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Europe from 1600-1900 Timeline
Most all Protestant Countries had high growth rates.
William Gilbert published his book, Concerning the Magnet.
Protestantism was practically eradicated in Italy.
The Poor Law was passed
Matteo Ricci created the first Chinese map to show the Americas.
Giovanni Diodati of Lucca published the first Italian translation of the Bible
A plague began.
James I became king of England.
Queen Elizabeth died.
Guy Fawkes’ gunpowder plot was uncovered.
Britains first colony, Jamestown, was successfully founded in America.
John Milton, a poet was born.
Galileo demonstrated his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.
Emperor Rudolf II promised toleration to protestants.
Henry IV was assassinated.
The King James Bible was published.
Rudolf II persecuted Protestants.
Giovanni Gabrieli, an Italian composer died.
Michael Romanov became the Tsar of Russia.
Carlo Gesualdo, an Italian composer died.
John Napier discovered logarithms.
John Rolfe successfully cultivated tobacco for export to England.
The Thirty Years War began.
Many protestants in Bohemia rose up in rebellion.
Sir Walter Raleigh was executed.
Ferdinand II became emperor.
Sweden conquered Riga and Northeast Latvia.
Giovanni Lanfranco painted the Council of the Gods on the Galleria Borghese.
Giulio C. Procaccini, an Italian sculptor and painter died.
Charles I assumed power.
James I died.
Simon Vouet was made King Louis XIII’s chief painter.
Charles I signed Petition of Rights.
William Harvey published a discovery regarding the circulation of blood.
Charles I disbanded Parliament for 11 years.
Amsterdam became one of the most important ports.
12,000 inhabitants of Venice died of a plague.
France entered a religious war supporting the Protestants.
Mount Vesuvius erupted.
Marco d'Aviano, a preacher, was born in Aviano.
Ferdinand Charles became emperor.
Galileo published his book, Concerning the Two Chief World Systems.
Jean-Baptiste Lully, a composer, was born in Florence.
Christopher Wren, an architect was born.
William Laud became the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Wind powered saw-mills became popular, this helped the economy.
Scottish Calvinists revolted.
Georges de La Tour was named painter to the king.
The Bishop’s Wars began
The monopoly from the East India Trading Company began.
Charles I called Parliament back into session.
Parliament stayed in session until now: known as Long Parliament.
King Louis XIII died.
Fronde revolts began.
Isaac Newton was born.
Civil war between Cavaliers and Roundheads began.
Parliament won the battle of Marston Moor.
The Bishop’s Wars ended.
William Laud was executed.
Parliament won the battle of Naseby.
Oliver Cromwell's army defeated Cavaliers.
The Thirty Years War ended.
The Scottish invaded England and are defeated at Preston.
The religious war in France ended with the Treaty of Westphalia.
Charles I convicted of treason and beheaded.
Civil war between Cavaliers and Roundheads ended.
Baroque painting arrived in the Germanic States.
Protestantism lost popularity.
England-Tea arrived in Britain.
Fronde revolts ended.
Inigo Jones, an architect died.
The first Anglo-Dutch war began.
Oliver Cromwell was named Lord Protector of England.
The first Anglo-Dutch war ended.
Sweden invaded Poland.
Leopold VI became emperor.
Construction began on the Royal Palace in Turin.
Giuseppe Torelli, a composer, was born in Italy.
Poland’s war with Sweden ended.
Louis XIV assumed full power.
Cardinal Mazarin died.
Sigismund Francis became emperor.
The Royal Society is founded.
Louis XIV purchased the Gobelins workshops in Paris.
The French East India Company was formed.
The second Anglo-Dutch war began.
The Great Fire of London ran through the city.
Russia took control of most of Ukraine.
The second Anglo-Dutch war ended.
Niels Steensen first published Prodromus in Italy.
Hudsons Bay Company was formed.
Heinrich Schutz, a composer, died.
Jan Sobieski was elected king in Poland.
The Test Act was passed.
The Turks attacked Vienna.
The Turks attacked Vienna.
Ernst Gluck translated the New Testament into Latvian.
Domenico Scarlatti, a composer, was born in Naples.
Benedetto Marcello, an author and composer, was born in Venice.
Newton's Principia mathematica was created.
Isaac Newton published his most renowned work Principia Mathematica.
The Glorious Revolution replaced King James II with William III of Orange.
Ernst Gluck translated the Old Testament into Latvian.
Giuseppe Tartini, a violinist and composer, was born in Piran.
Peter the Great gained power in Russia.
The Bank of England was founded.
The Bank of Scotland was founded.
King Louis XIV created several additional tax systems.
Frederick Augustus of Saxony became king of Poland.
Austria took Hungary from the Turks.
The Great Northern War began.
Christian missionaries begun to appear.
Agricultural Revolution began.
Hungary rebelled against Austria.
Peter the Great built St Petersburg.
Austria captured Milano from Spain.
The Act of Union united England and Scotland.
Sweden invaded Ukraine.
Russia controlled all Swedish territory, along with Latvia.
The Russians captured Riga.
The Pragmatic Sanction was put into play.
The Treaty of Utrecht is signed which gave Milan and Southern Italy to Piedmont.
Austria claimed most of Lombardy, Savoy got the rest.
Spain invaded southern Italy.
Italy and Austria traded together, Italy received Sardinia, Austria received Sardinia.
The Quadruple Alliance defeated Spain.
The Great Northern War ended.
Russia and Sweden made peace.
The Russian Academy of Sciences was founded
Isaac Newton died.
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin was accepted into the Académie as a painter.
Frederick Augustus of Saxony died.
John Kay invented the Flying Shuttle.
King Carlos II conquered Naples and Sicily from Austria.
King Carlos II formed the independent Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
The last Medici died, so Tuscany is inherited by Austria's Franz I.
The War of Austrian Succession began.
Maria Theresa became the Empress of Austria.
Frederick the Great became the king of Prussia and he then invaded Silesia.
Prussia defeated Austria at Mollwitz.
French soldiers moved into Prague.
Catherine I seized power.
The war ended with Austria, but Prussia received more land.
The War of Austrian Succession ended.
Huge wage decline because of population increase.
Industrial Revolution began.
The Seven Years' War began.
The first Russian university was founded.
The Seven Years' War ended.
Joseph II became emperor.
Francis I died.
Confederacy of Bar began.
Napoleon Bonaparte was born in Corsica.
Richard Arkwright invented the Water Frame.
Missions in Labrador started being built.
Prussia took control of part of Poland.
Confederacy of Bar ended.
Venezia freed the Jews.
The jesuits were suppressed.
The Flour War began.
Louis XV became king at the age of 19.
Ignaz Günther, a painter died.
Johann Joseph Christian, a painter died.
Anton Raphael Mengs, a painter died.
A six month period began, where no pope was elected.
Samuel Crompton invented the Spinning Mule.
Maria Theresa died.
The Act of Proscription was repealed.
Minister of finance Charles Alexander proposed Financial Reforms.
Étienne-Louis Boullée designed a monument to Isaac Newton.
Henry Cort invented puddling.
Napoleon became a lieutenant in the French Army.
Edmund Cartwright invented the Power Loom.
Assembly created the “A declaration of the rights of man and citizen”.
King calls for estates to join in a National Assembly.
Delegates from the 3rd estate sign the tennis court oath.
French Revolution started.
Louis XVI called a meeting of all three estates.
Assembly passed the civil constitution of the clergy.
First Coalition War began.
Francis II became emperor.
Prussia went to war with France.
Prussian armies moved further into France.
Sans Culottes stormed Tuileries Palace and king flees.
Sans Culottes invaded Hall of Legislative Assembly.
Napoleon moved up the ranks and became a captain in the French Army.
Prussia took control of more of Poland.
Marat murdered by Charlotte Corday.
Convention created the Committee of Public Safety.
King Louis XVI was sentenced to death.
King Louis XVI was publicly guillotined.
Eli Whitney invented the Cotton Gin.
Prussia made temporary peace with France.
The National Convention first met.
Napoleon conquered northern Italy, this ended Genova's independence.
First Coalition War ended.
Napoleon conquered Venezia, then he traded it with Austria for Lombardy.
Napoleon moved up the ranks and given command of the French Army.
Asmus Jacob Carstens, a painter died.
Second Coalition War began.
Napoleon dissolved the Directory and replaced with a group of 3 councils.
Royalist Rebels marched on the National Convention.
Riga’s population only consisted of 30,000
The population of Italy rose to approximately 18 million.
The Italian physicist, Alessandro Volta invented the battery.
Napoleon claimed Piedmont, Tuscany and the Papal state for France.
Napoleon signed a concordat with Pope Pius VII.
Second Coalition War ended.
Richard Trevithick pioneered first steam powered locomotive.
Napoleon had himself crowned emperor.
Napoleon's army defeated Austria in the Battle of Ulm.
Napoleon put an end to the Holy Roman Empire.
The French destroyed the Prussians at Jena.
The Peninsula War began.
The Latvian nobility ended serfdom.
Jews are freed in Roma.
A French army of 600,000 invaded Russia.
Prussia joined Russia’s side against France.
The Peninsula War ended.
Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden, and Austria defeat French in Battle of Leipzig.
Napoleon exiled to the Island of Elba.
Klemens Metternich became the foreign minister.
A German Confederation was formed
The Congress of Vienna restored Europe to its state before Napoleon.
Napoleon reentered France and was defeated at Battle of Water Leo.
Napoleon snuck out of Elba and returned to France.
Napoleon exiled to the Island of St. Helena.
Metternich created the Karlsbad decrees.
The Camorra, a mafia organization was founded in Naples.
Turkey’s fleet was destroyed at the battle of Navarino.
Greece became independent.
King Charles X issued the July Ordinances.
Louis Philippe rose to power.
Railroad connecting Liverpool and Manchester was constructed.
Outbreaks of cholera began in some Scottish towns.
Parliament wrote the reform act of 1832.
Prince Otto of Bavaria became king of Greece.
The Zollverein was formed.
The first railway in Germany was built.
People’s Charter called for universal male suffrage.
Frankfurt Assembly met for the first time in Frankfurt.
Workers in Berlin issued a series of radical demands.
King Frederick William IV agreed to grant Prussia a liberal constitution.
King Frederick WIlliam IV appointed moderates to make a new constitution.
The Second Republic was formed.
The new constitution was officially ratified.
Louis Philippe gave up his kingship.
Armies of Austria and Prussia were pushing towards Paris.
Constituent Assembly closed national workshops.
A day of protest occurred in Paris.
Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte elected as president of France.
Frankfurt Assembly chose King Frederick WIlliam IV as emperor.
The workers’ rebellions are ended.
Hungary was declared independent.
Antonio Meucci invented the telephone.
The transition into more Protestants began.
6,000 miles of railroad had been constructed.
Population rose by 48%.
Great Exhibition in London.
Camillo Cavour appointed to be Prime minister of Piedmont.
Cavour formed an alliance with Napoleon III.
Napoleon III defeated Austria, and Piedmont claimed Lombardy and Tuscany.
Napoleon made peace with Austria without telling Cavour.
Piedmont provoked Austria to declare war.
Garibaldi and his army of Red Shirts took over Sicily.
The Northern Italian states voted to unify with Piedmont.
The New Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed.
The first Latvian newspaper was published.
First genocide by the Mafia occurred in Sicily.
Prussia and Austria are at war with Denmark.
Austria was defeated by Prussia.
The North German Confederation was formed.
Prussia and Austria go to war.
Italy allied with Prussia.
Italy defeated Austria and claimed Venezia in the Seven Weeks War.
Compulsory education was introduced in Hungary.
Prussia destroyed France.
A huge percentage of Europeans were Protestant.
Italy confiscated Rome from the Pope and declared it their capital.
Prussia made peace with France. The southern German states united with the north.
Pirelli was founded.
Luigi De Cristoforis invented the carburetor.
The Tay Bridge collapsed.
Italy entered the Triple Alliance with Germany and Austria.
James Watt added a rotary engine to his Steam Engine.
Bismarck created interest for various illnesses.
Italy received Somalia at an international conference in Berlin.
Bismarck created pensions for the elderly.
Bismarck resigned - really kicked out.
The Forth Rail Bridge was opened.
The Corinth Canal opened.
The Olympic Games were revived in Greece.
Guglielmo Marconi filed a patent for a wireless cable.
The Italian army was defeated in Adwa, Ethiopia.
Due to a recession socialist protests arose in the north.
Germany started to expand its navy.
The first Italian car was built by fiat.
Riga’s population rose to half a million.
King Umberto I was assassinated by an anarchist.
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