni Gabrieli, an Italian composer died.
Rudolf II persecuted Protestants.
Carlo Gesualdo, an Italian composer died.
Michael Romanov became the Tsar of Russia.
John Rolfe successfully cultivated tobacco for export to England.
John Napier discovered logarithms.
Sir Walter Raleigh was executed.
Many protestants in Bohemia rose up in rebellion.
The Thirty Years War began.
Ferdinand II became emperor.
Sweden conquered Riga and Northeast Latvia.
Giovanni Lanfranco painted the Council of the Gods on the Galleria Borghese.
James I died.
Charles I assumed power.
Giulio C. Procaccini, an Italian sculptor and painter died.
Simon Vouet was made King Louis XIII’s chief painter.
William Harvey published a discovery regarding the circulation of blood.
Charles I signed Petition of Rights.
Charles I disbanded Parliament for 11 years.
France entered a religious war supporting the Protestants.
12,000 inhabitants of Venice died of a plague.
Amsterdam became one of the most important ports.
Marco d'Aviano, a preacher, was born in Aviano.
Mount Vesuvius erupted.
Christopher Wren, an architect was born.
Jean-Baptiste Lully, a composer, was born in Florence.
Galileo published his book, Concerning the Two Chief World Systems.
Ferdinand Charles became emperor.
William Laud became the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Wind powered saw-mills became popular, this helped the economy.
Scottish Calvinists revolted.
The Bishop’s Wars began
Georges de La Tour was named painter to the king.
Charles I called Parliament back into session.
The monopoly from the East India Trading Company began.
Parliament stayed in session until now: known as Long Parliament.
Civil war between Cavaliers and Roundheads began.
Isaac Newton was born.
Fronde revolts began.
King Louis XIII died.
The Bishop’s Wars ended.
Parliament won the battle of Marston Moor.
Parliament won the battle of Naseby.
William Laud was executed.
Oliver Cromwell's army defeated Cavaliers.
The religious war in France ended with the Treaty of Westphalia.
The Scottish invaded England and are defeated at Preston.
The Thirty Years War ended.
Civil war between Cavaliers and Roundheads ended.
Charles I convicted of treason and beheaded.
Protestantism lost popularity.
Baroque painting arrived in the Germanic States.
The first Anglo-Dutch war began.
Inigo Jones, an architect died.
Fronde revolts ended.
England-Tea arrived in Britain.
Oliver Cromwell was named Lord Protector of England.
The first Anglo-Dutch war ended.
Sweden invaded Poland.
Leopold VI became emperor.
Giuseppe Torelli, a composer, was born in Italy.
Construction began on the Royal Palace in Turin.
Poland’s war with Sweden ended.
Cardinal Mazarin died.
Louis XIV assumed full power.
Louis XIV purchased the Gobelins workshops in Paris.
The Royal Society is founded.
Sigismund Francis became emperor.
The French East India Company was formed.
The second Anglo-Dutch war began.
The Great Fire of London ran through the city.
The second Anglo-Dutch war ended.
Russia took control of most of Ukraine.
Niels Steensen first published Prodromus in Italy.
Hudsons Bay Company was formed.
Heinrich Schutz, a composer, died.
The Test Act was passed.
Jan Sobieski was elected king in Poland.
The Turks attacked Vienna.
The Turks attacked Vienna.
Domenico Scarlatti, a composer, was born in Naples.
Ernst Gluck translated the New Testament into Latvian.
Benedetto Marcello, an author and composer, was born in Venice.
Isaac Newton published his most renowned work Principia Mathematica.
Newton's Principia mathematica was created.
The Glorious Revolution replaced King James II with William III of Orange.
Ernst Gluck translated the Old Testament into Latvian.
Giuseppe Tartini, a violinist and composer, was born in Piran.
The Bank of England was founded.
Peter the Great gained power in Russia.
King Louis XIV created several additional tax systems.
The Bank of Scotland was founded.
Frederick Augustus of Saxony became king of Poland.
Austria took Hungary from the Turks.
Agricultural Revolution began.
Christian missionaries begun to appear.
The Great Northern War began.
Peter the Great built St Petersburg.
Hungary rebelled against Austria.
Austria captured Milano from Spain.
The Act of Union united England and Scotland.
Sweden invaded Ukraine.
The Russians captured Riga.
Russia controlled all Swedish territory, along with Latvia.
Austria claimed most of Lombardy, Savoy got the rest.
The Treaty of Utrecht is signed which gave Milan and Southern Italy to Piedmont.
The Pragmatic Sanction was put into play.
Spain invaded southern Italy.
The Quadruple Alliance defeated Spain.
Italy and Austria traded together, Italy received Sardinia, Austria received Sardinia.
Russia and Sweden made peace.
The Great Northern War ended.
The Russian Academy of Sciences was founded
Isaac Newton died.
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin was accepted into the Académie as a painter.
John Kay invented the Flying Shuttle.
Frederick Augustus of Saxony died.
King Carlos II formed the independent Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
King Carlos II conquered Naples and Sicily from Austria.
The last Medici died, so Tuscany is inherited by Austria's Franz I.
Frederick the Great became the king of Prussia and he then invaded Silesia.
Maria Theresa became the Empress of Austria.
The War of Austrian Succession began.
Catherine I seized power.
French soldiers moved into Prague.
Prussia defeated Austria at Mollwitz.
The war ended with Austria, but Prussia received more land.
The War of Austrian Succession ended.
Industrial Revolution began.
Huge wage decline because of population increase.
The Seven Years' War began.
The first Russian university was founded.
The Seven Years' War ended.
Francis I died.
Joseph II became emperor.
Confederacy of Bar began.
Richard Arkwright invented the Water Frame.
Napoleon Bonaparte was born in Corsica.
Missions in Labrador started being built.
Venezia freed the Jews.
Confederacy of Bar ended.
Prussia took control of part of Poland.
The jesuits were suppressed.
Louis XV became king at the age of 19.
The Flour War began.
Ignaz Günther, a painter died.
Johann Joseph Christian, a painter died.
Samuel Crompton invented the Spinning Mule.
A six month period began, where no pope was elected.
Anton Raphael Mengs, a painter died.
Maria Theresa died.
The Act of Proscription was repealed.
Minister of finance Charles Alexander proposed Financial Reforms.
Henry Cort invented puddling.
Étienne-Louis Boullée designed a monument to Isaac Newton.
Napoleon became a lieutenant in the French Army.
Edmund Cartwright invented the Power Loom.
Assembly created the “A declaration of the rights of man and citizen”.
Louis XVI called a meeting of all three estates.
French Revolution started.
Delegates from the 3rd estate sign the tennis court oath.
King calls for estates to join in a National Assembly.
Assembly passed the civil constitution of the clergy.
Sans Culottes stormed Tuileries Palace and king flees.
Prussian armies moved further into France.
Napoleon moved up the ranks and became a captain in the French Army.
Sans Culottes invaded Hall of Legislative Assembly.
Prussia went to war with France.
Francis II became emperor.
First Coalition War began.
Eli Whitney invented the Cotton Gin.
King Louis XVI was publicly guillotined.
King Louis XVI was sentenced to death.
Convention created the Committee of Public Safety.
Marat murdered by Charlotte Corday.
Prussia took control of more of Poland.
The National Convention first met.
Prussia made temporary peace with France.
Napoleon conquered northern Italy, this ended Genova's independence.
Napoleon moved up the ranks and given command of the French Army.
Napoleon conquered Venezia, then he traded it with Austria for Lombardy.
First Coalition War ended.
Second Coalition War began.
Asmus Jacob Carstens, a painter died.
Napoleon dissolved the Directory and replaced with a group of 3 councils.
Royalist Rebels marched on the National Convention.
Napoleon claimed Piedmont, Tuscany and the Papal state for France.
The Italian physicist, Alessandro Volta invented the battery.
The population of Italy rose to approximately 18 million.
Riga’s population only consisted of 30,000
Napoleon signed a concordat with Pope Pius VII.
Second Coalition War ended.
Richard Trevithick pioneered first steam powered locomotive.
Napoleon had himself crowned emperor.
Napoleon's army defeated Austria in the Battle of Ulm.
The French destroyed the Prussians at Jena.
Napoleon put an end to the Holy Roman Empire.
The Peninsula War began.
Jews are freed in Roma.
The Latvian nobility ended serfdom.
A French army of 600,000 invaded Russia.
Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden, and Austria defeat French in Battle of Leipzig.
The Peninsula War ended.
Prussia joined Russia’s side against France.
Napoleon exiled to the Island of Elba.
Napoleon exiled to the Island of St. Helena.
Napoleon snuck out of Elba and returned to France.
Napoleon reentered France and was defeated at Battle of Water Leo.
The Congress of Vienna restored Europe to its state before Napoleon.
A German Confederation was formed
Klemens Metternich became the foreign minister.
Metternich created the Karlsbad decrees.
The Camorra, a mafia organization was founded in Naples.
Turkey’s fleet was destroyed at the battle of Navarino.
Greece became independent.
Louis Philippe rose to power.
King Charles X issued the July Ordinances.
Railroad connecting Liverpool and Manchester was constructed.
Parliament wrote the reform act of 1832.
Outbreaks of cholera began in some Scottish towns.
Prince Otto of Bavaria became king of Greece.
The Zollverein was formed.
The first railway in Germany was built.
People’s Charter called for universal male suffrage.
Armies of Austria and Prussia were pushing towards Paris.
Louis Philippe gave up his kingship.
The new constitution was officially ratified.
The Second Republic was formed.
Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte elected as president of France.
A day of protest occurred in Paris.
Constituent Assembly closed national workshops.
King Frederick WIlliam IV appointed moderates to make a new constitution.
King Frederick William IV agreed to grant Prussia a liberal constitution.
Workers in Berlin issued a series of radical demands.
Frankfurt Assembly met for the first time in Frankfurt.
Antonio Meucci invented the telephone.
Hungary was declared independent.
The workers’ rebellions are ended.
Frankfurt Assembly chose King Frederick WIlliam IV as emperor.
Population rose by 48%.
6,000 miles of railroad had been constructed.
The transition into more Protestants began.
Great Exhibition in London.
Camillo Cavour appointed to be Prime minister of Piedmont.
Cavour formed an alliance with Napoleon III.
Piedmont provoked Austria to declare war.
Napoleon made peace with Austria without telling Cavour.
Napoleon III defeated Austria, and Piedmont claimed Lombardy and Tuscany.
The Northern Italian states voted to unify with Piedmont.
Garibaldi and his army of Red Shirts took over Sicily.
The New Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed.
First genocide by the Mafia occurred in Sicily.
The first Latvian newspaper was published.
Prussia and Austria are at war with Denmark.
Italy defeated Austria and claimed Venezia in the Seven Weeks War.
Italy allied with Prussia.
Prussia and Austria go to war.
The North German Confederation was formed.
Austria was defeated by Prussia.
Compulsory education was introduced in Hungary.
Italy confiscated Rome from the Pope and declared it their capital.
A huge percentage of Europeans were Protestant.
Prussia destroyed France.
Prussia made peace with France. The southern German states united with the north.
Pirelli was founded.
Luigi De Cristoforis invented the carburetor.
The Tay Bridge collapsed.
James Watt added a rotary engine to his Steam Engine.
Italy entered the Triple Alliance with Germany and Austria.
Bismarck created interest for various illnesses.
Italy received Somalia at an international conference in Berlin.
Bismarck created pensions for the elderly.
The Forth Rail Bridge was opened.
Bismarck resigned - really kicked out.
The Corinth Canal opened.
The Italian army was defeated in Adwa, Ethiopia.
Guglielmo Marconi filed a patent for a wireless cable.
The Olympic Games were revived in Greece.
Due to a recession socialist protests arose in the north.
Germany started to expand its navy.
The first Italian car was built by fiat.
King Umberto I was assassinated by an anarchist.
Riga’s population rose to half a million.
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