Timeline of American History

Dates

John Cabot

1497 - 1499

Spanish Armada

August 8, 1588

Salutary Neglect

1607 - 1763

Colonial Era

May 14, 1607 - February 10, 1763

Jamestown founded- 1607

May 14, 1607

Pilgrims land- 1620

November 21, 1620

Mayflower Compact

November 21, 1620

Roger Williams

March 1636 - March 1683

Anne Hutchinson

October 21, 1636 - August 1643

Massachusetts General School Act of 1647

1647

Maryland Toleration Act

April 21, 1649

Acts of Trade and Navigation

October 9, 1651 - July 4, 1776

John Locke

1671 - October 28, 1704

Peter Zenger

1734 - 1735

Albany Plan of Union

1754

French & Indian War- 1754-1763

May 28, 1754 - February 10, 1763

Wolfe

1756 - September 13, 1759

Pitt

June 1757 - April 7, 1778

Fort Duquesne

September 14, 1758

Quebec

September 13, 1759

Writs of Assistance

1760 - 1766

Pre-Revolutionary Era

February 10, 1763 - July 4, 1776

Peace of Paris, 1763

February 10, 1763

Grenville

16 April 1763 - 13 July 1765

Pontiac

April 27, 1763 - April 20, 1769

Proclamation of 1763

October 7, 1763

Sam Adams

1764 - 1797

Committees of Correspondence

1764 - 1776

Sugar Act, 1764

April 5, 1764 - 1766

John Adams

1765 - 1800

Patrick Henry

1765 - 1794

Stamp Act

March 22, 1765 - March 18, 1766

Sons of Liberty

August 1765 - 1776

Stamp Act Congress

October 7, 1765 - October 25, 1765

Townshend Acts

June 29, 1767 - April 12, 1770

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

Boston Tea Party- 1773

December 16, 1773

First Continental Congress- 1774

September 5, 1774 - October 26, 1774

Lexington- Concord- 1775

April 19, 1775

Second Continental Congress- 1775-1781

May 10, 1775 - March 1, 1781

Thomas Jefferson

June 1775 - March 4, 1809

Bunker Hill

June 17, 1775

Loyalists

October 28, 1775 - 1783

American Revolution

July 4, 1776 - September 3, 1783

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

Trenton

December 26, 1776

Burgoyne

June 14, 1777 - October 17, 1777

Saratoga- 1777

September 19, 1777 - October 7, 1777

Valley Forge

December 19, 1777 - June 18, 1778

Articles of Confederation

March 1, 1781 - March 4, 1789

Surrender at Yorktown- 1781

October 19, 1781

Articles of Confederation Period

September 3, 1783 - January 1, 1789

Land Ordinance- 1785

May 20, 1785

Shay's Rebellion- 1786-1787

August 29, 1786 - June 1787

Alexander Hamilton

September 11, 1786 - July 12, 1804

Annapolis Convention

September 11, 1786 - September 14, 1786

Anti-Federalists

1787 - 1791

Federalists

1787 - 1791

Great Compromise

July 12, 1787

Northwest Ordinance- 1787

July 13, 1787

The Federalist

October 1787 - August 1788

Ratification of the Constitution- 1788

June 21, 1788

New Nation Era

January 1, 1789 - December 24, 1814

George Washington

April 30, 1789 - March 4, 1797

First president
Oversaw creation of strong federal government
Set precedents

Tariff of 1789

July 4, 1789

Judiciary Act of 1789

September 24, 1789

Nonintercourse Act

July 22, 1790 - June 30, 1834

Whiskey Rebellion

1791 - 1794

Democratic-Republican Party

1791 - 1825

Bank of the United States

February 25, 1791 - February 1836

Toussaint L'Ouverture

August 1791 - August 25, 1802

Federalist Party

1792 - 1824

Cotton Gin Invented- 1793

1793

Impressment

1793 - 1814

Citizen Genet

April 8, 1793 - January 1794

Neutrality Proclamation, 1793

April 22, 1793

Eli Whitney

March 14, 1794 - 1801

Washington's Farewell Address

September 19, 1796

John Adams

March 4, 1797 - March 4, 1801

Only Federalist president
Signed Alien and Sedition Acts
Kept nation at peace

XYZ Affair

July 1797 - October 1798

Naturalization Act

June 18, 1798 - April 14, 1802

Alien and Sedition Acts

June 25, 1798 - March 3, 1801

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

November 16, 1798 - December 3, 1799

John Marshall

January 31, 1801 - July 6, 1835

Midnight Judges

February 13, 1801 - March 3, 1801

Thomas Jefferson

March 4, 1801 - March 4, 1809

Elected in "Revolution of 1800"
Aquired Louisiana
Set up Embargo Act

Marbury v. Madison

February 24, 1803

Louisiana Purchase- 1803

July 4, 1803

Lewis and Clark

May 14, 1804 - September 23, 1806

Embargo Act- 1807-1809

December 22, 1807 - March 1, 1809

James Madison

March 4, 1809 - March 4, 1817

Led the Nation in the War of 1812
Nation entered Era of Good Feelings under him
Supported some of the American System

John C. Calhoun

1810 - March 31, 1850

National Road

1811

Old Hickory

1813 - 1837

White House Burned- 1814

August 24, 1814

"The Star-Spangled Banner"

September 15, 1814

Hartford Convention

December 15, 1814 - January 5, 1815

Era of Good Feelings

December 24, 1814 - December 3, 1828

Battle of New Orleans- 1815

January 8, 1815

American System

1816 - 1830

James Monroe

March 4, 1817 - March 4, 1825

Last Founding Father President
Bought Florida from Spain
President durring Era of Good Feelings

Missouri Compromise

March 6, 1820

Stephen Austin

June 30, 1821 - January 1834

Nicholas Biddle

1822 - 1839

Monroe Doctrine- 1823

December 2, 1823

John Quincy Adams

March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1829


Reduced national debt
Advocated American System
Attacked by political enemies

Erie Canal

October 26, 1825

Tariff of Abominations- 1828-1832

May 19, 1828 - July 14, 1832

Election of 1828

December 2, 1828

Age of Jackson

December 3, 1828 - November 4, 1840

South Carolina Exposition

December 19, 1828

Andrew Jackson

March 4, 1829 - March 4, 1837

Ended Nullification Crisis
Destroyed the BUS
Removed the Indians in the Trial of Tears

Spoils system

March 8, 1829 - January 16, 1883

Webster–Hayne debate

January 19, 1830 - January 27, 1830

Indian Removal Act- 1830

May 28, 1830

Sam Houston

December 1832 - March 16, 1861

Compromise of 1833

1833

Alamo- 1836

February 23, 1836 - March 6, 1836

Panic of 1837

1837 - 1843

Martin Van Buren

March 4, 1837 - March 4, 1841


Jackson's chosen successor
Failed to solve Panic of 1837
Refused to annex Texas

Dorothea Dix

1840 - 1881

Manifest Destiny Era

November 4, 1840 - January 29, 1850

William Henry Harrison

March 4, 1841 - April 4, 1841

First president to die in office
Shortest tenure of any president
Gave longest inaugural address in American history

John Tyler

April 4, 1841 - March 4, 1845

First nonelected president
Ejected from party
Sought to annex Texas

Stephen Douglas

1843 - June 3, 1861

Francis Parkman

1844 - November 8, 1893

54°40′ or Fight

1844 - June 18, 1846

James K. Polk

March 4, 1845 - March 4, 1849

Acquired Oregon and the Southwest
Led nation during Mexican American War
Last strong pre-Civil War president

Mormon Migration- 1847-1869

April 5, 1847 - May 10, 1869

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

1848 - October 26, 1902

Seneca Falls Convention

July 19, 1848 - July 20, 1848

Forty-niners

1849 - 1855

Zachary Taylor

March 4, 1849 - July 9, 1850

Didn't do much to check growing sectional crisis
Proposed admitting California directly as a state instead of as a territory
Died in office

Harriet Beecher Stowe

1850 - 1862

Pre-Civil War Era

January 29, 1850 - April 12, 1861

Millard Fillmore

July 9, 1850 - March 4, 1853

Supported Compromise of 1850
Ordered the opening of Japan
Failed to stop downward spiral to Civil War

Compromise of 1850

September 9, 1850 - September 20, 1850

Franklin Pierce

March 4, 1853 - March 4, 1857

Signed Gadsden Purchase
Supported Kansas–Nebraska Act
Actions contributed to the coming of Civil War

Gadsden Purchase- 1853

December 30, 1853

Kansas–Nebraska Act

May 30, 1854

James Buchanan

March 4, 1857 - March 4, 1861

Alienated both North and South
Failed to stop secession
Did nothing about secession

Dred Scott Decision

March 6, 1857

Lincoln–Douglas Debates

August 21, 1858 - October 15, 1858

Crittenden Compromise

December 18, 1860

Copperheads

1861 - September 1864

Abraham Lincoln

March 4, 1861 - April 14, 1865

Led nation during Civil War
Abolished Slavery
Began Reconstruction

Fort Sumter- 1861

April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

Outbreak of the Civil War

April 12, 1861

Civil War

April 12, 1861 - May 9, 1865

Robert E. Lee

April 23, 1861 - April 10, 1865

Ulysses Grant

August 1861 - March 4, 1877

Monitor vs. Merrimack

March 8, 1862 - March 9, 1862

Homestead Act

May 20, 1862

Antietam- 1862

September 17, 1862

Emancipation Proclamation- 1863

January 1, 1863

Boss Tweed

April, 1863 - November 23, 1876

Gettysburg- 1863

July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863

Andrew Carnegie

1864 - August 11, 1919

William T. Sherman

November 15, 1864 - December 21, 1864

Sherman's March- 1864

November 15, 1864 - December 21, 1864

Sand Creek Massacre

November 29, 1864

Carpetbag Governments

1865 - 1877

Appomattox- 1865

April 9, 1865

Andrew Johnson

April 15, 1865 - March 4, 1869

Favored quick reconstruction
Failed to protect freedmen
Impeached

Gilded Age

May 9, 1865 - January 1, 1900

Reconstruction

May 9, 1865 - March 31, 1877

13th, 14th, 15th Amendments

December 18, 1865 - February 3, 1870

1st Ku Klux Klan

December 24, 1865 - 1874

Cowboy Era- 1866-1886

1866 - 1886

Radical Reconstruction

April 9, 1866 - March 31, 1877

Crédit Mobilier

1867 - 1872

The Grange

1867

Alaska Purchase- 1867

October 18, 1867

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

February 24, 1868

Knights of Labor

1869 - 1887

Ulysses S. Grant

March 4, 1869 - March 4, 1877

Led strong Reconstruction
Implemented a gold standard
His administration was very corrupt

Transcontinental RR- 1869

May 10, 1869

Sharecropping

1870 - 1940

John D Rockefeller

June 1870 - 1918

Free Silver

February 12, 1873 - December 23, 1913

Battle of the Little Bighorn- 1876

June 25, 1876 - June 26, 1876

Rutherford B. Hayes

March 4, 1877 - March 4, 1881

Ended Reconstruction
Began Civil Service Reform
Opposed free silver

James A. Garfield

March 4, 1881 - September 19, 1881

Advocated Civil Service reform
Advocated Civil Rights for African-Americans
Assassinated

Chester A. Arthur

September 19, 1881 - March 4, 1885

Advocated and enforced Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act
Strengthen the Navy
Signed the Chinese Exclusion Act

Chinese Exclusion Act- 1882

May 6, 1882

Triple Alliance

May 20, 1882 - June 28, 1914

Pendleton Act- 1883

January 16, 1883

Alfred T. Mahan

1885 - December 1, 1914

Grover Cleveland

March 4, 1885 - March 4, 1889

Fiscally conservative
Pro-business
Fought corruption

Josiah Strong

1886 - 1916

Haymarket Square Riot- 1886

May 4, 1886

Dawes Act

February 8, 1887

Jacob Riis

February 12, 1888 - 1900

Jane Addams

1889 - 1931

Benjamin Harrison

March 4, 1889 - March 4, 1893


Oversaw Billion Dollar Congress
Oversaw raising of the tariff
Oversaw creation of Sherman Antitrust Act

Booker T. Washington

1890 - November 14, 1915

Closing of Frontier- 1890

1890

Sherman Antitrust Act

July 2, 1890

Wounded Knee- 1890

December 29, 1890

Populist Party

1891 - 1908

Omaha Platform

July 4, 1892

Homestead Strike

July 6, 1892

Eugene Debs

1893 - 1920

Grover Cleveland

March 4, 1893 - March 4, 1897

Only president elected to two nonconsecutive terms

Pullman Strike- 1894

May 11, 1894

Yellow Press

1895 - 1898

William Jennings Bryan

1896 - July 26, 1925

Walter Reed

1896 - 1901

Plessy v. Ferguson

May 18, 1896

Cross of Gold Speech

July 9, 1896

William McKinley

March 4, 1897 - September 14, 1901

Led nation during Spanish-American War
Raised the tariff
Maintained gold standard

Emilio Aguinaldo

March 22, 1897 - April 19, 1901

Sinking of the Maine- 1898

February 15, 1898

USS Oregon

March 19, 1898 - May 24, 1898

Rough Riders

May 29, 1898 - September 15, 1898

John Hay

September 30, 1898 - July 1, 1905

The White Man's Burden

February 5, 1899

Open Door Policy

September 6, 1899

Progressive Era

January 1, 1900 - November 2, 1920

Muckrakers

1900 - 1917

Square Deal

1901 - 1909

Big Stick

September 2, 1901 - March 4, 1909

Theodore Roosevelt

September 14, 1901 - March 4, 1909

Enacted Progressive Square Deal
Supported conservation
Ordered construction of Panama Canal

Coal Strike 1902

May 12, 1902 - October 23, 1902

Henry Ford

June 16, 1903 - 1931

Joe Cannon

November 9, 1903 - March 4, 1911

Russo-Japanese War

February 8, 1904 - September 5, 1905

William Gorgas

March 1904 - 1906

IWW or Wobblies

June 27, 1905 - 1924

W. E. B. Du Bois

July 1905 - 1943

Pure Food and Drug Act- 1906

June 30, 1906

George Goethals

1907 - August 15, 1914

Triple Entente

August 31, 1907 - November 11, 1918

William Howard Taft

March 4, 1909 - March 4, 1913

Trust Buster
Enacted Dollar Diplomacy
Given then rejected TR's policies

Ballinger-Pinchot

July 1909 - January 1910

Bull Moose Party

1912 - 1916

16th Amendment

February 3, 1913

Woodrow Wilson

March 4, 1913 - March 4, 1921

Supported Progressive legislation
Led nation in World War I
Championed morally idealistic League of Nations

17th Amendment

May 31, 1913

Federal Reserve Act

December 23, 1913

Archduke Ferdinand Shot- 1914

June 28, 1914

Herbert Hoover

August 1914 - March 4, 1933

Panama Canal Starts- 1914

August 15, 1914

U-Boats

September 5, 1914 - November 11, 1918

2nd Ku Klux Klan

1915 - 1944

Lusitania Sunk- 1915

May 7, 1915

Bernard Baruch

1916 - 1947

Sussex Pledge

May 4, 1916

Zimmerman Telegram- 1917

January 16, 1917

George Creel

April 13, 1917 - November 11, 1918

Doughboys

May 1917 - November 11, 1918

Harlem Renaissance

1918 - 1937

Fourteen Points

January 8, 1918

Sergeant York

October 8, 1918

Red Scare

1919 - 1920

Big Four

January 18, 1919 - January 21, 1920

Versailles Treaty

28 June 1919

18th Amendment

January 17, 1920

Prohibition

January 17, 1920 - December 5, 1933

Sacco & Vanzetti

April 15, 1920 - August 23, 1927

19th Amendment

August 18, 1920

Roaring Twenties

November 2, 1920 - October 29, 1929

Teapot Dome

1921 - 1924

Warren G. Harding

March 4, 1921 - August 2, 1923

Advocated return to normalcy
Supported Civil rights
Administration very corrupt

Calvin Coolidge

August 2, 1923 - March 4, 1929

Supported a laissez-faire government
Said very little
Lead nation during Roaring Twenties

5:5:3 Ratio

August 17, 1923

Scopes Monkey Trial

July 21, 1925

Huey Long

May 21, 1928 - January 25, 1932

Amelia Earhart

June 17, 1928 - July 2, 1937

Rugged Individualism

March 4, 1929 - March 4, 1933

Herbert Hoover

March 4, 1929 - March 4, 1933

Led nation during beginning of Depression
Fail to cure Depression
Advocated laissez-faire approach to fixing Depression

Wickersham Commission

May 20, 1929

Agricultural Marketing Act

June 15, 1929

Crash & Depression

October 29, 1929 - December 8, 1941

Stock Market Crash- 1929

October 29, 1929

Hoover-Stimson Doctrine

January 7, 1932

Brain Trust

March 1932 - 1936

Bonus Army

July 28, 1932

Election of 1832

November 8, 1932

Frances Perkins

March 4, 1933 - June 30, 1945

Franklin D. Roosevelt

March 4, 1933 - April 12, 1945


Led nation during Depression
Enacted the New Deal
Led nation during World War II

100 Days- 1933

March 9, 1933 - June 16, 1933

Fireside Chats

March 12, 1933 - June 12, 1944

London Economic Conference

June 12, 1933 - July 27, 1933

Twenty-first Amendment

December 5, 1933

Dust Bowl

1934 - 1940

Nye Investigation

April 12, 1934 - February 1936

Johnson Act

April 13, 1934

Neutrality Acts

August 31, 1935 - November 4, 1939

Appeasment

May 28, 1937 - September 1, 1939

Quarantine of Aggressors

October 5, 1937

Panay

December 12, 1937

Phoney War

September 3, 1939 - May 10, 1940

Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies

May 1940 - October 1942

Dunkirk

May 26, 1940 - June 4, 1940

America First Committee

September 4, 1940 - December 10, 1941

Pearl Harbor Attack- 1941

December 7, 1941

WWII Era

December 8, 1941 - September 2, 1945

D-Day Landings- 1944

June 6, 1944

Hiroshima-Nagasaki- 1945

August 6, 1945 - August 9, 1945

Philippine Independence

July 4, 1946